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Texas (, also locally ; Spanish: Texas or Tejas, pronounced [ˈtexas] (listen)) is a state in the South Central Region of the United States. It is the second largest U.S. state by both area (after Alaska) and population (after California). Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south and southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed the "Lone Star State" for its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word táyshaʼ, which means "friends" in the Caddo language.

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and the Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than ten percent of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend.

The term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim and control the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming the Republic of Texas. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in early 1861, and officially joined the Confederate States of America on March 2 of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation.

Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. Before and after the U.S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including tourism, agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would have the 10th largest economy in the world.

Texas Media

131,960 media by topicpage 1 of 1320
The upper reaches of Frost Bank Tower, a prominent Austin, Texas, skyscraper

The upper reaches of Frost Bank Tower, a prominent Austin, Texas, skys...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The 33-story building was developed by Cousins Properties from November 2001 to December 2003. It was the first high- rise building t... more

911: President George W. Bush in President's Emergency Operations Center (PEOC), 09/11/2001.

911: President George W. Bush in President's Emergency Operations Cent...

Original Caption: Mrs. Laura Bush listens Tuesday, September 11, 2001, as President George W. Bush discusses the terrorist attacks with White House staff in the President's Emergency Operations Center. Also pic... more

Warren Petroleum Co.

Warren Petroleum Co.

Title: Warren Petroleum Co. ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: February 1940..Place: Fairbanks, Texas..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 13 x 10 cm. ..File: ag1982_0234_2120_K_0... more

Warren Petroleum Co.

Warren Petroleum Co.

Title: Warren Petroleum Co. ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: February 1940..Place: Fairbanks, Texas..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 10 x 13 cm. ..File: ag1982_0234_2120_K_0... more

Warren Petroleum Co.

Warren Petroleum Co.

Title: Warren Petroleum Co...Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: February 1940..Place: Fairbanks, Texas..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 13 x 10 cm. ..File: ag1982_0234_2120_K_03_sm_op... more

Mission Mfg. misc. field shots, ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Mission Mfg. misc. field shots, ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Title: Mission Mfg. misc. field shots, ''Miss Mission'' series in color ..Alternative Title: [Mission Manufacturing Co. miscellaneous field shots, ''Miss Mission'' series in color]..Creator: Robert Yarna... more

Mission Manufactor misc., ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Mission Manufactor misc., ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Title: Mission Manufactor misc., ''Miss Mission'' series in color ..Alternative Title: [Mission Manufacturing Co. miscellaneous, ''Miss Mission'' series in color]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: ... more

Mission Mfg. misc.

Mission Mfg. misc.

Title: Mission Mfg. misc. ..Alternative Title: [Mission Manufacturing Co. miscellaneous shots]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: August 1944..Place: Houston, Texas ..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie ... more

Mission Mfg., ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Mission Mfg., ''Miss Mission'' series in color

Title: Mission Mfg., ''Miss Mission'' series in color ..Alternative Title: [Mission Manufacturing Co., ''Miss Mission'' series in color]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: August 1944..Place: Housto... more

Mission Mfg. misc. field shots

Mission Mfg. misc. field shots

Title: Mission Mfg. misc. field shots ..Alternative Title: [Mission Manufacturing Co. miscellaneous shots]..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: August 1944..Place: Houston, Texas ..Part Of: Robert Yar... more

Distillate Products Co. for Hudson Engineering Co.

Distillate Products Co. for Hudson Engineering Co.

Title: Distillate Products Co. for Hudson Engineering Co. ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: 1946..Place: Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection..Physical Description: 1 transp... more

Warren Petroleum Corp., plant man turning Nordstrom valve, Gladewater, Texas

Warren Petroleum Corp., plant man turning Nordstrom valve, Gladewater,...

Title: Warren Petroleum Corp., plant man turning Nordstrom valve, Gladewater, Texas ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: 1947..Place: Gladewater, Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Colle... more

Superior Oil Company, Lake Creek [Field], TX

Superior Oil Company, Lake Creek [Field], TX

Title: Superior Oil Company, Lake Creek [Field], TX ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: ca. 1949..Place: Lake Creek Field, Montgomery County, Texas ..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collect... more

Hudson Engineering Co, Carthage plant

Hudson Engineering Co, Carthage plant

Title: Hudson Engineering Co, Carthage plant ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: October 1949..Place: Carthage, Texas ..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection..Physical Description: 1 t... more

[Superior Oil Co. aircraft, Beech Bonanza]

[Superior Oil Co. aircraft, Beech Bonanza]

Title: [Superior Oil Co. aircraft, Beech Bonanza] ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: July - August 1949..Place: Lake Creek Field, Montgomery County, Texas or Midland, Texas ?..Part Of: Robert Yarnall... more

Superior Oil Co., Lake Creek [Field] recycling plant, Texas

Superior Oil Co., Lake Creek [Field] recycling plant, Texas

Title: Superior Oil Co., Lake Creek [Field] recycling plant, Texas ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: October 1949..Place: Lake Creek Field, Montgomery County, Texas ..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie... more

DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas

DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas

Title: DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: February 1955..Place: Orange, Texas..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 13 x 10 cm. ..F... more

DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas

DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas

Title: DeLong Barge at Con. Western Dock, Orange, Texas ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: February 1955..Place: Orange, Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie photograph collection..Physical Descrip... more

Texaco

Texaco

Title: Texaco ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: ca. August 12, 1963 - November 25, 1963..Place: Fairbanks, Texas..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 10 x 13 cm. ..File: ag1982_0... more

Amer oil, Texas City

Amer oil, Texas City

Title: Amer oil, Texas City ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: May 1963..Place: Texas City, Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, c... more

Amer oil, Texas City

Amer oil, Texas City

Title: Amer oil, Texas City ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: May 1963..Place: Texas City, Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, c... more

Texaco

Texaco

Title: Texaco ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: ca. August 12, 1963 - November 25, 1963..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 10 x 13 cm. ..File: ag1982_0234_5113_E_96_sm_opt.jpg ... more

Texaco Service Station

Texaco Service Station

Title: Texaco Service Station ..Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: August 1965..Place: Houston, Texas..Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie photograph collection..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film,... more

Juan Botas. River Mile 712. December 2008.

Juan Botas. River Mile 712. December 2008.

Rio Grande vegetation monitoring, "Juan Botas" photopoint at river mile 712, July 2006.

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo situado en la costa del N. del Seno Mexicano su entrada en la l. N. de 28⁰24ʹ y en la long. de 278⁰27ʹ segun el meridiano de Tenerife.

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo situado en la costa del N. del Seno Mex...

Prime meridian: Tenerife. Watermark: Strasburg fleur-de-lis. Pen-and-ink, pencil, and yellow watercolor. Mounted on cloth backing. Indexed. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 976 Available also through the Library of Cong... more

[Costa de Cuba desde Cabo de San Antonio a la bahía de Cardenas].

[Costa de Cuba desde Cabo de San Antonio a la bahía de Cardenas].

Scale ca. 1:270,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Watermarks: D. & C. Blauw; and, the letters DCB in a shield with a double letter. Mounted on cloth backing. Oriented with north to the bottom. Depths... more

Plano del Lago de San Bernardo en el Seno Mexicano /

Plano del Lago de San Bernardo en el Seno Mexicano /

Oriented with north to the right. Pen-and-ink and pencil. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 975 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Maggs number annotated ... more

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo en el Seno Mexica no. /

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo en el Seno Mexica no. /

Watermarks: J. Kool; and, Strasburg fleur-de-lis. Watermark dated as 1792. Pen-and-ink and pencil. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 974 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site a... more

Map Polk County, Texas

Map Polk County, Texas

Shows names of residents. LC Land ownership maps, 1098 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto unexplored countries, lying between the River La Platte of the Missouri on the N., and the Red River on the S., the Mississippi east, and the mountains of Mexico west, with a part of New Mexico & the Province of Texas /

A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto...

Scale ca. 1:2,450,000. Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. "Plate II." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes notes. AACR2: 100; 651/1; 651/2

El Nuevo Mexico y Tierras Adyacentes Mapa Levantado para la demarcacion de los Limites de los Dominios Españoles y de los Estados Unidos por el P.D. Jose Pichardo quien lo dedica al Exmo. Sor. D. Fracisco Xavier Venegas Virrey de esta N.E. &. Año de 1811

El Nuevo Mexico y Tierras Adyacentes Mapa Levantado para la demarcacio...

Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. Spanish manuscript map of Spanish Texas, Louisiana Territory and the Trans-Mississippi West, prepared for the use by the Spanish Crown in defending its claims to Spanis... more

Mapa topográfico de la provincia de Texas.

Mapa topográfico de la provincia de Texas.

Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. See Carlos E. Castañeda and Eary Martin, Jr., Three manuscript maps of Texas by Stephan F. Austin, p. 16-45... more

Declaration del Pueblo de Tejas, reunido enconvencion general ... En la imprenta de Baker y Bordens, San Feline de Austin 7 de Noviembre de 1835.

Declaration del Pueblo de Tejas, reunido enconvencion general ... En l...

Imprin 3. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 1.

Map of the United States

Map of the United States

Also available in digital form.

Flooding - Oakport, Minn. , May 19, 2009 -- Greg Ronning. Campus Pastor of Texas Lutheran University, Sierra Ronning, student at Concordia Lutheran University, and Mike Wiley, retired professor of organic chemistry at Concordia Lutheran University, move sandbags from their flood location to a pickup point. FEMA coordinates a number of volunteer groups and agencies as part of its disaster operations. Photo by Ed Edahl/FEMA

Flooding - Oakport, Minn. , May 19, 2009 -- Greg Ronning. Campus Pasto...

The original database describes this as: Title: Volunteers peroforming flood clean up in Minnesota Production Date: 05/19/2009 Caption: Oakport, Minn. , May 19, 2009 -- Greg Ronning. Campus Pastor of Texas L... more

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Washington and Greenwich. "Entered according to Act of Congress the 17th day of March 1830 by H.S. Tanner of the state of Pennsylvania." "The latitude and longitude of... more

map from "Texas. Observations, historical, geographical and descriptive in a series of letters, written during a visit to Austin's Colony in 1831 ... With an appendix containing ... answers to certain questions relative to colonization in Texas, issued ... by the London Geographical Society, etc"

map from "Texas. Observations, historical, geographical and descriptiv...

This image has been taken from scan 000005 from "Texas. Observations, historical, geographical and descriptive in a series of letters, written during a visit to Austin's Colony in 1831 ... With an appendix cont... more

Gobierno supremo del estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Vice-gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas en ejercicio del supreme poder ejecutiva à todos sus habitantes sabed: que el congreso del mismo Estado ha decretado lo que sigue ... Dado e

Gobierno supremo del estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Vice-goberna...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 2.

Gobierno supreme del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas, a todos sus habitantes sabed: que el Congreso del misma Estado ha decretado la siguiente ... Dado en la Ciudal de Monclova ; 26 de Abril de 1834

Gobierno supreme del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Gobernador d...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 6.

Gobierno supremo del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas á todes sus habitantes sared: que la honorable diputacion permanente, unida con el Ecsmo, consejo, y senores dipatados que se hallan en la capita

Gobierno supremo del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El gobernador d...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 4.

El gobernador del estado libre de Coahuila y Texas á sus habitantes ... Monclova 31 de agosto de 1834. Juan José Elguezabal. Juan Antonio Padilla secretario.

El gobernador del estado libre de Coahuila y Texas á sus habitantes .....

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 5.

Proclamation of Sam. Houston, Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Texas...December 12, 1835 [to] Citizens of Texas...

Proclamation of Sam. Houston, Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Texas....

Broadside, no illus., of silk. Reference copy may be in LOT 4414T. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Prints on cloth; Texas History; PI; Rare Bk. Div.; Broadsid... more

A nighttime view of the Alamo Chapel located at #1 Alamo Plaza, San Antonio, Texas (TX). This is the front of the Old Spanish Mission Fort where 189 defenders sacrificed their lives and fought to the death rather than surrender to the forces of the Mexican General Santa Anna in the year 1836

A nighttime view of the Alamo Chapel located at #1 Alamo Plaza, San An...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Antonio State: Texas (TX) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Don S. Montgomery, CIV Release Status: Released to ... more

Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos

Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos

An imaginative portrayal (with overt propaganda value) of an event in the Texas war of independence --the surrender of Mexican commander Santa Anna and his brother-in-law General Martin Perfecto de Cos, to Amer... more

Letter from David Lee Child, London, [England], to George Thompson, 1836 Nov[ember] 30

Letter from David Lee Child, London, [England], to George Thompson, 18...

David Lee Child writes to George Thompson thanking him for his proposal to be his guide while he is visiting England but he has to decline it. He hopes to visit him at some point but he won't be able to attend ... more

A view of the Alamo Chapel located at #1 Alamo Plaza, San Antonio, Texas (TX). This is the front of the Old Spanish Mission Fort where 189 defenders sacrificed their lives and fought to the death rather than surrender to the forces of the Mexican General Santa Anna in the year 1836

A view of the Alamo Chapel located at #1 Alamo Plaza, San Antonio, Tex...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Antonio State: Texas (TX) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Don S. Montgomery, CIV Release Status: Released to ... more

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states /

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states /

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Washington and Greenwich. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1835 by H.S. Tanner in the Office of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania." "The latitude ... more

Letter from John Scoble, London, [England], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1837 Oct[ober] 1

Letter from John Scoble, London, [England], to William Lloyd Garrison,...

John Scoble writes to William Lloyd Garrison saying that while he feels "cheered by the extension of Anti-Slavery principles in the United States," he feels "depressed at the state of the Anti-Slavery cause her... more

Major Joe Bunker's last parade, or the fix of a senator and his 700 independents

Major Joe Bunker's last parade, or the fix of a senator and his 700 in...

Democratic senator Nathaniel P. Tallmadge of New York was the leader of the conservative or pro-Bank Democrats. Here Clay satirizes Tallmadge's attempts to undermine party support for Van Buren's hard money fis... more

[Photostats of $1, $20, $50, and $100 bills of currency issued by the Republic of Texas, 1837-1841].

[Photostats of $1, $20, $50, and $100 bills of currency issued by the ...

Currency. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 7.

Anti-Texas Meeting at Faneuil Hall!, Friends of Freedom! ... Jan. 24, 1838

Anti-Texas Meeting at Faneuil Hall!, Friends of Freedom! ... Jan. 24, ...

Reference copy may be in LOT 4414T. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Title from item. Caption card tracings: Mass. Boston Hist.; Statehood (Amer. politics); Texas Hist.; Broadsides 1... more

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1838 [July] 14

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1...

Anne Knight writes to William Lloyd Garrison thanking him for his last letter and sharing her "prediction that your march to emancipation will not be a very lengthy one." She comments that the British planters ... more

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1838 [July] 14

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1...

Anne Knight writes to William Lloyd Garrison thanking him for his last letter and sharing her "prediction that your march to emancipation will not be a very lengthy one." She comments that the British planters ... more

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1838 [July] 14

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1...

Anne Knight writes to William Lloyd Garrison thanking him for his last letter and sharing her "prediction that your march to emancipation will not be a very lengthy one." She comments that the British planters ... more

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1838 [July] 14

Letter from Anne Knight, Paris, [France], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1...

Anne Knight writes to William Lloyd Garrison thanking him for his last letter and sharing her "prediction that your march to emancipation will not be a very lengthy one." She comments that the British planters ... more

Texan universal pills. Prepared after a careful personal examination of the diseases incident to this climate, and with a particular reference to the health, comfort, and happiness of the citizens of this Republic. By James B. Gilman. Houston, 1

Texan universal pills. Prepared after a careful personal examination o...

0642G 1 24 F 48.; Rec. 3-29-48 $12.50. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 7a.

Mr. Calhoun- Mr. Van Buren- Texas. As the time when the Convention is to assemble seems to be settled, I propose to discuss the opinions of some leading members of our party, who are likely to receive its nomination ... [Signed] Simenes. [1839?]

Mr. Calhoun- Mr. Van Buren- Texas. As the time when the Convention is ...

Ximenes.; On verso: Texas; 8899. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 231, Folder 22.

Sketch of Texas with the boundaries of Mexican States as shown on General Austin's map of Texas published by R. S. Tanner, 1839.

Sketch of Texas with the boundaries of Mexican States as shown on Gene...

Manuscript. Red and black ink, watercolor, and pencil. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the sea to Logan's Ferry in latitude 31°58ʹ24ʺ north : shewing the boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas between said points : as marked and laid down by survey in 1840, under the direction of the Commissioners appointed for that purpose /

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the se...

Phillips, 1384 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy in 3 parts. [See Sen. Doc. 199 2nd Session, 27th Congr. LC Vo. 397 for text and smaller maps] Mounted on cloth. ... more

Texas meeting in Nashville [Nashville, 184-].

Texas meeting in Nashville [Nashville, 184-].

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 175, Folder 13a.

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

Map of Texas.

Map of Texas.

Signed by W. Bollaert. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

map from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, unabhängigen amerikanischen Staates Texas ... Mit zwei Karten, etc"

map from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, ...

This image has been taken from scan 000175 from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, unabhängigen amerikanischen Staates Texas ... Mit zwei Karten, etc". The title and subject terms of ... more

map from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, unabhängigen amerikanischen Staates Texas ... Mit zwei Karten, etc"

map from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, ...

This image has been taken from scan 000173 from "Entstehungsgeschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand des neuen, unabhängigen amerikanischen Staates Texas ... Mit zwei Karten, etc". The title and subject terms of ... more

Map of Texas /

Map of Texas /

Relief shown by hachures. "London, pub'd 17 April, 1841 by John Arrowsmith, 10 Soho Square." Sectioned together in 18 pieces mounted on cloth backing. Torn around edges on some sections. Includes hand written n... more

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north latitude : shewing the boundary between the United States of America and the Republic of Texas between said points, as marked and laid down by survey in 1841, under the direction of the Joint Commission appointed for that purpose under the 1st article of the convention signed at Washington on the 25th day of April 1838

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north lat...

Part of the boundary between the United States and Texas, from Sabine River northward, to the 36th mile mound | Part of the boundary between the United States and Texas, north of Sabine River from the 39th [i.e... more

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north latitude : shewing the boundary between the United States of America and the Republic of Texas between said points, as marked and laid down by survey in 1841, under the direction of the Joint Commission appointed for that purpose under the 1st article of the convention signed at Washington on the 25th day of April 1838 /

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north lat...

Relief shown by hachures. " ... it appears from a letter of J.H. Overton, United States Commissioner, dated Opelousas, Louisiana, August 10 1841 ... and the reply of October 1, 1841 ... that the maps ... had no... more

map from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet in California, Sonora, and Western Texas"

map from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet i...

This image has been taken from scan 000012 from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet in California, Sonora, and Western Texas". The title and subject terms of this image have been generat... more

map from "Emigration to Texas. Texas: being a prospectus of the advantages offered to emigrants by the Texan Emigration and Land Company"

map from "Emigration to Texas. Texas: being a prospectus of the advant...

This image has been taken from scan 000031 from "Emigration to Texas. Texas: being a prospectus of the advantages offered to emigrants by the Texan Emigration and Land Company". The title and subject terms of t... more

The little magician invoked

The little magician invoked

Martin Van Buren, known as "the Little Magician" for his remarkable political agility, summons spirits to divine the Democratic or "Loco Foco" prospects for election in 1844. He sits in an astrological circle, ... more

Letter from John Greenleaf Whittier, Lowell, [Massachusetts], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1844 [Septhember] 10th

Letter from John Greenleaf Whittier, Lowell, [Massachusetts], to Willi...

John Greenleaf Whittier writes to William Lloyd Garrison about a "sweeping charge against Liberty party journals of having for their object to aid [President James K.] Polk & Texas & c." Whittier explains his b... more

Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue. Stakes $25,000

Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue. Stakes $25,000

The race for a $25,000 prize (the president's salary) is a metaphor for the 1844 campaign. The favored contender here is Henry Clay. The other runners are James K. Polk and John Tyler, while commentaries are of... more

Anti annexation procession

Anti annexation procession

A cynical look at the opposition to American annexation of Texas during the 1844 campaign. At the head of a motley procession is Whig candidate and professed anti-annexationist Henry Clay, riding a raccoon (wh... more

The masked battery or Loco-Foco strategy

The masked battery or Loco-Foco strategy

Another commentary on the Texas question (see "Texas Coming In," no. 1844-28), illustrating Democratic campaign strategy as advanced by Andrew Jackson. The idea of the annexation of Texas, repudiated by many of... more

Sale of dogs

Sale of dogs

Seeking a middle course between the issues of the annexation of Texas on one hand and abolitionism on the other, Van Buren lost the support of southern Democrats, including elderly statesman Andrew Jackson. Her... more

Going to Texas after the election of 1844

Going to Texas after the election of 1844

A comic scene anticipating a Whig victory in the upcoming presidential election. The date is 1845, after an election supposedly decided on the Texas question, the tariff issue, and Democratic identification wi... more

Matty meeting the Texas question

Matty meeting the Texas question

A satire on the Democrats' approach to the delicate question of the annexation of Texas. In marked contrast to his portrayal of the issue as a beautiful woman in "Virtuous Harry" (no. 1844-27), the artist here ... more

[Memucan Hunt, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Memucan Hunt, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Envoy, Minister Plenipotentiary, from Republic of Texas. Identification from engraving in DeBow's Southern and Western Review, October, 1852, frontispiece. Scratched on face of plate: 207; Hunt, Texas. Scratche... more

portrait from "Texas and the Gulf of Mexico: or Yachting in the New World"

portrait from "Texas and the Gulf of Mexico: or Yachting in the New Wo...

This image has been taken from scan 000269 from volume 01 of "Texas and the Gulf of Mexico: or Yachting in the New World". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by use... more

The two bridges

The two bridges

As in "Texas Coming In" (no. 1844-28), a bridge over Salt River is the central motif, making the difference between the Whigs' successful crossing to the "Presidential Chair" and the disastrous route taken by t... more

map from "Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé expedition. Containing a description of a tour through Texas. With an account of the ... capture of the Texans and their march, as prisoners, to the City of Mexico"

map from "Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé expedition. Containing a de...

This image has been taken from scan 000024 from "Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé expedition. Containing a description of a tour through Texas. With an account of the ... capture of the Texans and their march, ... more

Letter from John Greenleaf Whittier, Lowell, [Massachusetts], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1844 [Septhember] 10th

Letter from John Greenleaf Whittier, Lowell, [Massachusetts], to Willi...

John Greenleaf Whittier writes to William Lloyd Garrison about a "sweeping charge against Liberty party journals of having for their object to aid [President James K.] Polk & Texas & c." Whittier explains his b... more