Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.
Detail of a bas-de-page scene of two men with shields and spears. Image taken from f. 98 of Decretals of Gregory IX with glossa ordinaria (the 'Smithfield Decretals'). Written in Latin.
The pointed lance heads were intended for the Scharfrennen or similar jousts fought with sharp lances. The four-pronged lance head was used in the Gestech, a joust with blunted lances.
Detail of a miniature of Alexander's knights killing elephants with spears. Image taken from f. 16v of Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'). Written in French.
Illus. in: Thevet, La Cosmographie universelle ... (Paris, 1575), vol. 2. Reference copy may be in LOT 4433 C. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Snowshoes; Wint... more