PICRYL
PICRYLThe World's Largest Public Domain Source

New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (listen); Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [joː˩tʰo˥ ha˩hoː˩tso˩]) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. New Mexico is also bordered by the state of Texas to the east-southeast, Oklahoma to the northeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With an estimated population of 2,096,829 as of the July 1, 2019, U.S. Census Bureau estimate, New Mexico is the 36th largest state by population. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

The economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, acequia and landrace agriculture, lumber milling, retail trade, scientific research laboratories, technological development, as well as the arts, especially textiles and visual arts. As of 2018, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $101 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. State tax policy results in low to moderate taxation of resident personal income compared to most U.S. states, with special consideration for military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. Because of this, its film industry has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U.S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico, such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity.

Inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years before European exploration, it was colonized by the Spanish in 1598 as part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1563, it was named Nuevo México after the Aztec Valley of Mexico by Spanish settlers, more than 250 years before the establishment and naming of the present-day country of Mexico; thus, the present-day state of New Mexico was not named after the country today known as Mexico. After Mexican independence in 1821, New Mexico became a Mexican territory with considerable autonomy. This autonomy was threatened, however, by the centralizing tendencies of the Mexican government from the 1830s onward, with rising tensions eventually leading to the Revolt of 1837. At the same time, the region became more economically dependent on the United States. At the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States annexed New Mexico as the U.S. New Mexico Territory. It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska). New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, and three different federally recognized Apache tribes. In prehistoric times, the area was home to Ancestral Puebloans, Mogollon, and the modern extant Comanche and Utes inhabited the state. The largest Hispanic and Latino groups represented include the Hispanos of New Mexico, Chicanos, and Mexicans. The New Mexican flag features the state's Spanish origins with the same scarlet and gold coloration as Spain's Cross of Burgundy, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe. These indigenous, Hispanic, Mexican, Latin, and American frontier roots are reflected in the eponymous New Mexican cuisine and the New Mexico music genre.

New Mexico Media

63,086 media by topicpage 1 of 631
Bowl
Jar with Two Plumed or Horned Serpents with Birds and P-shaped Motifs

Jar with Two Plumed or Horned Serpents with Birds and P-shaped Motifs

Zigzagging around the surface of this jar are two abstract serpents with plumes or horns emerging from their red heads, gaping mouths, and bodies filled with checkerboard patterns, triangles, concentric circles... more

Bowl Depicting a Bird with Outstretched Wings

Bowl Depicting a Bird with Outstretched Wings

From the 13th century through the start of the 17th, new polychrome ceramic traditions developed in the Cibola region of western New Mexico and east-central Arizona. Although each ceramic style was distinct, th... more

Travajo personal que en la inspesion de esta corta obra tubo el Ro. Pe. F.  Juan Miguel Menchero como Visitador General de la Nueva Mexico y lo dedica a el Exmo. Sr. Dn. Juan Franco. Guemes y Orcasitas Virrei, Gobernador y Capitan General de Nueva Espana para que su ex proteja su major incremento de estas misiones.

Travajo personal que en la inspesion de esta corta obra tubo el Ro. Pe...

Relief shown pictorially. Includes text and legend. Covers the territory from Santa Fé west to the Colorado River and south to the Chihuaha. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster i... more

Derrotero hecho por Antonia Vélez y Escalante, misionero para mejor conocimiento de las misiones, pueblos de indios y presidios que se hallan en el Camino de Monterrey a Santa Fe de Nuebo Mexico.

Derrotero hecho por Antonia Vélez y Escalante, misionero para mejor co...

Covers sections of Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico. Relief shown pictorially. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

Chest
Chest

Chest

Eighteenth- and nineteenth century New Mexican craftsmen made furniture that was largely based on Spanish forms and traditions, using local woods, simple tools, and minimal decoration. The Art Institute's chest... more

Comanche pictograph map of the Battle of Sierra Blanca, 1787

Comanche pictograph map of the Battle of Sierra Blanca, 1787

Shows battle between two warring Plains Indian tribes, the Comanche and Apache. Title supplied by cataloger. Pen-and-ink with fold lines. Map pasted on larger sheet of paper which includes key to map signed by ... more

Copper Fishtail Kettle Lug - GRPO 8082

Copper Fishtail Kettle Lug - GRPO 8082

Decorative copper fishtail-design kettle lug measuring 6.8 cm long, 5.2 cm wide, and 0.3 cm thick. This style of kettle ear dates to approximately 1800 for English kettles, just near the end of the North West C... more

Rattle
Flute
Rattle
Drum
Rattle
A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto unexplored countries, lying between the River La Platte of the Missouri on the N., and the Red River on the S., the Mississippi east, and the mountains of Mexico west, with a part of New Mexico & the Province of Texas /

A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto...

Scale ca. 1:2,450,000. Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. "Plate II." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes notes. AACR2: 100; 651/1; 651/2

Case Knife - GRPO 16968

Case Knife - GRPO 16968

Case knife w/Cross & L stamp, British, 1780-1830.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shuttle Endeavour.  The OMS pod underwent complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the transition and retirement processing of each shuttle.  Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1830

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shut... more

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

Cholla

Cholla

Cholla is a common cactus found at Gran Quivira

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

Trail View

Trail View

Beautiful scenery along Gran Quivira's loop trail

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, was founded in 1682 by the Franciscan order to serve displaced American Indians (the Piro, Tano and Jemez) from New Mexico, who fled during the Pueblo Revolt. El Paso, Texas

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro, or Socorro Mission, w...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The present Socorro Mission was constructed c.1840 to replace an earlier 18th-century mission destroyed in 1829 by flooding of the Ri... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod is being reinstalled on Endeavour following a complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the shuttle’s transition and retirement processing.    Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1840

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering syst...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod... more

Chihuahua from "A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan"

Chihuahua from "A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan"

This image has been taken from scan 000023 from "A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, created by users of the British Library... more

Col. Fremont's nondescript from California. This animal captured by Col. Fremont and his party, near the River Gila, New Mexico, after a chase of three days, has arrived in this city on its way to Europe, and is to be seen alive at 290 broadway,

Col. Fremont's nondescript from California. This animal captured by Co...

Fremont, Col. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 122, Folder 38.

Cross
Old friends meet again

Old friends meet again

A camel stands near the rock face of El Morro as it might have in the 1850's

U.S. Reports: Mitchell v. Harmony, 54 U.S. (13 How.) 115 (1852)

U.S. Reports: Mitchell v. Harmony, 54 U.S. (13 How.) 115 (1852)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 54; Howard Volume 13; December Term, 1851; David D. Mitchell, Plaintiff in Error, v. Manuel X. Harmony

map from "Historical Collections of the Great West; containing narrations of the most important ... events in Western History, remarkable individual adventures, sketches of frontier life, descriptions of natural curiosities ... Historical and descriptive sketches of Oregon, New Mexico, Texas, Minnesota, Utah and California"

map from "Historical Collections of the Great West; containing narrati...

This image has been taken from scan 000094 from "Historical Collections of the Great West; containing narrations of the most important ... events in Western History, remarkable individual adventures, sketches o... more

map from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the invasion to the present time: with a view of the ancient Aztec Empire ... a historical sketch of the late war; and notices of New Mexico and California"

map from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geogra...

This image has been taken from scan 000412 from volume 01 of "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the... more

Texcoco from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the invasion to the present time: with a view of the ancient Aztec Empire ... a historical sketch of the late war; and notices of New Mexico and California"

Texcoco from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, ge...

This image has been taken from scan 000333 from volume 02 of "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the... more

Woman from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the invasion to the present time: with a view of the ancient Aztec Empire ... a historical sketch of the late war; and notices of New Mexico and California"

Woman from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geog...

This image has been taken from scan 000297 from volume 02 of "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the... more

portrait from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the invasion to the present time: with a view of the ancient Aztec Empire ... a historical sketch of the late war; and notices of New Mexico and California"

portrait from "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, g...

This image has been taken from scan 000010 from volume 01 of "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican: or historical, geographical, political, statistical and social account of that country from the period of the... more

New map of California, Oregon, Washington, Utah and New Mexico /

New map of California, Oregon, Washington, Utah and New Mexico /

Shows state and county boundary lines. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1853 by J, Disturnell in the Clerk Office of the District ... of New York." LC copy imperfect: Stained, fold lines throug... more

map from "Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, during the years 1850, '51, '52 and '53. [With plates.]"

map from "Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, N...

This image has been taken from scan 000056 from volume 01 of "Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, connected with the United States and Mexic... more

Figurine
Blanket
Texas, part of New Mexico & c

Texas, part of New Mexico & c

Longitude west from Washington and Greenwich. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Gift; William W. Carter; June 2003. Acquisitions control no. 2003-94

Map of Texas and part of New Mexico

Map of Texas and part of New Mexico

Shows towns, rivers and military outposts in Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. Relief shown by hachures. Taped on verso: No. 103, Millard Fillmore May 15, 1861. Includes note, list to authoritires and list to name... more

Map of the Gadsden Purchase : Sonora and portions of New Mexico, Chihuaua & California /

Map of the Gadsden Purchase : Sonora and portions of New Mexico, Chihu...

Relief shown by hachures. LC copy signed in ink on page 2 of cover: Millard Fillmore, Feby. 6, 1861. Includes notes. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

From the Pimas villages to Fort Fillmore : from explorations and surveys /

From the Pimas villages to Fort Fillmore : from explorations and surve...

Scale 1:760,320. At head of title: Route near the 32nd parallel of north latitude. Map no. 2. Relief shown by hachures. From U.S. War Department, Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississip... more

[Miguel T. Otero, Representative from New Mexico, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-length portrait]

[Miguel T. Otero, Representative from New Mexico, Thirty-fifth Congres...

Illus. in: McClees' gallery of photographic portraits of the senators, representatives & delegates of the thirty-fifth Congress... Washington: McClees & Beck, [1859], page 307. Each item includes subject's orig... more

From the Red River to the Rio Grande

From the Red River to the Rio Grande

Scale 1:950,400. At head of title: Route near the 32nd Parallel. Map and Profile no. 1. Relief shown by hachures. From U.S. War Department, Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi Riv... more

Williams' Tourists' Map of Colorado and the San Juan Mines

Williams' Tourists' Map of Colorado and the San Juan Mines

New Mexico, Utah, California, Oregon, and Washington

Indians of Arizona and New Mexico
Clements, R E - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Ashurst, Thomas - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Brown, Charles - State: New Mexico - Year: [Blank]
Winne, Jobn - State: New Mexico - Year: [Blank]
Banola, Susa Marie - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Pino, Recardo - State: New Mexico - Year: 1862
Map of Colorado Territory Embracing the Central Gold Region

Map of Colorado Territory Embracing the Central Gold Region

New Mexico, Utah, California, Oregon, and Washington

Abraham Lincoln papers: Series 1. General Correspondence. 1833-1916: James A. Barret to Abraham Lincoln, Thursday, April 03, 1862 (Telegram requesting transfer to New Mexico)
Dickinson, Edward - State: New Mexico - Year: 1862