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Pennsylvania ( (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east, while the Appalachian Mountains run through its middle.

Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, and the 5th-most populous state according to the most recent official U.S. Census count in 2010. It is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia (1,580,863), and Pittsburgh (302,407). The state capital and its 13th-largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.

The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States; it came into being in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake. Part of Pennsylvania (along the Delaware River), together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden. It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in Philadelphia, the state's largest city. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78.

Pennsylvania Media

191,032 media by topicpage 1 of 1911
Inner City, August 1973

Inner City, August 1973

Original Caption: Inner City, August 1973..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 412-DA-7488..Photographer: Swanson, Dick...Subjects:.Environmental protection.Natural resources.Philadelphia (Philadelphia ... more

The John Frank Keith Collection is held by the Library Company of Philadelphia, a non-profit research library

The John Frank Keith Collection is held by the Library Company of Phil...

Keith, John Frank, 1883-1947, photographer...ca. 1910-1940..1 photographic print : gelatin silver; 14 x 9 cm. (5.5 x 3.5 in.)..Image provided for reference purposes. Please visit our rights and reproductions w... more

Badger at Sun Oil

Badger at Sun Oil

Title: Badger at Sun Oil ...Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ...Date: March 1945...Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection...Place: Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania...Physical Description: 1 transpare... more

Historic Electric City sign, restored in 2008, shines again. Scranton, Pennsylvania

Historic Electric City sign, restored in 2008, shines again. Scranton,...

Title, date, and subjects provided by the photographer. Credit line: Carol M. Highsmith's America, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Gift and purchase ; Carol M. Highsmith; 2009; (DLC/PP-201... more

Pennsylvania Colony Laws and Statutes, 1652-92, List of "Acts of the Politinate and Lords"
A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey.

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvani...

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. Date and attribution from On the Map, 1983 (Figure 24). First state of map published originally in 1685 by Christopher Browne with the imprint in the cartouc... more

A map of the improved part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America : begun by Wil. Penn, Proprietary & Governour thereof anno 1681 /

A map of the improved part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America ...

Shows rural landholders' names, lot lines, and proprietary manors. Map content (as of 1687) does not differ from earlier eds. Title from upper border. Statement of dedication at upper left:To the worthey Willia... more

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. Third issue. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The city of Philadelphia, two miles in length and one in breadth," a... more

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. First issue. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The city of Philadelphia, two miles in length and one in breadth," a... more

Fac-simile of Holmes-map of the province of Pennsylvania : with the names of the original purchasers from William Penn, begun in 1681.

Fac-simile of Holmes-map of the province of Pennsylvania : with the na...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in the Philadelphia region. Alternate title at top: A map of the improved part of the province of Pennsylvania in America : begun by William Penn, proprietor and governor... more

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. First issue. From the Rosenwald Collection, no. 1308. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The City of Philadelphia, t... more

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Collection of old maps Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Table
By His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, Captain General and Governor in Chief of their Majesties Province of New-York, Province of Pennsylvania, County of New-Castle, and the Territories and tracts of land depending theron in America, and vice-admi

By His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, Captain General and Governor in C...

Negative Photostat.; Proclamation. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 140, Folder 5b.

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey.

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvani...

Relief shown pictorially. Date and attribution from On the map, 1983. Second state of map published originally in 1685 by Christopher Browne. This state differs from the earlier one in lacking the publisher's i... more

Carte nouvelle de l'Amérique Angloise, contenant la Virginie, Mary-Land, Caroline, Pensylvania, Nouvelle Iorck, N:Iarsey, N. France, et les terres nouvellement découerte dressé sur les relations les plus nouvelles.

Carte nouvelle de l'Amérique Angloise, contenant la Virginie, Mary-Lan...

Relief shown pictorially. Title in upper right corner: Partie orientale de l'Amérique angloise. Hand colored. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. In... more

Trammel
By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Whereas hath been recomended to us as a sober and fit person to keep a house of entertainment; and being requested to grant a license for the same, We do hereby license and al

By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ...

Blank form for a license for a tavern signed in mss. Jos. Reed President and J. Matlack, Secy.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and a... more

Pennsylvania, ss. I Prothonotary of the Supream Court of the Province of Pennsylvania, do hereby certify, that at a Supream Court held at Philadelphia, for the said Province of Pennsylvania, the day of in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven

Pennsylvania, ss. I Prothonotary of the Supream Court of the Province ...

Blank naturalization certificate filled in in mss. and dated 24 Sept. 1765. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephem... more

Plano del puerto y dl. y Río d. Guayaquil sacado a lwz[?] pr. el Capn. y Piloto Dn. Juan d. Herue, capn. dl. Navio d. S Md., el Sr. Sn. Jph. Alias, el peruano sondado con proligd. y particular cuidado las sondas qe. señala en este plano pa. qe. sirua a los Nav. d. S. Md. qe. D. Gde. /

Plano del puerto y dl. y Río d. Guayaquil sacado a lwz[?] pr. el Capn....

Shows Gulf of Guayaquil. Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north to the right. Watermarks: IV; and, fleur-de-lis over the characters VDL. Pen-and-ink and yellow. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispani... more

Square Piano
Lantern
[Circular to County assessor. 170-].

[Circular to County assessor. 170-].

Not in Evans.; Not in Hildeburn. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 140, Folder 9.

Tankard
Latch
Table

Table

Possibly made in Pennsylvania, United States

Table
Dish
Pennsylvania Counties election returns.

Pennsylvania Counties election returns.

Transcripts, guides, and tools to help you use this collection may be found at http://www.loc.gov/collection/james-madison-papers/about-this-collection/.

Candlestand

Candlestand

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Settee

Settee

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Daybed
Daybed

Daybed

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Betty Lamp

Betty Lamp

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Daybed
Table

Table

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Settee
Daybed

Daybed

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Ladle
Betty Lamp

Betty Lamp

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

To the Honourable Patrick Gordon, Esq; Lieutenant Governour of the Province of Pennsylvania, and Counties of New-Castle, Kent and Sussex, upon Delaware. The address of the Mayor and commonalty of the City of Philadelphia, in Council the sixteent

To the Honourable Patrick Gordon, Esq; Lieutenant Governour of the Pro...

Imprint 3. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 140, Folder 13.

[Arms] By the Honourable Patrick Gordon, Esq; Lieutenant Governour of the Province of Pennsilvania, and Counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex upon Delaware, A proclamation [to quell and reduce by force all tumults, riots, and disorders] Given

[Arms] By the Honourable Patrick Gordon, Esq; Lieutenant Governour of ...

Imprint 2.; Proclamation.; Not in Hildeburn. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 140, Folder 16.

Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Escutcheon
Escutcheon

Escutcheon

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Tankard
Porringer
Escutcheon
Teapot
Armchair
Arms By the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania Notice of quit rents By order of the Proprietaries, Richard Peters, Secry. Philadelphia, Nov. 23, 1738. Philadelphia: Printed by B. Franklin, 1738

Arms By the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania Notice of quit rents By orde...

Franklin coll. 2.; Imprint 3.; Not in Hildeburn. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 1... more

Settee
Wall Cupboard

Wall Cupboard

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Bench

Bench

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Queen Anne Carved Cherrywood Side Chair

Queen Anne Carved Cherrywood Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Wainscot Armchair

Wainscot Armchair

Made in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

High Chair
Table

Table

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Armchair
Tilt-top Stand

Tilt-top Stand

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Tea Table

Tea Table

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Tea Table

Tea Table

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Settee
Trestle Table

Trestle Table

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Sauceboat
Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States