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An island or isle is any piece of subcontinental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, and a small island off the coast may be called a holm. Sedimentary islands in the Ganges delta are called chars. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands, such as the Philippines, is referred to as an archipelago.

An island may be described as such, despite the presence of an artificial land bridge; examples are Singapore and its causeway, and the various Dutch delta islands, such as IJsselmonde. Some places may even retain "island" in their names for historical reasons after being connected to a larger landmass by a land bridge or landfill, such as Coney Island and Coronado Island, though these are, strictly speaking, tied islands. Conversely, when a piece of land is separated from the mainland by a man-made canal, for example the Peloponnese by the Corinth Canal, more or less the entirety of Fennoscandia by the White Sea Canal, or Marble Hill in northern Manhattan during the time between the building of the United States Ship Canal and the filling-in of the Harlem River which surrounded the area, it is generally not considered an island.

There are two main types of islands in the sea: continental and oceanic. There are also artificial islands, which are man-made.

Island Media

42,329 media by topicpage 1 of 424
Lake, an island, and the ships of the Scots from BL Royal 15 E IV, f. 146

Lake, an island, and the ships of the Scots from BL Royal 15 E IV, f. ...

Detail of a miniature of a lake, an island, and the ships of the Scots. Image taken from f. 146 of Anciennes et nouvelles chroniques d'Angleterre, volume 1. Written in French.

Lake, island, and ships of the Scots from BL Royal 15 E IV, f. 146

Lake, island, and ships of the Scots from BL Royal 15 E IV, f. 146

Miniature of a lake, an island, and the ships of the Scots. Image taken from f. 146 of Anciennes et nouvelles chroniques d'Angleterre, volume 1. Written in French.

[Aeneas' ship landing on an island]

[Aeneas' ship landing on an island]

Illus. in: French ed. of Virgil's Aeneid, publ. in Lyon in 1483 by Guillaume Le Roy. Reference copy may be in LOT 4714. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

View on a River, with a Castle on an Island

View on a River, with a Castle on an Island

Hanns Lautensack (German, Bamberg (?) ca. 1520–1564/66 Vienna)

View of the Tiber Island represented as a ship, the Temple of Aesculapius at left

View of the Tiber Island represented as a ship, the Temple of Aesculap...

Giovanni Ambrogio Brambilla (Italian, active Rome, 1575–99)

Johannes Staden arrives at unknown island and finds Portugese already there. Supraway, 18 miles from S. Vincentii Insula

Johannes Staden arrives at unknown island and finds Portugese already ...

Illus. in: Theodor de Bry, America, pt. 3, Frankfurt, 1593, page 10. Reference copy may be in LOT 4411. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Two mermaids, men on island, ships and boats]

[Two mermaids, men on island, ships and boats]

Illus. in: Theodor de Bry, Decima Tertia pars historiae Americanae, ..., part 13, p. 4. Ref. copy may be in SSF(Gr) - MERMAIDS. This record contains unverified data from caption card.

[Dutch ships anchored in harbor of Helena Island in Arctic during Willem Barents' voyage of exploration in 159-]

[Dutch ships anchored in harbor of Helena Island in Arctic during Will...

Engraving by Raygnald Elftrake. Illus. in: Linschoten, 1598, p. 172-73. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: B.I.; Neth. Hist. 159-; Arctic Expl.; Geogr.; Publ. Ind.

The Departure of Sancho Panza for the Island of Barataria

The Departure of Sancho Panza for the Island of Barataria

Charles Joseph Natoire (French, Nîmes 1700–1777 Castel Gandolfo)

Mordrain on a rocky island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 34

Mordrain on a rocky island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 34

Miniature of Mordrain sitting on a rocky island in the sea. Image taken from f. 34 of Estoire del Saint Graal, La Queste del Saint Graal, Morte Artu. Written in French.

Pieron arriving at an island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 82

Pieron arriving at an island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 82

Detail of a miniature of Pieron arriving by boat on an island, where he is found by the daughter of Orcans, a Saracen knight. Image taken from f. 82 of Estoire del Saint Graal, La Queste del Saint Graal, Morte ... More

Pieron arriving at an island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 82

Pieron arriving at an island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 82

Miniature of Pieron arriving by boat on an island, where he is found by the daughter of Orcans, a Saracen knight. Image taken from f. 82 of Estoire del Saint Graal, La Queste del Saint Graal, Morte Artu. Writte... More

Mordrain on a rocky island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 34

Mordrain on a rocky island from BL Royal 14 E III, f. 34

Detail of a miniature of Mordrain sitting on a rocky island in the sea. Image taken from f. 34 of Estoire del Saint Graal, La Queste del Saint Graal, Morte Artu. Written in French.

History of Kamakura: Enoshima Island, Hokkei Totoya

History of Kamakura: Enoshima Island, Hokkei Totoya

Totoya Hokkei (Japanese, 1780–1850) Edo period (1615–1868)

[Fighting on an island after a shipwreck - Dutch East Indies - 16--]

[Fighting on an island after a shipwreck - Dutch East Indies - 16--]

Illus. in: Francois Pelsaert, Ongeluckige Voyagie Van't Schip Batavia ... 1648, facing p. 14 - fold-out plate. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Geogr.; Shipwrecks.

Bacchus with his companions discovering Ariadne on the island of Naxos, after Reni

Bacchus with his companions discovering Ariadne on the island of Naxos...

Three joined sheets with impressions from three plates. After a painting by Reni made for the Queen of England (according to Bartsch). Gian Battista Bolognini (Italian, Bologna 1611–1688 Bologna)

[Map of California shown as an island].

[Map of California shown as an island].

Relief shown pictorially. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

[Map of a part of the island of Cuba and of the Bahamas].

[Map of a part of the island of Cuba and of the Bahamas].

Relief shown pictorially. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 156 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

[Maps of Bermuda, Iceland, Jan Mayen Island, and Newfoundland].

[Maps of Bermuda, Iceland, Jan Mayen Island, and Newfoundland].

Relief shown pictorially on some maps. Originally printed on 1 sheet. The maps appear on plate [166] in the author's Corso geografico universale. Venetia : A spefe dell' autore, 1692-[1694]. Available also thro... More

An exact draught of the island of New Providence one of the Bahama Islands in the West Indies.

An exact draught of the island of New Providence one of the Bahama Isl...

Scale ca. 1:50,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Has watermark. Oriented with north to the bottom. Relief shown pictorially and by shading. Depths shown by soundings. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1... More

[Map showing Trinidad Island and adjacent coast of Venezuela].

[Map showing Trinidad Island and adjacent coast of Venezuela].

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. Watermark: PVL [Pieter van Ley] in 1 character. Black, red, and yellow inks. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 808 Available also through the... More

Vue de l'intérieur d'une Maison dans l'Isle d'Uliétea. Representation d'une danse à la mode du pays. (View of the interior of a house on the island of Uliétea. Representation of a dance in the custom of the country.)

Vue de l'intérieur d'une Maison dans l'Isle d'Uliétea. Representation ...

Unknown (artist nationality) engraver (artist role) Recto: u. r.: (within plate impression) Tome III . Pl. 6 . ; l. l.: (just beneath image) Palas Sculp : ; bottom center: (in French) Vue de l'intérieur d'une M... More

Arrival of Telemachus at the Island of Calypso

Arrival of Telemachus at the Island of Calypso

Etched by Antoine Jean Duclos (French, Paris 1742–1795 Paris)

The Island of Anconetta (recto); Two Feet Wearing Pointed Shoes (verso)

The Island of Anconetta (recto); Two Feet Wearing Pointed Shoes (verso...

Francesco Guardi (Italian, Venice 1712–1793 Venice)

Norwich Cathedral from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

Norwich Cathedral from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Br...

This image has been taken from scan 000058 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

Bishop Goldwell from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

Bishop Goldwell from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Brow...

This image has been taken from scan 000067 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

portrait from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

portrait from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ...

This image has been taken from scan 000157 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

architecture from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

architecture from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne,...

This image has been taken from scan 000010 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

urn from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

urn from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... p...

This image has been taken from scan 000179 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

portrait from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Norwich. II. An Account of some Urnes, &c. found at Brampton in Norfolk, anno 1667. III. Letters between Sir William Dugdale and Sir Tho. Browne. IV. Miscellanies [including “An Account of Island, alias Ice-land,” and “A Letter to a Friend upon Occasion of the Death of his Intimate Friend”]. To which is prefix'd his Life. There is also added, Antiquitates Capellæ D. Johannis Evangelistæ; hodie Scholæ Regiæ Norwicensis. Authore Johanne Burton ... Illustrated with prospects, portraitures, draughts of tombs, monuments, &c. MS. notes [by John Ives].]"

portrait from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ...

This image has been taken from scan 000116 from "[Posthumous Works of the learned Sir Thomas Browne, Kt ... printed from his original manuscripts. viz. I. Repertorium: or, the Antiquities of the Cathedral Churc... More

[Map of the island of Hispaniola (Haiti & Dominican Republic)]

[Map of the island of Hispaniola (Haiti & Dominican Republic)]

Illus. in: Jean Labat, Nouveau Voyage ... La Haye, 1724, v. 2, oppos. p. 199. Reference copy may be in SSF (Gr) - MAPS HISPANOLIA 1724. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card ... More

A map of the coast of New England, from Staten Island to the island of Breton

A map of the coast of New England, from Staten Island to the island of...

This fine chart of the New England coast was based on surveys conducted by Cyprian Southack, sea captain and resident of the city of Boston. His original chart, first printed in Boston in 1734, is known in only... More

A chart of Canada River : from ye island of Anticosty as far up as Quebeck, ye islands, locks, shoals, & soundings as they appear at low water

A chart of Canada River : from ye island of Anticosty as far up as Que...

After the conquest of Louisburg, Governor Shirley began organizing an attack on Quebec. During the preparations, this chart of the St. Lawrence River was engraved by Johnston, a "Boston house painter, japanner,... More

Tybee Island. Historic map, Library of Congress

Tybee Island. Historic map, Library of Congress

Covers part of Tybee Island (Ga.) and part of surrounding islands and waters. Shows buildings and vegetation. Depths shown by soundings. Pen-and-ink, watercolor, and pencil. Oriented with north to the bottom. C... More

A new & accurate map of Bermudas or Sommer's Islands, taken from an actual survey; wherein the errors of former charts are corrected. An accurate map of the island of St. Christopher, vulgarly called S. Kits, containing all the towns, parishes, forts &c.

A new & accurate map of Bermudas or Sommer's Islands, taken from an ac...

Scale ca. 1:95,000 and ca. 1:110,000. Relief shown pictorially. "No. 64." From the author's A complete atlas or distinct view of the known world. 1752. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 2147 Available also t... More

A new & accurate map of the island of Cuba. A new & accurate map of the islands of Hispaniola or St. Domingo and Porto Rico.

A new & accurate map of the island of Cuba. A new & accurate map of th...

Scale ca. 1:2,700,000. Islands outlined in color; hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. "No. 65." From the author's A complete atlas or distinct view of the known world. 1752. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1... More

An exact chart of the river St. Lawrence, from Port Frontenac to the island of Anticosti shewing the soundings, rocks, shoals &c with views of the lands and all necessary instructions for navigating that river to Quebec.

An exact chart of the river St. Lawrence, from Port Frontenac to the i...

Scale ca. 1:695,000. Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Soundings shown in fathoms. Includes text. Insets: The Seven Islands.--A continuation of the river from Quebec to Lake Ontario.--St. Nicholas or Engl... More

A map of Fort Royal Bay in the island of Martinico.

A map of Fort Royal Bay in the island of Martinico.

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. In upper margin: For the Lond. Mag. From The London magazine, or, Gentleman's monthly intelligencer. October 1758, v. 27. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789... More

A map of the island of Hispaniola or St. Domingo /

A map of the island of Hispaniola or St. Domingo /

Relief shown pictorially. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1852 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. In upper margin: For the London Magazine. From London magazine, or,... More

A new and correct chart of the harbour of Havana on the island of Cuba with a plan of ye city &c.

A new and correct chart of the harbour of Havana on the island of Cuba...

Scale ca. 1:13,500. Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north toward the lower left. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1806 Available also through the Library of Congress Web s... More

A Plan of the island of Porto Rico.

A Plan of the island of Porto Rico.

Scale ca. 1:3,400,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. Includes text, distance chart, and population table, which gives the number of communicants, v... More

Design for Governor's Island.

Design for Governor's Island.

Scale not given. Manuscript, pen-and-ink. At head of title, in pencil: No. 50. Stamped on verso: John Montresor. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1142 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site... More

A new chart of the river St. Laurence, from the island of Anticosti to the falls of Richelieu: With all the islands, rocks, shoals, and soundings, also particular directions for navigating the river with safety. Taken by the order of Charles Saunders, Esqr. ... in the expedition against Quebec in 1759.

A new chart of the river St. Laurence, from the island of Anticosti to...

Scale ca. 1:150,000. Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. Soundings shown in fathoms. Originally on 12 plates. "This chart was drawn from particular surveys of the following places; and published for the u... More

The island of Hispaniola called by the French St. Domingo. Subject to France & Spain.

The island of Hispaniola called by the French St. Domingo. Subject to ...

Scale ca. 1:1,750,000. Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Appears in the author's Description of the Spanish West Indies. 1762. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1853 Available also through the Library ... More

An exact plan of the city, fortifications & harbour of Havana in the island of Cuba /

An exact plan of the city, fortifications & harbour of Havana in the i...

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings. From Universal magazine of knowledge and pleasure. May 1762, v. 30. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1814 Available also through the Library of Congress ... More

This map of the county of Middlesex in the island of Jamaica /

This map of the county of Middlesex in the island of Jamaica /

Hand colored. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1937 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Inscribed "To the Right Honorable Wills, Earl of Hillsborough, first lord commi... More

This map of the county of Surry [sic] in the island of Jamaica /

This map of the county of Surry [sic] in the island of Jamaica /

Hand colored. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1938 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Inscribed "To the right honorable George Grenville, Esq., first lord commission... More

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