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20,307 media by topicpage 1 of 204
First JATO assisted Flight

First JATO assisted Flight

Full Description: Take-off of America's first "rocket-assisted" airplane, an Ercoupe fitted with a GALCIT developed solid propellent 28 pound thrust JATO (Jet Assisted Take-Off) booster. The Ercoupe took off fr... more

JATO Flight Test Crew

JATO Flight Test Crew

(August 12, 1941) Flight test crew for the Jet Assisted Take-Off (JATO) experimental solid rocket booster. It was later refered to as RATO (Rocket Assisted Take-Off). From left to right are: F.S. Miller, J.W. P... more

Bumper V-2 Launch

Bumper V-2 Launch

(July 24, 1950) A new chapter in space flight began in July 1950 with the launch of the first rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida: the Bumper 8. Shown above, Bumper 8 was an ambitious two-stage rocket program t... more

Theodore von Karman

Theodore von Karman

Full Description: (c. 1950)Dr. Theodore von Karman, co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Pasadena, California was an aeronautical theoretician. He was the first winner of the prestigious U.S. Medal... more

Explorer 1 Launch

Explorer 1 Launch

(January 31, 1958) Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much gr... more

Explorer I Architects

Explorer I Architects

The three men responsible for the success of Explorer 1, America's first Earth satellite which was launched January 31, 1958. At left is Dr. William H. Pickering, former director of JPL, which built and operate... more

Pioneer III Probe

Pioneer III Probe

Looking more like surgeons, these technicians wearing cleanroom attire inspect the Pioneer III probe before shipping it to Cape Canaveral, Florida. Pioneer III was launched on December 6, 1958 aboard a Juno II ... more

Wernher von Braun

Wernher von Braun

Jet Propulsion Laboratory Director Dr. James Pickering, Dr. James van Allen of the State University of Iowa, and Army Ballistic missionile Agency Technical Director Dr. Wernher von Braun triumphantly display a ... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. A... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. A... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Juno I, a slightly modified Jupiter-C launch vehicle, shortly before the January 31, 1958 launch of America's first satellite, Explorer I. The Jupiter-C, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team a... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Explorer 1 atop a Jupiter-C in gantry. Jupiter-C carrying the first American satellite, Explorer 1, was successfully launched on January 31, 1958. The Jupiter-C launch vehicle consisted of a modified version of... more

JPL's Hypersonic Wind Tunnel

JPL's Hypersonic Wind Tunnel

In September of 1959, JPL held a press conference to celebrate the opening of its new $3,500,000 hypersonic wind tunnel, the third wind tunnel built at JPL from 1947 to 1959. A JPL engineer is shown positioning... more

JPL Key Figures

JPL Key Figures

Full Description: (c. 1960) Left to right: Dr. William H. Pickering, former JPL Director, Dr. Theodore von Karman, JPL co-founder and Dr. Frank J. Malina, co-founder, and first director of JPL...Identifier GPN-... more

Aerial View of JPL

Aerial View of JPL

An aerial view of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California and the surrounding San Gabriel Mountains...Image # : p39727cc

Kennedy Receives Mariner 2 Model

Kennedy Receives Mariner 2 Model

(1961) Dr. William H. Pickering, (center) JPL Director, presenting Mariner spacecraft model to President John F. Kennedy, (right). NASA Administrator James Webb is standing directly behind the Mariner model. Th... more

Mariner photos presented to President Johnson

Mariner photos presented to President Johnson

Description: (July 29, 1965) Dr. William H. Pickering, (left) Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory presents Mariner spacecraft photos to President Lyndon Baines Johnson...Identifier GPN-2000-000480

Cresent Europa

Cresent Europa

(September 12, 1996) This mosaic of Europa, the smallest Galilean satellite, was taken by Voyager 2. This face of Europa is centered at about the 300 degree meridian. The bright areas are probably ice deposits,... more

Mariner Images of Mars

Mariner Images of Mars

Description: These wide-angle images of Mars were laid in place on a globe already containing an indistinct, Earth-based view of Mars. The Mariner 6 pictures make two horizontal rows above; the Mariner 7 pictur... more

Voyager First Science Meeting

Voyager First Science Meeting

This archival image was released as part of a gallery comparing JPL's past and present, commemorating the 80th anniversary of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory on Oct. 31, 2016. In December 1972, the science st... more

EXPERIMENTS - APOLLO 17

EXPERIMENTS - APOLLO 17

S72-53472 (November 1972) --- An artist's concept illustrating how radar beams of the Apollo 17 lunar sounder experiment will probe three-quarters of a mile below the moon's surface from the orbiting spacecraft... more

Optical Recorder of the Lunar Sounder Experiment

Optical Recorder of the Lunar Sounder Experiment

S72-49482 (November 1972) --- The Optical Recorder of the Lunar Sounder Experiment (S-209) which will be mounted in the SIM bay of the Apollo 17 Service Module. The three functional parts of the Lunar Sounder a... more

Earth and Moon as Viewed by Mariner 10

Earth and Moon as Viewed by Mariner 10

Description Mariner 10 was launched on November 3, 1973, 12:45 am PST, from Cape Canaveral on an Atlas/Centaur rocket (a reconditioned Intercontinental Ballistic Missile - ICBM). Within 12 hours of launch the t... more

Venus

Venus

Description (1974) This picture of Venus was captured by the Mariner 10 spacecraft during its approach to the planet in early 1974. Taken with the spacecraft's imaging system using an ultraviolet filter, the pi... more

Mercury At Closest Approach

Mercury At Closest Approach

Description (March 29, 1974) Taken only minutes after Mariner 10 made its closest approach to the planet Mercury on March 29, this is one of the highest resolution pictures obtained during the mission. Craters ... more

AERIAL VIEW OF JET PROPULSION LABORATORY IN CALIFORNIA

AERIAL VIEW OF JET PROPULSION LABORATORY IN CALIFORNIA

The original finding aid described this as: Capture Date: 1/16/1975 Keywords: aerial Larsen Scan Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel

First Mars Surface Photo

First Mars Surface Photo

The image above is the first photograph ever taken from the surface of Mars. It was taken by the Viking 1 lander shortly after it touched down on Mars on July 20, 1976. Part of footpad #2 can be seen in the low... more

Voyager 2 Launch

Voyager 2 Launch

(August 20, 1977) Voyager 2 was launched August 20, 1977, sixteen days before Voyager 1 aboard a Titan-Centaur rocket. Their different flight trajectories caused Voyager 2 to arrive at Jupiter four months later... more

Voyager Spacecraft During Vibration Testing

Voyager Spacecraft During Vibration Testing

Two Voyager spacecraft were launched in 1977 to explore the outer planets and some of their satellites. A prototype Voyager spacecraft is shown at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, as it... more

First Picture of the Earth and Moon in a Single Frame

First Picture of the Earth and Moon in a Single Frame

Description This picture of the Earth and Moon in a single frame, the first of its kind ever taken by a spacecraft, was recorded September 18, 1977, by NASAs Voyager 1 when it was 7.25 million miles (11.66 mill... more

The Sounds of Earth Record Cover

The Sounds of Earth Record Cover

This gold aluminum cover was designed to protect the Voyager 1 and 2 Sounds of Earth gold-plated records from micrometeorite bombardment, but also serves a double purpose in providing the finder a key to playin... more

The Sounds of Earth

The Sounds of Earth

Flying aboard Voyagers 1 and 2 are identical golden records, carrying the story of Earth far into deep space. The 12 inch gold-plated copper discs contain greetings in 60 languages, samples of music from differ... more

Jupiter System Montage

Jupiter System Montage

(March 1979) Jupiter and its four planet-size moons, called the Galilean satellites, were photographed in early March 1979 by Voyager 1 and assembled into this collage. They are not to scale but are in their re... more

Jupiter's Great Red Spot

Jupiter's Great Red Spot

(March 1, 1979) As Voyager 1 flew by Jupiter, it captured this photo of the Great Red Spot. The Great Red Spot is an anti-cyclonic (high- pressure) storm on Jupiter that can be likened to the worst hurricanes o... more

Photo by Voyager 1 Jupiter's satellite Io poses before the giant planet in this photo returned Jan 17, 1979 from a distance of 29 million miles (47 million kilometers). The satellite's shadow can be seen falling on the face of Jupiter at left. Io is traveling from left to right in its one-and-three-quarter-day orbit around Jupiter. Even from this great distance the image of Io shows dark poles and bright equatorial region. Voyager 1 will make its closest approach to Jupiter  174, 000 miles (280,000 kilometer) on March 5. It will then continue to Saturn in November 1980. This color photo was assembled at Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Image Processing Lab from three black and white images taken through filters. The Voyagers are managed for NASA's Office of Space Science by Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (JPL Ref: P-20946C) ARC-1979-AC79-0143-4

Photo by Voyager 1 Jupiter's satellite Io poses before the giant plane...

Photo by Voyager 1 Jupiter's satellite Io poses before the giant planet in this photo returned Jan 17, 1979 from a distance of 29 million miles (47 million kilometers). The satellite's shadow can be seen fallin... more

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) The spacecraft took this photo of the planet Jupiter on Jan 24, while still more than 25 million miles (40 million kilometers) away. As the spacecraft draws closer to the planet (about 1 million kilometers a day) more details are emergng in the turbulent clouds. The Great Red Spot shows prominently below center, surrounded by what scientists call a remarkably complex region of the giant planet's atmosphere. An elongated yellow cloud within the Great Red Spot is swirling around the spot's interior boundary in a counterclockwise direction with a period of a little less than six days, confirming the whirlpool-like circulation that astronomers have suspected from ground-based photographs. Ganymede, Jupiter's largest satellite, can be seen to the lower left of the planet. Ganymede is a planet-sized body larger than Mercury. This color photo was assembled at Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Image Processing Lab from there black and white images taken through filters. The Voyagers are managed for NASA's Office of Space Science by Jet Propulsion Laboratory.  (ref: P-20945C  Mission Image 1-9) ARC-1979-AC79-0143-3

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) The spacecraft took this photo of the planet ...

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) The spacecraft took this photo of the planet Jupiter on Jan 24, while still more than 25 million miles (40 million kilometers) away. As the spacecraft draws closer to the planet (about ... more

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) Jupiter, its Great Red Spot and three of its four largest satellites are visible in this photo taken Feb 5, 1979 by Voyager 1. The spacecraft was 28.4 million kilomters (17.5 million miles) from the planet at the time. The inner-most large satellite, Io, can be seen against Jupiter's disk. Io is distinguished by its bright, brown-yellow surface. To the right of Jupiter is the satellite Europa, also very bright but with fainter surface markings. The darkest satellite, Callisto (still nearly twice as bright as Earth's Moon), is barely visible at the bottom left of the picture. Callisto shows a bright patch in its northern hemisphere. All tThree orbit Jupiter in the equatorial plane, and appear in their present position because Voyageris above the plane. All three satellites show the same face to Jupiter always -- just as Earth's Moon always shows us the same face. In this photo we see the sides of the satellites that always face away from the planet. Jupiter's colorfully banded atmosphere displays complex patterns highlighted by the Great Red Spot, a large, circulating atmospheric disturbance. This photo was assembled from three black and white negatives by the Image Processing Lab at Jet Propulsion Laboratory. JPL manages and controls the Voyage Project for NASA's Office of Space Science. (ref: P-21083) ARC-1969-AC79-0164-2

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) Jupiter, its Great Red Spot and three of its ...

Photo by Voyager 1 (JPL) Jupiter, its Great Red Spot and three of its four largest satellites are visible in this photo taken Feb 5, 1979 by Voyager 1. The spacecraft was 28.4 million kilomters (17.5 million mi... more

This photo of Callisto, outermost of Jupiter's four Galilean satellites, was taken a few minutes after midnight (PST) Feb. 25 by Voyager 1.  The distance to Callisto was 8,023,000 kilometers (4.98 million miles).  The hemisphere in this picture shows a fairly uniform surface dotted with brighter spots that are up to several hundred kilometers across.  Scientists believe the spots may be impact craters but higher-resolution photos will be necessary before the features can be interpreted.  Callisto is about the same size as the planet Mercury--about 5,000 kilometers (3,000 miles) in diameter.  Callisto is less massive than Mercury, however, giving it a density less than twice that of water.  Scientists believe Callisto, therefore, is composed of a mixture of rock and ice (up to about 50 percent by weight).  Its surface is darker than those of the other Galilean satellites, but is still about twice as bright as Earth's Moon.  This black-and-white photo was taken through a violet filter.  Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages and controls the Voyager project for NASA's Office of Space Science. (JPL ref. No. P-21149) ARC-1979-A79-7027

This photo of Callisto, outermost of Jupiter's four Galilean satellite...

This photo of Callisto, outermost of Jupiter's four Galilean satellites, was taken a few minutes after midnight (PST) Feb. 25 by Voyager 1. The distance to Callisto was 8,023,000 kilometers (4.98 million miles... more

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and 3, 1979, when Voyager 1 was about 31 million kilometers (19.4 million miles) from Jupiter.  The pictures were taken one Jupiter rotation apart, and that together they depict four days in the life of the centuries-old Red Spot.  The pictures clearly demonstrate changes in circulation around the Red Spot during the 40-hour period.  The photos were taken through a blue filter.  Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the Voyager project for NASA's Office of Space Science. (JPL ref. No. P-21148) ARC-1979-AC79-7008

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and ...

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and 3, 1979, when Voyager 1 was about 31 million kilometers (19.4 million miles) from Jupiter. The pictures were taken one Jupiter rotation apa... more

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and 3, 1979, when Voyager 1 was about 31 million kilometers (19.4 million  miles) from Jupiter.  The pictures were taken one Jupiter rotation apart, so that together they depict four days in the life of the centuries-old Red Spot.  The pictures clearly demonstrate changes in circulation around the Red Spot during the 40-hour period.  The photos were taken through a blue filter.  Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the Voyager project for NASA's Office of Space Science. (JPL ref. No. P-21148) ARC-1979-A79-7028

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and ...

These four pictures of Jupiter's Great Red Spot were taken Feb. 2 and 3, 1979, when Voyager 1 was about 31 million kilometers (19.4 million miles) from Jupiter. The pictures were taken one Jupiter rotation ap... more

This mosaic of Jupiter was assembled from nine individual photos taken through an orange filter by Voyager 1 on Feb. 6, 1979, when the spacecraft was 4.7 million miles (7.8 million kilometers) from Jupiter.  Distortion of the mosaic, especially where portions of the limb have been fitted together, is caused by rotation of the planet during the 96-second intervals between individual pictures.  The large atmospheric feature just below and to the right of center is the Great Red Spot.  The complex structure of the cloud formations seen over the entire planet gives some hint of the equally complex motions in the Voyager 1 time-lapse photography.  The smallest atomospheric features seen in this view are approximately 85 miles (140 kilometers) across.  Voyager project is managed and controlled by Jet Propulsion Laboratory for NASA's Office of Space Science.  (JPL ref. No. P-21146) ARC-1979-A79-7029

This mosaic of Jupiter was assembled from nine individual photos taken...

This mosaic of Jupiter was assembled from nine individual photos taken through an orange filter by Voyager 1 on Feb. 6, 1979, when the spacecraft was 4.7 million miles (7.8 million kilometers) from Jupiter. Di... more

Saturn System Montage

Saturn System Montage

(November 17, 1980) This montage of images of the Saturnian system was prepared from an assemblage of images taken by the Voyager 1 spacecraft during its Saturn encounter in November 1980. This artist's view sh... more

Solar System Montage

Solar System Montage

This is a montage of planetary images taken by spacecraft managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, CA. Included are (from top to bottom) images of Mercury, Venus, Earth (and Moon), Mars, Jupiter, S... more

Galileo Probe

Galileo Probe

Description: Galileo Probe descending into Jupiters Atmosphere shows heat shield separation with parachute deployed, as it "hangs on the shrouds" and samples the atmosphere of the largest planet in the solar sy... more

Saturn's Rings

Saturn's Rings

(August 23, 1981) This Voyager 2 view, focusing on Saturn's C-ring (and to a lesser extent, the B- ring at top and left) was compiled from three separate images taken through ultraviolet, clear and green filter... more

Saturnian moon Enceladus

Saturnian moon Enceladus

Description: This high-resolution image of Enceladus was made from several images obtained Aug. 25, 1981, by Voyager 2 from a range of 119,000 kilometers (74,000 miles). It shows further surface detail on this ... more

A view of two 11-meter experimental parabolic dishes located at the Test Bed Concentrator Site, operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Each collector module is composed of many square reflectors that can be rearranged and redirected to determine the optimum dish shape

A view of two 11-meter experimental parabolic dishes located at the Te...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Pasadena State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public Combin... more

A view of one of the experimental parabolic dish concentrator modules operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the Test Bed Concentrator Site. The module has achieved temperatures of 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit

A view of one of the experimental parabolic dish concentrator modules ...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Pasadena State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public Combin... more

Uranus

Uranus

(1986) This computer enhancement of a Voyager 2 image, emphasizes the high-level haze in Uranus' upper atmosphere. Clouds are obscured by the overlying atmosphere. JPL manages and controls the Voyager project f... more

VOYAGER II-URANUS FLY BY

VOYAGER II-URANUS FLY BY

1986 VOYAGER II-URANUS FLY BY - HIBBS/STONE/SMITH/GAUTIER/BRAHIC. ARC Identifier 59760 / Local Identifier 306-WNET-188. TELEVISION DISCUSSION: AL HIBBS, DR. EDWARD STONE, DR. BRAD SMITH, DR. DANIEL GAUTIER, AND... more

Uranus - Discrete Cloud

Uranus - Discrete Cloud

Description: (January 14, 1986) This false-color Voyager picture of Uranus shows a discrete cloud seen as a bright streak near the planet's limb. The picture is a highly processed composite of three images obta... more

Uranus

Uranus

Description (January 25, 1986) This view of Uranus was recorded by Voyager 2 on Jan 25, 1986, as the spacecraft left the planet behind and set forth on the cruise to Neptune Voyager was 1 million kilometers (ab... more

Miranda Icy Face

Miranda Icy Face

Uranus icy moon Miranda is seen in this image from Voyager 2 on January 24, 1986. NASA/JPL-Caltech

Comet Halley

Comet Halley

In 1986, the European spacecraft Giotto became one of the first spacecraft ever to encounter and photograph the nucleus of a comet, passing and imaging Halley nucleus as it receded from the sun. NASA/ESA/Giotto Project

Uranus as seen by NASA Voyager 2

Uranus as seen by NASA Voyager 2

This is an image of the planet Uranus taken by the spacecraft Voyager 2 in 1986. NASA/JPL-Caltech

Voyager Tour Montage

Voyager Tour Montage

This montage of images of the planets visited by Voyager 2 was prepared from an assemblage of images taken by the Voyager 2 spacecraft. The Voyager Project is managed for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, ... more

Neptune and Triton

Neptune and Triton

(July 3, 1989) This image was returned by the Voyager 2 spacecraft on July 3, 1989, when it was 76 million kilometers (47 million miles) from Neptune. The planet and its largest satellite, Triton, are captured ... more

Global Color Mosaic of Triton

Global Color Mosaic of Triton

Global color mosaic of Triton, taken in 1989 by Voyager 2 during its flyby of the Neptune system. Color was synthesized by combining high- resolution images taken through orange, violet, and ultraviolet filters... more

Detail of Triton

Detail of Triton

(August 24, 1989) This color photo of Neptune's large satellite Triton was obtained on Aug. 24 1989 at a range of 530,000 kilometers (330,000 miles). The resolution is about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles), sufficien... more

Triton Dark Plume

Triton Dark Plume

Triton Dark Plume NASA/JPL

Triton Volcanic Plumes

Triton Volcanic Plumes

Triton Volcanic Plumes NASA/JPL

Earth taken by Galileo after completing its first Earth Gravity Assist

Earth taken by Galileo after completing its first Earth Gravity Assist

Description: Near-infrared photograph of Earth was taken by Galileo spacecraft at 6:07 am Pacific Standard Time (PST), 12-11-90, at a range of about 1.32 million miles. Camera used light with a wavelength of 1 ... more

Neptune Full Disk View

Neptune Full Disk View

(April 2, 1990) This picture of Neptune was produced from the last whole planet images taken through the green and orange filters on the Voyager 2 narrow angle camera. The images were taken at a range of 4.4 mi... more

Montage of Neptune and Triton

Montage of Neptune and Triton

(January 6, 1990) This computer generated montage shows Neptune as it would appear from a spacecraft approaching Triton, Neptune's largest moon at 2706 km (1683 mi) in diameter. The wind and sublimation eroded ... more

Magellan Orbit Artist Concept

Magellan Orbit Artist Concept

An artist's concept of the Magellan spacecraft making a radar map of Venus. Magellan mapped 98 percent of Venus' surface at a resolution of 100 to 150 meters (about the length of a football or soccer field), u... more

Western hemisphere of the Moon taken by Galileo spacecraft

Western hemisphere of the Moon taken by Galileo spacecraft

Galileo spacecraft image of the Moon recorded at 9:35 am Pacific Standard Time (PST), 12-09-90, after completing its first Earth Gravity Assist. Western hemisphere of the Moon was taken through a green filter a... more

Rocky III Prototype

Rocky III Prototype

Description: (September 23, 1991) A prototype for a robotic planetary exploration vehicle, demonstrates ability to go over rough terrain and pickup rock or soil samples with its manipulator arm. Rocky is radio-... more

Magellan 3D perspective of Venus surface in western Eistla Regio

Magellan 3D perspective of Venus surface in western Eistla Regio

Magellan synthetic aperture radar data was used to create this three- dimensional (3D) perspective view of Venus' western Eistla Regio. This viewpoint is located at 1,310 kilometers (812 miles) southwest of Gul... more

Global view of Venus from Magellan, Pioneer, and Venera data

Global view of Venus from Magellan, Pioneer, and Venera data

This global view of Venus, centered at 270 degrees east longitude, is a compilation of data from several sources. Magellan synthetic aperature radar mosaics from the first cycle of Magellan mapping are mapped o... more

Galileo Images the Moon

Galileo Images the Moon

This view of the Moon's north pole is a mosaic assembled from 18 images taken by Galileo's imaging system through a green filter as the spacecraft flew by on December 7, 1992. The left part of the Moon is visib... more

The Earth and Moon

The Earth and Moon

During its flight, the Galileo spacecraft returned images of the Earth and Moon. Separate images of the Earth and Moon were combined to generate this view. The Galileo spacecraft took the images in 1992 on its ... more

STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope Mirrors for Wide Field/Planetary Camera

STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope Mirrors for Wide Field/Planetary Camera

S93-33257 (15 Mar 1993) --- This close-up view features tiny articulating fold mirrors that will go into a replacement camera for the Wide Field\Planetary Camera (WF\PC-1) currently on the Hubble Space Telescop... more

Schematic diagram of light path in Wide Field Planetary Camera 2

Schematic diagram of light path in Wide Field Planetary Camera 2

S93-33258 (15 Mar 1993) --- An optical schematic diagram of one of the four channels of the Wide Field\Planetary Camera-2 (WF\PC-2) shows the path taken by beams from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) before an ... more

STS-59 payload SIR-C/X-SAR  antenna view

STS-59 payload SIR-C/X-SAR antenna view

S93-48551 (October 1993) --- The Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C and X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) antenna, developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) as part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth ... more

Clementine Fully Deployed Artist Concept

Clementine Fully Deployed Artist Concept

Artist conception of the Clementine spacecraft, a joint mission of the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative Organization and NASA. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA18159 NASA/GSFC

This image is the first full picture showing both asteroid 243 Ida and its newly discovered moon to be transmitted to Earth from NASA's Galileo spacecraft--the first conclusive evidence that natural satellites of asteroids exist.  Ida is the large object to the left, about 56 kilometers (35 miles long).  Ida's natural satellite is the small object to the right.  This portrait was taken by Galileo's charge-coupled device (CCD) camera on August 28, 1993, about 14 minutes before the spacecraft's closest approach to the asteriod, from a range of 10,870 kilometers (6,755 miles).  Ida is a heavily cratered, irregularly shaped asteroid in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter-- the 243rd asteroid to be discovered since the first one was found at the beginning of the 19th century.  It is a member of a group of asteroids called the Koronis family.  The small satellite, which is about 1.5 kilometers (1 mile) across in this view, has yet to be given a name by astronomers.  It has been provisionally designated '1993 (243) 1' by the International Astronomical Union.  (The numbers denote the year the picture was taken, the asteroid number and the fact that it is the first moon of Ida to be found.)  ALthough the satellite appears to be 'next' to Ida it is actually slightly in the foreground, closer to the spacecraft than Ida.  Combining this image with data from Galileo's near-infrared mapping spectrometer, the science team estimates that the object is about 100 kilometers (60 miles) away from the center of Ida.  This image is one of a six-frame series taken through different color filters, this one in green.  The spatial resolution in this image is about 100 meters (330 feet) per pixel.  The Galileo spacecraft flew past Ida en route to its final destination, Jupiter, where it will go into orbit in December 1995.  The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the galileo Project for NASA's Office of Space Science. (JPL ref. No. P-43731) ARC-1994-A91-2018

This image is the first full picture showing both asteroid 243 Ida and...

This image is the first full picture showing both asteroid 243 Ida and its newly discovered moon to be transmitted to Earth from NASA's Galileo spacecraft--the first conclusive evidence that natural satellites ... more

This is a composite photo, assembled from separate images of Jupiter and Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 as imaged by the Wide Field & Planetary Camera-2 (WFPC-2), aboard NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST).  Jupiter was imaged on May 18, 1994, when the giant planet was at a distance of 420 million miles (670 million KM) from Earth. This 'true-color' picture was assembled from separate HST exposures in red, blue, and green light. Jupiter's rotation between exposures creates the blue and red fringe on either side of the disk. HST can resolve details in Jpiter's magnifient cloud belts and zones as small as 200 miles (320 km) across (wide field mode). This detailed view is only surpassed by images from spacecraft that have traveled to Jupiter.   The dark spot on the disk of Jupiter is the shadow of the inner moon Io. This volcanic moon appears as an orange and yellow disk just to the upper right of the shadow. Though Io is approximately the size of Earth's Moon (but 2,000 times farther away), HST can resolve surface details.  When the comet was observed on May 17, its train of 21 icy fragments stretched across 710 thousand miles (1.1 million km) of space, or 3 times the distance between Earth and the Moon. This required six WFPC exposures along the comet train to include all the nuclei. The image was taken in red light.  The apparent angular size of Jupiter relative to the comet, and its angular separation from the comet when the images were taken, have been modified for illustration purposes.  CREDIT: H.A. Weaver, T.E. Smith (Space Telescope Science Institute (STSI)) and J.T. Tranuger, R.W. Evans (Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)) and NASA. (HST ref: STSci-PR94-26a) ARC-1994-AC94-0353-1

This is a composite photo, assembled from separate images of Jupiter a...

This is a composite photo, assembled from separate images of Jupiter and Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 as imaged by the Wide Field & Planetary Camera-2 (WFPC-2), aboard NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Jupiter ... more

Natural color view of Ganymede

Natural color view of Ganymede

Description Natural color view of Ganymede from the Galileo spacecraft during its first encounter with the satellite. North is to the top of the picture and the sun illuminates the surface from the right. The d... more

Full Disk Views of Io

Full Disk Views of Io

(September 24, 1996) Three views of the full disk of Jupiter's volcanic moon, Io, each shown in natural and enhanced color. These three views, taken by Galileo in late June 1996, show about 75 percent of Io's s... more

Cassini Saturn Probe Undergoes Preflight Testing

Cassini Saturn Probe Undergoes Preflight Testing

(October 31, 1996) The newly assembled Cassini Saturn probe undergoes vibration and thermal testing at the JPL facilities in Pasadena, California. Subjected to weeks of "shake and bake" tests that imitate the f... more

NASA NEAR Spacecraft Rendezvous with Asteroid Eros Artist Concept

NASA NEAR Spacecraft Rendezvous with Asteroid Eros Artist Concept

Artist rendering of the the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous NEAR spacecraft rendezvous with the asteroid Eros. NASA

Galileo Over Io Artist Concept

Galileo Over Io Artist Concept

Artist rendering of NASA Galileo spacecraft flying past Jupiter moon Io. Galileo made multiple close approaches to the volcanically active moon during its time at Jupiter. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/cata... more

Hubble Finds an Hourglass Nebula around a Dying Star

Hubble Finds an Hourglass Nebula around a Dying Star

This Hubble telescope snapshot of MyCn18, a young planetary nebula, reveals that the object has an hourglass shape with an intricate pattern of etchings in its walls. A planetary nebula is the glowing relic of ... more

Cylindrical Projection of Jupiter

Cylindrical Projection of Jupiter

This computer generated map of Jupiter was made from 10 color images of Jupiter taken Feb. 1, 1979, by NASA Voyager 1, during a single, 10 hour rotation of the planet. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/... more

Galilean Satellites

Galilean Satellites

These photos of the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter were taken by NASA Voyager 1 during its approach to the planet in early March 1979. Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto are shown in their correct relative... more

Large Brown Oval

Large Brown Oval

This large brown oval, photographed on Mar. 2, 1979 by NASA Voyager 1. Features of this sort are not rare on Jupiter and have an average lifetime of one to two years. Above the feature is the pale orange North ... more

Cloud Layers Southeast of the Great Red Spot

Cloud Layers Southeast of the Great Red Spot

This view of the region just to the Southeast of the Great Red Spot was taken by NASA Voyager 1 on March 4, 1979 at a distance of 1,100,000 miles 1,800,000 km. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00017 NASA/JPL

Exaggerated Color View of the Great Red Spot

Exaggerated Color View of the Great Red Spot

This view of the Great Red Spot is seen in greatly exaggerated color. The colors do not represent the true hues seen in the Jovian atmosphere but have been produced by special computer processing to enhance sub... more

Cloud Layers East of the Great Red Spot

Cloud Layers East of the Great Red Spot

This color view of the region just to the East of the Great Red Spot was taken by NASA Voyager 1 on March 4, 1979 at a distance of 1,000,000 miles 1,800,000 km. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00019 NASA/JPL

Exaggerated Color East of the Great Red Spot

Exaggerated Color East of the Great Red Spot

This view from NASA Voyager 1 in 1979 is of the region just to the east of the Red Spot, seen in greatly exaggerated color. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00020 NASA/JPL

Io - Full Disk

Io - Full Disk

This full-disk image of Jupiter satellite Io was made from several frames taken by NASA Voyager 1 on Mar. 4, 1979, as the spacecraft neared the satellite. NASA/JPL

Saturn With Tethys and Dione

Saturn With Tethys and Dione

Saturn and two of its moons, Tethys above and Dione, were photographed by Voyager 1 on November 3, 1980, from 13 million kilometers 8 million miles. NASA/JPL

Saturn - False Color of Southern Hemisphere

Saturn - False Color of Southern Hemisphere

This false-color image of Saturn southern hemisphere taken by NASA Voyager 1 on Nov. 6, 1980, shows the unique red oval cloud feature located at 55 degrees south latitude. NASA/JPL

Saturn - Brown Ovals in Northern Hemisphere

Saturn - Brown Ovals in Northern Hemisphere

Two brown ovals, at right, some 10,000 km 6,000 miles across, were found at approximately 40 latitude in Saturn northern hemisphere by NASA Voyager 1. The photo was taken on November 7, 1980. NASA/JPL

Uranus Rings in False Color

Uranus Rings in False Color

This false-color view of the rings of Uranus was made from images taken by NASA Voyager 2 on Jan. 21, 1986. All nine known rings are visible here; the somewhat fainter, pastel lines seen between them are contri... more

Oberon at Voyager Closest Approach

Oberon at Voyager Closest Approach

This image of Oberon, Uranus outermost moon, was captured by NASA Voyager 2 on Jan. 24, 1986. Clearly visible are several large impact craters in Oberon icy surface surrounded by bright rays. http://photojourn... more

Miranda - Chevron Grooves

Miranda - Chevron Grooves

This image of Miranda, obtained by NASA Voyager 2 on approach in 1986, shows an unusual chevron figure and regions of distinctly differing terrain on the Uranian moon. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/... more

Titania - Highest Resolution Voyager Picture

Titania - Highest Resolution Voyager Picture

On Jan. 24, 1986, NASA Voyager 2 returned the highest-resolution picture of Titania, Uranus largest satellite. Abundant impact craters of many sizes pockmark the ancient surface; most prominent features are fau... more

Neptune - Changes in Great Dark Spot

Neptune - Changes in Great Dark Spot

These images taken by NASA Voyager 2 show changes in the clouds around Neptune Great Dark Spot GDS over a four and one-half-day period. From top to bottom the images show successive rotations of the planet an i... more

Neptune - Changes in Great Dark Spot

Neptune - Changes in Great Dark Spot

The bright cirrus-like clouds of Neptune change rapidly, often forming and dissipating over periods of several to tens of hours as seen in this sequence spanning two rotations of Neptune about 36 hours by NASA ... more