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Eijudo Mitsuyoshi - Kozuka with Carp and Water Milfoil - Walters 51885 - Mark A

Eijudo Mitsuyoshi - Kozuka with Carp and Water Milfoil - Walters 51885...

Two carp are depicted swimming amongst water milfoil. Carp are considered an auspicious motif.

Gotô Sokujô - Kozuka with the Dôjôji Temple Bell - Walters 51805

Gotô Sokujô - Kozuka with the Dôjôji Temple Bell - Walters 51805

This design is a scene from the story of Dôjôji temple. The temple bell is shown at the center of the composition. At the right are two monks holding prayer beads and praying. A woman dances at the left, holdin... More

Hamano Masanobu - Kozuka with the Buddha - Walters 51664 - Back

Hamano Masanobu - Kozuka with the Buddha - Walters 51664 - Back

The figure on this kozuka bears a strong resemblance to 13th-century paintings of the historical Buddha made in both China and Japan. In these paintings, Buddha is shown coming down from a mountain after six ye... More

Hamano Shôzui - Kozuka with a Man Holding a Blow Pipe - Walters 51787 - Back

Hamano Shôzui - Kozuka with a Man Holding a Blow Pipe - Walters 51787 ...

The man on the front of the kozuka wears a straw hat. In his hands is a bamboo blow pipe used in bird hunting. On the reverse are two sparrows. The artist signed the kozuka on the back.

Japanese - Kozuka and Split Kogai - Walters 5111565

Japanese - Kozuka and Split Kogai - Walters 5111565

Several paulownia leaves and flowers decorate this kozuka. Paulownia was used as a crest ("mon") by the Imperial family and other powerful families. Today, it is used by the Japanese government. This is part of... More

Japanese - Kozuka with a Chinese-style Landscape - Walters 5112324

Japanese - Kozuka with a Chinese-style Landscape - Walters 5112324

This kozuka is unusual because it is carved from ivory. The landscape is a Chinese style scene with building in the distance and a small figure crossing a bridge. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with a Kingfisher on Reeds - Walters 51701 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with a Kingfisher on Reeds - Walters 51701 - Back

This kozuka is unusual because it is made of wood and elaborately polychromed. At the lower left, stylized lines indicate water. Just above the water is a kingfisher perched on reeds. The reeds extend through t... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Insects in Roundels - Walters 51775

Japanese - Kozuka with Insects in Roundels - Walters 51775

Five black roundels each hold an different insect in gold enamel. From left to right, the insects are a cricket, a moth, a butterfly, a praying mantis, and a grasshopper. Flowers are incised on the reverse. Thi... More

Koretomo - Kozuka with Cherry Tree and Swallows - Walters 5112954 - Mark B

Koretomo - Kozuka with Cherry Tree and Swallows - Walters 5112954 - Ma...

Two swallows are shown flying near a blooming cherry tree. This is part of a mounted set.

Nakagawa Isshô - Kozuka with Beach, Pine Tree and Rising Sun - Walters 5112073 - Mark A

Nakagawa Isshô - Kozuka with Beach, Pine Tree and Rising Sun - Walters...

The pine tree at the right of the composition sits near the shore. At the left, waves lap the shoreline. Rays from the rising sun appear over the horizon. This is part of a mounted set.

Nara Haruchika - Kozuka with a Cricket and a Fan - Walters 51705 - Mark A

Nara Haruchika - Kozuka with a Cricket and a Fan - Walters 51705 - Mar...

A large cricket is on the right of the composition. To the left is a fan. The characters on the fan are the start of a famous poem that uses all the sounds in the Japanese syllabary. The artist signed the kozuk... More

Nobumasa - Kozuka with Duck and Boat - Walters 5111864

Nobumasa - Kozuka with Duck and Boat - Walters 5111864

A duck is depicted perched on the bow of a ship. This is part of a mounted set.

Tsuchiya Yasuchika - Kozuka with a Tiger by a Rock in the Rain - Walters 51778

Tsuchiya Yasuchika - Kozuka with a Tiger by a Rock in the Rain - Walte...

At the center of the kozuka are a striped tiger and a rock with bamboo shoots. Tigers were considered the strongest animal. Enamel on the right indicates rain. The background is designed to look like crushed si... More

Uryû Yukimichi - Kozuka with Paulownia Crests and Waves - Walters 5111914 - Mark B

Uryû Yukimichi - Kozuka with Paulownia Crests and Waves - Walters 5111...

Five paulownia crests are shown as if floating in waves. This crest was used by the Imperial family in ancient times and later by high ranking warriors. This is part of a mounted set.

Wada Isshin - Kozuka with Three Birds - Walters 51790

Wada Isshin - Kozuka with Three Birds - Walters 51790

Three birds are shown flying across the face of the kozuka. The artist's name and artistic name are inscribed on the reverse.

Gotô Ichijô - Kozuka with Kanzan and Jittoku - Walters 51686

Gotô Ichijô - Kozuka with Kanzan and Jittoku - Walters 51686

Kanzan (Ch. Hanshan [Hanshan]) and Jittoku (Ch. Shide [Shih Te]) are a pair of Zen eccentrics who lived at a monastery on Mt. Tendai in China during the Tang [T'ang] period (618-907). They spoke to each other i... More

Haruaki - Kozuka with Fish and Shells on Bamboo - Walters 51839 - Back

Haruaki - Kozuka with Fish and Shells on Bamboo - Walters 51839 - Back

Two fish and three shells are laid out on shoot of bamboo. The top fish is a sea bream, which celebratory associations. This may be a display of food for New Year's celebrations.

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112783 - Back

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112783 - Ba...

A large chrysanthemum dominates the middle of the composition. In the background are leaves and additional chrysanthemum flowers. This is part of a mounted set.

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Three of the Six Great Classical Poets - Walters 51708 - Mark A

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Three of the Six Great Classical Poet...

These three men are three of the six great classical poets of the Heian period (794-1192) known at the "Rokkansen." The group is comprised of two Buddhist monks, three courtiers, and one woman. The top figure i... More

Japanese - Kozuka with a Dragon Coiled around a Sword - Walters 51645 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with a Dragon Coiled around a Sword - Walters 51645 ...

This is the rain dragon coiled around Kôbô Daishi's sword. Kôbô Daishi (also known as Kûkai; 774-834) was a Buddhist priest who studied in China and founded the Shingon sect of Buddhism in Japan. It is said he ... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Clam - Walters 5111454

Japanese - Kozuka with Clam - Walters 5111454

A closed clam in waves is depicted on the front of the kozuka. On the reverse are stylized gold waves. This is part of a mounted set.

Naohiro - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal with Peaches - Walters 51662

Naohiro - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal with Peaches - Walters 51662

Three peaches sit in a dish upon a low table. Above them, an unidentified Chinese immortal floats in clouds. Peaches are an emblem of longevity.

Sawa Yoshisato - Kozuka with Foreign Ships - Walters 51682 - Back

Sawa Yoshisato - Kozuka with Foreign Ships - Walters 51682 - Back

This kozuka was made in Nagasaki, the main port during Japan's period of restricted foreign interchange between the 1630s and the 1850s. Most of Japan's foreign trade during that time occurred through Nagasaki.... More

Tamagawa Yoshihisa II - Kozuka with a Dragon Holding a Sword - Walters 51816 - Back

Tamagawa Yoshihisa II - Kozuka with a Dragon Holding a Sword - Walters...

A dragon is depicted holding a sword in one of its claws. The sword is a double edged ceremonial sword, known as a "ken," with a vajra handle.

Toshihiro - Kozuka with Castle Tower and Mt Fuji - Walters 5112334 - Mark A

Toshihiro - Kozuka with Castle Tower and Mt Fuji - Walters 5112334 - M...

In the middle of the composition, clouds part to reveal the peaked roof of a castle watch tower. Two geese fly at the left. In the foreground is the post of a balustrade. On the reverse is Mt. Fuji above the cl... More

Gotô Kôjô - Kozuka with a Firefly and a Frog by a Stream - Walters 51698 - Mark A

Gotô Kôjô - Kozuka with a Firefly and a Frog by a Stream - Walters 516...

This kozuka depicts a firefly and a frog. Between them are stylized lines representing a stream. The artist signed the kozuka in a gold inset on the reverse.

Gotô Mitsunobu - Kozuka with Chinese-style Lions - Walters 5112554

Gotô Mitsunobu - Kozuka with Chinese-style Lions - Walters 5112554

Three Chinese-style lions ("shishi") are depicted in gold against a black background of fish egg pattern ("nanako-ji"). This style of lion was developed by artists who never saw a living lion. Therefore, they l... More

Gotô Tatsujô - Kozuka with Soldiers and a Palanquin on a Boat - Walters 51637 - Mark A

Gotô Tatsujô - Kozuka with Soldiers and a Palanquin on a Boat - Walter...

Thirteen soldiers guard a palanquin on a boat. The reverse of the kozuka is gold with cat scratch ("neko-gake") incisions.

Hakuryô - Kozuka with a Spiny Lobster and a Puffer Fish - Walters 51656 - Back

Hakuryô - Kozuka with a Spiny Lobster and a Puffer Fish - Walters 5165...

A large spiny lobster dominates this kozuka. Spiny lobsters symbolize longevity because they are bent like the back of an elderly human. At the lower right is a puffer fish.

Japanese - Kozuka with Fujin, the God of Wind - Walters 51830 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Fujin, the God of Wind - Walters 51830 - Back

At the right of the kozuka is the god of wind Fujin releasing wind from his bag. He is often depicted a humorous demon.

Kajita Masaharu - Kozuka with Pine Tree - Walters 5112773 - Mark A

Kajita Masaharu - Kozuka with Pine Tree - Walters 5112773 - Mark A

The background of the kozuka is designed to look like bark on a pine tree. Branches and needles are also shown. This is part of a mounted set which also includes bamboo and plum. Together, these plants are know... More

Kanemitsu - Kozuka with Peonies - Walters 5112294 - Back

Kanemitsu - Kozuka with Peonies - Walters 5112294 - Back

A large peony is in the center of the composition, surrounded by leaves and buds. The peony grows in front of a rock. This is part of a mounted set.

Kikuoka Mitsutoshi - Kozuka with Two Chinese-style Lions - Walters 51713 - Mark A

Kikuoka Mitsutoshi - Kozuka with Two Chinese-style Lions - Walters 517...

This stylized form of lion developed from images of lions imported to Japan from China. The two Chinese-style lions ("shishi") are in gold over a background of fish egg pattern ("nanakoji"). The artist's signat... More

Sano Michiyoshi - Kozuka with Clam and Mirage - Walters 51841 - Mark A

Sano Michiyoshi - Kozuka with Clam and Mirage - Walters 51841 - Mark A

A clam is settled among seaweed at the right side of the kozuka. A mirage of buildings appears in the bubbles of air emanating from the clam. Such mirages were known as the "Clam's dream."

Arai Hideyuki - Kozuka with Ichikawa Danjuro in the Play "Shibaraku" - Walters 51825

Arai Hideyuki - Kozuka with Ichikawa Danjuro in the Play "Shibaraku" -...

This kozuka depicts Ichikawa Danjûrô as the hero from the short play "Shibaraku" (Wait a Moment). The play is one of the eighteen classics of kabuki and was regularly performed by successive actors with the nam... More

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Hawk Hunting a Goose - Walters 5112403 - Mark A

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Hawk Hunting a Goose - Walters 511240...

The kozuka is decorated with a scene of a hawk hunting a goose. The hawk is on the right, flying towards his victim on the left. A small raised frame is on either side. This is part of a mounted set.

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Hawk Hunting a Goose - Walters 5112403 - Mark B

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Hawk Hunting a Goose - Walters 511240...

The kozuka is decorated with a scene of a hawk hunting a goose. The hawk is on the right, flying towards his victim on the left. A small raised frame is on either side. This is part of a mounted set.

Iwamoto Sadanaka - Kozuka with Shoko Reading a Book by Moonlight - Walters 51721

Iwamoto Sadanaka - Kozuka with Shoko Reading a Book by Moonlight - Wal...

This kozuka shows the legendary Chinese scholar Shoko sitting in his hut, reading a book. He holds the book out the window so that he can read it by moonlight. The kozuka is signed in a gilt inset on the reverse.

Japanese - Kozuka with a Lily - Walters 51687

Japanese - Kozuka with a Lily - Walters 51687

A lily plant with one flower and two buds is depicted in this vertically oriented composition. Half of the reverse is gold, which makes the left half of the rim gold.

Japanese - Kozuka with Cushion, Fan and Tasseled Cord - Walters 51683

Japanese - Kozuka with Cushion, Fan and Tasseled Cord - Walters 51683

At the center of the composition are bolster pillow and a fan. Behind them is a silk cord with tassels. The kozuka has gold rim and reverse side. The reverse is decorated with cat-scratch incisions ("nako-gaki").

Japanese - Kozuka with Figures on Boats - Walters 5112544 - Mark A

Japanese - Kozuka with Figures on Boats - Walters 5112544 - Mark A

On the left are two samurai in a boat. They seem to be chasing the man in Chinese dress in a boat on the right. This may be a reference to a narrative. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with New Year's Decorations - Walters 5111494 - Mark A

Japanese - Kozuka with New Year's Decorations - Walters 5111494 - Mark...

This kozuka is decorated with symbols of New Year's, including pine boughs. Spiny lobsters are commonly eaten at New Year's as a sign of longevity. They are associated with a long life because their tails are c... More

Komori Harutoshi - Kozuka with Bamboo - Walters 5112763 - Back

Komori Harutoshi - Kozuka with Bamboo - Walters 5112763 - Back

The kozuka is in the shape of bamboo stem with a small sprig of leaves. This is part of a mounted set.

Koretomo - Kozuka with Cherry Tree and Swallows - Walters 5112954 - Back

Koretomo - Kozuka with Cherry Tree and Swallows - Walters 5112954 - Ba...

Two swallows are shown flying near a blooming cherry tree. This is part of a mounted set.

Shimamura Mitsuyoshi - Kozuka with a Man Gathering Autumn Grasses - Walters 51639 - Back

Shimamura Mitsuyoshi - Kozuka with a Man Gathering Autumn Grasses - Wa...

This kozuka shows a peasant with a basket of autumn flowers on his back. In his hand is a scythe. The plants are pampas grass and chrysanthemums. Behind him is a mountain top and above that is the moon. Full mo... More

Irie Sadayoshi - Umabari with Bird and Waves - Walters 5112943 - Back

Irie Sadayoshi - Umabari with Bird and Waves - Walters 5112943 - Back

A mythical bird with the head of a dragon appears over waves at the right of the composition. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Blade - Sword and Dragon - Walters 5112204 - Back

Japanese - Blade - Sword and Dragon - Walters 5112204 - Back

This iconography of a dragon wrapped around a sword represents Kôbô Daishi's sword. Kôbô Daishi (also known as Kûkai; 774-834) was a Buddhist priest who studied in China and founded the Shingon sect of Buddhism... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112174 - Mark A

Japanese - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112174 - Mark A

Fringed pink flowers and pampas grass, which decorate this kozuka, are two of the celebrated autumn flowers. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Cricket and Flowers - Walters 5112163 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Cricket and Flowers - Walters 5112163 - Back

A small cricket appears at the right of the composition. Behind it are chrysanthemum flowers and pampas grass. Both of the plants are associated with autumn. On the reverse, the scene of a basket amidst plants ... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Quail and Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112494 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Quail and Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112494 - Ba...

Quails are shown amongst autumn flowers, including chrysanthemums, maiden flowers, Chinese bell flowers, and bush clovers. This is part of a mounted set.

Makino Haruchika - Kozuka with Rats and Fans - Walters 51770 - Mark A

Makino Haruchika - Kozuka with Rats and Fans - Walters 51770 - Mark A

Three rats are shown grouped around two folding fans. The background is worked in a fish egg pattern ("nanako-ji").

Takamoto Hidemune - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and Bamboo - Walters 51670 - Back

Takamoto Hidemune - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and Bamboo - Walters ...

A Chinese immortal stands leaning on his staff. Behind him is a stalk of bamboo. A spray of bamboo is on the reverse.

Uesugi Kazutsura - Kozuka with a Man and Three Fighting Cocks - Walters 51881 - Mark A

Uesugi Kazutsura - Kozuka with a Man and Three Fighting Cocks - Walter...

In the central section of the kozuka, two cocks are fighting each other. On the right, a man holds a third cock.

Gotô Enjô - Kozuka with a Dog Chasing a Pilgrim - Walters 51730 - Mark A

Gotô Enjô - Kozuka with a Dog Chasing a Pilgrim - Walters 51730 - Mark...

At the right is a dog who is chasing a religious pilgrim on the left. The man is turning back to shake a stick at the dog. The kozuka has a raised rim and the background is in a fish egg pattern ("nanako-ji").

Gotô Etsujô - Kozuka with Scroll and Prayer Beads - Walters 51665 - Mark B

Gotô Etsujô - Kozuka with Scroll and Prayer Beads - Walters 51665 - Ma...

This kozuka shows a scroll intertwined with prayer beads. The scroll is likely a Buddhist sutra or other religious text. The reverse is partially a copper alloy and partially gold.

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112783 - Mark A

Ishiguro Koreyoshi - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112783 - Ma...

A large chrysanthemum dominates the middle of the composition. In the background are leaves and additional chrysanthemum flowers. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with a Dragon Coiled around a Sword - Walters 51797 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with a Dragon Coiled around a Sword - Walters 51797 ...

This is the rain dragon coiled around Kôbô Daishi's sword. Kôbô Daishi (also known as Kûkai; 774-834) was a Buddhist priest who studied in China and founded the Shingon sect of Buddhism in Japan. It is said he ... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112174

Japanese - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112174

Fringed pink flowers and pampas grass, which decorate this kozuka, are two of the celebrated autumn flowers. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Fujin, the God of Wind - Walters 51830

Japanese - Kozuka with Fujin, the God of Wind - Walters 51830

At the right of the kozuka is the god of wind Fujin releasing wind from his bag. He is often depicted a humorous demon.

Japanese - Kozuka with Pigeons on a Shrine Gate ("Torii") - Walters 51856

Japanese - Kozuka with Pigeons on a Shrine Gate ("Torii") - Walters 51...

This kozuka shows the very top of a shrine gateway called a "torii." Two pigeons, one in gold and one in shibuichi, are perched on the upper crossbar.

Japanese - Kozuka with Plum Blossoms - Walters 5111713

Japanese - Kozuka with Plum Blossoms - Walters 5111713

A branch of plum blossoms decorates the front of the kozuka. Plum blossoms are the first flowers of spring to bloom. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Two Carps - Walters 51766 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Two Carps - Walters 51766 - Back

Two carps are shown swimming among water milfoil. The background is in a fish egg pattern ("nanako-ji"). This is only the decorative plate of the kozuka.

Japanese - Kozuka with Two Fish and a Spiny Lobster - Walters 51679

Japanese - Kozuka with Two Fish and a Spiny Lobster - Walters 51679

In the middle section of the kozuka are a catfish, a flounder, and a spiny lobster. On either side are five bands with a wood grain patterning. The end of the handle is in the shape of a lobster tail. The back ... More

Kano Natsuo - Kozuka with Daruma in a Boat - Walters 51659 - Mark A

Kano Natsuo - Kozuka with Daruma in a Boat - Walters 51659 - Mark A

Daruma, the founder of Zen Buddhism, is shown in a boat on the right. Behind the boat, reeds are growing on the bank. An inscription is at the left, close to where the blade would be. This may be the name of th... More

Kikuoka Mitsutoshi - Kozuka with Two Chinese-style Lions - Walters 51713 - Back

Kikuoka Mitsutoshi - Kozuka with Two Chinese-style Lions - Walters 517...

This stylized form of lion developed from images of lions imported to Japan from China. The two Chinese-style lions ("shishi") are in gold over a background of fish egg pattern ("nanakoji"). The artist's signat... More

Tokuno Terutatsu - Kozuka with a Rooster, Chick and Hen - Walters 51733 - Mark A

Tokuno Terutatsu - Kozuka with a Rooster, Chick and Hen - Walters 5173...

This kozuka has a grouping of a rooster, chick and hen. They are made in gold, silver and copper. The artist signed the kozuka on the reverse.

Toshiyuki - Kozuka with a Crane - Walters 51641 - Back

Toshiyuki - Kozuka with a Crane - Walters 51641 - Back

The body of the crane wraps over the edges of the kozuka. Cranes are a symbol of longevity and an auspicious motif.

Yanagawa Naoharu - Kozuka with Spiny Lobster and Milfoil - Walters 51732 - Back

Yanagawa Naoharu - Kozuka with Spiny Lobster and Milfoil - Walters 517...

A spiny lobster is depicted along with milfoil. The background is worked in fish egg pattern ("nanako-ji") and the kozuka has a raised rim.

Yanagawa Naoharu - Kozuka with Treasure Ship ("Takara-bune") of the Gods of Good Fortune - Walters 51703 - Back

Yanagawa Naoharu - Kozuka with Treasure Ship ("Takara-bune") of the Go...

All the items on the ship are treasures associated with the seven gods of good fortune. From right to left are the key to the gods' storehouse, the god Daikoku's hammer, bails of hay, sacred jewels on the sail,... More

Yoshida Shiei - Kozuka with Orchids - Walters 51896 - Mark A

Yoshida Shiei - Kozuka with Orchids - Walters 51896 - Mark A

A small clump of orchids is in the lower right of the kozuka. The blade is still attached.

Gotô Tsûjô - Kozuka with Shôki the Demon Queller - Walters 51817 - Mark A

Gotô Tsûjô - Kozuka with Shôki the Demon Queller - Walters 51817 - Mar...

Standing on the left side of the kozuka is Shôki the demon queller. He is identifiable by his hat and beard. Shôki was an aspiring scholar in China who committed suicide when he failed the examinations to becom... More

Iwata Norisuke II - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112803 - Mark A

Iwata Norisuke II - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums - Walters 5112803 - Mar...

The kozuka is decorated with a profusion of chrysanthemum flowers. Metalwork frames the edge. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Cricket - Walters 51814

Japanese - Kozuka with Cricket - Walters 51814

A cricket is depiected against a plain background.

Japanese - Kozuka with Fukurokuju and a Crane - Walters 51718

Japanese - Kozuka with Fukurokuju and a Crane - Walters 51718

Fukuroju is the god of longevity and one of the seven gods of good fortune. He can be recognized by his tall head. He is shown here with a crane, which is another symbol of longevity. He is holding a handscroll... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Plum Blossoms - Walters 5112734 - Mark A

Japanese - Kozuka with Plum Blossoms - Walters 5112734 - Mark A

A plum tree branch with blossoms and buds decorates this kozuka. Plum blossoms are the first flower of spring. This is part of a mounted set.

Kamiyama Yoshimichi - Kozuka with Dragon in Waves - Walters 5112124

Kamiyama Yoshimichi - Kozuka with Dragon in Waves - Walters 5112124

A gold dragon is shown amongst waves. Dragons were associated with water and often shown with waves or clouds. This is part of a mounted set.

Kikugawa Yoshitsugu - Kozuka with Monkeys and Persimmons - Walters 5112893

Kikugawa Yoshitsugu - Kozuka with Monkeys and Persimmons - Walters 511...

A group of three monkeys are depicted sitting together. The middle monkey wears a jacket fashioned in gold. Two monkeys hold persimmons, which were said to be the monkey's favorite fruit. This is part of a mounted set.

Kiyotsugu - Mongaku Shonin in a Waterfall - Walters 5112233 - Mark A

Kiyotsugu - Mongaku Shonin in a Waterfall - Walters 5112233 - Mark A

The monk Mongaku (1139-1203; also known as Endô Moritô) is frequently depicted doing penance sitting under the Nachi waterfall. He almost froze to death under the waterfall, but was saved by Fudô Myô-ô. He beca... More

Makino Haruchika - Kozuka with Gate Guardian - Walters 5112414 - Back

Makino Haruchika - Kozuka with Gate Guardian - Walters 5112414 - Back

The figure on the kozuka is one of the two guardians ("ni-ô") who guard the main south gate at Buddhist temples in Japan. These fierce looking figures protect temples from evil spirits. This is part of a mounted set.

Oyama Motozane I - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and a Crane - Walters 51820 - Back

Oyama Motozane I - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and a Crane - Walters ...

The standing figure is a Chinese immortal, dressed in the robes of a Chinese scholar. Both the pine tree beneath which he stands and the crane at his feet are symbols of longevity.

Oyama Motozane I - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and a Crane - Walters 51820

Oyama Motozane I - Kozuka with Chinese Immortal and a Crane - Walters ...

The standing figure is a Chinese immortal, dressed in the robes of a Chinese scholar. Both the pine tree beneath which he stands and the crane at his feet are symbols of longevity.

Uchikoshi Hirotoshi - Kozuka with Fudô Myô-ô - Walters 51873 - Mark A

Uchikoshi Hirotoshi - Kozuka with Fudô Myô-ô - Walters 51873 - Mark A

Fudô Myô-ô, the Immovable One, is depicted standing on a rocky cliff near a waterfall. Behind him is a mandorla of flames. Fudô Myôô is one of the five Kings of Light who protect the Buddhist faithful. His fier... More

Gotô Hôjô - Kozuka with Banner - Walters 51810

Gotô Hôjô - Kozuka with Banner - Walters 51810

The banner on this pole has the crest of the Minamoto family of warriors. The most prominent branch of the Minamoto family established the Kamakura shogunate, which had military control of Japan between 1185 an... More

Gotô Renjô - Kozuka with a Bird on Flowering Plum Branch - Walters 51688 - Mark A

Gotô Renjô - Kozuka with a Bird on Flowering Plum Branch - Walters 516...

A flowering plum branch enters the frame from the upper right and extends through the center of the piece. A brid sits on the branch at the right. The kozuka is signed on the reverse.

Ikeda Kinjô - Kozuka with Okina and Sacred Jewels - Walters 5111874

Ikeda Kinjô - Kozuka with Okina and Sacred Jewels - Walters 5111874

The figure standing at the bottom of the kozuka is Okina. He is a god in the form of an old man who appears as an auspicious character in noh plays. In front of him are two gold jewels ("tama"). These represent... More

Japanese - Kozuka with an Elephant - Walters 51693 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with an Elephant - Walters 51693 - Back

Elephants are not native to Japan, but live animals were brought to Japan by foreign traders at least twice during the Edo period. In the early 18th century, an elephant being taken from the port of Nagasaki to... More

Japanese - Kozuka with Dragon in Clouds - Walters 5112154

Japanese - Kozuka with Dragon in Clouds - Walters 5112154

The gold body of a dragon emerges from swirling clouds. Dragons are associated with water and often depicted in clouds or waves. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Heron and Lotus Plants - Walters 51749 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Heron and Lotus Plants - Walters 51749 - Back

Two large lotus leaves are at the center of the composition. To the right is a heron made of silver that has tarnished. Water is indicated by the line along the bottom and the swirling lines around the heron's ... More

Morimoto Shigeaki - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112343 - Mark A

Morimoto Shigeaki - Kozuka with Autumn Flowers - Walters 5112343 - Mar...

Chrysanthemums appear in the middle of the kozuka, framed by pampas grass. Both are celebrate autumn plants. This is part of a mounted set.

Nakagawa Isshô - Kozuka with Beach, Pine Tree and Rising Sun - Walters 5112073 - Back

Nakagawa Isshô - Kozuka with Beach, Pine Tree and Rising Sun - Walters...

The pine tree at the right of the composition sits near the shore. At the left, waves lap the shoreline. Rays from the rising sun appear over the horizon. This is part of a mounted set.

Tomoyoshi - Kozuka with Waves and Pine Trees - Walters 5112744 - Mark B

Tomoyoshi - Kozuka with Waves and Pine Trees - Walters 5112744 - Mark ...

At the left, two rows of waves crash onto the shore. Two pine trees are on the right. This is part of a mounted set.

Tomoyoshi - Kozuka with Waves and Pine Trees - Walters 5112744

Tomoyoshi - Kozuka with Waves and Pine Trees - Walters 5112744

At the left, two rows of waves crash onto the shore. Two pine trees are on the right. This is part of a mounted set.

Yoshida Shiei - Kozuka with Orchids - Walters 51896 - Detail A

Yoshida Shiei - Kozuka with Orchids - Walters 51896 - Detail A

A small clump of orchids is in the lower right of the kozuka. The blade is still attached.

Aoki Harutsura - Kozuka with a Horse and Show Monkey - Walters 51634 - Mark A

Aoki Harutsura - Kozuka with a Horse and Show Monkey - Walters 51634 -...

Images pairing horses and monkeys are common because monkeys were believed to keep horses calm within a stable. Monkeys are often shown as grooms for horses. On this kozuka, a horse is shown galloping across th... More

Hayashi Masamitsu - Kozuka with Herons and Reeds - Walters 5111833

Hayashi Masamitsu - Kozuka with Herons and Reeds - Walters 5111833

At the right of the composition, two herons are shown standing beneath reeds. Incised lines on the left indicate water. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with a Carp Ascending a Waterfall - Walters 51680 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with a Carp Ascending a Waterfall - Walters 51680 - ...

A carp is shown swimming up a waterfall. Carps are felicitous symbols in Japanese culture and are a sign of perseverance.

Japanese - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums and Insects - Walters 51794

Japanese - Kozuka with Chrysanthemums and Insects - Walters 51794

Chrysanthemums fill this elaborately carved kozuka. Hidden within the flowers are a cricket and a praying mantis.

Japanese - Kozuka with Crashing Waves - Walters 5111623 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Crashing Waves - Walters 5111623 - Back

The kozuka has a design of crashing waves with small flecks of foam in gold. This is part of a mounted set.

Japanese - Kozuka with Crow and Heron in Reeds - Walters 51731 - Back

Japanese - Kozuka with Crow and Heron in Reeds - Walters 51731 - Back

The figures occupy the right side of this composition. A crow and a heron are shown sitting amongst reeds. A fish trap is behind them on the right.

Japanese - Kozuka with Incised Lines - Walters 5112104 - Detail A

Japanese - Kozuka with Incised Lines - Walters 5112104 - Detail A

This kozuka is simply decorated with an incised line pattern. It is part of a mounted set.

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