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485 media by topicpage 1 of 5

The Wright Brothers' First Heavier-than-air Flight

Description (December 17, 1903) On December 17, 1903, at 10:30am at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, this airplane arose for a few seconds to make the first powered, heavier-than-air controlled flight in history. Th... more

First meeting of NACA in 1915

Description: The first meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in the Office of The Secretary Of War April 23, 1915. Brig. Gen. George P. Scriven was elected as the temporary Chairman ... more

George Lewis, NACA Director of Research

Description: George W. Lewis, director of research for the NACA from 1919 to 1947"in Engineer in Charge p 26. ..Identifier NIX-EL-1997-00143

Double the pilots, double the trouble

Description: (1920) Goggles at the ready, this Langley test pilot and engineer conducted research business high above the ground. In the early years, the flight research team was usually made up of a test pilot... more

Langley First Wind Tunnel

The honeycombed, screened center of this open-circuit air intake for Langley's first wind tunnel insured a steady, nonturbulent flow of air. Two mechanics pose near the entrance end of the actual tunnel, where ... more

Joseph Ames

Dr. Joseph Sweetman Ames at his desk at the NACA headquarters. Dr. Ames was a founding member of NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics), appointed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1915. Ames took on N... more

The NACA's First Wind Tunnel

Description (April 1, 1921) The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)'s first wind tunnel, located at Langley Field in Hampton, VA, was an open-circuit wind tunnel completed in 1920. Essentially a ... more

Atmospheric Wind Tunnel #1

(May 22, 1921) Test section and balance for Atmospheric Wind Tunnel (AWT) #1. The 5 foot diameter circular test section and control room of NACA Tunnel No. 1. A Curtiss "Jenny" model can be seen mount... more

Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" Aircraft With Model Wing Suspended

Description (June 22, 1921) Active aircraft biplane, NACA 29-38131, with model wing suspended during flight...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00130

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Meeting

Description: The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in session at Washington to discuss plans to place America foremost in the development of aviation. A report was heard from Dr. Ames, chairman of the... more

Variable Density Tunnel

Description (February 3, 1922) The Variable Density Tunnel arrives by rail from the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. The Tunnel was installed at Langley...Center: LARC .Image # : L-1990-04352

Hangar construction

Description (August 1, 1922) Hangar construction at Langley in 1922...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00339

John F. Victory

(c. 1922) John F. Victory (1892-1974) was the NACA's first employee and the only executive secretary it ever had...Image # : L-1990-03731

Patternmakers

(June 1, 1922) Workmen in the patternmakers' shop manufacture a wing skeleton for a Thomas-Morse MB-3 airplane for pressure distribution studies in flight, June 1922...Center: LARC .Image # : L-00184

Paul King and the Vought VE-7

Description: (October 17, 1925) Clad in a fur lined leather flying suit with oxygen facepiece, NACA test pilot Paul King prepares to take to the air in a Vought VE-7...Center: LARC .Image # : L-01118

Boeing NB-1

Description (October 12, 1926) Boeing NB-1: Designed as a primary trainer for the U. S. Navy, the Boeing NB-1 was used by the NACA at Langley starting in October 1926. The float-quipped example used by the NACA... more

Max M. Munk

Description: (June 1, 1926) Michael Max Munk served as the NACA's Chief of Aerodynamics at what is now Langley Research Center. During his time at the NACA, Munk made a number of contributions to the field of a... more

Sperry M-1 Messenger

Description (1927) A Langley researcher ponders the future, in mid-1927, of the Sperry M-1 Messenger, the first full-scale airplane tested in the Propeller Research Tunnel. Standing in the exit cone is Elton W.... more

Weick, Lindbergh, and Hamilton

(June 1, 1927) Fred E. Weick, head of the Propeller Research Tunnel section, 1925-1929, in rear cockpit. Charles Lindbergh in front. Tom Hamilton is standing. ..Center: LARC .Image # : L-1990-03736

NACA Langely Administrative Office

Description: (1927) Langley administrative office in. Note the blueprints on the table at right lower corner, and rubber stamp tree on the man's desk in left foreground...Image # : L-02204

Wright WF3W-1 Apache

Description (May 19, 1927) Wright WF3W-1 Apache: In its seaplane configuration, an NACA crew prepares the Wright XF3W-1 Apache for take off from the Little Back River. The Apache was used for engine and cowling... more

Making airplanes

Description: (1928) Langley metal workers fabricated NACA cowlings for early test installations. Cowlings reduced drag and increased aircraft performance...Center: LARC.Image # : L-03412

Curtiss Hawk

Description (1928) Curtiss Hawk with NACA Cowling in 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03018

Curtiss Racer

Description: (February 1928) James H. Doolittle, the NACA's last chairman, visited Langley in February 1928 in his Curtiss Racer, the plane in which he won the 1925 Schneider Trophy Race. Photograph published ... more

NACA Cowling #10

Description (September 1, 1928) Drag can present a major problem for aircraft and many of Langley's early research was focused upon reducing aircraft drag. One method was to place a cowling or covering over the... more

Metal shop

Description: (1928) At work in the metal shop making engine cowlings. The cowlings smoothed airflow over the engine and reduced drag. This increased speed and fuel efficiency...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03332

Henry Reid at his desk

Description: (April 1928) The youthful engineer-in-charge Henry J.E. Reid sits at his desk, April 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-02357

Vought O2U-1 Corsair

Description (August 2, 1928) Vought O2U-1 Corsair: Suspended from the roof of the NACA's hangar at Langley Field, this Vought O2U-1 Corsair retains its float undercarriage, a contrast to other O2Us flown by the... more

Curtiss Hawk

Description (October 12, 1928) Army Curtiss Hawk with NACA cowling. This Curtiss AT-5A is equipped to test a NACA cowling, November 1928. It was the work done on the NACA cowling which brought Langley the Colli... more

Amelia Earhart Visits NACA (And Gets Her Coat Caught in a Wind Tunnel!)

Description (November 5, 1928) Group photo on steps of Langley Research Building in 1928. front row, left to right: E.A. Meyers, Elton Miller, Amelia Earhart, Henry Reid, and Lt. Col. Jacob W.S. Wuest. Back row... more

Curtiss AT-5a with NACA Cowling

Description (October 12, 1928) The NACA cowling as applied to a Curtiss AT-5A at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, October 1928...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03019

Variable Density Wind Tunnel

Description (February 14, 1928) View of the interior of the exit cone of the Variable-Density Tunnel (VDT) during its brief period of operation as an open throat design. After the fire, the VDT section engineer... more

Metal workers

Description: (1929) Metal workers welding pipe pause for the camera in this 1929 view...Center: LARC .Image # : L-01136

Variable Density Wind Tunnel

Description: (March 15, 1929) Left to right: Eastman Jacobs, Shorty Defoe, Malvern Powell, and Harold Turner. In this photo taken on March 15, 1929, a quartet of NACA staff conduct tests on airfoils in the Vari... more

Langley Laboratory Annual Picnic, Buckroe Beach

Description: (July 1, 1929) Langley Laboratory Annual Picnic, Buckroe Beach -- On the barrel to the left is Edward R. Ray Sharp, a future engineer in charge of the NACA's Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in ... more

Collier Trophy presentation 1929

Description: (April 10, 1929) President Herbert Hoover presents the Collier Trophy to Joseph Ames, chairman of the NACA in 1929. Three years later, as part of his plan to increase efficiency in government, Hoov... more

Fokker Trimotor, 1929

Description (1929) The Langley flight crew installs an experimental low-drag cowling on the Fokker trimotor, 1929. Such cowlings increased fuel efficiency and overall performance...Center: LARC .Image # : L-03333

Pearl I. Young

Description (March 29, 1929) Pearl I. Young, the NACA's first female professional, at work in the instrument research laboratory circa 1929. Photograph published in Winds of Change, 75th Anniversary NASA publi... more

The NASA Ames 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel

As tall as a 10 story building, this towering bank of vanes turns the air smoothly around one of the four corners of the world's largest wind tunnel. This tunnel which has a test section 40 feet high and 80 fee... more

5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (September 18, 1930) Construction of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel. The 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel was built to study spinning characteristics of aircraft. It was an open throat tunnel capable of a m... more

Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter

Description (June 18, 1930) In June of 1930 this Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter was photographed on the tarmac in front of the Langley hangar. The first successful helicopters, however, appeared in Europe later in ... more

Full Scale Tunnel (FST) and Seaplane Tow Channel

Description (August 15, 1930) Installation of Careystone covering at the Full-Scale Tunnel (FST) facility. The corrugated concrete and asbestos panels (1/4 inch thick; 42 inches wide; 62 inches long) which were... more

Full Scale Tunnel (FST) and Seaplane Tow Channel [Exterior]

Description (August 15, 1930) Installation of Careystone covering at the Full-Scale Tunnel (FST) facility. The corrugated concrete and asbestos panels (1/4 inch thick; 42 inches wide; 62 inches long) which were... more

Model of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (January 11, 1930) Model of 5-Foot Vertical Wind Tunnel. Carl Wenzinger and Thomas Harris wrote in NACA TR 387: "The vertical open-throat wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aero... more

Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter

In June of 1930 this Curtiss Bleeker Helicopter was photographed on the tarmac in front of the Langley hangar. The first successful helicopters, however, appeared in Europe later in the decade. (Image # L-04608)

Original NACA Hangars

Description (1931) The original NACA hangars, 1931. The aircraft parked to the right is the Fairchild owned by the NACA. Just outside the hangar door is a modified Ford Model A that was used to start aircraft ... more

NACA Airfoils: Variable Density Tunnel

Description (February 21, 1931) By August 1929, tests in the Variable Density Tunnel had derived the family of airfoils NACA 0006 through NACA 6721, shown here in cross-section. Published in James R. Hansen, En... more

NACA Boeing model 15

May 16, 1932: The Boeing Model 15 - the Boeing PW-9 aircraft. It arrived at NACA Langley in January 1927 and was tested in the Full-Scale Tunnel which was demolished in 2010. In the background is the original h... more

Fairchild 22

Description (April 25, 1932) Hartley Soule stands in front of this Fairchild 22 with a leading edge high lift device installed for flight testing. This was the first of three Fairchild 22s to be used by the NAC... more

5-foot Vertical Wind Tunnel

Description (July 12, 1932) The researcher is sitting above the exit cone of the 5-foot Vertical Wind Tunnel and is examining the new 6-component spinning balance. This balance was developed between 1930 and 19... more

The Dirigible Hanger at Moffett Field

This is a view of the huge dirigible hangar with doors open at both ends at the NASA Ames Reserach Center, Moffett Field, California. Lockheed Missiles and Space Company under contract to the NASA-Marshall Spac... more

The Boeing P-26A

The Boeing P-26A fighter mounted in the 30 x 60 Full Scale Tunnel in 1934. Nicknamed the "Peashooter," it was the first Army fighter to be constructed entirely of metal and to employ the low-wing mono... more

Weick W-1

Fred Weick designed the W-1 with tricycle landing gear. It is shown here in the Full Scale Tunnel in March 1934.

Weick W-1A of 1934

(1934) Fred Weick's homebuilt W-1A of 1934, one of the first aircraft to employ tricycle landing gear. Weick and a group of nine other Langley engineers built this small experimental airplane in their spare tim... more

NACA & Charles Lindbergh

Description: (May 23, 1934) Eight of the twelve members of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics attending the 9th Annual Aircraft Engineering Research Conference posed for this photograph at Langley ... more

Fairchild 22

Description (January 16, 1936) Fairchild 22: This is one of the hardest aircraft to identify in Langley's past, as it appeared in numerous guises. Built as a standard Fairchild 22, the NACA changed the wing, th... more

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

Description: (October 20, 1938) At this meeting Dr. Joesph S. Ames, President Emeritus of John Hopkins University, was re-elected Chairman, and Dr. Vannevar Bush, President- elect of the Carnegie Institution of... more

30 x 60 Full Scale Tunnel

(May 28, 1938) Langley woodworkers shape the 30 x 60 Full Scale Tunnel's enormous twin fan blades. At right, wood is roughed into shape from the laminated blanks, and at left, another set of blades is given a f... more

Spin Models

Description: (October 11, 1939) Spin models under construction in the model shop of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Langley Field, Virginia in 1939. These models would be placed in the Spin T... more

Sikorsky XPBS-1

Description (July 25, 1939) Sikorsky XPBS-1: The Sikorsky XPBS-1 was a large four-engined flying boat ordered by the Navy in 1935. Although never ordered into production, the NACA evaluated the craft in 1938. M... more

Langley Photographer NACA Annual Committee meeting: All Members present - including C Abbot, Arnold, Briggs, Bush, Hester and Lindbergh Ref: Langley No. LMAL-188872 ARC-1939-A85-0125

Langley Photographer NACA Annual Committee meeting: All Members present - including C Abbot, Arnold, Briggs, Bush, Hester and Lindbergh Ref: Langley No. LMAL-188872

High-ranking NACA men looking serious

Description: (November 16, 1940) Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab: L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood, Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Au... more

Franklin D. Roosevelt at Langley 1940

(July 29, 1940) President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Langley Field on July 29, 1940. View of President Roosevelt in a car inside a NACA hangar, two unidentified men stand behind the car, and the wing of a pl... more

NACA Employees Looking Sharp For a Staff Photo at Ames

Description (April 29, 1940) Arriving Engineers were John Parsons and Ferril Nickle (January 29, 1940) They were the first permanent members of the laboratory's staff on site. Other early arrivals from Langley ... more

NACA Employees

Description(March 19, 1940) NACA Ames Personnel: Front Row; John Parsons, Manie Poole, Edward Sharp, Back Row; Carlson Bioletti, Ferril Nickle, Arthur Freeman, R J Clark..Raw Image # : M-285

Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab: L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood, Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Author B. Freeman, Carlton Bioletti ARC-1969-M-926

Dr George W. Lewis, NACA Director of Aeronautical Research (1929-1947) first visit to Ames Lab: L-R; John Parsons, William Mc Avoy, Donald H. Wood, Dr. Lewis, S. J. DeFrance, Author B. Freeman, Carlton Bioletti

20-Foot Spin Tunnel

Description (August 20, 1941) Data from tests of over 300 different models in Langley's free-spinning tunnels which enabled the NACA by the end of the war to establish tail design requirements for satisfactory ... more

Zimmerman V-173

Description (November 28, 1941) View of the Vought-Sikorsky V-173 airplane mounted in the Full Scale Wind Tunnel. Shows the prototype "Zimmer Skimmer" or "Flying Pancake" on which the XF5U w... more

Experimental Low-Drag Test Panel on Douglas B-18

Description (1941) In the spring of 1941 Langley installed an experimental low-drag test panel on the wing of a Douglas B-18 airplane. The panel was fitted with suction slots and pressure tubes for a free fligh... more

Groundbreaking for the NACA’s Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory

Local politicians and National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) officials were on hand for the January 23, 1941 groundbreaking for the NACA’s Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory (AERL). The NACA was e... more

NACA photographer Lockheed 12A icing research airplane: with heated wings ARC-1941-AAL-1166

NACA photographer Lockheed 12A icing research airplane: with heated wings

NACA Photographer 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 construction at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1246

NACA Photographer 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 construction at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer Construction of the 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1251

NACA Photographer Construction of the 7x10ft Wind Tunnel and Lab #2 at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer installng propeller blades in 7x10ft#1 w.t. N-215 ARC-1941-AAL-1253

NACA Photographer installng propeller blades in 7x10ft#1 w.t. N-215

NACA Photographer N-216; 7x10ft#2 Wind Tunnel being constructed at the Ames Research Center, California ARC-1941-AAL-1341

NACA Photographer N-216; 7x10ft#2 Wind Tunnel being constructed at the Ames Research Center, California

NACA Photographer NASA Ames De-icing project: diagram of the systems using exhaust-heated air to prevent icing on the Lockheed 12A wings Published: Adventures in Research SP-4302 ARC-1941-AAL-1352

NACA Photographer NASA Ames De-icing project: diagram of the systems using exhaust-heated air to prevent icing on the Lockheed 12A wings Published: Adventures in Research SP-4302

NACA photographer Ice Reearch being conducted at NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory on a Lockheed 12-A, NACA 97; test #4, ice on tell-tale strut in flight ARC-1941-AAL-1697

NACA photographer Ice Reearch being conducted at NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory on a Lockheed 12-A, NACA 97; test #4, ice on tell-tale strut in flight

NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory aerial; 16ft, 7X10ft#1, 7x10ft#2 wind tunnels, Technical Services Bldg N-220, Utilities later Electrical Services Bldg N-219 and construction on the Science Laboratory, later Engineering Services Bldg N-203 ARC-1941-AAL-1731

NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory aerial; 16ft, 7X10ft#1, 7x10ft#2 wind tunnels, Technical Services Bldg N-220, Utilities later Electrical Services Bldg N-219 and construction on the Science Laboratory, later E... more

NACA Ames 7x10 Wind Tunnel

Description (April 1, 1942) A scale model is being prepared for study in one of the 7 x 10 Foot Wind Tunnels at the NACA Ames Aeronautical Laboratory...Identifier: GPN-2000-001822

Piper J-3L50 Cub

Description (April 16, 1942) Piper J-3L50 Cub: The Piper J-3 Cub was evaluated at Langley by the NACA in late 1939 to early 1940. The J-3 was used by many World War II pilots as the airplane in which they were ... more

16 Foot High Speed Wind Tunnel

Description(February 8, 1942) 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section.

Interior View of Drafting Room in ERB

Description: (September 21, 1942) Interior view of Drafting Room in Engine Research Building showing men at work at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory. This building was considered the research heart of NA... more

NACA Photographer - 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section ARC-1942-AAL-1854

NACA Photographer - 16ft High Speed Wind Tunnel downstream view through cooling tower section

NACA photographer General view test chamber in the 7x10ft wind tunnel at NASA Ames Research center with test engineers ARC-1942-AAL-1813

NACA photographer General view test chamber in the 7x10ft wind tunnel at NASA Ames Research center with test engineers

NACA Photographer Douglas XSB2D-1 model WBHV-t in 7x10ft w.t. at Ames Research Center, CA 3/4 right front view ARC-1942-AAL-1844

NACA Photographer Douglas XSB2D-1 model WBHV-t in 7x10ft w.t. at Ames Research Center, CA 3/4 right front view

NACA Ames Research Center 7x10_foot Wind Tunnel test of the Douglas XSB2D-1 model ARC-1942-AAL-1986

NACA Ames Research Center 7x10_foot Wind Tunnel test of the Douglas XSB2D-1 model

Model of the NACA's Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory during its Construction

Zella Morewitz poses with a model of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory, currently the NASA Glenn Research Center. The model was displayed in the Administ... more

NACA Ames Photograpeher Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 11 deg. (tuft studies) ARC-1942-AAL-2994

NACA Ames Photograpeher Lockheed P-38 model in 40x80ft w.t. with revised twisted wing at 11 deg. (tuft studies)

Fuels and Lubes Research Operations

Description (August 19, 1943) Staff testing chemical properties of fuels and lubricants at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in Cleveland Ohio, now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field...... more

Consolidated B-24D Liberator

Description (July 31, 1943) Consolidated B-24D Liberator: The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was the most numerous American bomber of World War II (over 18,000 were produced). The NACA flew this B-24D at Langley b... more

P-51 Mustang in Full Scale Tunnel

A P-51 Mustang in the Full Scale Tunnel at Langley Aeronautical Laboratory...(September 23, 1943)

Stability Tunnel

Description: (March 10, 1943) Engineers operate the controls of the Stability Tunnel. Plans for a new tunnel to study stability problems began in the late thirties. The Stability Tunnel was authorized in 1939 a... more

Computers reading from the Manometer Board of the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data - reading manometer board

Computers processing data from the 16 Foot Wind Tunnel at Ames Research Center.

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data

Computers calculating data from teh Ames 16 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Computers' at work in 16ft wind tunnel - calculating test data

Aerial View Of The Site From The 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel At Nasa Ames Research Center.

(03/12/1943) Aerial view of the site from the 40x80 wind tunnel At NASA Ames Research Center. Site includes the 16 foot and 7x10 wind tunnels in the background. Building 200 also under construction. Framing f... more

NACA Photographer - North American XP-51B Airplane with outer wing panels removed and ready for testing in Ames 16 foot wind tunnel. ARC-1943-AAL-3782

NACA Photographer - North American XP-51B Airplane with outer wing panels removed and ready for testing in Ames 16 foot wind tunnel.

Construction of the Ames Full-Scale 40x80ft Wind tunnel. - side view of entrance cone, blimp in background ARC-1943-AFST-37

Construction of the Ames Full-Scale 40x80ft Wind tunnel. - side view of entrance cone, blimp in background

Panarama from Navy air ship dock showing NACA Ames grounds ARC-1943-AAL-4226

Panarama from Navy air ship dock showing NACA Ames grounds