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Space shuttle STS-127 - LAUNCH

Space shuttle STS-127 - LAUNCH

Description: SEQUENTIAL STILL COVERAGE OF LIFTOFF. FRAME VEHICLE AND LAUNCHER PLUS ONE VEHICLE LENGTH. Item: DD083-39A Date Taken: 7/15/2009 Image Type: DIGITAL STILLS STS127 LAUNCH AND LANDING

Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-51 G Launch

Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-51 G Launch

(June 17, 1985) On June 17, 1985, Space Shuttle Discovery's STS-51 G mission launched on a Comsat deployment mission. It deployed three communication satellites. The mission lasted a little over seven days. ..I... More

Space Shuttle Columbia, Shuttle Enterprise Free Flight

Space Shuttle Columbia, Shuttle Enterprise Free Flight

(1977) The Space Shuttle prototype Enterprise flies free after being released from NASA's 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) over Rogers Dry Lakebed during the second of five free flights carried out at the Dry... More

NASA Lifting Bodies on Lakebed, Armstrong flight research center

NASA Lifting Bodies on Lakebed, Armstrong flight research center

(November 30, 1968) The wingless lifting body aircraft sitting on Rogers Dry Lake at what is now NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. From left to right are the X-24A, M2-F3 and the HL-10.... More

STS 30 - Space Shuttle Projects

STS 30 - Space Shuttle Projects

The STS-30 patch depicts the joining of NASA's manned and unmanned space programs. The sun and inner planets of our solar system are shown with the curve connecting Earth and Venus symbolizing the shuttle orbit... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The left spent booster from space shuttle Discovery's final launch is seen floating on the water's surface while pumps on Freedom Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, push debris and water out of the booster, replacing with air to facilitate floating for its return to Port Canaveral in Florida.                The shuttle’s two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Liberty Star and Freedom Star. The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown. After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky KSC-2011-1845

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The left spent booster from space shuttle Disc...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The left spent booster from space shuttle Discovery's final launch is seen floating on the water's surface while pumps on Freedom Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, a large crane is used to lift the right orbital maneuvering system OMS pod that will be installed on space shuttle Endeavour.       The OMS pod underwent complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the transition and retirement processing of each shuttle. Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions. For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-2012-1901

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kenn...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, a large crane is used to lift the right orbital maneuvering system OMS pod that will be installed on space shut... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, workers accompany space shuttle Endeavour as it is being transported from Orbiter Processing Facility-2 to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). In the VAB, Endeavour will be lifted into a high bay where it will be attached to its external fuel tank and solid rocket boosters for its final mission, STS-134.          Endeavour and its STS-134 crew will deliver the Express Logistics Carrier-3, Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, a high-pressure gas tank, additional spare parts for Dextre and micrometeoroid debris shields to the International Space Station. Launch is targeted for April 19 at 7:48 p.m. EDT. For more information visit, http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/sts134/index.html. Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-2011-1901

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, wor...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, workers accompany space shuttle Endeavour as it is being transported from Orbiter Processing Facility-2 to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB).... More

Spanish-American woman passing shuttle through warp in weaving rag rug. WPA (Works Progress Administration/Work Projects Administration) project. Costilla, New Mexico
VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- At Vandenberg Air Force Base in the early '80s, the Space Shuttle Enterprise undergoes Pathfinder fit checks at a tower. The Enterprise was built as a test vehicle and was not equipped for spaceflight.  Enterprise eventually became the property of the Smithsonian Institution.      Vandenberg AFB is located on the Central Coast of California about 150 miles northwest of Los Angeles. The property is comprised of parts of five Mexican land grants and a sixth grant that was transferred virtually intact to the Army.  Vandenberg now is operated by the 30th Space Wing, and is the only military installation in the United States from which unmanned government and commercial satellites are launched into polar orbit. It is also the only site from which intercontinental ballistic missiles ICBMs are launched toward the Kwajalein Atoll to verify weapon systems performance. Vandenberg's military service dates back to 1941, when known as Camp Cooke it served as an Army training facility for armored and infantry troops. The main camp closed in June 1946 and was reactivated in August 1950 after the outbreak of the Korean War. The 13th and 20th Armored Divisions and the 40th, 44th, 86th, and 91st Infantry Divisions trained at Cooke. With the advent of the missile age in the 1950s, the Air Force persuaded Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson to direct the Army to transfer 64,000 acres of North Camp Cooke to the Air Force for use as a missile launch and training base. In 1958, Camp Cooke was renamed Vandenberg Air Force Base in honor of the late General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, second Air Force Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force and chief architect of today's modern Air Force.    Photo Credit: NASA KSC-99PP-1051

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- At Vandenberg Air Force Base in t...

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- At Vandenberg Air Force Base in the early '80s, the Space Shuttle Enterprise undergoes Pathfinder fit checks at a tower. The Enterprise was built as a test vehicle and was n... More

X-15 Mated to B-52 Captive Flight

X-15 Mated to B-52 Captive Flight

(1959) One of three X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft being carried aloft under the wing of its B-52 mothership. The X-15 was air launched from the B-52 so the rocket plane would have enough fuel to reach i... More

Lockheed JF-104A (AF56-745A Tail No. 60745) Starfighter airplane piloted by Fred Drinkwater  conducted flight testing that demonstrated steep approaches that were ultimately used by the space shuttle.  Steep descent testing, including power-off landing approaches and demonstration of minimum lift-to-drag ratio (L/D) landings came out of the interest in the use of low L/D lifting bodies for recovery to landing from space. Note:  Used in publication in Flight Research at Ames;  57 Years of Development and Validation of Aeronautical Technology NASA SP-1998-3300 fig 93 ARC-1959-A-24953

Lockheed JF-104A (AF56-745A Tail No. 60745) Starfighter airplane pilot...

Lockheed JF-104A (AF56-745A Tail No. 60745) Starfighter airplane piloted by Fred Drinkwater conducted flight testing that demonstrated steep approaches that were ultimately used by the space shuttle. Steep de... More

Proposed USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory

Proposed USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory

A 1960 concept image of the United States Air Force's proposed Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) that was intended to test the military usefulness of having humans in orbit. The station's baseline configuration ... More

Joe Walker beside an X-15 Airplane

Joe Walker beside an X-15 Airplane

(March 29, 1961) NASA test pilot Joe Walker beside an X-15 airplane, following 169,000-foot altitude flight on March 30, 1961. The X-15 flew 199 times from 1959 to 1968 and was an extremely successful aeronauti... More

X-15 on Lakebed with B-52 Mothership Flyover

X-15 on Lakebed with B-52 Mothership Flyover

(September 1, 1961) As crew members secure the X-15 rocket-powered aircraft after a research flight, the B-52 mothership used for launching this unique aircraft does a low fly-by overhead. The X-15s made a tota... More

Photograph of an Artist's Concept of a Sleek Space Shuttle Craft

Photograph of an Artist's Concept of a Sleek Space Shuttle Craft

Original caption: MANNED SPACECRAFT CENTER, HOUSTON, TEXAS. SPACE SHUTTLE UNVEILED - This artist's concept of a sleek space shuttle craft (foreground) has been released by North American Rockwell Space Divisio... More

Early Space Shuttle Program Development

Early Space Shuttle Program Development

As part of the Space Task Group's recommendations for more commonality and integration in America's space program, Marshall Space Flight Center engineers proposed an orbiting propellant storage facility to augm... More

Titan III-C Launch

Titan III-C Launch

(September 4, 1970) This photograph shows a Titan III-C launch vehicle. Titan vehicles were designed to carry payloads equal to the size and weight of those on the space shuttle. The Titan IV Centaur could put ... More

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Managed by Marshall Space Flight Center, the Space Tug concept was intended to be a reusable multipurpose space vehicle designed to transport payloads to different orbital inclinations. Utilizing mission-specif... More

Space shuttle Titan III-C Launch

Space shuttle Titan III-C Launch

(September 4, 1970) This photograph shows a Titan III-C launch vehicle. Titan vehicles were designed to carry payloads equal to the size and weight of those on the space shuttle. The Titan IV Centaur could put ... More

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

This artist's concept from 1970 shows a Nuclear Shuttle docked to an Orbital Propellant Depot and an early Space Shuttle. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center Program Development plarners, the Nuclear ... More

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

This 1970 artist's concept illustrates the use of the Space Shuttle, Nuclear Shuttle, and Space Tug in NASA's Integrated Program. As a result of the Space Task Group's recommendations for more commonality and i... More

MSC Space Shuttle Model stability and control characteristics test in 9x7ft w.t. (test number not available) ARC-1970-AC70-4712

MSC Space Shuttle Model stability and control characteristics test in ...

MSC Space Shuttle Model stability and control characteristics test in 9x7ft w.t. (test number not available)

PILOT KENNETH C. WHITE IN CHAIR.  Space Shuttle Vehicle Simulation. SSV COCKPIT IN THE MOVING-CAB TRANSPORT SIMULATOR (S.16) ARC-1970-AC70-5441

PILOT KENNETH C. WHITE IN CHAIR. Space Shuttle Vehicle Simulation. SS...

PILOT KENNETH C. WHITE IN CHAIR. Space Shuttle Vehicle Simulation. SSV COCKPIT IN THE MOVING-CAB TRANSPORT SIMULATOR (S.16)

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

This 1971 artist's concept illustrates a proposed Orbital Liquid Hydrogen Depot. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center Program Development persornel, an orbital modular propellant storage depot, supplie... More

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

This 1971 artist's concept shows a Nuclear Shuttle and an early Space Shuttle docked with an Orbital Propellant Depot. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center Program Development persornel, an orbital mod... More

Space shuttle Early Program Development

Space shuttle Early Program Development

In this artist's concept from 1971, an Earth-to orbit fuel tanker approaches the Orbital Propellant Depot. As envisioned by Marshall Space Flight Center Program Devlopment plarners, an orbital modular propellan... More

North American Space Shuttle Orbiter Model NA129 surface heating and boundary layer transition test in 3.5ft w.t. ARC-1971-AC71-5323

North American Space Shuttle Orbiter Model NA129 surface heating and b...

North American Space Shuttle Orbiter Model NA129 surface heating and boundary layer transition test in 3.5ft w.t.

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. test-66-503 ARC-1971-AC71-4077

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of ...

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. test-66-503

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. Test-66-503 ARC-1971-AC71-4076

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of ...

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. Test-66-503

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of a Hollow Tube in 6ft. W.T. Test-66-503 Approximate Mach 1.2 ARC-1971-AC71-4074

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of ...

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of a Hollow Tube in 6ft. W.T. Test-66-503 Approximate Mach 1.2

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 ARC-1971-AC71-4075

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of ...

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95

Maxime A. Faget, NASA Mercury project

Maxime A. Faget, NASA Mercury project

Maxime A. Faget, an aeronautical engineer with a B.S. from Louisiana State University (1943), joined the staff at Langley Aeronautical Laboratory in 1946 and soon became head of the performance aerodynamics bra... More

Space shuttle Space Station

Space shuttle Space Station

This is an artist's concept of a modular space station. In 1970 the Marshall Space Flight Center arnounced the completion of a study concerning a modular space station that could be launched by the planned-for ... More

President Nixon and James Fletcher Discuss the Space Shuttle

President Nixon and James Fletcher Discuss the Space Shuttle

President Richard M. Nixon and Dr. James C. Fletcher, NASA Administrator, discussed the proposed Space Shuttle vehicle in San Clemente, California, on January 5, 1972. The President announced that day that the ... More

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Test of Acoustic Environment (Configuration #5) ARC-1972-A72-1341

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Test of Acoustic Environment (Confi...

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Test of Acoustic Environment (Configuration #5)

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Tests pf Acoustic Environment (Configuration 5 with James M. Peterson ARC-1972-AC72-1344

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Tests pf Acoustic Environment (Conf...

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Tests pf Acoustic Environment (Configuration 5 with James M. Peterson

Space Shuttle Project, Marshall Space Flight Center

Space Shuttle Project, Marshall Space Flight Center

This early chart conceptualizes the use of two parallel Solid Rocket Motor Boosters in conjunction with three main engines to launch the proposed Space Shuttle to orbit. At approximately twenty-five miles altit... More

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA ARC-1972-AC72-2696

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwar...

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA  (Shuttle un-powered descent and landing diagram) ARC-1972-AC72-2695

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwar...

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA (Shuttle un-powered descent and landing diagram)

BLDG. 14 - SHUTTLE TEST - MSC

BLDG. 14 - SHUTTLE TEST - MSC

1/10 Scale-Model (metal) inside the Anechoic Chamber, Bldg. 14. 1. SHUTTLE - MODELS MSC, HOUSTON, TX

Space shuttle Too Close for Comfort

Space shuttle Too Close for Comfort

Date August 10, 1973 .Description: Scientist-Astronaut Edward G. Gibson, seated, and Astronaut William R. Pogue discuss a mission procedure at the Apollo Telescope Mount (ATM) display and control panel mockup i... More

Space shuttle Space Shuttle Illustration

Space shuttle Space Shuttle Illustration

An unidentified illustration of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) space shuttle. The space shuttle fleet flew 135 missions and helped construct the International Space Station between ... More

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1973-A73-5027

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hyperson...

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1973-AC73-5027

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hyperson...

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel

Materials Science Experiments Conducted at MSFC

Materials Science Experiments Conducted at MSFC

Description (November 13, 1974) In another first for NASA, an all-female crew of scientific experimenters began a five-day exercise on December 16, 1974, to test the feasibility of experiments that were later t... More

President Richard Nixon Examining a Model of the Space Shuttle at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA Space Museum and Orientation Center in Houston, Texas
Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities ARC-1974-AC74-2002

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet f...

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities ARC-1974-AC74-2000

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet f...

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities

Space shuttle MEETING - SHUTTLE - JSC

Space shuttle MEETING - SHUTTLE - JSC

View taken in Building 2, Room 135, during a Shuttle briefing. Shuttle officials Robert Thompson and Aaron Cohen and Astronaut John Young are seen as panel for the Shuttle briefing with various models of the Sp... More

Space Shuttle Two Percent Plumes Model in the 11ft W.T. (Test-01) ARC-1974-AC74-3944

Space Shuttle Two Percent Plumes Model in the 11ft W.T. (Test-01) ARC-...

Space Shuttle Two Percent Plumes Model in the 11ft W.T. (Test-01)

Solid Rocket Booster - Space Shuttle Projects

Solid Rocket Booster - Space Shuttle Projects

As early as September 1972, the Marshall Space Flight Center arnounced plans for a series of 20 water-entry simulation tests with a solid-fueled rocket casing assembly. The tests would provide valuable data for... More

Space Shuttle Projects, Marshall Space Flight Center

Space Shuttle Projects, Marshall Space Flight Center

The Space Shuttle represented an entirely new generation of space vehicle, the world's first reusable spacecraft. Unlike earlier expendable rockets, the Shuttle was designed to be launched over and over again a... More

Space shuttle Space Shuttle - Thermal Insulation

Space shuttle Space Shuttle - Thermal Insulation

The high temperatures which were to be encountered by the Space Shuttle were simulated in the tunnels at Langley in this 1975 test of the thermal insulation materials which were used on the orbiter.

Shuttle Test Using Electron Beam

Shuttle Test Using Electron Beam

A space shuttle model undergoes a wind tunnel test in 1975. This test is simulating the ionized gasses that surround a shuttle as it reenters the atmosphere...Center Number: L-1975-02972

Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-0207

Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-0207

Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t.

Schlieren: Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-0205

Schlieren: Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC...

Schlieren: Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t.

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) testing in the NASA Ames Research Center 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1975-AC75-1161-4

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) testing in the NASA Ames Research ...

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) testing in the NASA Ames Research Center 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) in the 40x80ft W.T. ARC-1975-AC75-1161-3

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) in the 40x80ft W.T. ARC-1975-AC75-...

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) in the 40x80ft W.T.

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

1/3 scale model of space shuttle, 3/4 lower front view, test section overhead doors open. Don Richey

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model A100 0.36 Scale In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel. 3/4 lower rear view. Don Richey

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-1191

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1...

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t.

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-1190

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1...

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t.

Space Shuttle Model in the 10- by 10-Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel

Space Shuttle Model in the 10- by 10-Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel

Ken Baskin, an engineer from the Facilities and Engineering Branch at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Lewis Research Center checks a complete 2.25-scale model of the shuttle in the 10... More

Shuttle Service (view of spacecraft).  Space shuttle delivers part for Space Colony ARC-1975-AC75-1917

Shuttle Service (view of spacecraft). Space shuttle delivers part for...

Shuttle Service (view of spacecraft). Space shuttle delivers part for Space Colony

Space Shuttle re-entry art ARC-1975-AC75-1919
This diagram illustrates the Space Shuttle mission sequence. The Space Shuttle was approved as a national program in 1972 and developed through the 1970s. Part spacecraft and part aircraft, the Space Shuttle orbiter, the brain and the heart of the Space Transportation System (STS), required several technological advances, including thousands of insulating tiles able to stand the heat of reentry over the course of many missions, as well as sophisticated engines that could be used again and again without being thrown away. The airplane-like orbiter has three main engines, that burn liquid hydrogen and oxygen stored in the large external tank, the single largest structure in the Shuttle. Attached to the tank are two solid rocket boosters that provide the vehecile with most of the thrust needed for liftoff. Two minutes into the flight, the spent solids drop into the ocean to be recovered and refurbished for reuse, while the orbiter engines continue burning until approximately 8 minutes into the flight. After the mission is completed, the orbiter lands on a runway like an airplane. n/a

This diagram illustrates the Space Shuttle mission sequence. The Space...

This diagram illustrates the Space Shuttle mission sequence. The Space Shuttle was approved as a national program in 1972 and developed through the 1970s. Part spacecraft and part aircraft, the Space Shuttle or... More

Space Shuttle A-100 installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Supsonic Wind Tunnel. ARC-1975-AC75-2583

Space Shuttle A-100 installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Supsonic Win...

Space Shuttle A-100 installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Supsonic Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel. Test-462 ARC-1975-AC75-2584

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft ...

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel. Test-462

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model  installation in the 40x80ft W.T.  Test 462 ARC-1975-AC75-2582

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the 40x80ft W.T. Tes...

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the 40x80ft W.T. Test 462

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

Owen Morris and John Kiker are seen in this series of photographs documenting a mini-Approach and Landing Test conducted on the Bldg. 14 Antenna Test Range, using a 1/40th-scale model Orbiter and a model airpl... More

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

Seen left to right is Art Arrow,Owen Morris, and John Kiker. This is an image in a series of photographs documenting a " mini "Approach and Landing Test conducted on the Bldg. 14 Antenna Test Range, using a 1/... More

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 10/26/1976 Keywords: c1976_04300s 1976_04382.jpg Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 10/26/1976 Keywords: c1976_04300s 1976_04379.jpg Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 10/26/1976 Keywords: c1976_04300s 1976_04381.jpg Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

SPACE SHUTTLE NASA Identifier: C-1976-4379

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

SPACE SHUTTLE NASA Identifier: C-1976-4380

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

SPACE SHUTTLE NASA Identifier: C-1976-4382

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

SPACE SHUTTLE NASA Identifier: C-1976-4378

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 10/26/1976 Keywords: c1976_04300s 1976_04380.jpg Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

Space shuttle SPACE SHUTTLE, NASA Technology Images

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 10/26/1976 Keywords: c1976_04300s 1976_04378.jpg Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

NASA SPACE SHUTTLE - Glenn Research Center History

SPACE SHUTTLE NASA Identifier: C-1976-4381

Space shuttle Boosters - Space Shuttle Projects

Space shuttle Boosters - Space Shuttle Projects

This image illustrates the solid rocket motor (SRM)/solid rocket booster (SRB) configuration. The Shuttle's two SRB's are the largest solids ever built and the first designed for refurbishment and reuse. Standi... More

Haise Commands First Enterprise Test Flights

Haise Commands First Enterprise Test Flights

The first crew members for the Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) are photographed at the Rockwell International Space Division's Orbiter Assembly Facility at Palmdale, California. The Shuttle Enter... More

External tank - Space Shuttle Projects

External tank - Space Shuttle Projects

This is a cutaway illustration of the Space Shuttle external tank (ET) with callouts. The giant cylinder, higher than a 15-story building, with a length of 154-feet (47-meters) and a diameter of 27.5-feet (8.4-... More

Earth observation taken during STS-98 mission

Earth observation taken during STS-98 mission

STS098-716-034 (18 February 2001) --- This east-to-west orbital view of the Inn River Valley of southern Austria was photographed by one the crew members of Atlantis during Space Shuttle Mission STS-98 on Febru... More

Mockup - Shuttle Mid-Body - JSC

Mockup - Shuttle Mid-Body - JSC

Eleven (11) wide-angle views and medium shots showing progess on construction of Shuttle Orbiter Mid-Body Mockup in Bldg. 9. Workers seen in views. JSC, Houston, TX

SPACE SHUTTLE VEHICLE (SSV) 0.36 SCALE MODEL, 40X80FT W.T. TESTING - TAIL FLAPS ARC-1976-AC76-0430-3

SPACE SHUTTLE VEHICLE (SSV) 0.36 SCALE MODEL, 40X80FT W.T. TESTING - T...

SPACE SHUTTLE VEHICLE (SSV) 0.36 SCALE MODEL, 40X80FT W.T. TESTING - TAIL FLAPS

Space Shuttle Vehicle (SSV) 0.36 scale model, 40x80ft w.t. testing ARC-1976-AC76-0430-4

Space Shuttle Vehicle (SSV) 0.36 scale model, 40x80ft w.t. testing ARC...

Space Shuttle Vehicle (SSV) 0.36 scale model, 40x80ft w.t. testing

A ground-to-air view of the space shuttle Challenger during liftoff from launch complex 39A at 7:33 a.m. EDT. Aboard the Challenger for the seventh launch of the Space Transportation System are CMDR Bob Crippen, pilot Frederick H. Hauck, and mission specialists Sally Ride, John M. Fabian and Dr. Norman Thagard

A ground-to-air view of the space shuttle Challenger during liftoff fr...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Kennedy Space Center State: Florida (FL) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Publ... More

Portrait - Approach and Landing Test (ALT) Crew

Portrait - Approach and Landing Test (ALT) Crew

S76-28476 (8 Sept 1976) --- Astronaut C. Gordon Fullerton in flight suit holding a model of the space shuttle.

APPROACH AND LANDING TESTS (ALT) - SHUTTLE - ROLLOUT - CA

APPROACH AND LANDING TESTS (ALT) - SHUTTLE - ROLLOUT - CA

S76-29559 (17 Sept 1976) --- Astronaut C. Gordon Fullerton, pilot of the first crew for the Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Tests (ALT), is photographed at the Rockwell International Space Division's Orbiter... More

APPROACH AND LANDING TEST (ALT) - ASTRONAUT HAISE, FRED W., JR. - SHUTTLE - ROLLOUT - CA

APPROACH AND LANDING TEST (ALT) - ASTRONAUT HAISE, FRED W., JR. - SHUT...

S76-29562 --- The two crews for the Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) are photographed at the Rockwell International Space Division's Orbiter assembly facility at Palmdale, California on the day of... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the shuttle service and access tower SSAT, left, is assembled at Launch Complex 39A from sections of launch umbilical tower 3. The lower 180 feet of the old ML-3 will be topped by the former uppermost section on which a hammerhead crane will be installed and the next lower section which houses the intact ML-3 elevator room and equipment. The SSAT will anchor and support a hinge column to the Payload Changeout Room PCR which will travel on a rail in a specified area to enclose the space shuttle's cargo bay on the pad for installation or removal of payloads. Mobile Launcher 2, center right, is on the pad to support the PCR during construction. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-76PC-0541

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the sh...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the shuttle service and access tower SSAT, left, is assembled at Launch Complex 39A from sections of launch umbilical tower 3. The lower 180 feet ... More

APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - SHUTTLE PATCH

APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - SHUTTLE PATCH

S76-30340 (1976) --- This circular, red, white and blue emblem has been chosen as the official insignia for the Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Test (ALT) flights. A picture of the Orbiter 101 "Enterprise" ... More

Artist: Rick Guidice NASA artwork of Space Shuttle Orbiter during re-entry showing Reusable Surface Insulation Tiles.  (Text overlay) ARC-1976-AC76-1713

Artist: Rick Guidice NASA artwork of Space Shuttle Orbiter during re-e...

Artist: Rick Guidice NASA artwork of Space Shuttle Orbiter during re-entry showing Reusable Surface Insulation Tiles. (Text overlay)

Space Shuttle tile test in 60MW Interaction Heating Facility N-238 (used in NASA/AMES publication 'Searching the Horizon' - A History of Ames Research Center SP-4304) ARC-1976-A76-1732-85

Space Shuttle tile test in 60MW Interaction Heating Facility N-238 (us...

Space Shuttle tile test in 60MW Interaction Heating Facility N-238 (used in NASA/AMES publication 'Searching the Horizon' - A History of Ames Research Center SP-4304)

Space shuttle LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

Space shuttle LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 3/18/1977 Keywords: Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Space shuttle Space Station

Space shuttle Space Station

The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the Johnson Space Center (JSC) were each awarded 16-month contracts in April 1976 for the Space Station Systems Analysis Study (SSSAS). Grumman Aerospace Corporation ... More

Space shuttle LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

Space shuttle LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 3/18/1977 Keywords: 1977_01014.jpg c1977_01000s Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

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