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Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theatre. Such a "work" (the literal translation of the Italian word "opera") is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition. Originally understood as an entirely sung piece, in contrast to a play with songs, opera has come to include numerous genres, including some that include spoken dialogue such as musical theatre, Singspiel and Opéra comique. In traditional number opera, singers employ two styles of singing: recitative, a speech-inflected style, and self-contained arias. The 19th century saw the rise of the continuous music drama.

Opera originated in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's mostly lost Dafne, produced in Florence in 1598) especially from works by Claudio Monteverdi, notably L'Orfeo, and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Heinrich Schütz in Germany, Jean-Baptiste Lully in France, and Henry Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century. In the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe (except France), attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his "reform" operas in the 1760s. The most renowned figure of late 18th-century opera is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who began with opera seria but is most famous for his Italian comic operas, especially The Marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro), Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte, as well as Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio), and The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflöte), landmarks in the German tradition.

The first third of the 19th century saw the high point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini all creating signature works of that style. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Daniel Auber and Giacomo Meyerbeer. The mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Giuseppe Verdi in Italy and Richard Wagner in Germany. The popularity of opera continued through the verismo era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini and Richard Strauss in the early 20th century. During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, particularly in Russia and Bohemia. The 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism (Arnold Schoenberg and Alban Berg), Neoclassicism (Igor Stravinsky), and Minimalism (Philip Glass and John Adams). With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso and Maria Callas became known to much wider audiences that went beyond the circle of opera fans. Since the invention of radio and television, operas were also performed on (and written for) these media. Beginning in 2006, a number of major opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. Since 2009, complete performances can be downloaded and are live streamed.

Opera Media

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Habit d'Ixion: a man wearing a tonnelet with a sword in the belt, a turban with one large feather on his head, from 'New designs for costumes' (Nouveaux desseins d'habillements à l'usage des balets operas et comedies)

Habit d'Ixion: a man wearing a tonnelet with a sword in the belt, a tu...

François Joullain (French, Paris 1697–1778 Paris)

Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

del Sig. Felice Romani ; da rappresentarsi nell'I. e R. teatro Goldoni nella primavera dell'anno 1821 ; sotto la protezione di S.A.I. e R. Ferdinando III., gran-duca di Toscana ... (statement of responsibility)... more

Grand pot pouri brillant

Grand pot pouri brillant

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... more

Selections from Leonora, part IV

Selections from Leonora, part IV

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... more

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... more

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

English translation by W.J. Wetmore From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In b... more

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

di L.C. ; posto in musica da Francesco D'Arcais ; da rappresentarsi al teatro Rossini nel carnevale 1858. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Two acts; legal notice--p. 2; "Avvertimento"--... more

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

Portrett, operasanger Hoffmann.

La sonnambula. Ah! non credia mirarti

La sonnambula. Ah! non credia mirarti

Coupling date: 5/11/1915. Cutout date: 10/31/1929. On label: soprano solo in Italian, orchestra accompaniment. With (reverse side): Explanatory talk / Harry E. Humphrey.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm. Brynje, hjelm. skjold og spyd.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm. Brynje, hjelm. skjold og spyd...

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm. Brynje, hjelm. skjold og spyd.

O patria mia Aïda

O patria mia Aïda

Coupling date: 3/16/1916. Cutout date: 10/31/1929. On label: soprano with orchestra, in Italian. With (reverse side): Explanatory talk / Harry E. Humphrey.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopranen Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopranen Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopranen Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, opera, sopran, Kathinka Storm.

Portrett, fru kommandør Ruud.

Portrett, fru kommandør Ruud.

Portrett, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotografering.
Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotografering. Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotografering. Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Vesti la giubba I pagliacci

Vesti la giubba I pagliacci

Coupling date: 3/5/1917. Cutout date: 10/31/1929. On label: tenor with orchestra, in Italian. With (reverse side): Explanatory talk.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Avfotograferte portretter, fru kommandør Ruud.

Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in Constantinople. The people content themselves with cheap vaudiville [sic] or moving pictures of an indifferent quality. This picture shows one of the leading theatres of the city.

Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in C...

Photograph shows the entrance to a theater with signs and notices in Greek, Ottoman Turkish and French. Filed in: Turkey Reconstruction. Title from item. No. RC-3141. On mount: Turkey. Forms part of: American ... more

Quand' ero paggio

Quand' ero paggio

Coupling date: 9/7/1921. Cutout date: 10/31/1929. On label: bass with orchestra, in Italian; titles listed as (a) and (b). With (reverse side): Quartet - Bella figlia dell amore / Odette Le Fontenay, Elizabeth ... more

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Education Association of the United States Presenting plays, concerts, radio programs, art exhibits, publications, historical records, circus, Gilbert & Sullivan operas, guided tours of projects : For details inquire at NEA information booths.

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Educa...

Poster for New York City Federal Art Project presentation of festivities during the National Education Association's convention in New York City. Date stamped on verso: Sep 2 1938. Work Projects Administration ... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... more

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Avfotografering, utkledd kvinne, en scene fra "Tannhäuser". Elise Wiborg i Tanhausen.

Avfotografering, utkledd kvinne, en scene fra "Tannhäuser". Elise Wibo...

Avfotografering, utkledd kvinne, en scene fra "Tannhäuser". Elise Wiborg i Tanhausen.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.p.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.p.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902..

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902..

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902..

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Prinsen av Mantua", fra Cornevilles klokker" (av Planquette), Nationaltheatret 1902..

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen som Sibler i operaen Faust.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap, som heksen i "Hans og Grethe" (av Humperdinck) National Theateret 1903.

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, sopran Ina Madsen i operaen "Carmen".

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Den skjønne Helene" (Offenbach) på Fahlstrøms Theater 1905.

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Den skjønn...

Portrett, operasangerinne, sopranen Gabrielle Bidenkap som "Den skjønne Helene" (Offenbach) på Fahlstrøms Theater 1905.

Antigone. Libretto. German

Antigone. Libretto. German

von Sophocles ; componirt von Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy. (statement of responsibility)

Principe giardiniero. Libretto. Italian

Principe giardiniero. Libretto. Italian

di Benedetto Ferrari dalla Tiorba ; dedicato alla Sacra Maestà del Ré di Polonia ; rappresentato in musica in Venetia ; posto in musica dall'istesso autore. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Proj... more

Armida. Libretto

Armida. Libretto

di Benedetto Ferrari ; posta in musica dall' istesso autore. (statement of responsibility)

Pastor regio. Libretto

Pastor regio. Libretto

di Benedetto Ferrari ; posto in musica dall'istesso autore. (statement of responsibility)

Armida. Libretto. Italian

Armida. Libretto. Italian

del Ferrari. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. A prologue and three acts; title page apparently missing; composer-librettists' dedication "Al serenissimo prencipe di Venetia Francesco Er... more

Il natal d'Ercole

Il natal d'Ercole

di Michelagnolo Buonarroti ; fauola rappresentata al serenissimo signor Don Alfonso da Este principe di Modana, e all'Eccellentissimo signor Don Luigi suo fratello, nella venuta loro a Firenze. da Madama Sereni... more

Arianna. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

Arianna. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

del Sig. Ottauio Rinuccini, gentilomo della camera del re Cristianissimo ; rappresentata in musica nelle reali nozze del Sereniss. principe di Mantoua, e della serenissima infanta di Sauoia. (statement of respo... more

Stratira. Libretto. Italian

Stratira. Libretto. Italian

di Siluestro Branchi da Bologna, detto Il Costante, nell'Accademia de Ravvivati ; all'illustrissimo, & reuerendissimo Sig. Luigi cardinal Capponi dignissimo legato de latere di Bologna ; rappresentata dalli Acc... more

Reno. Libretto. Italian

Reno. Libretto. Italian

del Sig. Co. Ridolfo Campeggi. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Much bleed-through throughout; apology--verso of title page. "Fatta rappresentare in Bologna per honore de gli Illustriss... more

La regina Sant Orsola

La regina Sant Orsola

del Sr. Andrea Saluadori ; rappres[enta]ta nel Teatro del sereniss. gran duca di Toscana al Sereniss. principe Vladislao Sigismondo principe di Polonia e di Suetia ; aggiuntiui i Fiori del Calvario dello stesso... more

Catena d'Adone. Libretto. Italian

Catena d'Adone. Libretto. Italian

d'ottavio Tronsarelli. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Prologue and 5 acts; illustration incorporating title and imprint (partially obscured)--p. 1; librettist's dedication dated "di R... more

Nozze degli dei. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

Nozze degli dei. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

dell[']ab[ate] Gio. Carlo Coppola rappresentata in musica in Firenze nelle reali nozze de Serenis.mi gran duchi di Toschana Ferdinando II. e Vittoria principessa d'Vrbino. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RIS... more

Andromeda. Libretto. Italian

Andromeda. Libretto. Italian

del signor Benedetto Ferrari ; rappresentata in musica in Venetia l'anno 1637 ; dedicata all'illvstrissimo Sig. Marco Antonio Pisani. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Three acts; publis... more

Delia. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

Delia. Libretto. Libretto. Italian

di Giulio Strozzi. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Three acts; "A' signori Paolo, & Alessandro del Sera dell'illustrissimo signor Cosimo senator fiorentino / Giulio Strozzi"--p. 2-4; f... more

Alfea riverente. Libretto. Italian

Alfea riverente. Libretto. Italian

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Introduction, with historical information forming the basis for the plot summarized in the body of the text and printed and manuscript sources for the same listed in a narrow column ... more

Nozze di Teti e di Peleo. Libretto. Italian

Nozze di Teti e di Peleo. Libretto. Italian

del signor Oratio Persiani ; all'Illustriss. & Eccellentiss. Sig. Antonio Conte da rabatta .... (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 7 misnumbered 78; dedication--p. 5-8; list of roles--... more

Chi soffre speri. Scenario. Scenario. Italian

Chi soffre speri. Scenario. Scenario. Italian

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Prologue and three acts; "Argomento et allegoria"--p. 3-5; scenario--p. 6-16. Music by Virgilio Mazzocchi and Marco Marazzoli, libretto by Rospigliosi--New Grove. Giulio Rospigliosi ... more

Pastor regio. Libretto

Pastor regio. Libretto

dramma del signor Benedetto Ferrari rappresentato in musica in Venetia nell'anno MDCXXXX [i.e. 1640] ; dedicato all'Illustriss. signor Angelo Corraro fù dell'illustrissimo, & eccellentissimo signor Marcantonio ... more

Finta Pazza. Libretto. Italian

Finta Pazza. Libretto. Italian

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Three acts; librettist's dedication--p. 3-4; "Sonetti del Sig. Francesco Melosi alla signora Anna Renzi, celebre cantatrice di Roma, rappresentante in Venetia La finta pazza"--p. 7-8... more