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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; ) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research.

NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System, and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program, which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for uncrewed NASA launches.

NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System; advancing heliophysics through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program; exploring bodies throughout the Solar System with advanced robotic spacecraft such as New Horizons; and researching astrophysics topics, such as the Big Bang, through the Great Observatories and associated programs.

NASA Media

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STS-127 - LAUNCH

STS-127 - LAUNCH

Description: SEQUENTIAL STILL COVERAGE OF LIFTOFF. FRAME VEHICLE AND LAUNCHER PLUS ONE VEHICLE LENGTH. Item: DD083-39A Date Taken: 7/15/2009 Image Type: DIGITAL STILLS STS127 LAUNCH AND LANDING

ISS042E135486 (01/10/2015) --- Just another sunny day in the Caribbean sea as viewed by astronauts aboard the International Space Station. This image was tweeted out by NASA astronaut Terry Virts as he captured the Earth observation of #Cuba and #Bahamas on Jan. 10, 2015. iss042e135486

ISS042E135486 (01/10/2015) --- Just another sunny day in the Caribbean...

ISS042E135486 (01/10/2015) --- Just another sunny day in the Caribbean sea as viewed by astronauts aboard the International Space Station. This image was tweeted out by NASA astronaut Terry Virts as he captured... more

Boarding Gemini VIII

Boarding Gemini VIII

Description (March 16, 1966) Commander Neil Armstrong (right) and pilot David R. Scott prepare to board the Gemini-Titan VIII. Gemini VIII successfully launched at 11:41 a.m. EST, March 16, 1966. The mission co... more

STS-51 G Launch

STS-51 G Launch

(June 17, 1985) On June 17, 1985, Space Shuttle Discovery's STS-51 G mission launched on a Comsat deployment mission. It deployed three communication satellites. The mission lasted a little over seven days. ..I... more

X-1-3 Being Mated To EB-50A Superfortress

X-1-3 Being Mated To EB-50A Superfortress

(November 9, 1951) The third X-1 (46-064), known as "Queenie," is mated to the EB-50A (46- 006) at Edwards AFB, California. Following a captive flight on November 9, 1951, both aircraft were destroyed by fire d... more

The Mercury 7

The Mercury 7

On April 9, 1959, NASA introduced its first astronaut class, the Mercury 7. Front row, left to right: Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Donald K. "Deke" Slayton, John H. Glenn, Jr., and M. Scott Carpenter; back row, Alan... more

Rendezvous Docking Simulator

Rendezvous Docking Simulator

(February 7, 1964) Multiple exposure of Rendezvous Docking Simulator. The Gemini spacecraft was supported in a gimbal system by an overhead crane and gantry arrangement which provided 6 degrees of freedom - rol... more

Astronaut Edward White Ready For Gemini IV Liftoff

Astronaut Edward White Ready For Gemini IV Liftoff

(June 3, 1965) Astronaut Edward H. White II, pilot for NASA's Gemini IV mission is shown in the crew's ready room at Launch Complex 16, suited and ready to ride the van to Launch Complex 19 for insertion in the... more

ASTRONAUT JAMES A. LOVELL, JR.

ASTRONAUT JAMES A. LOVELL, JR.

Astronaut James A. Lovell Jr., pilot for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Gemini-7 spaceflight, walks to the elevator at Pad 19 one hour and 40 minutes before launch of the spacecraft. Moments ... more

Photographs of President Richard Nixon Greeting the Apollo 11 Astronauts on the USS Hornet

Photographs of President Richard Nixon Greeting the Apollo 11 Astronau...

Original caption: NASA/APOLLO. ABOARD THE USS HORNET - President Richard M. Nixon appears to be holding the Presidential Seal which is attached to the door of the Mobile Quarantine Facility during his greeting... more

Cernan Jump Salutes Flag

Cernan Jump Salutes Flag

Eugene A. Cernan, Commander, Apollo 17 salutes the flag on the lunar surface during extravehicular activity (EVA) on NASA's final lunar landing mission. The Lunar Module "Challenger" is in the left background b... more

Shuttle Enterprise Free Flight

Shuttle Enterprise Free Flight

(1977) The Space Shuttle prototype Enterprise flies free after being released from NASA's 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) over Rogers Dry Lakebed during the second of five free flights carried out at the Dry... more

STS102-368-019 - STS-102 - Empty orbiter payload bay as seen from U.S. Laboratory/Destiny window

STS102-368-019 - STS-102 - Empty orbiter payload bay as seen from U.S....

The original finding aid described this as: Description: View of the empty orbiter payload bay as seen from the U.S. Laboratory/Destiny module window. Subject Terms: STS-102, DISCOVERY (ORBITER), PAYLOAD BAY,... more

STS-135 Launch

STS-135 Launch

(July 8, 2011) Space Shuttle Atlantis' STS-135 mission launched from Launch Pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on July 8, 2011. STS-135 was the last Space Shuttle mission. The crew of four delivered supplies to th... more

X-15 #2 just after launch

X-15 #2 just after launch

Description: The X-15 #2 (56-6671) launches away from the B-52 mothership with its rocket engine ignited. The white patches near the middle of the ship are frost from the liquid oxygen used in the propulsion sy... more

Lifting Bodies on Lakebed

Lifting Bodies on Lakebed

(November 30, 1968) The wingless lifting body aircraft sitting on Rogers Dry Lake at what is now NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. From left to right are the X-24A, M2-F3 and the HL-10.... more

41G-71-1830-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1830-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida,  the GOES-O and Delta IV second stage are being prepared to leave the Horizontal Integration Facility. They will be moved to the launch pad.  GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. The multi-mission GOES series N-P will be a vital contributor to weather, solar and space operations and science. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, are actively engaged in a cooperative program to expand the existing GOES system with the launch of the GOES N-P satellites. Launch of the GOES-O is targeted for no earlier than April 2009. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2009-1830

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Stati...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV second stage are being prepared to leave the Horizontal Integration Facility. They will be moved to ... more

S05-45-1830 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

S05-45-1830 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-5 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Some views are cut off by a portion of the orbiter window frame. Sub... more

AST-22-1830 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project

AST-22-1830 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project

Photographs of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

S08-50-1830 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1830 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation 2012-1830

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation 2012-1830

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shuttle Endeavour.  The OMS pod underwent complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the transition and retirement processing of each shuttle.  Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1830

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shut... more

Earth Observation

Earth Observation

ISS028-E-015023 (8 July 2011) --- The Aras River and Turkey-Armenia-Iran border region are featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 28 crew member on the International Space Station. This photograph... more

Stereo Pair: Wellington, New Zealand

Stereo Pair: Wellington, New Zealand

Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand, is located on the shores of Port Nicholson, a natural harbor at the south end of North Island. The city was founded in 1840 by British emigrants and now has a region... more

41G-71-1840-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1840-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

S08-50-1840 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1840 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. An active 5, 500 foot high volcano on Adonara Island in Indonesia ... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida,  the GOES-O and Delta IV second stage are transported to Launch Pad 37. GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. The multi-mission GOES series N-P will be a vital contributor to weather, solar and space operations and science. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, are actively engaged in a cooperative program to expand the existing GOES system with the launch of the GOES N-P satellites. Launch of the GOES-O is targeted for no earlier than April 2009. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2009-1840

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida,...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV second stage are transported to Launch Pad 37. GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmenta... more

S05-45-1840 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

S05-45-1840 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-5 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Some views are cut off by a portion of the orbiter window frame. Sub... more

S09-46-1840 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-46-1840 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observation as seen by the STS-9 crew aboard the orbiter Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: Earth Obser... more

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation 2012-1840

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation 2012-1840

T&R Endeavour, LH Oms Pod Lift and Move for Installation

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod is being reinstalled on Endeavour following a complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the shuttle’s transition and retirement processing.    Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1840

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering syst...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod... more

41G-71-1850-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1850-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

S09-46-1850 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-46-1850 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observation as seen by the STS-9 crew aboard the orbiter Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: Earth Obser... more

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850

NASA Opportunity had driven 62.5 meters 205 feet that sol, southward away from an outcrop called Penrhyn, which the rover had been examining for a few sols, and toward a crater called Adventure. This is a cylin... more

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850 Stereo

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850 Stereo

NASA Opportunity had driven 62.5 meters 205 feet on April 7, 2009, southward away from an outcrop called Penrhyn, which the rover had been examining for a few sols, and toward a crater called Adventure. 3D glas... more

The Martian Prime Meridian -- Longitude "Zero"

The Martian Prime Meridian -- Longitude "Zero"

On Earth, the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England is defined as the "prime meridian," or the zero point of longitude. Locations on Earth are measured in degrees east or west from this posit... more

S08-50-1850 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1850 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850 Vertical

Opportunity Surroundings After Backwards Drive, Sol 1850 Vertical

NASA Opportunity had driven 62.5 meters 205 feet that sol, southward away from an outcrop called Penrhyn, which the rover had been examining for a few sols, and toward a crater called Adventure. This is a verti... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Freedom Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, is docked at Port Canaveral, Florida. The left spent booster from space shuttle Discovery's final launch is being positioned along side the vessel before continuing on to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.      The shuttle’s two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Liberty Star and Freedom Star. The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown. After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky KSC-2011-1850

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Freedom Star, one of NASA's solid rocket boost...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Freedom Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, is docked at Port Canaveral, Florida. The left spent booster from space shuttle Discovery's final launch is being positi... more

AST-22-1850 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, Out of Focus, Black Sea

AST-22-1850 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project - Apollo Soyuz Test Project, O...

The original database describes this as: Description: Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP),Out of Focus,Black Sea. Image taken on Revolution 135. Original Film Magazine: CX-13,Laboratory Roll 22; Camera Data: Hass... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage are waiting to be raised to vertical.  They will be moved into the mobile service tower for prelaunch preparations. GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. The multi-mission GOES series N-P will be a vital contributor to weather, solar and space operations and science. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, are actively engaged in a cooperative program to expand the existing GOES system with the launch of the GOES N-P satellites. Launch of the GOES-O is targeted for no earlier than April 2009. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2009-1850

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force St...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage are waiting to be raised to vertical. They will be moved into the mobile service towe... more

S05-45-1850 - STS-005 - Dark view of payload bay and orbiter wing

S05-45-1850 - STS-005 - Dark view of payload bay and orbiter wing

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Dark view of payload bay lights and a portion of the space shuttle Columbia's wing. Subject Terms: WINGS, PAYLOAD BAY, STS-5, COLUMBIA (ORBITER) Categ... more

OCO-2: Hoisting the Fairing Halves up the MST

OCO-2: Hoisting the Fairing Halves up the MST

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. – Half of the fairing for NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 mission, or OCO-2, arrives at Space Launch Complex 2 on Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Operations are u... more

Dr. Kurt H. Debus, Kennedy Space Center's First Director: A doctor of philosophy in engineering from Darmstadt University, Debus was selected by Dr. Wernher von Braun to direct the Experimental Missile Firing Branch which began launching missiles from Cape Canaveral in 1953.  Dr. Debus became the first Center Director for the new independent Launch Operations Center, and it was his job to put Saturn/Apollo into space.  His tenure at Kennedy Space Center spanned 13 years, from 1962 to 1974.       Poster designed by Kennedy Space Center Graphics Department/Greg Lee. Credit: NASA KSC-2012-1850

Dr. Kurt H. Debus, Kennedy Space Center's First Director: A doctor of ...

Dr. Kurt H. Debus, Kennedy Space Center's First Director: A doctor of philosophy in engineering from Darmstadt University, Debus was selected by Dr. Wernher von Braun to direct the Experimental Missile Firing B... more

S05-45-1860 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

S05-45-1860 - STS-005 - Earth observations taken during STS-5 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-5 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE), STS-5, COLUMBIA (ORB... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage have been raised to vertical.  They will be moved into the mobile service tower for prelaunch preparations. GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. The multi-mission GOES series N-P will be a vital contributor to weather, solar and space operations and science. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, are actively engaged in a cooperative program to expand the existing GOES system with the launch of the GOES N-P satellites. Launch of the GOES-O is targeted for no earlier than April 2009. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2009-1860

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force St...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage have been raised to vertical. They will be moved into the mobile service tower for pr... more

S09-37-1860 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-37-1860 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-9 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: E... more

Earth Observations by the Expedition 19 crew

Earth Observations by the Expedition 19 crew

ISS019-E-014918 (7 May 2009) --- Saint Helena Island is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 19 crewmember on the International Space Station. This isolated island, located in the South Atlantic... more

Earth Observation

Earth Observation

ISS040-E-006163 (31 May 2014) --- One of the Expedition 40 crew members aboard the International Space Station recorded this nearly vertical image of the Taranaki region on the west coast of New Zealand's North... more

41G-71-1860-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1860-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

OCO-2: Hoisting the Fairing Halves up the MST

OCO-2: Hoisting the Fairing Halves up the MST

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. – Workers maneuver half of the fairing for NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 mission, or OCO-2, newly arrived at Space Launch Complex 2 on Vandenberg Air Force Base in Calif... more

Launch Complex 39 Construction:  Launch Complex 39 LC-39 was originally designed and built to launch American astronauts toward the moon.  The complex stretches inland from the Atlantic Ocean across four miles of what, until 1963, was a land of intermittent marshes and sandy scrub growth.  In less than four years, starting with 1963 and ending with 1966, it was transformed into an operational spaceport embodying a mobile concept:  rockets and spacecraft are erected in one area and transported to a separate location for launch.  A total of 153 vehicles have been launched from LC-39.    Poster designed by Kennedy Space Center Graphics Department/Greg Lee. Credit: NASA KSC-2012-1860

Launch Complex 39 Construction: Launch Complex 39 LC-39 was originall...

Launch Complex 39 Construction: Launch Complex 39 LC-39 was originally designed and built to launch American astronauts toward the moon. The complex stretches inland from the Atlantic Ocean across four miles ... more

S08-50-1860 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1860 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members of Liberty Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, hold on tightly to handle grips as the swells of the Atlantic Ocean cause the vessel to pitch and roll while heading toward the recovery area where the right spent booster splashed down after Discovery's final launch.            The shuttle’s two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Freedom Star and Liberty Star. The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown. After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Frank Michaux KSC-2011-1860

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members of Liberty Star, one of NASA's so...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members of Liberty Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, hold on tightly to handle grips as the swells of the Atlantic Ocean cause the vessel to pitch and roll w... more

Brick Moon Space Station Concept

Brick Moon Space Station Concept

This is an artist's impression of the Brick Moon. The Brick Moon was the title of an article published in the Atlantic Monthly by Edward Everett Hale in 1869. This piece was the first known proposal for an Eart... more

41G-71-1870-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1870-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

Early Rockets

Early Rockets

By 1870, American and British inventors had found other ways to use rockets. For example, the Congreve rocket was capable of carrying a line over 1,000 feet to a stranded ship. In 1914, an estimated 1,000 lives... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members in a skiff from Liberty Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, attach a tow rope to the parachute lines from the right spent booster bobbing in the Atlantic Ocean from space shuttle Discovery's final launch.                 The shuttle's two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Freedom Star and Liberty Star. The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown. After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Frank Michaux KSC-2011-1870

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members in a skiff from Liberty Star, one...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Crew members in a skiff from Liberty Star, one of NASA's solid rocket booster retrieval ships, attach a tow rope to the parachute lines from the right spent booster bobbing in the Atlant... more

View in Travel Direction, Sol 1870, with Rock Garden

View in Travel Direction, Sol 1870, with Rock Garden

NASA Mars Exploration Rover Spirit used its rear hazard avoidance camera to take this view toward the south during the 1,899th Martian day, or sol, of Spirit mission on Mars May 6, 2009. NASA/JPL-Caltech

S09-37-1870 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-37-1870 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-9 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: E... more

S05-45-1870 - STS-005 - Blank

S05-45-1870 - STS-005 - Blank

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Blank (underexposed) Subject Terms: STS-5 Categories: Blank Interior_Exterior: Exterior Ground_Orbit: On-orbit Original: Film - 70MM CT Preservati... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – One of the solid rocket booster segments for space shuttle Endeavour's STS-127 mission is in the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for stacking.  The mission is targeted for launch in June.   Photo credit: NASA/Tim Jacobs KSC-2009-1870

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – One of the solid rocket booster segments for sp...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – One of the solid rocket booster segments for space shuttle Endeavour's STS-127 mission is in the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida for stacking. The mis... more

AST-22-1870 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project

AST-22-1870 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project

Photographs of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

Morpheus Alhat Tether Test Preparations

Morpheus Alhat Tether Test Preparations

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Engineers and technicians prepare the Project Morpheus prototype lander for a tether test near a new launch site at the north end of the Shuttle Landing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space C... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians help to install space shuttle Endeavour’s left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod.     The OMS pod underwent complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the transition and retirement processing of each shuttle. Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions. For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1870

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians help to install space shuttle Endeavour’s left orbital maneuvering system OM... more

S08-50-1870 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1870 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the lifting mechanism that raised the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage to vertical is lowered toward the ground. GOES–O is one of a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. The multi-mission GOES series N-P will be a vital contributor to weather, solar and space operations and science. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, are actively engaged in a cooperative program to expand the existing GOES system with the launch of the GOES N-P satellites. Launch of the GOES-O is targeted for no earlier than April 2009.   Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2009-1880

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force St...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the lifting mechanism that raised the GOES-O and Delta IV upper stage to vertical is lowered toward the ground. GOES–O is ... more

STS-131 DISCOVERY ROLLOVER FROM OPF-3 TO VAB 2010-1880

STS-131 DISCOVERY ROLLOVER FROM OPF-3 TO VAB 2010-1880

STS-131 DISCOVERY ROLLOVER FROM OPF-3 TO VAB

S05-45-1880 - STS-005 - Blank

S05-45-1880 - STS-005 - Blank

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Blank (underexposed) Subject Terms: STS-5 Categories: Blank Interior_Exterior: Exterior Ground_Orbit: On-orbit Original: Film - 70MM CT Preservati... more

Morpheus Campaign 2A Tether Test

Morpheus Campaign 2A Tether Test

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – NASA's Project Morpheus prototype lander is lifted by crane during a tethered test near a new launch site at the north end of the Shuttle Landing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center i... more

S09-37-1880 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-37-1880 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-9 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: E... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedom Star, with a booster in tow, is docked in Port Canaveral in Florida before continuing on to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. A cruise ship is seen in the background. The booster was used during space shuttle Discovery's STS-133 launch from NASA Kennedy Space Center's Launch Pad 39A on Feb. 24. The shuttle’s two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Liberty Star and Freedom Star.                    The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown.  After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2011-1880

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedo...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedom Star, with a booster in tow, is docked in Port Canaveral in Florida before continuing on to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians remove the main propulsion system tanks from space shuttle Endeavour’s mid-body. The tanks will be retained for possible future use on the agency’s Space Launch System Program.      The work is part of Endeavour’s transition and retirement processing. The spacecraft is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Endeavour flew 25 missions, spent 299 days in space, orbited Earth 4,671 times and traveled 122, 883, 151 miles over the course of its 19-year career. For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle. Photo credit: Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1880

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians remove the main propulsion system tanks from space shuttle Endeavour’s mid-b... more

Analyses Reveal Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures in 2015

Analyses Reveal Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures in 2015

2015 was the warmest year since modern record-keeping began in 1880, according to a new analysis by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. The record-breaking year continues a long-term warming trend — 15 ... more

S08-50-1880 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1880 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

41G-71-1880-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1880-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

S08-50-1890 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

S08-50-1890 - STS-008 - Earth observations taken during STS-8 mission

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-8 mission from the space shuttle Challenger. Subject Terms: EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) STS-8 Categories:... more

Earth Observation taken by the Expedition 33 crew

Earth Observation taken by the Expedition 33 crew

ISS033-E-018010 (3 Nov. 2012) --- Volcanoes in central Kamchatka are featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 33 crew member on the International Space Station. The snow-covered peaks of several vol... more

S09-37-1890 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-37-1890 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-9 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: E... more

New Zealand Glaciers

New Zealand Glaciers

New Zealand contains over 3,000 glaciers, most of which are in the Southern Alps on the South Island. Since 1890, the glaciers have been retreating, with short periods of small advances, as shown in this image ... more

S05-45-1890 - STS-005 - Blank

S05-45-1890 - STS-005 - Blank

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Blank (underexposed) Subject Terms: STS-5 Categories: Blank Interior_Exterior: Exterior Ground_Orbit: On-orbit Original: Film - 70MM CT Preservati... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, workers complete the mating of the two fairing segments around NASA's Kepler spacecraft for encapsulation. The fairing is a molded structure that fits flush with the outside surface of the rocket and forms an aerodynamically smooth nose cone, protecting the spacecraft during launch and ascent. The liftoff of Kepler aboard the Delta II rocket is currently targeted for launch in a window extending 10:49 to 10:52 p.m. EST March 6 from Pad 17-B. Kepler is designed to survey more than 100,000 stars in our galaxy to determine the number of sun-like stars that have Earth-size and larger planets, including those that lie in a star's "habitable zone," a region where liquid water, and perhaps life, could exist. If these Earth-size worlds do exist around stars like our sun, Kepler is expected to be the first to find them and the first to measure how common they are.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-2009-1890

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force ...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, workers complete the mating of the two fairing segments around NASA's Kepler spacecraft for encapsulation. The fairing i... more

Delta II MER-A Spirit Launch

Delta II MER-A Spirit Launch

As if perched on top of a candle, the Mars Exploration Rover known as “Spirit” is hurled into space on a Delta II rocket. Liftoff occurred on time at 1:58 p.m. EDT from Launch Complex 17-A, Cape Canaveral Air F... more

GSDO Crawler Tread Removal

GSDO Crawler Tread Removal

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Inside the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, ground support technicians attach crane lines to the treads on the C truck of crawler-transporter 2, or CT-... more

41G-71-1890-A_B - STS-41G

41G-71-1890-A_B - STS-41G

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41G

41B-37-1890 - STS-41B

41B-37-1890 - STS-41B

The original finding aid described this as: Preservation File Format: TIFF STS-41B

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, a United Space Alliance technician begins to move a cart containing one of the auxiliary power units that was removed from space shuttle Endeavour.     The work is part of Endeavour’s transition and retirement processing. The spacecraft is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Endeavour flew 25 missions, spent 299 days in space, orbited Earth 4,671 times and traveled 122, 883, 151 miles over the course of its 19-year career. For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle. Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1890

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, a United Space Alliance technician begins to move a cart containing one of the auxiliary power units that was ... more

Earth Observations taken by the Expedition 10 crew

Earth Observations taken by the Expedition 10 crew

ISS010-E-09287 (3 December 2004) --- Howland Island, Oceania is featured in this digital image photographed by an Expedition 10 crewmember on the International Space Station (ISS). Howland Island is a United St... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedom Star leaves the dock at Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and heads back to its home base at the Turn Basin at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The ship recently retrieved a booster that was used during space shuttle Discovery's STS-133 launch from Kennedy's Launch Pad 39A on Feb. 24. The shuttle’s two solid rocket booster casings and associated flight hardware are recovered in the Atlantic Ocean after every launch by Liberty Star and Freedom Star.      The boosters impact the Atlantic about seven minutes after liftoff and the retrieval ships are stationed about 10 miles from the impact area at the time of splashdown.  After the spent segments are processed, they will be transported to Utah, where they will be refurbished and stored, if needed. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann KSC-2011-1890

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedo...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Solid Rocket Booster Retrieval Ship Freedom Star leaves the dock at Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and heads back to its home base at the Turn Basin at NASA's Kennedy ... more

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Seen  at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, this nine-banded armadillo may be looking for food.  Introduced to Florida in the early 1900's, this species is found statewide in areas with dense ground cover and sandy soil. Nine bands of plates cover the body from shoulder to hip and 12 bands cover the long tail. It has a small, tapered head and snout and a long tongue. Its ears are long and hairless. It has sparse white hairs on its belly. Its diet is composed of insects, especially beetles, and other invertebrates plus some plant foods such as cedars and beautyberries. It is primarily nocturnal, sedentary, solitary and a burrower. It digs a series of dens. The multiple entrances are usually protected by stumps, palmettos, or trees. Many other animals also use armadillo dens.  KSC shares a boundary with the Merritt Island Wildlife Nature Refuge. The refuge is a habitat for more than 310 species of birds, 25 mammals, 117 fishes and 65 amphibians and reptiles. In addition, the Refuge supports 19 endangered or threatened wildlife species on Federal or State lists, more than any other single refuge in the U.S.  Photo credit: NASA/Ken Thornsley KSC-07pd0147

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Seen at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, t...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Seen at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, this nine-banded armadillo may be looking for food. Introduced to Florida in the early 1900's, this species is found statewide in areas with... more

St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland

St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland

Description This strongly oblique (from the side) view shows the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga in the late afternoon. At this time of day, sunglint—the reflection of sunlight into the camera lens—distinguishe... more

S09-37-1900 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

S09-37-1900 - STS-009 - Earth observations taken by the STS-9 crew

The original finding aid described this as: Description: Earth observations taken during the STS-9 mission from the space shuttle Columbia. Subject Terms: STS-9 EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE) Categories: E... more

OCO-2 Fairings being hoisted into MST

OCO-2 Fairings being hoisted into MST

VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. – Half of the fairing for NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 mission, or OCO-2, is lifted up the side of the mobile service tower at Space Launch Complex 2 on Vandenberg Air ... more

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Coop Project: Federal National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Seen  at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, this nine-banded armadillo may be looking for food.  Introduced to Florida in the early 1900's, this species is found statewide in areas with dense ground cover and sandy soil. Nine bands of plates cover the body from shoulder to hip and 12 bands cover the long tail. It has a small, tapered head and snout and a long tongue. Its ears are long and hairless. It has sparse white hairs on its belly. Its diet is composed of insects, especially beetles, and other invertebrates plus some plant foods such as cedars and beautyberries. It is primarily nocturnal, sedentary, solitary and a burrower. It digs a series of dens. The multiple entrances are usually protected by stumps, palmettos, or trees. Many other animals also use armadillo dens.  KSC shares a boundary with the Merritt Island Wildlife Nature Refuge. The refuge is a habitat for more than 310 species of birds, 25 mammals, 117 fishes and 65 amphibians and reptiles. In addition, the Refuge supports 19 endangered or threatened wildlife species on Federal or State lists, more than any other single refuge in the U.S.  Photo credit: NASA/Ken Thornsley KSC-07pd0148

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Seen at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, t...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Seen at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, this nine-banded armadillo may be looking for food. Introduced to Florida in the early 1900's, this species is found statewide in areas with... more