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STS-51 G Launch

STS-51 G Launch

(June 17, 1985) On June 17, 1985, Space Shuttle Discovery's STS-51 G mission launched on a Comsat deployment mission. It deployed three communication satellites. The mission lasted a little over seven days. ..I... more

Astronaut Edward White Ready For Gemini IV Liftoff

Astronaut Edward White Ready For Gemini IV Liftoff

(June 3, 1965) Astronaut Edward H. White II, pilot for NASA's Gemini IV mission is shown in the crew's ready room at Launch Complex 16, suited and ready to ride the van to Launch Complex 19 for insertion in the... more

STS-135 Launch

STS-135 Launch

(July 8, 2011) Space Shuttle Atlantis' STS-135 mission launched from Launch Pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center on July 8, 2011. STS-135 was the last Space Shuttle mission. The crew of four delivered supplies to th... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

This historical photograph is of the Apollo Space Program Leaders. An inscription appears at the top of the image that states, “Our deep appreciation for your outstanding contribution to the success of Apollo ... more

Pioneer I on the Launch Pad

Pioneer I on the Launch Pad

Thor-Able I with the Pioneer I spacecraft atop, prior to launch at Eastern Test Range at what is now Kennedy Space Center. Pioneer I launched on October 11, 1958, the first spacecraft launched by the 11 day old... more

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite, is scheduled to be launched from Cape Canaveral on Jan. 29, 1958 ksc-68p-1

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite, is scheduled to be launched from Cape Canaveral on Jan. 29, 1958

Commemorative plaque, attached to the leg of the Lunar Module (LM), Eagle - Saturn Apollo Program

Commemorative plaque, attached to the leg of the Lunar Module (LM), Ea...

Millions of people on Earth watched via television as a message for all mankind was delivered to the Mare Tranquilitatis (Sea of Tranquility) region of the Moon during the historic Apollo 11 mission, where it s... more

Apollo 12 - Saturn Apollo Program

Apollo 12 - Saturn Apollo Program

The second manned lunar landing mission, Apollo 12, launched from launch pad 39-A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14, 1969 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the... more

Saturn V assembled LOX (Liquid Oxygen) and fuel tanks  - Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn V assembled LOX (Liquid Oxygen) and fuel tanks - Saturn Apollo...

This photograph shows the Saturn V assembled LOX (Liquid Oxygen) and fuel tanks ready for transport from the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The tank... more

A long-lost spacesuit recently uncovered

A long-lost spacesuit recently uncovered

Description: KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - This locker reveals a long-lost spacesuit recently uncovered at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) in Florida. A recent venture into a long-locked room at CCA... more

MA-1 Capsule Reassembled After Explosion

MA-1 Capsule Reassembled After Explosion

(July 29, 1960) The main objectives of Mercury Atlas-1's (MA-1) were to recover the capsule and test the integrity of the Mercury capsule structure and afterbody shingles. About one minute after liftoff MA-1 ex... more

Wernher von Braun in the launch control facilities at the Kennedy Space Center

Wernher von Braun in the launch control facilities at the Kennedy Spac...

This photograph is not dated. It was probably taken in the late 1960s. Dr. von Braun appears to be in the launch control facilities at the Kennedy Space Center.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  President Dwight D. Eisenhower visits Cape Kennedy. KSC-PL60-51251

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- President Dwight D. Eisenhower visits C...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- President Dwight D. Eisenhower visits Cape Kennedy.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President Dwight D Eisenhower is briefed on operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-PL60-51253

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President Dwight D Eisenhower is briefed on op...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President Dwight D Eisenhower is briefed on operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA

NASA officials, (left to right) Charles W. Mathews; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC); Dr. George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Marned Space Flight; and Air Force Lt. General Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director celebrate the successful launch of Apollo 11 in the control room at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on July 16, 1969. Boosted by the Saturn V launch vehicle, the Apollo 11 mission with a crew of three: Astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin E. Aldrin, made the first manned lunar landing. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. von Braun. n/a

NASA officials, (left to right) Charles W. Mathews; Dr. Wernher von Br...

NASA officials, (left to right) Charles W. Mathews; Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC); Dr. George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Marned Space Flight; and Air Force Lt... more

AERIAL VIEW PAD 34  BLOCKHOUSE CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS KSC-60-1364

AERIAL VIEW PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS KSC-60-1364

AERIAL VIEW PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial view of Complex 34, looking northwest.    Photo credit: NASA KSC-60-2654

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial view of Complex 34, looking northwest. ...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial view of Complex 34, looking northwest. Photo credit: NASA

61C-196

61C-196

Test 5111 Missile MR1-A at liftoff. Reference PL-60-83896. Item 1.2-23.

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

1961 -- The first three Americans in space, Mercury astronauts, from the left, John H. Glenn Jr., Virgil I. (Gus) Grissom and Alan B. Shepard Jr. standing by Redstone rocket in their spacesuits.

Saturn 1 launch vehicle -  Apollo Program

Saturn 1 launch vehicle - Apollo Program

Pictured in front of the Saturn 1 launch vehicle are (L to R): Dr. Rocco Petrone, Director of Launch Operations at Kennedy Space Center; Dr. Werher von Braun, Director of Marshall Space Flight Center; Dr. Oswal... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Ham the chimp.  Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-61-1923

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Ham the chimp. Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-61-...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Ham the chimp. Photo credit: NASA

EXPLORER 10 PRELAUNCH JUNO II 19F TEST 5109

EXPLORER 10 PRELAUNCH JUNO II 19F TEST 5109

2/14/1961 JUNO II 19F STANDING ALONE ON LAUNCH TABLE AFTER GANTRY PULLED BACK. PAD 26B

Pad 6.  Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-entry observation, at 9: 30 P.M. EST.  (Lift-off) Photo by: Bundy. LOD-KSC-61C-413

Pad 6. Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-...

Pad 6. Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-entry observation, at 9: 30 P.M. EST. (Lift-off) Photo by: Bundy.

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5  Photo by: Special & Hopkins 61C-532

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5 Photo by: Special & ...

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5 Photo by: Special & Hopkins

AERIAL PHOTO SHOWING COMPLEX 34 AND OTHER LAUNCH PADS IN BACKGROUND CCMTA NASA-LOD KSC-61C-0873

AERIAL PHOTO SHOWING COMPLEX 34 AND OTHER LAUNCH PADS IN BACKGROUND CC...

AERIAL PHOTO SHOWING COMPLEX 34 AND OTHER LAUNCH PADS IN BACKGROUND CCMTA NASA-LOD

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert.    Photo credit: NASA/Santomassino KSC-61-4457

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert. Photo credit: NASA/San...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert. Photo credit: NASA/Santomassino

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Aerial photo, overall view of Complex 34.  Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-61C-1322

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Aerial photo, overall view of Complex 34. Pho...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Aerial photo, overall view of Complex 34. Photo credit: NASA

LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

AUGUST 23, 1961 LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial photo, Pad 34 overall, low-level from south. CCMTA, NASA-LOD.    Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-61C-1699

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial photo, Pad 34 overall, low-level from so...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial photo, Pad 34 overall, low-level from south. CCMTA, NASA-LOD. Photo credit: NASA

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-5 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-5 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

S62-08310 (29 Nov. 1961) --- View of the liftoff of Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) carrying space chimpanzee "Enos" on Nov. 29, 1961 from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Photo credit: NASA

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

January 1962 -- Project Mercury Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., prime pilot for the MA-6 mission, takes a work-out in the procedures trainer in preparation for the flight.

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

January 1962 -- Project Mercury Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., prime pilot for the MA-6 mission.

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

1962 -- Running along the beach at Cape Canaveral, Florida, astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., pilot of the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission, participates in a strict physical training program, as he exemplifies by frequent running.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility extended to capsule. PAD 14, CCMTA.      Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-62C-128

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility ext...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility extended to capsule. PAD 14, CCMTA. Photo credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14  Mercury Atlas-6 with Capsule #13.      Photo credit: NASA/USAF KSC-LOD-62-475

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14 Mercury Atlas-6 w...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14 Mercury Atlas-6 with Capsule #13. Photo credit: NASA/USAF

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2 1/26/1962 TEST 125 ITEM 1.3.18U

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

February 1962 -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., Mercury-Atlas 6 pilot.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. enters his Mercury capsule, "Friendship 7," as he prepares for launch of the Mercury-Atlas rocket. On February 20, 1962, Glenn lifted off into space aboard his Mercury Atlas 6 MA-6 rocket and became the first American to orbit the Earth. After orbiting the Earth 3 times, Friendship 7 landed in the Atlantic Ocean 4 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds later, just East of Grand Turk Island in the Bahamas. Glenn and his capsule were recovered by the Navy Destroyer Noa, 21 minutes after splashdown.      Photo credit: NASA KSC-S63-01207

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. enters his Mercury...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. enters his Mercury capsule, "Friendship 7," as he prepares for launch of the Mercury-Atlas rocket. On February 20, 1962, Glenn lifted off into space aboard hi... more

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

Mercury Atlas-6 lifts off on Feb. 20, 1962 carrying astronaut John Glenn on America's first orbital spaceflight.

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

Project Mercury astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., enters the Friendship 7 spacecraft during the last part of the countdown on Feb. 20, 1962. At 9:47 a.m. EST, the Atlas launch vehicle lifted the spacecraft into orbi... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbital space flight. Astronaut John Glenn aboard, the Mercury-Atlas rocket is launched from Pad 14. Photo credit: NASA KSC-62PC-0009

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbit...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbital space flight. Astronaut John Glenn aboard, the Mercury-Atlas rocket is launched from Pad 14. Photo credit: NASA

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. uses binoculars to view the Earth through the window of the Mercury-Atlas (MA-6) Friendship 7 capsule during the U.S.'s initial orbital flight.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - S62-00914 1962) Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., pilot of the Mercury-Atlas 6 spaceflight, relaxes aboard the carrier U.S.S. Randolph following his Earth-orbital mission. Glenn was transferred to the Randolph from the U.S.S. Noa after his return from his Earth-orbital mission. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-MA6-39

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - S62-00914 1962) Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., pi...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - S62-00914 1962) Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., pilot of the Mercury-Atlas 6 spaceflight, relaxes aboard the carrier U.S.S. Randolph following his Earth-orbital mission. Glenn was transferre... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. during welcome back ceremonies at Patrick Air Force Base and Cape Canaveral in Florida after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Friendship 7. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson looks on, with his back to the camera. Photo credit: NASA KSC-PL62-76872

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. during welcome back ceremonies at Patrick Air Force Base and Cape Canaveral in Florida after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Fr... more

KSC-62PC-0014

KSC-62PC-0014

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. at Hangar S, Cape Canaveral, Florida, after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Friendship 7. Photo credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. during welcome-back ceremonies at Patrick Air Force Base and Cape Canaveral in Florida after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Friendship 7. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson also is in attendance, with his back to the camera. Photo credit: NASA KSC-PL62-76874

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. during welcome-back ceremonies at Patrick Air Force Base and Cape Canaveral in Florida after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Fr... more

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

Astronaut John Glenn Jr. is honored by President John F. Kennedy after Glenn's historical first manned orbital flight, Mercury-Atlas 6. The ceremony was held in front of Hangar S at Cape Canaveral Air Force Sta... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thumbs-up as he and President John F. Kennedy arrive at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Glenn's Mercury Atlas 6 mission lifted off from Launch Complex 14, in the background, on Feb. 20, 1962. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-62C-0363

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thum...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thumbs-up as he and President John F. Kennedy arrive at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Glenn's Mercury Atlas 6 mission lifted... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thumbs-up as he and President John F. Kennedy arrive at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Glenn's Mercury Atlas 6 mission lifted off from Launch Complex 14, in the background, on Feb. 20, 1962. Photo credit: NASA KSC-PL62-76873

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thum...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. gives a double thumbs-up as he and President John F. Kennedy arrive at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Glenn's Mercury Atlas 6 mission lifted... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. at Hangar S, Cape Canaveral, Florida, after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Friendship 7. Photo credit: NASA KSC-PL62-76870

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy honors John H. Glenn Jr. at Hangar S, Cape Canaveral, Florida, after his historic three-orbit mission aboard Friendship 7. Photo credit: NASA

NASA/Construction Aerial: Pad 39A, looking south KSC-66C-6852

NASA/Construction Aerial: Pad 39A, looking south KSC-66C-6852

NASA/Construction Aerial: Pad 39A, looking south

President John F. Kennedy receives a briefing from Rocco Petrone during a tour of Cape Canaveral facilities. LOC-62C-1429

President John F. Kennedy receives a briefing from Rocco Petrone durin...

President John F. Kennedy receives a briefing from Rocco Petrone during a tour of Cape Canaveral facilities.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the blockhouse of Launch Complex 34 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida, President John F. Kennedy is briefed on NASA's future plans. Seated, from the left, are NASA Administrator James E. Webb, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Launch Operations Center Director Kurt H. Debus and Kennedy. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-62C-1443

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the blockhouse of Launch Complex 34 at the ...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the blockhouse of Launch Complex 34 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida, President John F. Kennedy is briefed on NASA's future plans. Seated, from the left, are NASA A... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy is escorted by Launch Operations Center Director Dr. Kurt H. Debus, on the right, on a tour of Launch Complex-14 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-LOC-62-7018

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy is escorted by Launch...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy is escorted by Launch Operations Center Director Dr. Kurt H. Debus, on the right, on a tour of Launch Complex-14 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Flor... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Photojournalists crowd in as astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., left, talks to President John F. Kennedy about a console in the Mercury Control Center at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-PL62-76876

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Photojournalists crowd in as astronaut John H. ...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Photojournalists crowd in as astronaut John H. Glenn Jr., left, talks to President John F. Kennedy about a console in the Mercury Control Center at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex i... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- An Atlas launch vehicle lifts off with the Mercury spacecraft Sigma 7 atop with astronaut Walter M. Schirra Jr. aboard. The fifth American into space and the third to orbit the Earth plans to circle the globe six time prior to a planned splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-62PC-0078

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- An Atlas launch vehicle lifts off with the Mer...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- An Atlas launch vehicle lifts off with the Mercury spacecraft Sigma 7 atop with astronaut Walter M. Schirra Jr. aboard. The fifth American into space and the third to orbit the Earth pla... more

Lift-off of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V. (Test 5050)(ITEM 1.3- ) 62PC-80

Lift-off of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V. (Test 5050)(ITEM 1.3- ) 62PC-80

Lift-off of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V. (Test 5050)(ITEM 1.3- )

Pre-launch alert of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V. 62PC-81

Pre-launch alert of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V. 62PC-81

Pre-launch alert of Atlas-Agena 7, Ranger V.

The Atlas-Agena B space Vehicle waits on the launch pad to launch the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Ranger V Spacecraft on a 66 – 62 hour journey to the moon.  Ranger V is a 735-pound gold and chrome Plated payload designed to perform a series of complicated tasks, including taking television pictures of the lunar surface. 62P-165

The Atlas-Agena B space Vehicle waits on the launch pad to launch the ...

The Atlas-Agena B space Vehicle waits on the launch pad to launch the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Ranger V Spacecraft on a 66 – 62 hour journey to the moon. Ranger V is a 735-pound gold and... more

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NASA/SATURN KSC-62-9387

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NASA/SATURN KSC-62-9387

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NASA/SATURN

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to design an addition to the facility, which wrapped around the east, north, and most of the west and south sides.           The Mercury Mission Control Center in Florida played a key role in the United States' early spaceflight program. Located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the original part of the building was constructed between 1956 and 1958, with additions in 1959 and 1963. The facility officially was transferred to NASA on Dec. 26, 1963, and served as mission control during all the Project Mercury missions, as well as the first three flights of the Gemini Program, when it was renamed Mission Control Center. With its operational days behind, on June 1, 1967, the Mission Control Center became a stop on the public tour of NASA facilities until the mid-90s. In 1999, much of the equipment and furnishings from the Flight Control Area were moved to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex where they became part of the exhibit there. The building was demolished in spring 2010. Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63-1971

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Cent...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to desi... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to design an addition to the facility, which wrapped around the east, north, and most of the west and south sides.           The Mercury Mission Control Center in Florida played a key role in the United States' early spaceflight program. Located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the original part of the building was constructed between 1956 and 1958, with additions in 1959 and 1963. The facility officially was transferred to NASA on Dec. 26, 1963, and served as mission control during all the Project Mercury missions, as well as the first three flights of the Gemini Program, when it was renamed Mission Control Center. With its operational days behind, on June 1, 1967, the Mission Control Center became a stop on the public tour of NASA facilities until the mid-90s. In 1999, much of the equipment and furnishings from the Flight Control Area were moved to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex where they became part of the exhibit there. The building was demolished in spring 2010. Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63-1017

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Cent...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to desi... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to design an addition to the facility, which wrapped around the east, north, and most of the west and south sides.           The Mercury Mission Control Center in Florida played a key role in the United States' early spaceflight program. Located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the original part of the building was constructed between 1956 and 1958, with additions in 1959 and 1963. The facility officially was transferred to NASA on Dec. 26, 1963, and served as mission control during all the Project Mercury missions, as well as the first three flights of the Gemini Program, when it was renamed Mission Control Center. With its operational days behind, on June 1, 1967, the Mission Control Center became a stop on the public tour of NASA facilities until the mid-90s. In 1999, much of the equipment and furnishings from the Flight Control Area were moved to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex where they became part of the exhibit there. The building was demolished in spring 2010. Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63-5635

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Cent...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to desi... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Launch Pad 34 exterior, blockhouse and gantry.    Photo credit: NASA KSC-PL63C-18124

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Launch Pad 34 exterior, blockhouse and gantry. ...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Launch Pad 34 exterior, blockhouse and gantry. Photo credit: NASA

PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE AND GANTRY PL63C-18124

PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE AND GANTRY PL63C-18124

PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE AND GANTRY

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch Complex 34, March 28, 1963. The fourth launch of Saturn launch vehicles, developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun, incorporated a Saturn I, Block I engine. The typical height of a Block I vehicle was approximately 163 feet and had only one live stage. It consisted of eight tanks, each 70 inches in diameter, clustered around a central tank, 105 inches in diameter. Four of the external tanks were fuel tanks for the RP-1 (kerosene) fuel. The other four, spaced alternately with the fuel tanks, were liquid oxygen tanks as was the large center tank. All fuel tanks and liquid oxygen tanks drained at the same rates respectively. The thrust for the stage came from eight H-1 engines, each producing a thrust of 165,000 pounds, for a total thrust of over 1,300,000 pounds. The engines were arranged in a double pattern.  Four engines, located inboard, were fixed in a square pattern around the stage axis and canted outward slightly, while the remaining four engines were located outboard in a larger square pattern offset 40 degrees from the inner pattern. Unlike the inner engines, each outer engine was gimbaled. That is, each could be swung through an arc. They were gimbaled as a means of steering the rocket, by letting the instrumentation of the rocket correct any deviations of its powered trajectory. The block I required engine gimabling as the only method of guiding and stabilizing the rocket through the lower atmosphere. The upper stages of the Block I rocket reflected the three-stage configuration of the Saturn I vehicle. Like SA-3, the SA-4 flight’s upper stage ejected 113,560 liters (30,000 gallons) of ballast water in the upper atmosphere for "Project Highwater" physics experiment. Release of this vast quantity of water in a near-space environment marked the second purely scientific large-scale experiment. The SA-4 was the last Block I rocket launch. n/a

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch...

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch Complex 34, March 28, 1963. The fourth launch of Saturn launch vehicles, developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the dir... more

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch Complex 34, March 28, 1963. The fourth launch of Saturn launch vehicles developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun, incorporated a Saturn I, Block I engine. The typical height of a Block I vehicle was approximately 163 feet and had only one live stage. It consisted of eight tanks, each 70 inches in diameter, clustered around a central tank, 105 inches in diameter. Four of the external tanks were fuel tanks for the RP-1 (kerosene) fuel. The other four, spaced alternately with the fuel tanks, were liquid oxygen tanks as was the large center tank. All fuel tanks and liquid oxygen tanks drained at the same rates respectively. The thrust for the stage came from eight H-1 engines, each producing a thrust of 165,000 pounds, for a total thrust of over 1,300,000 pounds. The engines were arranged in a double pattern.  Four engines, located inboard, were fixed in a square pattern around the stage axis and canted outward slightly, while the remaining four engines were located outboard in a larger square pattern offset 40 degrees from the inner pattern. Unlike the inner engines, each outer engine was gimbaled. That is, each could be swung through an arc. They were gimbaled as a means of steering the rocket, by letting the instrumentation of the rocket correct any deviations of its powered trajectory. The block I required engine gimabling as the only method of guiding and stabilizing the rocket through the lower atmosphere. The upper stages of the Block I rocket reflected the three-stage configuration of the Saturn I vehicle. Like SA-3, the SA-4 flight’s upper stage ejected 113,560 liters (30,000 gallons) of ballast water in the upper atmosphere for "Project Highwater" physics experiment. Release of this vast quantity of water in a near-space environment marked the second purely scientific large-scale experiment. The SA-4 was the last Block I rocket launch. n/a

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch...

The Saturn I (SA-4) flight lifted off from Kennedy Space Center launch Complex 34, March 28, 1963. The fourth launch of Saturn launch vehicles developed at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), under the dir... more

KSC---LOC-63-4309

KSC---LOC-63-4309

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Compl... more

--LOC-63-4309

--LOC-63-4309

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Compl... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) played a crucial role in the development of the huge Saturn rockets that delivered humans to the moon in the 1960s. Many unique facilities existed at MSFC for the develo... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) played a crucial role in the development of the huge Saturn rockets that delivered humans to the moon in the 1960s. Many unique facilities existed at MSFC for the develo... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) played a crucial role in the development of the huge Saturn rockets that delivered humans to the moon in the 1960s. Many unique facilities existed at MSFC for the develo... more

Saturn Apollo Program

Saturn Apollo Program

The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) played a crucial role in the development of the huge Saturn rockets that delivered humans to the moon in the 1960s. Many unique facilities existed at MSFC for the develo... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to design an addition to the facility, which wrapped around the east, north, and most of the west and south sides.           The Mercury Mission Control Center in Florida played a key role in the United States' early spaceflight program. Located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the original part of the building was constructed between 1956 and 1958, with additions in 1959 and 1963. The facility officially was transferred to NASA on Dec. 26, 1963, and served as mission control during all the Project Mercury missions, as well as the first three flights of the Gemini Program, when it was renamed Mission Control Center. With its operational days behind, on June 1, 1967, the Mission Control Center became a stop on the public tour of NASA facilities until the mid-90s. In 1999, much of the equipment and furnishings from the Flight Control Area were moved to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex where they became part of the exhibit there. The building was demolished in spring 2010. Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63-5674

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Cent...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Between 1962 and 1963, the Mission Control Center was modified to handle the additional complexities of the Gemini Program. In 1962, Pan American World Airways Inc. was contracted to desi... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at NASA's Merritt Island Launch Annex. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63C-2036

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at NASA's Merritt Island Launch Annex. Photo Credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at NASA's Merritt Island Launch Annex. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-63C-2376

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- This aerial view shows construction progress of the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at NASA's Merritt Island Launch Annex. Photo Credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Complex 39, this is the site where facilities were built such as the Headquarters Building, Operations and Checkout Building as well as the Central Instrumentation Facility. Photo Credit: NASA KSC--LOC-63-8506

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site o...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Compl... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Complex 39, this is the site where facilities were built such as the Headquarters Building, Operations and Checkout Building as well as the Central Instrumentation Facility. Photo Credit: NASA KSC---LOC-63-8506

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site o...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This aerial of view from 1963 shows the site of the Industrial Area for the Merritt Island Launch Annex, now the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Located five miles south of Launch Compl... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, central section.     Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63C-2764

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interior...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, central section. Photo credit: NASA

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NORTH SECTION KSC-63C-2763

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NORTH SECTION KSC-63C-2763

INTERIORS, PAD 34 BLOCKHOUSE, NORTH SECTION

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, consoles.     Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63C-2766

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interior...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, consoles. Photo credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, south section.     Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63C-2765

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interior...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, south section. Photo credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, general area.     Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63C-2767

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interior...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – CCMTA, NASA:Saturn, Pad 34, blockhouse interiors, Blockhouse 34, general area. Photo credit: NASA

AERIAL OF COMPLEX 34 LOC-63-8796
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial, Launch Complex 34.     Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63-8796

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial, Launch Complex 34. Photo credit: NA...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Aerial, Launch Complex 34. Photo credit: NASA

Around Marshall

Around Marshall

NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility, located in eastern New Orleans, Louisiana, is an 832 acre site that is a government-owned, contractor-operated component of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). T... more

KSC-63P-0167

KSC-63P-0167

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida, President John F. Kennedy and other officials are briefed on NASA's future plans in the blockhouse of Launch Complex 37. Photo Credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy tours the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Standing in front of a Gemini spacecraft, from the left, are George M. Low, NASA chief of Manned Space Flight partially visible, Kennedy, astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, astronaut Virgil I. Grissom and G. Merritt Preston, NASA's manager of the Atlantic Missile Range. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-63P-0171

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy tours the Cape Canave...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- President John F. Kennedy tours the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Standing in front of a Gemini spacecraft, from the left, are George M. Low, NASA chief of Manned Space Fl... more

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Maj. Gen. L. I. Davis, commander of the U.S. Air Force Missile Test Center, welcomes President John F. Kennedy to the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-LOC-63P-0151

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Maj. Gen. L. I. Davis, commander of the U.S. Ai...

CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. -- Maj. Gen. L. I. Davis, commander of the U.S. Air Force Missile Test Center, welcomes President John F. Kennedy to the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in Florida. Photo Credit: NASA

James Webb Presents Group Achievement Award to KSC

James Webb Presents Group Achievement Award to KSC

(October 15, 1964) NASA Administrator James E. Webb presents the Group Achievement Award to Kennedy Space Center Director Dr. Kurt Debus, for Kennedy Space Center's role in the successful launch of the Saturn I rocket.

Wernher von Braun

Wernher von Braun

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Dr. Wernher von Braun (left) with Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Rocco Petrone prior to the January 29, 1964 launch of SA-5, the first Block II configuration of the Satu... more

Wernher von Braun seated near a periscope in Kennedy Space Center

Wernher von Braun seated near a periscope in Kennedy Space Center

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Wernher von Braun, seated near a periscope in Kennedy Space Center's Blockhouse 34, on May 28, 1964, looks over a flight manual while awaiting the launch of SA-6, th... more

GEMINI-TITAN (GT)-9 TEST - ASTRONAUT EUGENE A. WHITE -- PERSONAL - CAPE

GEMINI-TITAN (GT)-9 TEST - ASTRONAUT EUGENE A. WHITE -- PERSONAL - CAP...

S66-34051 (3 June 1966) --- Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene A. Cernan arrive in the White Room atop Pad 19 at the Kennedy Space Center in preparation for the launch of the Gemini-9 spaceflight. Photo c... more

Aerial. Construction progress of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), looking north. MILA. KSC-64C-2975

Aerial. Construction progress of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), ...

Aerial. Construction progress of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), looking north. MILA.

KSC-64P-0082

KSC-64P-0082

CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. -- At Cape Kennedy Air Force Station in Florida, a Delta C rocket stands poised for liftoff at Launch Complex 17A to boost the Explorer 21 satellite into orbit. Photo Credit: NASA

KSC-64PC-0082

KSC-64PC-0082

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Overall aerial view of "Missile Row," Cape Kennedy Air Force Station. The view is looking north, with the Vehicle Assembly Building under construction in the upper left-hand corner. Phot... more

Centaur A/C 4 in-flight air to air. 101-KSC-64C-5741

Centaur A/C 4 in-flight air to air. 101-KSC-64C-5741

Centaur A/C 4 in-flight air to air.

Pre-launch of Centaur 4 A/C 4 from Pad 36A. 101-KSC-64C-5742

Pre-launch of Centaur 4 A/C 4 from Pad 36A. 101-KSC-64C-5742

Pre-launch of Centaur 4 A/C 4 from Pad 36A.

Gemini 3 final inspection

Gemini 3 final inspection

(March 23, 1965) Technicians from the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, which was responsible for producing the Gemini capsule, make final inspections to the Gemini 3 spacecraft. The photo is taken at the white r... more

Photograph of Apollo 13 Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise, Jr. Undergoing Spacesuit Checks

Photograph of Apollo 13 Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise, Jr. Undergoi...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. - Apollo 13 lunar module pilot Fred W. Haise, Jr., appears relaxed as he undergoes spacesuit checks today prior to the start of his lunar landing mission with astronauts James A. Love... more