The World's Largest Public Domain Media Search Engine

Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] (listen)), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered on its northwest by Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran; southeast by Iraq; south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea; and west by the Aegean Sea. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the country's citizens are ethnic Turks. Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is the country's largest city, while Ankara is the capital.

One of the world's earliest permanently settled regions, present-day Turkey was home to important Neolithic sites, and was inhabited by various civilisations. Hellenization started in the area during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating in the 11th century, and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities. Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans started uniting the principalities and conquering the Balkans, and the Turkification of Anatolia increased during the Ottoman period. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire became a world power. From the late 18th century onwards, the empire's power declined with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening empire, Mahmud II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century. The 1913 coup d'état effectively put the country under the control of the Three Pashas, who were largely responsible for the Empire's entry into World War I in 1914. During World War I, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, Assyrian and Pontic Greek subjects. After the Ottomans and the other Central Powers lost the war, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. The Turkish War of Independence, initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his comrades against the occupying Allied Powers, resulted in the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922, and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923.

Turkey is a developing country, a regional power, and a newly industrialized country, with a geopolitically strategic location. It is a charter member of the UN, an early member of NATO, the IMF, and the World Bank, and a founding member of the OECD, OSCE, BSEC, OIC, and G20. After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995, and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005. In a non-binding vote on 13 March 2019, the European Parliament called on the EU governments to suspend Turkey's accession talks; which, despite being stalled since 2018, remain active as of 2020. Turkey is a secular, unitary, formerly parliamentary republic that adopted a presidential system with a referendum in 2017; the new system came into effect with the presidential election in 2018.

Turkey Media

59,191 media by topicpage 1 of 592
Turkish Turban Ornament
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with four cylinder seals in Anatolian and Old Assyrian style, for cuneiform tablet 66.245.16a: quittance for a loan in silver
Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.48

Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.48

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_Finial_LACMA_M.76.97.48.jpg ) .Description..Title.Standard Finial..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1350-800 B... More

Turkish Gold stater, Greek and Roman art
Decorated ring, bronze, Turkey
Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Female Figure LACMA M.76.97.741

Female Figure LACMA M.76.97.741

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Female_Figure_LACMA_M.76.97.741.jpg ) .Description..Title.Female Figure..Description.: Western Iran, Iron Age II-III, about 1000-650 B.C..: ... More

Cuneiform tablet: statement before witnesses
Adze head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Adze head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Axe or mace head, bronze

Axe or mace head, bronze

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Cuneiform tablet: caravan account
Stamp seal with a knob handle: bird of prey with two horned animals caught in its talons
Vessel, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Vessel, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Square plaque seal with stalk handle
Turkish Serpentine axehead, Greek and Roman art
Turkish Archaic Terracotta siphon
Turkish Ring, bronze, Turkey
Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.892

Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.892

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Openwork_Pinhead_LACMA_M.76.97.892.jpg ) .Description..Title.Openwork Pinhead..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1000-65... More

Turkish Plaque fragment, Anatolia
Turkish Terracotta jar, Greek and Roman art
Greek Vase fragment, terracota
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with four cylinder seals in Assyrian and Anatolian styles, for cuneiform tablet 66.245.17a: loan of silver
Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.189

Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.189

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Openwork_Pinhead_LACMA_M.76.97.189.jpg ) .Description..Title.Openwork Pinhead..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1000-65... More

Axe or mace head, bronze

Axe or mace head, bronze

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Turkish Archaic Gold stater
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with three cylinder seals, for cuneiform tablet 66.245.19a: legal decision by appointed judges
Cuneiform tablet: quittance for a loan in copper
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with three cylinder seals: loan of silver
Bowl, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Bowl, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Disc - headed Pin LACMA M.76.97.135

Disc - headed Pin LACMA M.76.97.135

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Disc_-_headed_Pin_LACMA_M.76.97.135.jpg ) .Description..Title.Disc - headed Pin..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1000-... More

Furniture support: lion's leg
Cuneiform tablet with a small second tablet: private letter
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with four cylinder seals, for cuneiform tablet 66.245.15a: quittance
Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Cuneiform tablet case impressed with cylinder seal, for cuneiform tablets 1983.135.4a, b: private letter
Axe, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Bronze bowl fragment, bronze, Turkey

Bronze bowl fragment, bronze, Turkey

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Archaic Bronze phiale (libation bowl), bronze

Archaic Bronze phiale (libation bowl), bronze

The phiale came to the Greek world from the ancient Near East. Archaic

Furniture plaque: wing of a hawk
Statue of the Nurse Sitsnefru
Cuneiform tablet: commercial note
Turkish Jar, Anatolia
Sword or dagger, bronze, Europe

Sword or dagger, bronze, Europe

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Stamp seal with a handle and a hieroglyphic inscription
Furniture support: female sphinx with Hathor-style curls
Crescentic Axehead LACMA M.76.97.466

Crescentic Axehead LACMA M.76.97.466

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crescentic_Axehead_LACMA_M.76.97.466.jpg ) ..Description..Title.Crescentic Axehead..Description.: Northern or Western Iran, circa 2600-2350 ... More

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Cuneiform tablet: commercial note concerning caravan expenses
Cymbal, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Cymbal, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Female Figure LACMA M.76.97.784

Female Figure LACMA M.76.97.784

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Female_Figure_LACMA_M.76.97.784.jpg ) .Description..Title.Female Figure..Description.: Northwestern Iran, Iron Age I-II, about 1350-800 B.C.... More

Crescent-shaped axe head, bronze

Crescent-shaped axe head, bronze

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Beak - spouted Gray Ware Pot LACMA M.76.174.218

Beak - spouted Gray Ware Pot LACMA M.76.174.218

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beak_-_spouted_Gray_Ware_Pot_LACMA_M.76.174.218.jpg ) ..Description..Title.Beak - spouted Gray Ware Pot..Description.Northern Iran, circa 13... More

Sealing with stamp seal impressions: radiating griffins; banquet scene
Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Axe head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Turkish Arrowhead, bronze, Turkey
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Bracelet fragment (?), bronze, Turkey
Pendant (Addorsed lion heads) LACMA M.76.97.891 (1 of 2)

Pendant (Addorsed lion heads) LACMA M.76.97.891 (1 of 2)

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pendant_(Addorsed_lion_heads)_LACMA_M.76.97.891_(1_of_2).jpg ) ..Description..Title.Pendant (Addorsed lion heads) (image 1 of 2)..Descriptio... More

Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.952

Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.952

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_Finial_LACMA_M.76.97.952.jpg ) .Description..Title.Standard Finial..Description.: Iran, Luristan, circa 1350-800 B.C..: Architectur... More

Cuneiform tablet case impressed with four cylinder seals
Adze head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Adze head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Turkish Gold stater, Greek and Roman art
Plaque fragment: kneeling lion-headed figure
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with cylinder seal in Anatolian style
Cuneiform tablet: loan of silver
Cuneiform tablet: private letter fragment
Archaic Marble stele with a Lydian inscription
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Archaic Terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) with lid
Greek Vase fragment, terracota
Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.52

Standard Finial LACMA M.76.97.52

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_Finial_LACMA_M.76.97.52.jpg ) .Description..Title.Standard Finial..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1350-800 B... More

Cuneiform tablet: private letter fragment
Cuneiform tablet: legal decision by appointed judges
Disc - headed Pin LACMA M.76.97.149

Disc - headed Pin LACMA M.76.97.149

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Disc_-_headed_Pin_LACMA_M.76.97.149.jpg ) .Description..Title.Disc - headed Pin..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1000-... More

Greek Vase fragment, terracota
Sword or dagger, bronze, Europe

Sword or dagger, bronze, Europe

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Furniture element: kneeling male figure
Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.212

Openwork Pinhead LACMA M.76.97.212

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Openwork_Pinhead_LACMA_M.76.97.212.jpg ) .Description..Title.Openwork Pinhead..Description.: Iran, Luristan, Luristan bronzes, circa 1000-65... More

Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Turkish Furniture element, Anatolia
Turkish Ornament, bronze, Turkey
Sword or dagger, bronze, Turkey

Sword or dagger, bronze, Turkey

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Crescent-shaped axe head, bronze

Crescent-shaped axe head, bronze

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Turkish Ornament (?), bronze, Turkey
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with cylinder seal, for cuneiform tablet 1983.135.6a: private letter
Cuneiform tablet: loan of silver
Cuneiform tablet: private letter
Cuneiform tablet case impressed with five cylinder seals, for cuneiform tablet 66.245.21b: court deposition
Belt buckle or pendant, bronze
Bronze jug, bronze, Turkey
Mace head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Mace head, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Bowl, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Bowl, bronze, Turkey, early bronze age iii

Central Anatolia Early Bronze Age III

Furniture support: female sphinx with Hathor-style curls
Turkish Furniture element, Anatolia
Turkish Ornament, bronze, Turkey
Plaque fragment: kneeling lion-headed figure
Previous

of 592

Next