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Map of the United States

Map of the United States

Also available in digital form.

Five men posed at a fort or trading post, possibly at Scottsbluff, Nebraska, near the Oregon Trail

Five men posed at a fort or trading post, possibly at Scottsbluff, Neb...

Photographer unidentified. Title devised by Library staff. Purchase; Dennis A. Waters; 2014; (DLC/PP-2014:146). Forms part of: Daguerreotype collection (Library of Congress). Vender : Dennis A. Waters.

Map of Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory - Fort Laramie, Wyoming

Map of Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory - Fort Laramie, Wyoming

This map shows structural changes made at Fort Laramie. It provides outlines and dimensions of structures, distances between structures, the structure's use, and construction method used (concrete, frame, or w... More

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000269 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

American bison from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

American bison from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000265 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000048 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Native Americans from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native Americans from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000137 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Native Americans from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native Americans from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000244 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

American bison from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

American bison from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000092 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000194 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

horse from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

horse from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000238 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

horses from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

horses from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000348 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

Native American from "The Oregon Trail, etc"

This image has been taken from scan 000288 from "The Oregon Trail, etc". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library's flickr photostream.

Y.M.C.A. building, Boise, Idaho. (on the Oregon Trail)
Y.M.C.A. building, Boise, Idaho. (on the Oregon Trail)
Ezra Meeker with his oxen and wagons in Kearney, Nebraska

Ezra Meeker with his oxen and wagons in Kearney, Nebraska

summary: Note: Meeker had taken the Overland Trail to Oregon in 1849, and in 1906 traveled back from Oregon to the east to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the closing of the trail

Ezra Meeker with his oxen and wagons in Kearney, Nebraska

Ezra Meeker with his oxen and wagons in Kearney, Nebraska

summary: Note: Meeker had taken the Overland Trail to Oregon in 1849, and in 1906 traveled back from Oregon to the east to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the closing of the trail original size: 6x8

Oregon Trail marker, Wyoming

Oregon Trail marker, Wyoming

A variety of markers can be found along the Oregon Trail. This one was placed in 1913 by the state of Wyoming. A tour group walks on the trail with black clouds overhead.

Eagle Rock with Wagons

Eagle Rock with Wagons

Two replica covered wagons sit at the base of Eagle Rock, close to the Oregon, California and Pony Express Trails.

Snow in Mitchell Pass

Snow in Mitchell Pass

Replica wagons on the Oregon Trail stand in the snow in Mitchell Pass.

Rock Creek Crossing -  Homestead National Monument of America

Rock Creek Crossing - Homestead National Monument of America

There were no gayly colored banners to welcome the pioneers to the new country, so the artist chose to weave their depiction in an array of color. This painting has as its setting the Oregon Trail crossing the... More

Visitors read wayside exhibits at Split Rock, Wyoming

Visitors read wayside exhibits at Split Rock, Wyoming

Two people stand in front of three exhibits while looking at a large rock buttress landmark called Split Rock, with sagebrush in the foreground.

End of the Oregon Trail -- turn around, beach at Seaside, Oregon
Scottsbluff and the old Oregon Trail, Nebraska
Scottsbluff and the old Oregon Trail, Nebraska

Scottsbluff and the old Oregon Trail, Nebraska

Title and other information from caption card. Transfer; United States. Office of War Information. Overseas Picture Division. Washington Division; 1944. More information about the FSA/OWI Collection is availabl... More

Scottsbluff and the old Oregon Trail, Nebraska
Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

A prominent natural landmark for emigrants on the Oregon Trail, Scotts Bluff, Mitchell Pass and the adjacent prairie lands are set aside in a 3,000 acre national monument. This site preserves the memory of the ... More

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

A prominent natural landmark for emigrants on the Oregon Trail, Scotts Bluff, Mitchell Pass and the adjacent prairie lands are set aside in a 3,000 acre national monument. This site preserves the memory of the ... More

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

A prominent natural landmark for emigrants on the Oregon Trail, Scotts Bluff, Mitchell Pass and the adjacent prairie lands are set aside in a 3,000 acre national monument. This site preserves the memory of the ... More

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

A prominent natural landmark for emigrants on the Oregon Trail, Scotts Bluff, Mitchell Pass and the adjacent prairie lands are set aside in a 3,000 acre national monument. This site preserves the memory of the ... More

Group of children learning about the Oregon Trail.

Group of children learning about the Oregon Trail.

Group of children learning about the Oregon Trail. ; May 1990

Pioneer Historic Byway - On the Lander Cutoff of the Oregon Trail

Pioneer Historic Byway - On the Lander Cutoff of the Oregon Trail

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Original Caption: The cutoff to the Oregon Trail can be seen amidst the mountains and pavement of the road. A fence frames the left side of the photo. Lo... More

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Sharing Experiences

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Sharing Experiences

Participants discuss the day's events.

Together at the Trails End

Together at the Trails End

Crowd enjoys the program at the trails end.

Farewell Bend - free images of reptiles

Farewell Bend - free images of reptiles

After weeks of following the Snake River from Fort Hall, emigrant wagon trains of the 1840s-1860s bid farewell to it as they continued northwest toward the Columbia River.

Alcove Springs, Kansas

Alcove Springs, Kansas

Exhibits at Alcove Spring, help historic trail visitors to learn about one of the most popular camping areas used by Oregon Trail emigrants in the 1840s - 1850s.

Stopped for the Night

Stopped for the Night

A wagon is stopped for the night.

Blue Mountain Crossing

Blue Mountain Crossing

The cool shade of the conifers at the top of the Blue Mountains was a welcome releif for emigrant wagon trains after climbing for miles in sweltering heat from the valley floor.

Laurel Hill - National parks scenic trails

Laurel Hill - National parks scenic trails

To avoid the perilous, cold rapids of the Columbia River, emigrant wagon trains of the 1840s-1860s sometimes chose to take the land route around Mt. Hood. Descending Laurel Hill required locking the wagon wheel... More

Courthouse & Jail Rocks

Courthouse & Jail Rocks

Early maps and guidebooks directed emigrant wagon trains to look for landmarks such as Courthouse and Jail Rocks on the Oregon, California, & Mormon Pioneer trails in western Nebraska.

Waiting to Leave

Waiting to Leave

A participant waits to begin the journey on the Oregon Trail.

Barlow Road - National parks scenic trails

Barlow Road - National parks scenic trails

After many families died in the cold rapids of the Columbia River, emigrants sought an alternative route to reach their destination in the Oregon Territory. Barlow road followed the southern banks of the Columb... More

A Long Dusty Trail

A Long Dusty Trail

The horses and wagons kick up a lot of dust. The lucky ones were in front.

Wagons and Riders

Wagons and Riders

Wagons and riders share the Oregon Trail.

Columbia River - National parks scenic trails

Columbia River - National parks scenic trails

The river route of the Oregon Trail often proved to be a deadly choice for emigrants. The cold, swift currents of the river were difficult to navigate on a raft and many lost family members enroute to their destination.

Oregon Trail Ruts

Oregon Trail Ruts

Ruts of the Oregon Trail still visible today.

A Long and Bumpy Ride

A Long and Bumpy Ride

It's a long and bumpy ride on the trail west.

Remembering the trip

Remembering the trip

A wagon waits on the Oregon Trail.

Mexican Hill - National parks scenic trails

Mexican Hill - National parks scenic trails

These deep ruts through solid rock were cut by emigrant wagon trains descending from the plateau to the river bottom on the North Platte River.

National parks: Storyteller - public domain image

National parks: Storyteller - public domain image

A storyteller entertains the crowd.

Circa-1875 model of Fort Bridger inside the museum at the Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

Circa-1875 model of Fort Bridger inside the museum at the Wyoming stat...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

Leading the Wagons

Leading the Wagons

The leader begins the journey west.

The Trip Continues

The Trip Continues

A line of wagons on the Oregon Trail.

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Story Time

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Story Time

Children listen raptly to tales of life on the Oregon Trail.

Louis Vieux Cemetery

Louis Vieux Cemetery

Louis Vieux and his family operated a ferry on the Vermillion River. He and his family are buried near their home on the Vermillion.

Guernsey Wagon Ruts

Guernsey Wagon Ruts

Thousands of iron-clad, emigrant wagon wheels have cut deep ruts into solid rock near Guernsey, Wyoming.

Joining the Wagon Train

Joining the Wagon Train

Three people enjoy their day on the Oregon Trail.

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Wagon Train

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Wagon Train

A view of the wagons in front.

Leading the Hunt

Leading the Hunt

A hunting party prepares for the chase.

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Keeping Watch

Hagerman Fossil Beds - Keeping Watch

The calvary watches the train to make sure all is well.

Mark Williams, left, of the Mississippi Army National

Mark Williams, left, of the Mississippi Army National

Mark Williams, left, of the Mississippi Army National Guard, Michael Peterkin, middle, of the Indiana Army National Guard, and Kenneth Keith, of the Mississippi Army National Guard, hike up the ruts at the Oreg... More

Eagle Rock and Sentinel Rock Frame Mitchell Pass

Eagle Rock and Sentinel Rock Frame Mitchell Pass

Scotts Bluff National Monument. Eagle Rock, on the north side of the pass, rises 4,482 feet above sea level. Creating the south abutment of the pass, Sentinel Rock stands a lofty 4,390 feet tall. Mitchell Pass ... More

Dome Rock at Scotts Bluff

Dome Rock at Scotts Bluff

Scotts Bluff National Monument. Dome Rock rises grandly above the Nebraska grassland, as seen from the southeast entrance of the monument. The butte is 4,396 above sea level.

Dome Rock from the South Overlook

Dome Rock from the South Overlook

Scotts Bluff National Monument. The view from the South Overlook shows Dome Rock, a topographic feature standing 4,396 feet above sea level. Before the name "Dome Rock" was officially adopted by the USGS on Jun... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenrock, Wyoming, its name

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenro...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The feature gained notoreity in 1842 when John C. Fremont's first expedition to America's Far West, guided by frontiersman Kit Carson,... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenrock, Wyoming, its name

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenro...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The feature gained notoreity in 1842 when John C. Fremont's first expedition to America's Far West, guided by frontiersman Kit Carson,... More

Sculptor Avard Fairbanks's statue at the National Historic Trails Interpretive Center in Casper, Wyoming, depicting the changeover of Pony Express riders

Sculptor Avard Fairbanks's statue at the National Historic Trails Inte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Casper is roughly midway on the horse-borne mail route that ran between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California. Three other ... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

A headstone at Fort Caspar in Casper, Wyoming, that explains the origin of the name of the fort

A headstone at Fort Caspar in Casper, Wyoming, that explains the origi...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It is a reconstructed 1865 military post located at a North Platte River crossing on the Oregon, Mormon Pioneer, California, and Pony ... More

Marker beneath Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Marker beneath Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational ...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

An everyday soldier's garb and possessions inside a cabin at Fort Caspar, a reconstructed 1865 military post located at a North Platte River crossing on the Oregon, Mormon Pioneer, California, and Pony Express trails and the transcontinental telegraph trail corridor in Casper, Wyoming

An everyday soldier's garb and possessions inside a cabin at Fort Casp...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The original Fort Caspar was a military post of the United States Army, named after Caspar Collins, a U.S. Army lieutenant who was kil... More

A settler's wagon at Fort Caspar, a reconstructed 1865 military post located at a North Platte River crossing on the Oregon, Mormon Pioneer, California, and Pony Express trails and the transcontinental telegraph trail corridor in Casper, Wyoming

A settler's wagon at Fort Caspar, a reconstructed 1865 military post l...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The original Fort Caspar was a military post of the United States Army, named after Caspar Collins, a U.S. Army lieutenant who was kil... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational landmark in what is now Platte County, Wyoming

Inscriptions on Register Cliff, a sandstone bluff and key navigational...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. It was prominently listed in the 19th century guidebooks about the Oregon Trail. Here, many westward-heading emigrants chiseled the na... More

A reconstruction in Casper, Wyoming, of the Guinard Bridge at Fort Caspar Museum, a reconstructed 1865 military post located at a North Platte River crossing on the Oregon, Mormon Pioneer, California, and Pony Express trails and the transcontinental telegraph trail corridor in Casper, Wyoming

A reconstruction in Casper, Wyoming, of the Guinard Bridge at Fort Cas...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The original Fort Caspar was a military post of the United States Army, named after Caspar Collins, a U.S. Army lieutenant who was kil... More

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte River, near Guernsey, Wyoming

A preserved site of wagon ruts of the Oregon Trail on the North Platte...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Wagon wheels, animals, and trudging settlers heading westward in the mid-1800s wore down the trail about two to six feet into a sandst... More

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenrock, Wyoming, its name

The Rock in the Glen, the natural feature that gave the town of Glenro...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The feature gained notoreity in 1842 when John C. Fremont's first expedition to America's Far West, guided by frontiersman Kit Carson,... More

Devil's Gate formed from water erosion and was an important landmark for emigrants traveling west.

Devil's Gate formed from water erosion and was an important landmark f...

A gap formed on this rock buttress from running water over many years. Devil's Gate in Wyoming was an important landmark for emigrants traveling on the Mormon Pioneer, California, and Oregon national historic t... More

Independence Rock, a loaf-shaped formation along the Sweetwater River that would have had little significance, had it not stood at roughly the midpoint of westbound emigrants' arduous trek from the vicinity of the Mississippi River to their destinations far to the west

Independence Rock, a loaf-shaped formation along the Sweetwater River ...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. They called it Independence Rock with the appreciation that it would be wise to reach this location in what is now Natrona County, Wyo... More

South Pass (two nearby passes, really) formed the most-traveled and most-trusted low valley through the fearsome Rocky Mountains for 19th-Century westward emigrants on the Oregon, Mormon, and California trails, which followed much the same route to this point and beyond before diverging, as well as Pony Express riders

South Pass (two nearby passes, really) formed the most-traveled and mo...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. This was no stroll through a valley for the travelers. The passes themselves lie more than 7,000 feet above sea level in what is now F... More

Guardhouse at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by "mountain man" Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

Guardhouse at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tin...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

State of Wyoming information sign at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by "mountain man" Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

State of Wyoming information sign at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state his...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

Devil's Gate, a fissure in the mountains of what is now Natrona County, Wyoming, caused by erosion from the Sweetwater River. It was a noted landmark along the Oregon Trail (and California Trail, Mormon Trail, and Pony Express route that followed the same path before diverging farther west)

Devil's Gate, a fissure in the mountains of what is now Natrona County...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. While it gave no particular directional guidance, emigrants, who were walking or riding alongside, not through, the gap carrying the r... More

A small natural-gas structure, one of hundreds in Wyoming's arid Red Desert, a vast petrochemical-rich area between Rawlins and Green River. The environs do not look desert-like in many places, other than a rich sand deposit called the Killpecker Dunes; owing to the patches of sagebrush and hardy grasses that hide much of the red soil below

A small natural-gas structure, one of hundreds in Wyoming's arid Red D...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. In the 19th century, the Oregon, California and Mormon trails tracked through the northern and western regions of the Red Desert after... More

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by "mountain man" Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

Independence Rock, a loaf-shaped formation along the Sweetwater River that would have had little significance -- had it not stood at roughly the midpoint of westbound emigrants' arduous trek from the vicinity of the Mississippi River to their destinations far to the west. They called it Independence Rock with the appreciation that it would be wise to reach this location in what is now Natrona County, Wyoming, by U.S. Independence Day -- July 4 -- in order to have a good chance of making it through the forbidding Rocky Mountains before heavy snowfall sealed passes and threatened their survival. The area around the rock was also a fortuitous resting spot, blessed with fresh water and plenty of grass for livestock

Independence Rock, a loaf-shaped formation along the Sweetwater River ...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Credit line: Gates Frontiers Fund Wyoming Collection within the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

A much more upscale buggy stand near old-style handcarts at the Martin's Cove Mormon Handcart historic site in Sweetwater County, Wyoming. The site, on the old Mormon and Oregon trails (and the California Trail and Pony Express route as well, which all followed similar routes before diverging in what is now western Wyoming), recalls the Mormons' westward migration after they were forced from their village in Illinois. Many Mormon emigrants pulled their families andor possessions in crude handcarts on the arduous journey. These carts are used for school-group tours, when youngsters are invited to pull their classmates around the grounds

A much more upscale buggy stand near old-style handcarts at the Martin...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Credit line: Gates Frontiers Fund Wyoming Collection within the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph... More

Devil's Gate, a fissure in the mountains of what is now Natrona County, Wyoming, caused by erosion from the Sweetwater River. It was a noted landmark along the Oregon Trail (and California Trail, Mormon Trail, and Pony Express route that followed the same path before diverging farther west)

Devil's Gate, a fissure in the mountains of what is now Natrona County...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. While it gave no particular directional guidance, emigrants, who were walking or riding alongside, not through, the gap carrying the r... More

A curious pronghorn pauses before a small natural-gas structure, one of hundreds in Wyoming's arid Red Desert, a vast petrochemical-rich area between Rawlins and Green River. The environs do not look desert-like in many places, other than a rich sand deposit called the Killpecker Dunes, owing to the patches of sagebrush and hardy grasses that hide much of the red soil below

A curious pronghorn pauses before a small natural-gas structure, one o...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. In the 19th century, the Oregon, California and Mormon trails tracked through the northern and western regions of the Red Desert after... More

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by "mountain man" Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the tiny Uinta County town of the same name in the southwestern corner of that state. Established by "mountain man" Jim Bridger and Louis Vasquez in 1843 as an emigrant supply stop along the Oregon Trail, the fort was obtained by the Mormons in the early 1850s, and then became a military outpost in 1858

Cabin interior at Fort Bridger, a Wyoming state historical site in the...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The Oregon and Mormon trails, which had followed the same route across Wyoming, diverged here, the Oregon Trail heading westward into ... More

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