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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research.

NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System, and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program, which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for uncrewed NASA launches.

NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System; advancing heliophysics through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program; exploring bodies throughout the Solar System with advanced robotic spacecraft such as New Horizons; and researching astrophysics topics, such as the Big Bang, through the Great Observatories and associated programs.

NASA Media

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Early Rockets -  Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army after capturing the V-2

Early Rockets - Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army afte...

The Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army after capturing the V-2 rocket from the German army at the conclusion of the Second World War. The Hermes A-1 is a modified V-2 rocket; it utilized the Germa... More

NACA Employees

NACA Employees

Description(March 19, 1940) NACA Ames Personnel: Front Row; John Parsons, Manie Poole, Edward Sharp, Back Row; Carlson Bioletti, Ferril Nickle, Arthur Freeman, R J Clark..Raw Image # : M-285

High-ranking NACA men looking serious

High-ranking NACA men looking serious

Description: (November 16, 1940) Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab: L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood, Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Au... More

Early Rockets - V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter

Early Rockets - V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter

In this undated file photo, probably from World War II, a V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States after World... More

Early Rockets - A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2).

Early Rockets - A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Venge...

The cutaway drawing of the A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), The rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Balti... More

Dr. Joseph S. Ames, Chairman of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics from 1927 to 1939. art by H.E. Lorentz November 1943 ARC-1940-AAL-4968

Dr. Joseph S. Ames, Chairman of National Advisory Committee for Aerona...

Dr. Joseph S. Ames, Chairman of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics from 1927 to 1939. art by H.E. Lorentz November 1943

Franklin D. Roosevelt at Langley 1940

Franklin D. Roosevelt at Langley 1940

(July 29, 1940) President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Langley Field on July 29, 1940. View of President Roosevelt in a car inside a NACA hangar, two unidentified men stand behind the car, and the wing of a pl... More

Origin of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)

Origin of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)

In the years following World War II, the Army directed that the Huntsville, Alabama Arsenal be advertised for sale. The decision was reversed because the Army found it needed this land for the new missile work ... More

Early Rockets  A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2)

Early Rockets A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Wea...

This drawing illustrates the vital dimensions of the A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, G... More

NACA Employees Looking Sharp For a Staff Photo at Ames

NACA Employees Looking Sharp For a Staff Photo at Ames

Description (April 29, 1940) Arriving Engineers were John Parsons and Ferril Nickle (January 29, 1940) They were the first permanent members of the laboratory's staff on site. Other early arrivals from Langley ... More

Around Marshall. Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama.

Around Marshall. Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama.

During World War II, Arsenal workers from Huntsville, Alabama, and surrounding areas responded to the call for civilian defense workers.

Construction of the 16ft (high speed) Wind Tunnel

Construction of the 16ft (high speed) Wind Tunnel

Description: .Date: October 4, 1940 Construction of the 16ft (high speed) Wind Tunnel. Of the original tunnels planned for Ames the 16ft had perhaps the highest priority. Assigned this precedence because it was... More

The original construction shack at Ames is featured in this view looking toward the southwest. Navy housing and buildings, still being utilized, can be observed in the center background. ARC-1940-M-253-1

The original construction shack at Ames is featured in this view looki...

The original construction shack at Ames is featured in this view looking toward the southwest. Navy housing and buildings, still being utilized, can be observed in the center background.

The original construction shack at Ames from the back. ARC-1969-M-253-4

The original construction shack at Ames from the back. ARC-1969-M-253-...

The original construction shack at Ames from the back.

First members of the Ames staff: John F Parsons (left) and Ferril R. Nickle (right) standing in front of construction shack. ARC-1969-M-253

First members of the Ames staff: John F Parsons (left) and Ferril R. N...

First members of the Ames staff: John F Parsons (left) and Ferril R. Nickle (right) standing in front of construction shack.

AMES PERSONNEL:  Front Row; John Parsons, Manie Poole, Edward Sharp, Back Row;  Carlson Bioletti, Ferril Nickle, Arthur Freeman, R J Clark ARC-1998-M-285

AMES PERSONNEL: Front Row; John Parsons, Manie Poole, Edward Sharp, B...

AMES PERSONNEL: Front Row; John Parsons, Manie Poole, Edward Sharp, Back Row; Carlson Bioletti, Ferril Nickle, Arthur Freeman, R J Clark

Goddard rocket in launching tower at Roswell, New Mexico

Goddard rocket in launching tower at Roswell, New Mexico

Goddard rocket in launching tower at Roswell, New Mexico, March 21, 1940. Fuel was injected by pumps from the fueling platform at left. From 1930 to 1941, Dr. Goddard made substantial progress in the developmen... More

April 9, 1940 Ames personnel ARC-1969-M-308
Arriving Engineers were John Parsons and Ferril Nickle (January 29, 1940) They were the first permanent members of the laboratory's staff on site. Other early arrivals from Langley were: Carlton Bioletti, March 1; Arthur B. Freeman, March 2; Edward R. Sharp, March 11; Manie G Poole, March 11; H. Julian Allen, April 13; Geroge E. Bulifant, April 17; Howard W. Krischbaum, April 29; and John P. Houston, April 29. Russ Robinson on-site representative of the construction group and their  support staff E York, R Pippen. ARC-1940-M-368

Arriving Engineers were John Parsons and Ferril Nickle (January 29, 19...

Arriving Engineers were John Parsons and Ferril Nickle (January 29, 1940) They were the first permanent members of the laboratory's staff on site. Other early arrivals from Langley were: Carlton Bioletti, March... More

Army Air Photo Flight Research Building construction looking North East ARC-1940-0-15

Army Air Photo Flight Research Building construction looking North Eas...

Army Air Photo Flight Research Building construction looking North East

Army Air Photo - General view looking west at Ames Aeronautical Laboratory construction progress ARC-1940-0-6

Army Air Photo - General view looking west at Ames Aeronautical Labora...

Army Air Photo - General view looking west at Ames Aeronautical Laboratory construction progress

Army Air Photo General view looking south at Ames construction progress ARC-1940-0-5

Army Air Photo General view looking south at Ames construction progres...

Army Air Photo General view looking south at Ames construction progress

Army Air Photo General view looking east at Ames construction progress ARC-1940-0-7

Army Air Photo General view looking east at Ames construction progress...

Army Air Photo General view looking east at Ames construction progress

Ames Personnel  in front of construction shack FRONT: ER Sharp, CF Frick, JF Parsons, E York, R Pippin, M Nettle, M G Poole, C Bioletti  CENTER: R Clark, G Bulifant, J Delaney H. Allen, J. White, H. Houston, W. Walker, M. Green BACK: E. W. Betts. W.G.. Vincenti, H Kirschbaum, A.B. Follman, F. Nickle, E.C.. Briag, P. Prizler ARC-1969-M-469

Ames Personnel in front of construction shack FRONT: ER Sharp, CF Fri...

Ames Personnel in front of construction shack FRONT: ER Sharp, CF Frick, JF Parsons, E York, R Pippin, M Nettle, M G Poole, C Bioletti CENTER: R Clark, G Bulifant, J Delaney H. Allen, J. White, H. Houston, W.... More

AMES STAFF STANDING IN FRONT OF THE NEW FLIGHT RESEARCH BUILDING. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: FIRST ROW: M.U. NETTLE, M.A. WILLEY, M.H. DAVIES, M.W. ST. JOHN, S.J. DEFRANCE, E.R. SHARP, M.G. POOLE, V. BURGESS, R.A. PIPKIN. SECOND ROW: A.B. FREEMAN, T.W. O'BRIANT, L.T. VIDELL, C. F. WILSON,  R.M. FOSTER, M.C. MASSA, M.J. HOOD, C. BIOLETTI, C.W. FRICK, W.G. VINCENTI, H.W. KIRSCHBAUM, L. A. RODERT, E.C. BRAIG, C. GERBO. THIRD ROW: R.E. BROWNING, E.H. WOOD, R HUGHES, G BULIFANT, J.V. KELLEY, H.J. ALLEN, J. P. HOUSTON, K.S. BURCHARD, M. A. GREENE, FOURTH ROW: A. G. BUCK, E.W. BETTS, R.E. BRAIG, H.J. GOETT, J.F. PARSONS, H.S. DUNLAP, L.E. MINDEN, R.J. CLARKE.  FIFTH ROW: W.O. PETERSON, W. WALKER, C.H. HARVEY, J.C. DELANEY, T.W. MACOMBER, A.L. BLOCKER, N.K. DELANY, A.S. HERTZOG, R.R. NICKLE, P.T. PRIZLER, R.R. BENN, E.H.A. SCHNITKER. ARC-1940-M-704-1

AMES STAFF STANDING IN FRONT OF THE NEW FLIGHT RESEARCH BUILDING. FROM...

AMES STAFF STANDING IN FRONT OF THE NEW FLIGHT RESEARCH BUILDING. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: FIRST ROW: M.U. NETTLE, M.A. WILLEY, M.H. DAVIES, M.W. ST. JOHN, S.J. DEFRANCE, E.R. SHARP, M.G. POOLE, V. BURGESS, R.A. PIP... More

Dr Smitty DeFrance greets Ames original staff members as they prepare to have photo taken ARC-1969-M-704-2

Dr Smitty DeFrance greets Ames original staff members as they prepare ...

Dr Smitty DeFrance greets Ames original staff members as they prepare to have photo taken

O-47A airplane arrival at Ames Aeronautical Lab The O-47A was Ames first test plane ARC-1969-M-831

O-47A airplane arrival at Ames Aeronautical Lab The O-47A was Ames fir...

O-47A airplane arrival at Ames Aeronautical Lab The O-47A was Ames first test plane

Dr Mead and Members of staff in front of Flight Research Lab building ARC-1969-M-855

Dr Mead and Members of staff in front of Flight Research Lab building ...

Dr Mead and Members of staff in front of Flight Research Lab building

Date: Nov 9, 1940 Aerial view of Ames Aeronautical Laboratory showing Flight Research Lab and Construction of 16ft wind tunnel ARC-1969-M-921

Date: Nov 9, 1940 Aerial view of Ames Aeronautical Laboratory showing ...

Date: Nov 9, 1940 Aerial view of Ames Aeronautical Laboratory showing Flight Research Lab and Construction of 16ft wind tunnel

W.H. MCAVOY AMES TEST PILOT RETURNING FROM AN EARLY FLIGHT OF FIRST TEST AIRPLANE AT AMES, A NORTH AMERICAN O-47 ARC-1998-M-925-1

W.H. MCAVOY AMES TEST PILOT RETURNING FROM AN EARLY FLIGHT OF FIRST TE...

W.H. MCAVOY AMES TEST PILOT RETURNING FROM AN EARLY FLIGHT OF FIRST TEST AIRPLANE AT AMES, A NORTH AMERICAN O-47

Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research  (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab:  L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood,  Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Author B. Freeman, Carlton Bioletti ARC-1969-M-926

Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947...

Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab: L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood, Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Author B. Freeman, Carlton Bioletti

A new three-place North American O-47A observation airplane with Army Air Corps marking was the first ircraft to arrive at Ames. The Circular antenna on top of the canopy is for direction finding.  A close look show that help from the front cockpit was needed for directional control when using a rope (instead of a tow bar) to tow the aircraft.  (Sept 1940). W.H. McAvoy Ames test pilot returning from an early flight of first test airplane at Ames, a North American O-47A-1 (or 0-47 AAC37-323) This aircraft severed for a short time upon arrival as a research aircraft for heated-wing deicing.  NOTE: printed in  NASA Ames Publications: Adventures in Research - SP-4320 57 Years - Flight Research at AMES - NASA SP-1998-3300 ARC-1969-M-925

A new three-place North American O-47A observation airplane with Army ...

A new three-place North American O-47A observation airplane with Army Air Corps marking was the first ircraft to arrive at Ames. The Circular antenna on top of the canopy is for direction finding. A close look... More

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames ARC-1969-M-1046

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames ARC-1969-M-1046

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames ARC-1969-M-1045

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames ARC-1969-M-1045

O-47A Airplane - first test airplane at Ames

Zimmerman V-173

Zimmerman V-173

Description (November 28, 1941) View of the Vought-Sikorsky V-173 airplane mounted in the Full Scale Wind Tunnel. Shows the prototype "Zimmer Skimmer" or "Flying Pancake" on which the XF5U was based...Identifie... More

Experimental Low-Drag Test Panel on Douglas B-18

Experimental Low-Drag Test Panel on Douglas B-18

Description (1941) In the spring of 1941 Langley installed an experimental low-drag test panel on the wing of a Douglas B-18 airplane. The panel was fitted with suction slots and pressure tubes for a free fligh... More

First JATO assisted Flight

First JATO assisted Flight

Full Description: Take-off of America's first "rocket-assisted" airplane, an Ercoupe fitted with a GALCIT developed solid propellent 28 pound thrust JATO (Jet Assisted Take-Off) booster. The Ercoupe took off fr... More

JATO Flight Test Crew

JATO Flight Test Crew

(August 12, 1941) Flight test crew for the Jet Assisted Take-Off (JATO) experimental solid rocket booster. It was later refered to as RATO (Rocket Assisted Take-Off). From left to right are: F.S. Miller, J.W. P... More

20-Foot Spin Tunnel

20-Foot Spin Tunnel

Description (August 20, 1941) Data from tests of over 300 different models in Langley's free-spinning tunnels which enabled the NACA by the end of the war to establish tail design requirements for satisfactory ... More

Groundbreaking for the NACA’s Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Groundbreaking for the NACA’s Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Local politicians and National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) officials were on hand for the January 23, 1941 groundbreaking for the NACA’s Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory (AERL). The NACA was e... More

NACA photographer Lockheed 12A icing research airplane: with heated wings ARC-1941-AAL-1166

NACA photographer Lockheed 12A icing research airplane: with heated wi...

NACA photographer Lockheed 12A icing research airplane: with heated wings

NACA Photographer 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 construction at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1246

NACA Photographer 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 construction at the Am...

NACA Photographer 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 construction at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer Construction of the 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1251

NACA Photographer Construction of the 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 at...

NACA Photographer Construction of the 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer installng propeller blades in 7x10ft#1 w.t.  N-215 ARC-1941-AAL-1253

NACA Photographer installng propeller blades in 7x10ft#1 w.t. N-215 A...

NACA Photographer installng propeller blades in 7x10ft#1 w.t. N-215

Army Air Photo Ames Aeronautical Laboratory construction progress showing two (2) 7x10ft wind tunnels, the 16ft wind tunnel, Technical and Electrical Services Buildings and the construction shack. (Ref: 0-34) ARC-1941-AAL-1324

Army Air Photo Ames Aeronautical Laboratory construction progress show...

Army Air Photo Ames Aeronautical Laboratory construction progress showing two (2) 7x10ft wind tunnels, the 16ft wind tunnel, Technical and Electrical Services Buildings and the construction shack. (Ref: 0-34)

Ames Aernautical Laboratory aerial; 7x10's and 16ft wind tunnels, N-219, N-220 and construction shack ARC-1941-0-34

Ames Aernautical Laboratory aerial; 7x10's and 16ft wind tunnels, N-21...

Ames Aernautical Laboratory aerial; 7x10's and 16ft wind tunnels, N-219, N-220 and construction shack

NACA Photographer N-216; 7x10ft#2 Wind Tunnel being constructed at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1341

NACA Photographer N-216; 7x10ft#2 Wind Tunnel being constructed at the...

NACA Photographer N-216; 7x10ft#2 Wind Tunnel being constructed at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer NASA Ames De-icing project: diagram of the systems using exhaust-heated air to prevent icing on the Lockheed 12A wings  Published: Adventures in Research SP-4302 ARC-1941-AAL-1352

NACA Photographer NASA Ames De-icing project: diagram of the systems u...

NACA Photographer NASA Ames De-icing project: diagram of the systems using exhaust-heated air to prevent icing on the Lockheed 12A wings Published: Adventures in Research SP-4302

Lockheed 12A sectional view of heated wing ARC-1941-AAL-1355A

Lockheed 12A sectional view of heated wing ARC-1941-AAL-1355A

Lockheed 12A sectional view of heated wing

Construction of the Hangar at the New Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Construction of the Hangar at the New Aircraft Engine Research Laborat...

Northward view of the Flight Research Building's steel framework in August 1941 as it neared completion at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory. The 272- by... More

XB-32 model wing with 15% chord sealed gap aileron. Flaps extended to 40 degrees.  The first wind-tunnel report published by Ames Covered the XB-32 Test in the 7-by-10 No. ! and was authored by Roy P. Jackson and George L. Smith Jr. ARC-1969-AAL-1443

XB-32 model wing with 15% chord sealed gap aileron. Flaps extended to ...

XB-32 model wing with 15% chord sealed gap aileron. Flaps extended to 40 degrees. The first wind-tunnel report published by Ames Covered the XB-32 Test in the 7-by-10 No. ! and was authored by Roy P. Jackson a... More

Ames Aeronautical Research Laboratory aerial shows original flight research hangar in foreground,  the two 7x10ft w.t. the 16ft w.t. and Admin buildings   NOTE: printed in  NASA Ames Publications: Adventures in Research - SP-4320; Searching the Horizon - SP 4304; 57 Years - Flight Research at AMES - NASA SP-1998-3300 ARC-1941-AAL-1449

Ames Aeronautical Research Laboratory aerial shows original flight res...

Ames Aeronautical Research Laboratory aerial shows original flight research hangar in foreground, the two 7x10ft w.t. the 16ft w.t. and Admin buildings NOTE: printed in NASA Ames Publications: Adventures in... More

NACA photographer Ice Reearch being conducted at NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory on a Lockheed 12-A,  NACA 97; test #4, ice on tell-tale strut in flight ARC-1941-AAL-1697

NACA photographer Ice Reearch being conducted at NACA Ames Aeronautica...

NACA photographer Ice Reearch being conducted at NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory on a Lockheed 12-A, NACA 97; test #4, ice on tell-tale strut in flight

Construction Office in Farm House at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Construction Office in Farm House at the Aircraft Engine Research Labo...

The construction offices for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics’ (NACA) new Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory were originally opened in a small Radio House on the adjacent airport property. By Ju... More

NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory aerial; 16ft, 7X10ft#1, 7x10ft#2 wind tunnels, Technical Services Bldg N-220, Utilities later Electrical Services Bldg N-219 and construction on the Science Laboratory, later Engineering Services Bldg N-203 ARC-1941-AAL-1731

NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory aerial; 16ft, 7X10ft#1, 7x10ft#2 win...

NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory aerial; 16ft, 7X10ft#1, 7x10ft#2 wind tunnels, Technical Services Bldg N-220, Utilities later Electrical Services Bldg N-219 and construction on the Science Laboratory, later E... More

7- By 10-Foot Wind Tunnel

7- By 10-Foot Wind Tunnel

Description This views in the 7- by 10-foot test sections show a Douglas XSB2D-1 model set up for testing. The struts supporting the Douglas XSB2D-1 are mounted on a 6-component balance below the floor. NACA a... More

Interior View of Drafting Room in ERB

Interior View of Drafting Room in ERB

Description: (September 21, 1942) Interior view of Drafting Room in Engine Research Building showing men at work at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory. This building was considered the research heart of NA... More

NACA Ames 7x10 Wind Tunnel

NACA Ames 7x10 Wind Tunnel

Description (April 1, 1942) A scale model is being prepared for study in one of the 7 x 10 Foot Wind Tunnels at the NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory...Identifier: GPN-2000-001822

16 Foot High Speed Wind Tunnel

16 Foot High Speed Wind Tunnel

Description(February 8, 1942) 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section.

16-Foot High Speed Tunnel

16-Foot High Speed Tunnel

(A-12679) The 16-Foot High-Speed Tunnel in 1942, shortly after it entered service as the third wind tunnel at the young laboratory. The two 7- by 10-foot tunnels and a hangar are on the right.

Piper J-3L50 Cub

Piper J-3L50 Cub

Description (April 16, 1942) Piper J-3L50 Cub: The Piper J-3 Cub was evaluated at Langley by the NACA in late 1939 to early 1940. The J-3 was used by many World War II pilots as the airplane in which they were ... More

NACA Photographer - 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section ARC-1942-AAL-1854

NACA Photographer - 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view throug...

NACA Photographer - 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section

NACA photographer General view test chamber in the 7x10ft wind tunnel at NASA Ames Research center with test engineers ARC-1942-AAL-1813

NACA photographer General view test chamber in the 7x10ft wind tunnel ...

NACA photographer General view test chamber in the 7x10ft wind tunnel at NASA Ames Research center with test engineers

NACA Photographer Douglas XSB2D-1 model WBHV-t in 7x10ft w.t. at Ames Research Center, CA 3/4 right front view ARC-1942-AAL-1844

NACA Photographer Douglas XSB2D-1 model WBHV-t in 7x10ft w.t. at Ames ...

NACA Photographer Douglas XSB2D-1 model WBHV-t in 7x10ft w.t. at Ames Research Center, CA 3/4 right front view

NACA Ames Research Center 7x10_foot Wind Tunnel test of the Douglas XSB2D-1 model ARC-1942-AAL-1986

NACA Ames Research Center 7x10_foot Wind Tunnel test of the Douglas XS...

NACA Ames Research Center 7x10_foot Wind Tunnel test of the Douglas XSB2D-1 model

Lockheed P-38 model. Underslung elongated fuselage with tail. ARC-1942-AAL-2125

Lockheed P-38 model. Underslung elongated fuselage with tail. ARC-1942...

Lockheed P-38 model. Underslung elongated fuselage with tail.

George Lewis Addresses Staff during the Construction of the New Laboratory

George Lewis Addresses Staff during the Construction of the New Labora...

Construction Manager Raymond Sharp and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Director of Research George Lewis speak to employees during the May 8, 1942, Initiation of Research ceremony at the ... More

Initiation of Research at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Initiation of Research at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

A group of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) officials and local dignitaries were on hand on May 8, 1942, to witness the Initiation of Research at the NACA's new Aircraft Engine Research Labora... More

Model of the NACA's Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory during its Construction

Model of the NACA's Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory during its Con...

Zella Morewitz poses with a model of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory, currently the NASA Glenn Research Center. The model was displayed in the Administ... More

Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 10 deg. (tuft studies) ARC-1942-AAL-2995

Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 10 de...

Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 10 deg. (tuft studies)

NACA Ames Photograpeher Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 11 deg. (tuft studies) ARC-1942-AAL-2994

NACA Ames Photograpeher Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revis...

NACA Ames Photograpeher Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 11 deg. (tuft studies)

Flight Research Building at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Flight Research Building at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

The Flight Research Building at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory is a 272- by 150-foot hangar with an internal height up to 90 feet. The hangar’s massiv... More

Draftsmen at Work during Construction of the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Draftsmen at Work during Construction of the Aircraft Engine Research ...

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory was designed by a group of engineers at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in late 1940 and 1941. Under the g... More

Early Rockets: German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteries

Early Rockets: German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteri...

In this photograph from the fall of 1943, German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteries in an abandoned railroad turnel in the Rhineland. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed th... More

Stability Tunnel

Stability Tunnel

Description: (March 10, 1943) Engineers operate the controls of the Stability Tunnel. Plans for a new tunnel to study stability problems began in the late thirties. The Stability Tunnel was authorized in 1939 a... More

Dedication Day - Visitors to the AERL

Dedication Day - Visitors to the AERL

Description: (May 20, 1943) Colonel E.R. Page, William F. Durand, Orville Wright, Addison M. Rothrock visiting the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in Cleveland, Ohio, now known as John H. Glenn Research Cen... More

Consolidated B-24D Liberator

Consolidated B-24D Liberator

Description (July 31, 1943) Consolidated B-24D Liberator: The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was the most numerous American bomber of World War II (over 18,000 were produced). The NACA flew this B-24D at Langley b... More

Navy Nine Blimps inflated in Hanger, NAS Sunnyvale, CA ARC-1943-A91-0261-16

Navy Nine Blimps inflated in Hanger, NAS Sunnyvale, CA ARC-1943-A91-02...

Navy Nine Blimps inflated in Hanger, NAS Sunnyvale, CA

1- x 3-Foot Supersonic Tunnel No. 1

1- x 3-Foot Supersonic Tunnel No. 1

(A-11807): This cut-away drawing shows a sting mount penetrating a model Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star with strain gauges inside the fuselage to measure aerodynamic forces. The two 1- x 3-foot supersonic tunnels... More

Fuels and Lubes Research Operations

Fuels and Lubes Research Operations

Description (August 19, 1943) Staff testing chemical properties of fuels and lubricants at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in Cleveland Ohio, now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field...... More

P-51 Mustang in Full Scale Tunnel

P-51 Mustang in Full Scale Tunnel

A P-51 Mustang in the Full Scale Tunnel at Langley Aeronautical Laboratory...(September 23, 1943)

Computers reading from the Manometer Board of the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers reading from the Manometer Board of the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data - reading manometer board

Computers processing data from the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel at Ames Research Center.

Computers processing data from the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel at Ames Researc...

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data

Vega XPV-2 complete model testing in the 7x10ft w.t. @ Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA ARC-1943-AAL-3203

Vega XPV-2 complete model testing in the 7x10ft w.t. @ Ames Research C...

Vega XPV-2 complete model testing in the 7x10ft w.t. @ Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA

Computers calculating data from teh Ames 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers calculating data from teh Ames 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data

Minneapolis Ice research project: Ice formation on left wing of the Lockheed 12-A during flight after shutting off heat. The wind was completely cleared within 2 minutes after the application of heat. ARC-1943-AAL-3386

Minneapolis Ice research project: Ice formation on left wing of the Lo...

Minneapolis Ice research project: Ice formation on left wing of the Lockheed 12-A during flight after shutting off heat. The wind was completely cleared within 2 minutes after the application of heat.

A portion of the North American P-51B airplane was tested in the 16-foot wind tunnel to devise a means of eliminating a rumble which occurred in the radiator duct system. The actual fuselage and center portion of the airplane was installed in the tunnel for this purpose as is shown.  A change in the form of the duct was made and tested, which eliminated the rumble. The entrance to the original radiator duct is indicated in this photograph, and the revised form of the duct entrance in photographer AAL-3926. ARC-1943-AAL-3783

A portion of the North American P-51B airplane was tested in the 16-fo...

A portion of the North American P-51B airplane was tested in the 16-foot wind tunnel to devise a means of eliminating a rumble which occurred in the radiator duct system. The actual fuselage and center portion ... More

Aerial View Of The Site From The 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel At Nasa Ames Research Center.

Aerial View Of The Site From The 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel At Nasa Ames R...

(03/12/1943) Aerial view of the site from the 40x80 wind tunnel At NASA Ames Research Center. Site includes the 16 foot and 7x10 wind tunnels in the background. Building 200 also under construction. Framing f... More

Wright R–2600–8 Engine in the Engine Propeller Research Building

Wright R–2600–8 Engine in the Engine Propeller Research Building

A Wright Aeronautical R–2600 Cyclone piston engine installed in the Engine Propeller Research Building, or Prop House, at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laborato... More

Allison V–1710 Engine on a Dynamotor Stand in the Engine Research Building

Allison V–1710 Engine on a Dynamotor Stand in the Engine Research Buil...

The first research assignment specifically created for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics’ (NACA) new Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory was the integration of a supercharger into the Allison V–17... More

XP-51B airplane in 16ft wind tunnel with test engineer ARC-1943-AAL-3781

XP-51B airplane in 16ft wind tunnel with test engineer ARC-1943-AAL-37...

XP-51B airplane in 16ft wind tunnel with test engineer

NACA Photographer - North American XP-51B Airplane with outer wing panels removed and ready for testing in Ames 16 foot wind tunnel. ARC-1943-AAL-3782

NACA Photographer - North American XP-51B Airplane with outer wing pan...

NACA Photographer - North American XP-51B Airplane with outer wing panels removed and ready for testing in Ames 16 foot wind tunnel.

Ames Aeronautical Laboratory skyline from Akron Road ARC-1943-AAL-3936

Ames Aeronautical Laboratory skyline from Akron Road ARC-1943-AAL-3936

Ames Aeronautical Laboratory skyline from Akron Road

3/4 front view of modified production scoop on XP-51B airplane mounted in the 16ft w.t.  (Ames contribution to the solution of the duct-rumble problem) ARC-1943-AAL-3943

3/4 front view of modified production scoop on XP-51B airplane mounted...

3/4 front view of modified production scoop on XP-51B airplane mounted in the 16ft w.t. (Ames contribution to the solution of the duct-rumble problem)

3/4 rear view of a XP-51B airplane mounted  in the 16ft w.t.  (Ames contribution to the solution of the duct-rumble problem) ARC-1943-AAL-3944

3/4 rear view of a XP-51B airplane mounted in the 16ft w.t. (Ames co...

3/4 rear view of a XP-51B airplane mounted in the 16ft w.t. (Ames contribution to the solution of the duct-rumble problem)

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors Hangar 2  'Contruction of Arch' ARC-1943-A93-0074-2

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contra...

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors Hangar 2 'Contruction of Arch'

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors NAS Moffett Field: full view of Traveler, looking north, showing end towers Hanger 2 ARC-1943-A93-0074-3

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contra...

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors NAS Moffett Field: full view of Traveler, looking north, showing end towers Hanger 2

Navy NAS Air station Moffett Field, Hanger 2 from North West Corner  Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors ARC-1943-A93-0074-6

Navy NAS Air station Moffett Field, Hanger 2 from North West Corner N...

Navy NAS Air station Moffett Field, Hanger 2 from North West Corner Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors

Early aerial of the NASA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory ARC-1943-AAL-4083

Early aerial of the NASA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory ARC-1943-AAL-408...

Early aerial of the NASA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors NAS Moffett Field: Aerial view of new Hangar2 & Hangar 3 construction at alt 200 ft from north end. ARC-1943-A93-0074-5

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contra...

Navy Naval Air Station Moffett Field Public works Serial 1514 - Contract NOy-5604, Earl W. Heple & J.H. Pomeroy contractors NAS Moffett Field: Aerial view of new Hangar2 & Hangar 3 construction at alt 200 ft fr... More