PICRYL
PICRYLThe World's Largest Public Domain Source
  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • photo_albumStories
  • collectionsCollections
  • infoAbout
  • star_rateUpgrade
  • account_boxLogin

Topic: oil paintings

99
99
slider-holder
2016
slider-holder
2016
3,513 media by topicpage 1 of 36
Lamp

Lamp

Small earthenware lamps, made from double molds, provided light for Egyptians during the Roman period. A wick produced from plant fiber or linen fabric was placed in a reservoir filled with oil, generally casto... more

Oil Bottle

Oil Bottle

Goryeo dynasty (918–1392)

Classical design

Classical design

Attributed to Giovanni da Udine (Giovanni dei Ricamatori) (Italian, Udine 1487–1564 Rome)

Pair of Neck Defenses (Crinet) and Breast Defense (Peytral) from a Horse Armor

Pair of Neck Defenses (Crinet) and Breast Defense (Peytral) from a Hor...

These three pieces are remarkable for their excellent state of preservation, and rank among the most elaborately decorated examples of Tibetan leather horse armor known. The vivid decoration consists of repeati... more

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

These panels were among thirty scenes of an extensive narrative cycle that formed part of a large altarpiece from the Neustädter Marienkirche in Bielefeld, Westphalia. They were created two decades before panel... more

The Flagellation

The Flagellation

These panels were among thirty scenes of an extensive narrative cycle that formed part of a large altarpiece from the Neustädter Marienkirche in Bielefeld, Westphalia. They were created two decades before panel... more

Altar Shrine with Madonna and Child with Donor

Altar Shrine with Madonna and Child with Donor

Made in Strasbourg, Alsace, Germany

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

Dating some eighty years after Pietro Lorenzetti’s Crucifixion (on view nearby), this exquisitely rendered painting further accentuates the drama of the scene by exaggerating the poses of the Virgin, now collap... more

Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)

Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece)

Having just entered the room, the angel Gabriel is about to tell the Virgin Mary that she will be the mother of Jesus. The golden rays pouring in through the left oculus carry a miniature figure with a cross. O... more

Man in Prayer

Man in Prayer

This sitter joins his hands in prayer, contemplating what must have been a devotional image on an adjacent panel, now missing. The depiction of the features is very sensitive, particularly the nuanced rendering... more

Sermon of Saint Albertus Magnus

Sermon of Saint Albertus Magnus

Friedrich Walther (German, ca. 1440–1494) Made in Nordlingen, Germany

Portrait of a Man in a Turban

Portrait of a Man in a Turban

This young man wears a red turban, known as a chaperon; his attire suggests the work was painted in the 1440s. The sitter’s hands originally occupied a smaller area, but the artist adjusted their position so th... more

The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment

The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment

Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, wrote in 1435 that Van Eyck, his court painter, was unequalled in his “art and science.” Modern critiques have praised Van Eyck for his ability to combine observations seeming... more

Head of Christ

Head of Christ

This intimate image of Christ’s head, intended for private devotion, derives from a lost picture of the Holy Face by Jan van Eyck, now known only through copies. Following the Eyckian composition, Petrus Christ... more

Portrait of a Carthusian

Portrait of a Carthusian

Petrus Christus was the leading painter of Bruges in the years following the death of Jan van Eyck in 1441. In this portrait of striking verisimilitude, the artist moves beyond the flat neutral backgrounds of p... more

A Goldsmith in his Shop

A Goldsmith in his Shop

A celebrated masterpiece of Northern Renaissance Art, this painting was signed and dated 1449 by Petrus Christus, the leading painter in Bruges (Flanders) after the death of Jan van Eyck. The panel attests to N... more

Altar Shrine with Four Saints

Altar Shrine with Four Saints

Italian (Venetian) Painter , third quarter of 15th century Made in Venice, Italy

The Lamentation

The Lamentation

Intended for private devotion, this emotionally charged painting depicts the Lamentation according to the Gospel of John. It includes both Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, who lift Christ’s dead body by his h... more

Virgin and Child with a Donor Presented by Saint Jerome

Virgin and Child with a Donor Presented by Saint Jerome

Master of the Munich Bavarian Panels (Bavaria, probably Munich, active mid-15th century)

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

This Annunciation is exceptional for its bird’s-eye view and outdoor setting. Sheltered in the doorway of a church and greeted by Gabriel, Mary is presented not only as the Annunciate, but also as the personifi... more

Madonna and Child with Angels

Madonna and Child with Angels

Italian fifteenth-century marble reliefs of the madonna and Child were highly esteemed by New York collectors in the first half of the twentieth century, and many were given to the Museum. Of these, the Altman ... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

Dieric Bouts has based this small, exquisite image on the ancient Byzantine formula for the affectionate Virgin (glykophilousa)—a type popular in the Netherlands. However, he has dispensed with the gold backgro... more

Francesco d'Este (born about 1430, died after 1475)

Francesco d'Este (born about 1430, died after 1475)

Francesco was the son of Leonello d'Este, ruler of Ferrara, but he received his education in the Netherlands at the court of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy. The hammer and ring may be jousting prizes or symb... more

Head of a Donor

Head of a Donor

Similar to the Donor Presented by a Saint (32.100.41), this portrait was cut from a larger religious work. The man would have been kneeling in prayer, perhaps before a devotional scene or holy figures. His garm... more

A Donor Presented by a Saint

A Donor Presented by a Saint

In later centuries, altarpieces were sometimes dismantled and cut into smaller fragments. In this case, the original religious panel included a full-length portrait of the donor. At some point he was cut out fr... more

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

One of the largest surviving depictions of the Annunciation, this imposing painting may have been the left wing of a triptych, as suggested by its tall, narrow shape and the diagonal thrust of the composition. ... more

The Lamentation of Christ

The Lamentation of Christ

This painting depicts Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus placing the body of Christ across the lap of the Virgin, while Saint John the Evangelist, Mary Magdalene, and a female companion express grief with restra... more

The Birth of the Virgin

The Birth of the Virgin

Breaking with convention, the artist shows the Madonna’s birth in contemporary terms. In the background the newborn baby is bathed by midwives, while in the foreground women greet each other. The imposing palac... more

Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child

This early work by the Venetian painter, Giovanni Bellini, reveals the profound influence of his brother-in-law, the Paduan master Andrea Mantegna, both in the figure types and the inclusion of the garland. The... more

Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man

Carefully observed details, such as the loose skin beneath the eyes and the creases by the mouth and brows, create an appearance of earnestness that is characteristic of Bouts’s work. The panel has been cut dow... more

The Burg Weiler Altar Triptych (Altarpiece with the Virgin and Child and Saints)

The Burg Weiler Altar Triptych (Altarpiece with the Virgin and Child a...

This imposing and well-preserved altarpiece achieves monumentality through the modeling and scale of the major figures. The grouping of these figures in a frieze-like arrangement and the repeating patterns of t... more

Portrait of a Young Man

Portrait of a Young Man

This haunting portrait was painted in Sicily about 1470–72. Trained in Naples in the Netherlandish technique of oil painting, Antonello set the standard for portraiture when he came to Venice in 1475. Long befo... more

Adoration of the Magi

Adoration of the Magi

German , Middle Rhine (?), active ca. 1470-90

Tommaso di Folco Portinari (1428–1501); Maria Portinari (Maria Maddalena Baroncelli, born 1456)

Tommaso di Folco Portinari (1428–1501); Maria Portinari (Maria Maddale...

The clever balance of verisimilitude and idealization in the features of this pair made Hans Memling the most sought-after portraitist of his day. The Florentine Tommaso Portinari was the branch manager of the ... more

Portrait of a Young Man

Portrait of a Young Man

One of the most sought-after Netherlandish portrait painters of his time, Memling’s meticulous attention to detail is notable in the remarkable naturalism of the sitter’s physiognomy and the texture of his velv... more

Saint Anne with the Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

The prototype for this panel, located in the National Gallery, London, includes a landscape view and other details that do not appear here. Their omission––no doubt to allow an artist of modest ability to easil... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

This small roundel of the Virgin suckling the Christ Child belongs to a large group of similar tondos, all of which derive from a composition by Robert Campin that was widely disseminated via workshop patterns.... more

Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

Netherlandish or French

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

This tender image of the Virgin and Child is the finest surviving copy of a lost prototype painted by Bouts near the end of his life. Among fifteen other examples, it is set apart by the high quality of its lan... more

Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man

Hugo van der Goes produced some of the most celebrated altarpieces of the Northern Renaissance. The heightened realism of this portrait, especially the emerging beard, is a hallmark of his work. By setting the ... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

Devotional images of the breastfeeding Virgin, the Virgo lactans, became extremely popular in fifteenth-century painting, particularly in Bruges, where the Sint-Donaaskerk housed relics of Mary’s hair and milk.... more

Portrait of an Old Man

Portrait of an Old Man

This sympathetic portrayal of an elderly man once formed a diptych with a portrait of an old woman (Museum of Fine Arts, Houston). Unlike the devotional portraits of Tommaso and Maria Portinari displayed nearby... more

The Adoration of the Magi

The Adoration of the Magi

Technical examination of numerous works by Hieronymus Bosch has allowed for the reconsideration of his oeuvre. Long thought to be a later pastiche, this panel can now be placed among Bosch's earliest autograph ... more

Salvator Mundi

Salvator Mundi

Christ is shown here as the Savior of the World (Salvator Mundi), holding in his left hand a cross-topped globe representing the earth, while his right hand is raised in blessing. This was a popular type of ima... more

A Benedictine Monk

A Benedictine Monk

This man’s robe and tonsured hair indicate that he is a Benedictine, but whether this is a portrait of a contemporary monk or an image of a saint is not clear. The panel was cut from a larger image, and unlike ... more

Saint Christopher and the Infant Christ

Saint Christopher and the Infant Christ

Follower of Dieric Bouts (Netherlandish, Haarlem, active by 1457–died 1475)

Virgin and Child with Saint Anne Presenting Anna van Nieuwenhove

Virgin and Child with Saint Anne Presenting Anna van Nieuwenhove

Master of the Saint Ursula Legend (Netherlandish, active late 15th century)

Abner's Messenger before David (?); The Queen of Sheba Bringing Gifts to Solomon; The Annunciation

Abner's Messenger before David (?); The Queen of Sheba Bringing Gifts ...

These panels, showing narrative scenes of Abner's Messenger before David (?) and The Queen of Sheba Bringing Gifts to Solomon, once formed the interior wings of a triptych. The Annunciation on the reverse sides... more

The Pérussis Altarpiece

The Pérussis Altarpiece

The subject of this large altarpiece, the adoration of the empty cross on Golgatha, is unusual. According to a documented inscription on the lost original frame, the painting was made in 1480 for Aloisius Rudol... more

Young Man Holding a Book

Young Man Holding a Book

The heart-shaped book this sitter holds is probably a prayer book; he is depicted before a view of the church of Sainte Gudule in Brussels, where a mass is performed by a priest in the background. The man’s ide... more

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

Memling modeled this Annunciation on the left wing of Rogier van der Weyden’s Saint Columba Altarpiece (now in Munich), but his innovative rendition portrays the Virgin swooning and supported by two angels, rat... more

Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child

Foppa was the founder of Renaissance painting in Milan, where he worked for the dukes. In addition to major fresco cycles and altarpieces, he also painted touching images of the Madonna and Child for private de... more

God the Father

God the Father

Ambrogio Bevilacqua (Italian, Milan, active by 1481–at least 1512)

Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child

This exquisite Madonna and Child was painted about 1483–84 for the wealthy Florentine banker Filippo Strozzi. Through an arcade decorated with his armorial emblems (three crescents) is a landscape that was prob... more

Portrait of a Woman, Possibly a Nun of San Secondo; (verso) Scene in Grisaille

Portrait of a Woman, Possibly a Nun of San Secondo; (verso) Scene in G...

This exquisite and enigmatic portrait and its pendant (1975.1.86) are most likely the works by the Venetian painter and illuminator Jacometto, recorded by the connoisseur Marcantonio Michiel in the collection o... more

Saint John the Baptist; Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata

Saint John the Baptist; Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata

While John the Baptist was frequently represented in Netherlandish art, his pairing with Saint Francis is rare in the North. The latter was venerated especially in southern Europe, suggesting that these paintin... more

Portrait of Alvise Contarini(?); (verso) A Tethered Roebuck

Portrait of Alvise Contarini(?); (verso) A Tethered Roebuck

This exquisite and enigmatic portrait and its pendant (1975.1.85) are most likely the works by the Venetian painter and illuminator Jacometto, recorded by the connoisseur Marcantonio Michiel in the collection o... more

Young Woman with a Pink

Young Woman with a Pink

Rather than depicting a specific woman, this painting of an idealized beauty was once part of an allegorical diptych. Together with its pendant (Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam), the panel represents t... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

Follower of Hans Memling (Netherlandish, Seligenstadt, active by 1465–died 1494 Bruges)

The Meditation on the Passion

The Meditation on the Passion

This extraordinary work by Carpaccio is a landmark in the history of devotional images. It is, in effect, a meditation on the theme of Death and Resurrection. To the right, the Old Testament figure Job sits on ... more

Margaret of Austria

Margaret of Austria

The daughter of Emperor Maximilian I, Margaret of Austria was betrothed at the age of three to the infant dauphin Charles, the future Charles VIII, and served briefly as "queen of France" from 1483 to 1491. She... more

Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist

Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist

Cosimo Rosselli (Italian, Florence 1440–1507 Florence)

Scenes from the Life of Saint Augustine of Hippo

Scenes from the Life of Saint Augustine of Hippo

This painting was the central panel of a triptych dedicated to Saint Augustine (354–430), a Christian theologian so celebrated that he is sometimes called a Doctor of the Church. The composition is divided into... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

This picture was most likely the pendant to a portrait or the central element of a triptych; the apple handed to the Child alludes to Christ as the future Redeemer of mankind. Although a workshop product, the c... more

Girl with Cherries

Girl with Cherries

Trained in Milan, Ambrogio de Predis was associated after 1483 with Leonardo da Vinci, with whom he collaborated. The careful study of the positions of the hands and the enigmatic, slight smile both come from L... more

Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man

This portrait of an unidentified man, depicted in an interior with a landscape seen through the open window at the left, ultimately derives from a composition developed by early Netherlandish masters, namely Di... more

The Assumption of the Virgin with Saints Michael and Benedict

The Assumption of the Virgin with Saints Michael and Benedict

This altarpiece combines the Assumption of the Virgin with two saints—the Archangel Michael subduing Satan, and Benedict. It was painted about 1493–95 for the Olivetan convent of Saint Michael in the artist’s n... more

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

In this poignant image, the Crucifixion is presented as an enactment of the written word due to the inclusion of Saint Jerome. The Church Father is shown as somewhat detached from the event at hand, but reading... more

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

This exquisite private devotional painting contrasts Mary’s joy at the Annunciation, shown in the background, with her sorrow at the Crucifixion, where she swoons in John’s arms. The darkened sky heightens the ... more

Christ Appearing to His Mother

Christ Appearing to His Mother

Probably trained in Bruges, Juan de Flandes immigrated to Spain to serve at the court of Isabella of Castile. In this painting he suppressed his own individual style and closely copied one of the panels in Rogi... more

Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man

In painting this fine portrait, which dates about 1497, Fra Bartolomeo took as his model the work of Hans Memling, whose portraits of Florentine merchants in Bruges were well known in Italy. Like Leonardo da Vi... more

Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist

Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John the Baptist

Fra Bartolomeo was among the most creative painters in late-fifteenth-century Florence. This work dates about 1497, before he joined the Dominican order. The lively play of hands and the elaborate configuration... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

Netherlandish

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

The Virgin in a Rose Garden—with the figure sometimes shown crowned—was one of the favorite courtly themes of late Gothic painting. The picture's style reflects Provost's training with the manuscript illuminato... more

Virgin and Child in a Niche

Virgin and Child in a Niche

Like David’s Virgin and Child with Four Angels (displayed nearby), this picture reflects the popularity of Van Eyck’s Virgin and Child at the Fountain. Formerly attributed to Jan van Eyck and Petrus Christus, i... more

The Nativity

The Nativity

Fungai's mature style reflects his awareness of the work of Umbrian artists active in Siena in the last decade of the fifteenth century. The present picture seems to date after 1500 and repeats features of an a... more

Christ Taking Leave of His Mother

Christ Taking Leave of His Mother

David also worked as a manuscript illuminator, a skill reflected in this picture’s delicacy of execution. The panel—now in a modern frame—originally formed the right wing of a devotional diptych that would clos... more

Virgin and Child with Saint Joseph

Virgin and Child with Saint Joseph

Netherlandish Painter, second half of 16th century

Christ Blessing

Christ Blessing

This highly spiritual and exquisitely rendered Christ Blessing was adapted from Byzantine icons brought to the Low Countries in the fifteenth century. The panel differs from the Byzantine models in the freshnes... more

Rectangular Box with Scene of a Visit

Rectangular Box with Scene of a Visit

Depicted on the top of this box is a scene of a visit between a man in official costume and an elderly gentleman. The paintings on the sides illustrate popular stories. late Ming (1368–1644)–early Qing (1644–19... more

Box with Gardenia, Plum Blossoms, and Finches

Box with Gardenia, Plum Blossoms, and Finches

During the late Ming period, lacquer boxes with basketry panels were used for the presentation of gifts and documents, as well as for storage. Multicolored designs enjoyed great popularity, and artists also jux... more

Box Lid with Competition Scene

Box Lid with Competition Scene

The scene on the lid represents the moment in ancient Chinese history when Li Yuan captured the hand of Princess Dou by shooting two arrows, each of which penetrated the eye of a peacock. Painted in brilliant s... more

Chest with Christian Imagery

Chest with Christian Imagery

This chest's lid is decorated with an unusual portrait of a pope, most likely Sixtus V (r. 1585–90). The Old Testament tale of Abraham's expulsion of Hagar and her son, Ishmael, to appease his barren wife, Sara... more

Military Procession

Military Procession

Follower of Polidoro da Caravaggio (Italian, Caravaggio ca. 1499–ca. 1543 Messina)

Head of Saint John the Baptist on a Charger

Head of Saint John the Baptist on a Charger

This grisly depiction of John the Baptist's severed head was once an extremely popular image, due to the saint’s growing cult in the Middle Ages. Since John was considered to be Christ’s forerunner and herald, ... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

In the last half of the fifteenth and well into the sixteenth century in the Netherlands, individual pictures of the Virgin and Child were much in demand. Often they were hung on the walls of bedchambers or pla... more

The Nativity

The Nativity

This painting, which most likely was intended as a single, private devotional panel, combines the depiction of the Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds, as described in both biblical and mystical literat... more

Virgin and Child with a Dragonfly

Virgin and Child with a Dragonfly

Among the eponymous masters of Northern Renaissance painting is one whose name derives from two remarkable panels in the National Gallery, London, that represent scenes from the life of Saint Giles. Although ce... more

Alfonso I d'Este (1476–1534), Duke of Ferrara

Alfonso I d'Este (1476–1534), Duke of Ferrara

Italian (Ferrarese) Painter (second quarter 16th century) Ferrara

Bishop Saint in Bust-Length (Cartoon for an Altarpiece)

Bishop Saint in Bust-Length (Cartoon for an Altarpiece)

This boldly executed drawing is the only extant cartoon (full-scale drawing) on a monumental scale that can be definitively assigned to Parmigianino. One of the great masters of Italian Mannerism, Parmigianino ... more

Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints

Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints

Raphael painted this altarpiece around 1504/5 for the small Franciscan convent of Sant' Antonio in Perugia. It hung in a part of the church reserved for the nuns, who are thought to have insisted on some of its... more

Salvator Mundi

Salvator Mundi

This picture of Christ as Salvator Mundi, Savior of the World, who raises his right hand in blessing and in his left holds a globe representing the earth, can be appreciated both as a painting and as a drawing.... more

The Annunciation

The Annunciation

These panels were part of a spectacular multi-storied polyptych commissioned by Vincenzo Sauli, a wealthy Italian banker and diplomat with connections to Bruges, for the high altar of the Benedictine abbey chur... more

Head of Christ

Head of Christ

Fernando Yáñez belonged to the generation of Spanish painters who spent time in Italy and returned with a new vision of painting and the position of the artist as a creative genius rather than mere craftsman. T... more

Lucretia

Lucretia

This monumental drawing, produced by Raphael in his early Roman period, reveals his arresting knowledge of antique Roman sculpture and literary sources. According to Ovid's Fasti and Livy's History of Rome, the... more