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Pennsylvania ( (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east, while the Appalachian Mountains run through its middle.

Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, and the 5th-most populous state according to the most recent official U.S. Census count in 2010. It is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia (1,580,863), and Pittsburgh (302,407). The state capital and its 13th-largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.

The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States; it came into being in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake. Part of Pennsylvania (along the Delaware River), together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden. It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in Philadelphia, the state's largest city. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78.

Pennsylvania Media

189,860 media by topicpage 1 of 1899
Inner City, August 1973

Inner City, August 1973

Original Caption: Inner City, August 1973..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 412-DA-7488..Photographer: Swanson, Dick...Subjects:.Environmental protection.Natural resources.Philadelphia (Philadelphia ... More

The John Frank Keith Collection is held by the Library Company of Philadelphia, a non-profit research library

The John Frank Keith Collection is held by the Library Company of Phil...

Keith, John Frank, 1883-1947, photographer...ca. 1910-1940..1 photographic print : gelatin silver; 14 x 9 cm. (5.5 x 3.5 in.)..Image provided for reference purposes. Please visit our rights and reproductions w... More

Badger at Sun Oil, Southern Methodist University collection

Badger at Sun Oil, Southern Methodist University collection

Title: Badger at Sun Oil ...Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ...Date: March 1945...Part Of: Robert Yarnall Richie Photograph Collection...Place: Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania...Physical Description: 1 transpare... More

Historic Electric City sign, restored in 2008, shines again. Scranton, Pennsylvania

Historic Electric City sign, restored in 2008, shines again. Scranton,...

Title, date, and subjects provided by the photographer. Credit line: Carol M. Highsmith's America, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Gift and purchase ; Carol M. Highsmith; 2009; (DLC/PP-201... More

Plate, North and Central America

Plate, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Plate, North and Central America

Plate, North and Central America

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Fire Plate

Fire Plate

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Plate, North and Central America

Plate, North and Central America

Possibly made in Pennsylvania, United States

Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton no. 333 [4-6-0] locomotive

Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton no. 333 [4-6-0] locomotive

Pittsburgh no. 1603--Built 1895.12--Note: B&O 200

Southern Pacific no. 1619 [2-6-0] locomotive

Southern Pacific no. 1619 [2-6-0] locomotive

Southern Pacific no. 1619 [2-6-0]

New York Central no. 1624 [2-6-0] locomotive

New York Central no. 1624 [2-6-0] locomotive

New York Central no. 1624 [2-6-0]

Pennsylvania Colony Laws and Statutes, 1652-92, List of "Acts of the Politinate and Lords"
A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey.

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvani...

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. Date and attribution from On the Map, 1983 (Figure 24). First state of map published originally in 1685 by Christopher Browne with the imprint in the cartouc... More

A map of the improved part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America : begun by Wil. Penn, Proprietary & Governour thereof anno 1681 /

A map of the improved part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America ...

Shows rural landholders' names, lot lines, and proprietary manors. Map content (as of 1687) does not differ from earlier eds. Title from upper border. Statement of dedication at upper left:To the worthey Willia... More

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. Third issue. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The city of Philadelphia, two miles in length and one in breadth," a... More

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. First issue. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The city of Philadelphia, two miles in length and one in breadth," a... More

Fac-simile of Holmes-map of the province of Pennsylvania : with the names of the original purchasers from William Penn, begun in 1681.

Fac-simile of Holmes-map of the province of Pennsylvania : with the na...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in the Philadelphia region. Alternate title at top: A map of the improved part of the province of Pennsylvania in America : begun by William Penn, proprietor and governor... More

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts /

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Shows rural landholders' names and lots in Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks Counties. First issue. From the Rosenwald Collection, no. 1308. Includes indexes of landholders, inset of "The City of Philadelphia, t... More

Germantown Friends' protest against slavery 1688. [Facsimile].

Germantown Friends' protest against slavery 1688. [Facsimile].

Not in Evans.; Title.; On verso: 02-83-384.36. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 14... More

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into countyes, townships, and lotts

A mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America, divided into cou...

Collection of old maps Courtesy of Boston Public Library

By His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, Captain General and Governor in Chief of their Majesties Province of New-York, Province of Pennsylvania, County of New-Castle, and the Territories and tracts of land depending theron in America, and vice-admi

By His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, Captain General and Governor in C...

Negative Photostat.; Proclamation. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 140, Folder 5b.

Summer in the 18th Century Garden

Summer in the 18th Century Garden

The 18th Century Garden recreates many features that characterized Philadelphia gardens in the 1700's.

Carte nouvelle de l'Amérique Angloise, contenant la Virginie, Mary-Land, Caroline, Pensylvania, Nouvelle Iorck, N:Iarsey, N. France, et les terres nouvellement découerte dressé sur les relations les plus nouvelles.

Carte nouvelle de l'Amérique Angloise, contenant la Virginie, Mary-Lan...

Relief shown pictorially. Title in upper right corner: Partie orientale de l'Amérique angloise. Hand colored. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. In... More

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey.

A new map of Virginia, Maryland, and the improved parts of Pennsylvani...

Relief shown pictorially. Date and attribution from On the map, 1983. Second state of map published originally in 1685 by Christopher Browne. This state differs from the earlier one in lacking the publisher's i... More

Nightstand, North and Central America

Nightstand, North and Central America

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Drawnwork Show Towel

Drawnwork Show Towel

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Covered Bowl

Covered Bowl

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Toaster, North and Central America

Toaster, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Latch Bar

Latch Bar

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Candlestand, North and Central America

Candlestand, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Mask over Assembly Room doorway

Mask over Assembly Room doorway

While this mask may resemble a Native American figure, it actually is simply part of the design vocabulary of the 18th century. Common motifs such as this mask appeared widely in pattern book publications dist... More

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Bride Box

Bride Box

Probably made in Pennsylvania, United States

Candlestand, North and Central America

Candlestand, North and Central America

Possibly made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Trivet, North and Central America

Trivet, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Gate-leg Drop-leaf Table

Gate-leg Drop-leaf Table

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Drawing of Lions

Drawing of Lions

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Geometric patterns in 18th Century Garden

Geometric patterns in 18th Century Garden

The raised flowerbeds and small orchards ensure the garden's year-round vibrance.

Armchair LACMA M.2001.75.1

Armchair LACMA M.2001.75.1

Wikimedia Commons image page ( http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Armchair_LACMA_M.2001.75.1.jpg ) .Description..Title.Armchair..Description..: United States, Philadelphia, 1765-1775.: Furnishings; Furnitur... More

Dock Creek walkway

Dock Creek walkway

Before Dock Creek became a center for trade and industry in the mid-18th century, Philadelphia's elite built their homes along the creek's edge.

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Trinket Box

Trinket Box

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Sign, North and Central America

Sign, North and Central America

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Pitcher, North and Central America

Pitcher, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Tray, North and Central America

Tray, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair
Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Flower Holder

Flower Holder

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

18th Century Garden facing south

18th Century Garden facing south

The species of trees, shrubs, and flowers that the garden exhibits were commonly grown in the city prior to 1800.

Easy Chair

Easy Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Flax Comb

Flax Comb

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Bowl, North and Central America

Bowl, North and Central America

Possibly made in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

Candlestick, North and Central America

Candlestick, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Made in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Trammel, North and Central America

Trammel, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Latch, North and Central America

Latch, North and Central America

Possibly made in Pennsylvania, United States; Possibly made in Connecticut, United States

By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Whereas hath been recomended to us as a sober and fit person to keep a house of entertainment; and being requested to grant a license for the same, We do hereby license and al

By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ...

Blank form for a license for a tavern signed in mss. Jos. Reed President and J. Matlack, Secy.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and a... More

Lantern, North and Central America

Lantern, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Fork, North and Central America

Fork, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Dough Board Scraper

Dough Board Scraper

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Trinket Box

Trinket Box

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Fall in the 18th Century Garden

Fall in the 18th Century Garden

Among the most prominent characteristics of 18th-century gardens were geometric patterns and orderly paths.

Candle Box

Candle Box

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

Cream jug
Hinge, North and Central America

Hinge, North and Central America

Made in Pennsylvania, United States

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