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medieval metalwork in the walters art museum

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Anglo-Saxon - Square-Headed Fibula - Walters 542508

Anglo-Saxon - Square-Headed Fibula - Walters 542508

From surviving depictions, we know that these "fibulae" or brooches were worn by men on their shoulders with the square part facing upwards. Depending on the style of the garment or mantle, one or two of these ... More

Avaric - Drinking Bowl - Walters 57565 - Profile

Avaric - Drinking Bowl - Walters 57565 - Profile

This bowl is one of the finest pieces from a large treasure found in 1902 in a field at Vrap, Albania. The handle is decorated on the upper side in a casting technique known as "chip-carving," in which the outl... More

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Back

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Back

This reliquary resembles a miniature Gothic church, complete with gargoyles. It is crowned by a figure of the Evangelist Luke, with his attribute, or symbol, the ox. A relic or small piece of a saint's body w... More

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Detail A

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Detail A

This reliquary resembles a miniature Gothic church, complete with gargoyles. It is crowned by a figure of the Evangelist Luke, with his attribute, or symbol, the ox. A relic or small piece of a saint's body w... More

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Three Quarter

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691 - Three Quarter

This reliquary resembles a miniature Gothic church, complete with gargoyles. It is crowned by a figure of the Evangelist Luke, with his attribute, or symbol, the ox. A relic or small piece of a saint's body w... More

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691

Bohemian - Reliquary - Walters 57691

This reliquary resembles a miniature Gothic church, complete with gargoyles. It is crowned by a figure of the Evangelist Luke, with his attribute, or symbol, the ox. A relic or small piece of a saint's body w... More

Burgundian - Belt Buckle - Walters 52276

Burgundian - Belt Buckle - Walters 52276

Found frequently at archaeological sites in Burgundy, these large, ornate buckles were worn by women and indicated the high status of their owners. The decoration, known as interlace, is fluid and seems almost ... More

Byzantine - Signet Ring - Walters 572104 - View A

Byzantine - Signet Ring - Walters 572104 - View A

More than simply jewelry, signet rings were essential in the Early Byzantine period for sealing personal documents and validating wills and testaments. By the 6th century, most rings had a personal monogram, su... More

Byzantine - Signet Ring - Walters 572104 - View B

Byzantine - Signet Ring - Walters 572104 - View B

More than simply jewelry, signet rings were essential in the Early Byzantine period for sealing personal documents and validating wills and testaments. By the 6th century, most rings had a personal monogram, su... More

Celtic - Ring Brooch - Walters 542342 - Detail

Celtic - Ring Brooch - Walters 542342 - Detail

This pin has decorative interlace panels and tri-lobed knots cast on its annular (circular) ring. Tri-lobed knots are often found in Irish illuminated manuscripts of the period where they are a symbol of the Tr... More

Celtic - Ring Brooch - Walters 542342

Celtic - Ring Brooch - Walters 542342

This pin has decorative interlace panels and tri-lobed knots cast on its annular (circular) ring. Tri-lobed knots are often found in Irish illuminated manuscripts of the period where they are a symbol of the Tr... More

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571987 - Back

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571987 - Back

This private, devotional brooch is shaped like an "A" and inscribed with the abbreviated prayer of AGLA: Atha Gebri Leilan Adonai ("Thou art mighty forever, O Lord").

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571987 - View A

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571987 - View A

This private, devotional brooch is shaped like an "A" and inscribed with the abbreviated prayer of AGLA: Atha Gebri Leilan Adonai ("Thou art mighty forever, O Lord").

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571988 - View A

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571988 - View A

Small praying hands serve as a delicate symbol of the faith represented by this brooch. One end is set with a sapphire, while the sides bear the inscription "Ave Maria " (Hail Mary).

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571988 - View B

English - Amuletic Brooch - Walters 571988 - View B

Small praying hands serve as a delicate symbol of the faith represented by this brooch. One end is set with a sapphire, while the sides bear the inscription "Ave Maria " (Hail Mary).

English - Bishop's Ring - Walters 57481 - View A

English - Bishop's Ring - Walters 57481 - View A

This elaborate bishop's ring has the typical combination of a gold setting with a single, large stone, in this case malachite. The gold is decorated with openwork eagles, animal heads, and floral elements. The ... More

English - Rim Lock and Key from a Chest Made for Henry VIII - Walters 5290, 5291

English - Rim Lock and Key from a Chest Made for Henry VIII - Walters ...

This splendid rim lock for a chest bears the emblems of King Henry VIII of England and was made by a court locksmith. The royal emblems include the crown with two fleurs-de-lis flanking the cross of St. George.... More

English - Saint Thomas Beckett Pilgrim Badge - Walters 5592 - Three Quarter

English - Saint Thomas Beckett Pilgrim Badge - Walters 5592 - Three Qu...

After Thomas Becket was murdered in 1170, a cult emerged and he became the symbol of the conflict between temporal and spiritual rulers at a time when European monarchs were struggling to affirm their sovereign... More

English - Saint Thomas Beckett Pilgrim Badge - Walters 5592

English - Saint Thomas Beckett Pilgrim Badge - Walters 5592

After Thomas Becket was murdered in 1170, a cult emerged and he became the symbol of the conflict between temporal and spiritual rulers at a time when European monarchs were struggling to affirm their sovereign... More

English - Silver Ring Brooch - Walters 571990

English - Silver Ring Brooch - Walters 571990

Found at Clitheroe, Lancashire in a drain in the 19th century, this ring brooch is inscribed IESUS with the ground cross-hatched between the letters, with a shaped tongue.

English - Stirrup-Type Ring - Walters 571986

English - Stirrup-Type Ring - Walters 571986

This elegant gold stirrup-shaped ring, set with a small sapphire, was found near Botesdale, Suffolk.

English - Thumb Ring - Walters 571989

English - Thumb Ring - Walters 571989

The ring's large size and lack of central ornamentation suggest that it was worn on the thumb. Each of the eight raised facets bears a letter of the inscription, IHESUS N (Jesus of Nazareth).

European - Sword - Walters 51481

European - Sword - Walters 51481

This piece is undecorated. The grip would have been padded.

European - Toy Mounted Knight - Walters 542476 - View A

European - Toy Mounted Knight - Walters 542476 - View A

This bronze toy mounted knight is one of the earliest known toy soldiers. He holds a wooden jousting lance (modern restoration) in his right hand. Many such toys were undoubtedly made; they were easy to produce... More

European - Toy Mounted Knight - Walters 542476 - View B

European - Toy Mounted Knight - Walters 542476 - View B

This bronze toy mounted knight is one of the earliest known toy soldiers. He holds a wooden jousting lance (modern restoration) in his right hand. Many such toys were undoubtedly made; they were easy to produce... More

Flemish - Ezekiel's Vision of the Sign "Tau" (Ezekiel IX -2-7) - Walters 44616 (cropped)

Flemish - Ezekiel's Vision of the Sign "Tau" (Ezekiel IX -2-7) - Walte...

This plaque was once part of an altar cross on which a series of images illustrated Old Testament events (such as Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac) foreshadowing the Crucifixion. It depicts a vision of the prophet ... More

Flemish - Ezekiel's Vision of the Sign "Tau" (Ezekiel IX -2-7) - Walters 44616

Flemish - Ezekiel's Vision of the Sign "Tau" (Ezekiel IX -2-7) - Walte...

This plaque was once part of an altar cross on which a series of images illustrated Old Testament events (such as Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac) foreshadowing the Crucifixion. It depicts a vision of the prophet ... More

Flemish - Pair of Candlesticks with Lion Feet - Walters 54940, 54941

Flemish - Pair of Candlesticks with Lion Feet - Walters 54940, 54941

Anonymous (Netherlandish) (?). 'Candlesticks with Lion Feet,' early 16th century. brass. Walters Art Museum (54.941): Acquired by Henry Walters, 1930.

Flemish - Pilgrim Badge with Saint Adrian - Walters 55102

Flemish - Pilgrim Badge with Saint Adrian - Walters 55102

Lead badges such as this one were purchased by pilgrims as mementos of holy sites they had visited. Originally there were loops at top and bottom for the pilgrim to sew the badges onto a hat or cloak. This ex... More

Flemish - Reliquary Plaque of an Evangelist - Walters 53148

Flemish - Reliquary Plaque of an Evangelist - Walters 53148

This bas-relief engraved plaque depicts an evangelist seated within an arcade. It was part of the 13th-century redecoration of the 11th-century "Saint Amandus Shrine" (Walters 53.9). It was separated from the s... More

Flemish - Sphinx - Walters 54233 - Profile

Flemish - Sphinx - Walters 54233 - Profile

Together with a similar piece now at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (inv. 10.134.5), this statuette may originally have been the foot of a large candlestick or of another similar object. Creatures wit... More

Flemish - Virgin and Child - Walters 5343 - Back

Flemish - Virgin and Child - Walters 5343 - Back

This statuette once topped a large candlestick or chandelier. The figure is hollow, and the large opening on its top is a result of the casting process. Smaller holes on the sides of the Virgin's head show that... More

Flemish - Virgin and Child - Walters 5343

Flemish - Virgin and Child - Walters 5343

This statuette once topped a large candlestick or chandelier. The figure is hollow, and the large opening on its top is a result of the casting process. Smaller holes on the sides of the Virgin's head show that... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542343

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542343

Buckles with openwork plates depicting griffins drinking from fountains have been found in many parts of France and Switzerland. The griffin, a mythical creature that is half eagle, half lion, originated in Ass... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542344 - Back

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542344 - Back

This buckle is of a type manufactured in workshops near Paris during the last third of the 6th century. It is incised with bands of concentric geometric ornament centering on a human face, interpreted variousl... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542344

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542344

This buckle is of a type manufactured in workshops near Paris during the last third of the 6th century. It is incised with bands of concentric geometric ornament centering on a human face, interpreted variousl... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542345 - Back

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542345 - Back

This buckle is of a type manufactured in workshops near Paris during the last third of the 6th century. It is incised with bands of concentric geometric ornament centering on a human face, interpreted variousl... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542345

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542345

This buckle is of a type manufactured in workshops near Paris during the last third of the 6th century. It is incised with bands of concentric geometric ornament centering on a human face, interpreted variousl... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542347 - Back

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542347 - Back

This highly decorative buckle is unusual in that it is made of two pieces riveted together. It is decorated with incised and punched patterns and features a cross at the center. The tongue has a schematic human... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542347

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542347

This highly decorative buckle is unusual in that it is made of two pieces riveted together. It is decorated with incised and punched patterns and features a cross at the center. The tongue has a schematic human... More

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542350

Frankish - Belt Buckle - Walters 542350

Finely ornamented belt buckles like this were worn by both men and women of high social status during the 7th century. Complex curving patterns of incised interlace design fill all available space and characte... More

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542444 - Back

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542444 - Back

Bow fibulae are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542444

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542444

Bow fibulae are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542445 - Back

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542445 - Back

Bow fibulas are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542445

Frankish - Bow Fibula - Walters 542445

Bow fibulas are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Digitated Fibula - Walters 542443 - Back

Frankish - Digitated Fibula - Walters 542443 - Back

Bow fibulas are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Digitated Fibula - Walters 542443

Frankish - Digitated Fibula - Walters 542443

Bow fibulas are also called "digitated" fibulae due to the radiating knobs that resemble fingers or digits emerging from the headplate. The knobs of early (4th-century) fibulae were functional and held the spri... More

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571714

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571714

This disk fibula is made of sheet gold decorated with gold filigree (fine, twisted wire) and gold granules and set with colored stones and glass. The pliable gold on the disk face is backed by a bronze plate wh... More

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571825

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571825

Anonymous (Frankish). 'Disk Fibula,' late 7th century. gold, bronze, garnets, gold ring. Walters Art Museum (57.1825): Museum purchase, 1949.

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571884

Frankish - Disk Fibula - Walters 571884

While most disk fibulae are decorated with filigree, this one was made by the technique of repoussé, in which metal foil is impressed from the rear to form a raised design. The gilt silver foil, decorated with ... More

Frankish - Griffin Fibula - Walters 57571

Frankish - Griffin Fibula - Walters 57571

This fibula, shaped like a griffin, a mythical creature half lion and half eagle, is decorated with twisted gold filigree wires and has a red stone or glass inlay for an eye. It was one of a pair crafted in a w... More

Frankish - Hair Pin - Walters 571833

Frankish - Hair Pin - Walters 571833

The stylized bird terminal on this pin is ornamented with a chevron pattern and originally had an inlaid eye (the stone is now missing). The patterning of the bird is a variation on the cloisonné style popular ... More

Frankish - Hair Pin - Walters 571883

Frankish - Hair Pin - Walters 571883

This long pin terminates in a stylized bird. Such cloisonné bird pins were developed in southern Russia about AD 400 and were carried westward with the migrating peoples. They are found most often in northeaste... More

Frankish - Necklace - Walters 47596 - View A

Frankish - Necklace - Walters 47596 - View A

This simple but colorful necklace is composed of fifty beads, most of which are glass or ceramic, with a single amethyst bead. Similar necklaces have been found in the graves of Frankish women in the Rhineland.... More

Frankish - Peacock-Shaped Fibula - Walters 57570

Frankish - Peacock-Shaped Fibula - Walters 57570

This fibula is one of a pair crafted in a workshop in northern France. The peacock likely reflects Roman or Byzantine influence, as it is not native to northern France. In early Christian art, the peacock was a... More

French - Altar Cross - Walters 44108 - Back

French - Altar Cross - Walters 44108 - Back

Christ wears a crown and blue colobium, a long Byzantine robe unusual in Limoges enamels. At the ends of the arms are the Virgin and St. John, and at top and bottom are two apostles. Crosses with Christ cloth... More

French - Altar Cross - Walters 44108

French - Altar Cross - Walters 44108

Christ wears a crown and blue colobium, a long Byzantine robe unusual in Limoges enamels. At the ends of the arms are the Virgin and St. John, and at top and bottom are two apostles. Crosses with Christ cloth... More

French - Apostle - Walters 44258

French - Apostle - Walters 44258

This apostle was originally attached to a large reliquary or altarpiece. The artist has delighted in the color contrasts, placing a light blue mantle over the yellow and green robe, accented by a red Gospel bo... More

French - Apostle - Walters 53144 - Detail A

French - Apostle - Walters 53144 - Detail A

This apostle, enlivened by wavy hair and large enameled eyes, was probably attached to a large shrine or an altar frontal (panel) by means of the nail on his chest. He was likely fixed to a panel of brightly co... More

French - Apostle - Walters 53144

French - Apostle - Walters 53144

This apostle, enlivened by wavy hair and large enameled eyes, was probably attached to a large shrine or an altar frontal (panel) by means of the nail on his chest. He was likely fixed to a panel of brightly co... More

French - Apostle - Walters 5344

French - Apostle - Walters 5344

One of four similar figures representing the apostles; three of the four hold books; this fourth holds a scroll inscribed: DEUS MEUS ("My God") identifying him as Doubting Thomas, who thrust his finger into the... More

French - Book Cover Plaque - Walters 4482

French - Book Cover Plaque - Walters 4482

This elaborate, enameled plaque was once attached to the cover of a Gospel book or a lectionary, a manuscript containing passages from the four Gospels arranged to be read throughout the year. At the center, Ch... More

French - Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Michael - Walters 5383 - Back

French - Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Micha...

This unusual crozier branches into two volutes, containing on one side St. Valerie kneeling with her decapitated head, guided by a small angel. St. Martial, the bishop who converted her to Christianity, is seen... More

French - Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Michael - Walters 5383

French - Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Micha...

This unusual crozier branches into two volutes, containing on one side St. Valerie kneeling with her decapitated head, guided by a small angel. St. Martial, the bishop who converted her to Christianity, is seen... More

French - Chrismatory - Walters 44102 - Back

French - Chrismatory - Walters 44102 - Back

A chrismatory served as a container for the three vials of holy oil (or chrism) used in church rites. These were the oil for the consecration of priests and churches, the oil for confirmation of the young, and ... More

French - Chrismatory - Walters 44102 - Three Quarter

French - Chrismatory - Walters 44102 - Three Quarter

A chrismatory served as a container for the three vials of holy oil (or chrism) used in church rites. These were the oil for the consecration of priests and churches, the oil for confirmation of the young, and ... More

French - Christ in Majesty - Walters 4485

French - Christ in Majesty - Walters 4485

Originally paired with an image of the Crucifixion, this plaque was once attached to the binding of a Gospel book or a missal. When the book was read aloud during the liturgy, its enameled covers would have re... More

French - Clasp for a Secular Garment - Walters 4416

French - Clasp for a Secular Garment - Walters 4416

During the Middle Ages, copper mantle clasps with enameled decoration and gemstones were primarily made for church garments. This clasp from France was sewn onto fabric using holes around the borders. However, ... More

French - Clasp with Annunciation Scene - Walters 44115

French - Clasp with Annunciation Scene - Walters 44115

During the Middle Ages, copper mantle clasps with enameled decoration and gemstones were primarily made for church garments. This clasp is decorated with the Annunciation scene, showing the Virgin and Gabriel s... More

French - Cross Fragment of the Mourning Virgin - Walters 4422

French - Cross Fragment of the Mourning Virgin - Walters 4422

This finely worked plaque of the Virgin was originally placed on the left arm of a very large cross. The outer border has decorative characters resembling Arabic known as pseudo-Kufic script. A nearly identic... More

French - Cross Fragment with St John - Walters 44646

French - Cross Fragment with St John - Walters 44646

This plaque came from the arm of a cross. It was originally attached to a wooden cross form; when the wood decomposed, the individual pieces became separated or lost. It shows St. John and the arm of an angel ... More

French - Crozier with Saint Michael and the Dragon - Walters 44294

French - Crozier with Saint Michael and the Dragon - Walters 44294

Within the curved volute, St. Michael battles a dragon, a symbol of the Devil described in Book of Revelation 12:6-9. This scene is the one most commonly found on Limoges croziers, as it symbolizes the victory... More

French - Crozier with the Annunciation - Walters 44121 - Profile

French - Crozier with the Annunciation - Walters 44121 - Profile

The head of this crozier (pastoral staff) for a bishop or abbot shows the first event of Christ's incarnation. The archangel Gabriel raises his right arm in a gesture indicating his greeting: Hail Mary, full of... More

French - Crozier with the Annunciation - Walters 4425

French - Crozier with the Annunciation - Walters 4425

The volute (spiral head) of this crozier resembles a dragon. With a long curving neck covered with blue enamel scales, its grinning head bites at a leafy branch. Inside are the Virgin Mary and the Archangel Gab... More

French - Eucharistic Dove - Walters 443 - Profile

French - Eucharistic Dove - Walters 443 - Profile

Used for storing communion wafers, doves such as this were suspended above the altar to signify the presence of the Holy Spirit at the Mass. On this fine, colorful example, the sparkling glass eyes and shimmeri... More

French - Eucharistic Dove - Walters 4477 - Profile

French - Eucharistic Dove - Walters 4477 - Profile

Used for storing communion wafers, doves such as this were suspended above the altar to signify the presence of the Holy Spirit at the Mass. On this fine, colorful example, the sparkling glass eyes and shimmeri... More

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Back

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Back

This relief figure resembles a statuette now in the church of Les Billanges (western France). Both figures hold a rectangular object upright against their chest that has been identified as a reliquary of the Tr... More

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Left Side

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Left Side

This relief figure resembles a statuette now in the church of Les Billanges (western France). Both figures hold a rectangular object upright against their chest that has been identified as a reliquary of the Tr... More

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Three Quarter Right

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418 - Three Quarter Right

This relief figure resembles a statuette now in the church of Les Billanges (western France). Both figures hold a rectangular object upright against their chest that has been identified as a reliquary of the Tr... More

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418

French - Figure of a Deacon - Walters 4418

This relief figure resembles a statuette now in the church of Les Billanges (western France). Both figures hold a rectangular object upright against their chest that has been identified as a reliquary of the Tr... More

French - Figure of Christ from a Crucifix - Walters 44228

French - Figure of Christ from a Crucifix - Walters 44228

This figure of the crucified Christ was once attached to an enameled cross (now lost). The Savior is portrayed alive, symbolizing his triumph over death. His direct gaze and stiff body posture signal his divine... More

French - Gemellion (Liturgical Plate) with Peacocks - Walters 4471

French - Gemellion (Liturgical Plate) with Peacocks - Walters 4471

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning twin) is one of a pair of basins used to wash hands, both at home and during mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl over the hands and was caught in the second... More

French - Gemellion with Hunting Scene and Busts of Angels - Walters 4473

French - Gemellion with Hunting Scene and Busts of Angels - Walters 44...

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning "twin") is one of a pair of basins used for hand washing, either at home or during the Mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl and was caught in the second bowl... More

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Bottom

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Bottom

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning "twin") is one of a pair of basins used for hand washing, either at home or during the Mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl and was caught in the second bow... More

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Mark A

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Mark A

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning "twin") is one of a pair of basins used for hand washing, either at home or during the Mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl and was caught in the second bow... More

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Three Quarter

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474 - Three Quarter

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning "twin") is one of a pair of basins used for hand washing, either at home or during the Mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl and was caught in the second bow... More

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474

French - Gemellion with Kneeling Knight - Walters 4474

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning "twin") is one of a pair of basins used for hand washing, either at home or during the Mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl and was caught in the second bow... More

French - Gemellion with Peacocks - Walters 4472

French - Gemellion with Peacocks - Walters 4472

A gemellion (from the Latin geminus, meaning twin) is one of a pair of basins used to wash hands, both at home and during mass. Water was poured from the spouted bowl over the hands and was caught in the secon... More

French - Incense Boat - Walters 44701 - Side

French - Incense Boat - Walters 44701 - Side

This incense boat, called a navicula (Latin for "little boat"), was used to store the incense that was burned as part of many church rituals, including the Mass. The boat has curved dragon-headed handles on the... More

French - Incense Boat - Walters 44701 - Three Quarter

French - Incense Boat - Walters 44701 - Three Quarter

This incense boat, called a navicula (Latin for "little boat"), was used to store the incense that was burned as part of many church rituals, including the Mass. The boat has curved dragon-headed handles on the... More

French - Kneeling Angel - Walters 441

French - Kneeling Angel - Walters 441

Originally this colorful angel was attached to a reliquary shrine or an altar frontal, of which very few have survived intact. He kneels in a pose of submission and reverence, suggesting he was one of a pair of... More

French - Locket with Christ's Entry into Jerusalem and Doubting Thomas - Walters 44590 - Open

French - Locket with Christ's Entry into Jerusalem and Doubting Thomas...

This intricate locket, with scenes inside and out, was probably used as a "paternoster", an aid to prayer similar to a rosary. The scenes on the inside are executed in colorful enamel. On the left, Christ is ... More

French - Morse with Apostles and Heraldic Shields - Walters 5349 - Back

French - Morse with Apostles and Heraldic Shields - Walters 5349 - Bac...

This morse, or clasp, was once sewn onto a bishop's cope (ceremonial robe). The two heraldic shields, added later, represent the arms of Léon and Castile (left) and England (right). These shields suggest that t... More

French - Morse with Apostles and Heraldic Shields - Walters 5349

French - Morse with Apostles and Heraldic Shields - Walters 5349

This morse, or clasp, was once sewn onto a bishop's cope (ceremonial robe). The two heraldic shields, added later, represent the arms of Léon and Castile (left) and England (right). These shields suggest that t... More

French - Phylactery - Walters 53139 - Side A

French - Phylactery - Walters 53139 - Side A

This type of reliquary is called a phylactery (amulet) after the smaller versions of the same shape that believers wore around their necks for personal protection. This phylactery may originally have rested on ... More

French - Phylactery - Walters 53139 - Side B

French - Phylactery - Walters 53139 - Side B

This type of reliquary is called a phylactery (amulet) after the smaller versions of the same shape that believers wore around their necks for personal protection. This phylactery may originally have rested on ... More

French - Processional or Altar Cross from the Abbey of Grandmont - Walters 4483

French - Processional or Altar Cross from the Abbey of Grandmont - Wal...

On this cross, Christ is shown as emaciated and suffering with bright red enamel wounds and red-rimmed eyes. The light blue censers (incense burners) seen below Christ's hands likely swung in the hands of angel... More

French - Pyx - Walters 44113

French - Pyx - Walters 44113

This pyx, signed and stamped in 1513 by the Brussels goldsmith Nicolas Croisart, incorporates an earlier enamel plaque that was probably part of a paten. Christ appears on it as the judge of the Second Coming, ... More

French - Pyx - Walters 44252

French - Pyx - Walters 44252

This pyx (box) preserved any consecrated wafers left over from the Mass for use on the following day, or to be taken to the sick or dying. Limoges craftsmen often fashioned pyxes in the form of small towers or ... More

French - Reliquary for a Finger Bone - Walters 57690 - Detail A

French - Reliquary for a Finger Bone - Walters 57690 - Detail A

Three angels elevate the hollow glass cylinder of this reliquary, a type of dramatic "display" reliquary that became popular in the late Middle Ages. Inside is the relic of an unknown saint, a small fragment o... More

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