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352 media by topicpage 1 of 4

Double the pilots, double the trouble

Description: (1920) Goggles at the ready, this Langley test pilot and engineer conducted research business high above the ground. In the early years, the flight research team was usually made up of a test pilot... more

The NACA's First Wind Tunnel

Description (April 1, 1921) The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)'s first wind tunnel, located at Langley Field in Hampton, VA, was an open-circuit wind tunnel completed in 1920. Essentially a ... more

Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" Aircraft With Model Wing Suspended

Description (June 22, 1921) Active aircraft biplane, NACA 29-38131, with model wing suspended during flight...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00130

Variable Density Tunnel

Description (February 3, 1922) The Variable Density Tunnel arrives by rail from the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. The Tunnel was installed at Langley...Center: LARC .Image # : L-1990-04352

Hangar construction

Description (August 1, 1922) Hangar construction at Langley in 1922...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00339


(June 1, 1922) Workmen in the patternmakers' shop manufacture a wing skeleton for a Thomas-Morse MB-3 airplane for pressure distribution studies in flight, June 1922...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00184

Paul King and the Vought VE-7

Description: (October 17, 1925) Clad in a fur lined leather flying suit with oxygen facepiece, NACA test pilot Paul King prepares to take to the air in a Vought VE-7...Center: LARC .Image # : L-01118

Boeing NB-1

Description (October 12, 1926) Boeing NB-1: Designed as a primary trainer for the U. S. Navy, the Boeing NB-1 was used by the NACA at Langley starting in October 1926. The float-quipped example used by the NACA... more

Max M. Munk

Description: (June 1, 1926) Michael Max Munk served as the NACA's Chief of Aerodynamics at what is now Langley Research Center. During his time at the NACA, Munk made a number of contributions to the field of a... more

Sperry M-1 Messenger

Description (1927) A Langley researcher ponders the future, in mid-1927, of the Sperry M-1 Messenger, the first full-scale airplane tested in the Propeller Research Tunnel. Standing in the exit cone is Elton W.... more

Weick, Lindbergh, and Hamilton

(June 1, 1927) Fred E. Weick, head of the Propeller Research Tunnel section, 1925-1929, in rear cockpit. Charles Lindbergh in front. Tom Hamilton is standing. ..Center: LARC .Image # : L-1990-03736

Wright WF3W-1 Apache

Description (May 19, 1927) Wright WF3W-1 Apache: In its seaplane configuration, an NACA crew prepares the Wright XF3W-1 Apache for take off from the Little Back River. The Apache was used for engine and cowling... more

Making airplanes

Description: (1928) Langley metal workers fabricated NACA cowlings for early test installations. Cowlings reduced drag and increased aircraft performance...Center: LARC.Image # : L-03412

Curtiss Hawk

Description (1928) Curtiss Hawk with NACA Cowling in 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03018

Curtiss Racer

Description: (February 1928) James H. Doolittle, the NACA's last chairman, visited Langley in February 1928 in his Curtiss Racer, the plane in which he won the 1925 Schneider Trophy Race. Photograph published ... more

NACA Cowling #10

Description (September 1, 1928) Drag can present a major problem for aircraft and many of Langley's early research was focused upon reducing aircraft drag. One method was to place a cowling or covering over the... more

Metal shop

Description: (1928) At work in the metal shop making engine cowlings. The cowlings smoothed airflow over the engine and reduced drag. This increased speed and fuel efficiency...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03332

Henry Reid at his desk

Description: (April 1928) The youthful engineer-in-charge Henry J.E. Reid sits at his desk, April 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-02357

Vought O2U-1 Corsair

Description (August 2, 1928) Vought O2U-1 Corsair: Suspended from the roof of the NACA's hangar at Langley Field, this Vought O2U-1 Corsair retains its float undercarriage, a contrast to other O2Us flown by the... more

Curtiss Hawk

Description (October 12, 1928) Army Curtiss Hawk with NACA cowling. This Curtiss AT-5A is equipped to test a NACA cowling, November 1928. It was the work done on the NACA cowling which brought Langley the Colli... more

Amelia Earhart Visits NACA (And Gets Her Coat Caught in a Wind Tunnel!)

Description (November 5, 1928) Group photo on steps of Langley Research Building in 1928. front row, left to right: E.A. Meyers, Elton Miller, Amelia Earhart, Henry Reid, and Lt. Col. Jacob W.S. Wuest. Back row... more

Curtiss AT-5a with NACA Cowling

Description (October 12, 1928) The NACA cowling as applied to a Curtiss AT-5A at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, October 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03019

Variable Density Wind Tunnel

Description (February 14, 1928) View of the interior of the exit cone of the Variable-Density Tunnel (VDT) during its brief period of operation as an open throat design. After the fire, the VDT section engineer... more

Metal workers

Description: (1929) Metal workers welding pipe pause for the camera in this 1929 view...Center: LARC .Image # : L-01136

Variable Density Wind Tunnel

Description: (March 15, 1929) Left to right: Eastman Jacobs, Shorty Defoe, Malvern Powell, and Harold Turner. In this photo taken on March 15, 1929, a quartet of NACA staff conduct tests on airfoils in the Vari... more

Langley Laboratory Annual Picnic, Buckroe Beach

Description: (July 1, 1929) Langley Laboratory Annual Picnic, Buckroe Beach -- On the barrel to the left is Edward R. Ray Sharp, a future engineer in charge of the NACA's Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in ... more

Fokker Trimotor, 1929

Description (1929) The Langley flight crew installs an experimental low-drag cowling on the Fokker trimotor, 1929. Such cowlings increased fuel efficiency and overall performance...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03333

Pearl I. Young

Description (March 29, 1929) Pearl I. Young, the NACA's first female professional, at work in the instrument research laboratory circa 1929. Photograph published in Winds of Change, 75th Anniversary NASA publi... more

5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (September 18, 1930) Construction of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel. The 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel was built to study spinning characteristics of aircraft. It was an open throat tunnel capable of a m... more

Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter

Description (June 18, 1930) In June of 1930 this Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter was photographed on the tarmac in front of the Langley hangar. The first successful helicopters, however, appeared in Europe later in ... more

Full Scale Tunnel (FST) and Seaplane Tow Channel

Description (August 15, 1930) Installation of Careystone covering at the Full-Scale Tunnel (FST) facility. The corrugated concrete and asbestos panels (1/4 inch thick; 42 inches wide; 62 inches long) which were... more

Full Scale Tunnel (FST) and Seaplane Tow Channel [Exterior]

Description (August 15, 1930) Installation of Careystone covering at the Full-Scale Tunnel (FST) facility. The corrugated concrete and asbestos panels (1/4 inch thick; 42 inches wide; 62 inches long) which were... more

Model of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (January 11, 1930) Model of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel. Carl Wenzinger and Thomas Harris wrote in NACA TR 387: "The vertical open-throat wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aero... more

Original NACA Hangars

Description (1931) The original NACA hangars, 1931. The aircraft parked to the right is the Fairchild owned by the NACA. Just outside the hangar door is a modified Ford Model A that was used to start aircraft ... more

NACA Airfoils: Variable Density Tunnel

Description (February 21, 1931) By August 1929, tests in the Variable Density Tunnel had derived the family of airfoils NACA 0006 through NACA 6721, shown here in cross-section. Published in James R. Hansen, En... more

5-foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (July 12, 1932) The researcher is sitting above the exit cone of the 5-foot Vertical Wind Tunnel and is examining the new 6-component spinning balance. This balance was developed between 1930 and 19... more

NACA & Charles Lindbergh

Description: (May 23, 1934) Eight of the twelve members of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics attending the 9th Annual Aircraft Engineering Research Conference posed for this photograph at Langley ... more

Fairchild 22

Description (January 16, 1936) Fairchild 22: This is one of the hardest aircraft to identify in Langley's past, as it appeared in numerous guises. Built as a standard Fairchild 22, the NACA changed the wing, th... more

30 x 60 Full Scale Tunnel

(May 28, 1938) Langley woodworkers shape the 30 x 60 Full Scale Tunnel's enormous twin fan blades. At right, wood is roughed into shape from the laminated blanks, and at left, another set of blades is given a f... more

Spin Models

Description: (October 11, 1939) Spin models under construction in the model shop of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Langley Field, Virginia in 1939. These models would be placed in the Spin T... more

12 Foot Free-Flight Wind Tunnel

Description: The 12 Foot Free-Flight Wind Tunnel is a steel sphere 60 feet in diameter and can be supplied with air compressed up to two or more atmospheres in which the operators will work. A decompression cha... more

Sikorsky XPBS-1

Description (July 25, 1939) Sikorsky XPBS-1: The Sikorsky XPBS-1 was a large four-engined flying boat ordered by the Navy in 1935. Although never ordered into production, the NACA evaluated the craft in 1938. M... more

20-Foot Spin Tunnel

Description (August 20, 1941) Data from tests of over 300 different models in Langley's free-spinning tunnels which enabled the NACA by the end of the war to establish tail design requirements for satisfactory ... more

Zimmerman V-173

Description (November 28, 1941) View of the Vought-Sikorsky V-173 airplane mounted in the Full Scale Wind Tunnel. Shows the prototype "Zimmer Skimmer" or "Flying Pancake" on which the XF5U w... more

Experimental Low-Drag Test Panel on Douglas B-18

Description (1941) In the spring of 1941 Langley installed an experimental low-drag test panel on the wing of a Douglas B-18 airplane. The panel was fitted with suction slots and pressure tubes for a free fligh... more

Piper J-3L50 Cub

Description (April 16, 1942) Piper J-3L50 Cub: The Piper J-3 Cub was evaluated at Langley by the NACA in late 1939 to early 1940. The J-3 was used by many World War II pilots as the airplane in which they were ... more

Consolidated B-24D Liberator

Description (July 31, 1943) Consolidated B-24D Liberator: The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was the most numerous American bomber of World War II (over 18,000 were produced). The NACA flew this B-24D at Langley b... more

Stability Tunnel

Description: (March 10, 1943) Engineers operate the controls of the Stability Tunnel. Plans for a new tunnel to study stability problems began in the late thirties. The Stability Tunnel was authorized in 1939 a... more

Research pilots with P-47 Thunderbolt Fighter

Description: (1945) Langley research pilots (from left) Mel Gough, Herb Hoover, Jack Reeder, Steve Cavallo and Bill Gray stand in front of a P-47 Thunderbolt Fighter in this 1945 photo at Langley...Center: LARC... more

Flying Boat Construction

(April 24, 1946) Technicians at Langley installing flaps and wiring on a flying-boat model, circa 1944...Image # : L-46826

John Stack

Description: (July 9, 1946) John Stack, head of Compressibility Research Division, was a hard charging, persuasive man whose attitude toward unproven technology was usually, "Let's try the damn thing and s... more

Wing Flow Method

Description (January 19, 1946) Semispan airplane model and flow-direction vane mounted on wing of P-51D airplane for transonic tests by wing-flow method.

Boeing B-29

Description (1946) Boeing B-29 long range bomber model was tested for ditching characteristics in the Langley Tank No. 2 early in 1946.

First NACA test pilot: Howard Clifton Lilly

Description: (1949) In August 1947, Howard Clifton Lilly became the first permanently assigned NACA engineering test pilot at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' Muroc Flight Test Unit at what late... more

NACA Muroc Employees With a Snowman

Description (November 15, 1949) The late 1940s saw increased flight activity, and more women computers were needed at the NACA Muroc Flight Test Unit than the ones who had originally arrived in 1946. A call wen... more

16 Foot High Speed Tunnel

Description (March 15, 1949) Photograph of the 16 Foot High Speed Tunnel at Langley with Building 1146 in foreground...Image # : L-64729

8 Foot High Speed Wind Tunnel

Description: (June 13, 1950) Because the slots he was designing opened directly into the 8 foot High Speed Tunnel's hazardous igloo-shaped test chamber, where high levels of pressure, temperature, and noise wou... more

E17 Drag Research Model

Description: (September 8, 1950) Technician Durwood Dereng prepares to pull the external-power plug from an E17 drag-research model at Wallops, September 8, 1950...Center: GSFC WF .Image # : L-67386

19 foot Pressure Wind Tunnel

Description (March 15, 1950) Guide vanes in the 19 foot Pressure Wind Tunnel at Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, form an ellipse 33 feet high and 47 feet wide. The 2... more

Double Trouble

Description (May 5, 1951) North American XP-82 (XF-82) Twin Mustang: In the early 1950s, the NACA used this XP-82 Twin Mustang for its drop-body tests. A test body is shown in the rack underneath the Twin Musta... more

Kitty Joyner - Electrical Engineer

Description (April 7, 1952) Kitty Joyner, electrical engineer, at Langley in 1952...Image # : L-74800

Walter C. Williams

Description: (August 21, 1954) Walter C. Williams was Chief of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's flight research organization on Edwards Air... more

Richard Whitcomb examines model

Description: (April 20, 1955) In the 8 foot High-Speed Tunnel in April 1955, Richard Whitcomb examines a model designed in accordance with his transonic area rule...Richard T Whitcomb, a young aerodynamicist at... more

Melvin Gough at the Tail of a NACA Lockheed Plane

Melvin Gough at the Tail of a NACA Lockheed Plane

Lockheed C-141 Model in TDT

(November 16, 1962) Lockheed C-141 model in the Transonic Dynamics Tunnel (TDT). By the late 1940s, with the advent of relatively thin, flexible aircraft wings, the need was recognized for testing dynamically a... more

Mars Mission: Viking I on Titan III Centaur Rocket Launch

Description: (August 20, 1975) Launch of the Mars mission Viking I payload on Titan III Centaur rocket. The interplanetary cruise phase of the Viking spacecraft lasted 310 days until Mars orbit insertion. The V... more


The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 11/22/1976 Photographer: DONALD HUEBLER Keywords: Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

Controlled Impact Demonstration instrumented test dummies installed in plane. EC84-28307

Controlled Impact Demonstration instrumented test dummies installed in plane.

NASA Langley Research Center NACA Reunion XII

Description (May 2008) The 12th and Final NACA Reunion took place at the NASA Langley Research Center, which was established as the first NACA facility in 1917 as the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. N... more

NASA Employees Like to Have Fun with Chalk

Date April 28, 2009.Description: Mysterious chalkings have been reported throughout NASA Langley Research Center. The puzzling messages appeared overnight and urge employees to take bizarre actions, such as smi... more