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A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, with others having complete control over the entire government.

Historically, the title can also apply to the executive officials acting as representatives of a chartered company which has been granted exercise of sovereignty in a colonial area, such as the British East India Company or the Dutch East India Company. These companies operate as a major state within a state with its own armed forces.

There can also be non-political governors: high-ranking officials in private or similar governance such as commercial and non-profit management, styled governor(s), who simply govern an institution, such as a corporation or a bank. For example, in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, there are prison governors ("wardens" in the United States), school governors and bank governors.

The adjective pertaining to a governor is gubernatorial, from the Latin root gubernare. The obsolete term for a female governor is the female form governess, however the modern term for female officials is the gender-neutral form governor (without the gender-specific suffix -ess) to avoid confusion with other meanings of governess.

Governor Media

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Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy

Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy

Title: Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy ..Alternative Title: [Governor William D. Leahy, Puerto Rico]. .Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: 1939..Place: Isla Grande, Puerto Rico..Physical Description: 1 tr... More

Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy

Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy

Title: Puerto Rico 1939, Gov. Leahy..Alternative Title: [Governor William D. Leahy, Puerto Rico]. .Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: 1939..Place: Isla Grande, Puerto Rico..Physical Description: 1 tra... More

Der Beylerbey auss Asia zu Pferd und seine Positur im Feldzuge

Der Beylerbey auss Asia zu Pferd und seine Positur im Feldzuge

Illustration showing governor of a Turkish province on horseback in campaign posture, Asia. Illus. in: Thesaurus exoticurum / Everhardo Gvernero Happelio. Hamburg : T. von Wiering ..., 1688, section 2, p. 16.

A manifesto and address from Heaven. by the guardian angel of America; from Heaven, whoe'ere beholds on younger earth grieves at the oppression sprung from vilest birth. To the Governors, Councils, Houses of Burgesses, and Representatives of the

A manifesto and address from Heaven. by the guardian angel of America;...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 87, Folder 13a.

Designs for fortifying Governors Island near New York.

Designs for fortifying Governors Island near New York.

Scale 1:144; 12 ft. to an in. Title from verso. Manuscript; pen-and-ink and watercolor. Shows "Section thro' A, B." LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1141 Available also through the Library of Congress Web s... More

To the worthy freeholders and freemen. The son of the most upright Judge, the best of Governors, and the greatest patriot ever known in this Country [In favour of the election of Peter Livinston to the Assembly] New York, March 8, 1768.

To the worthy freeholders and freemen. The son of the most upright Jud...

Positive Photostat. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 102, Folder 43.

To the Honorable Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, Esquires, true and absolute proprietaries and Governors of the Province of Pennsylvania and the territories thereunto belonging and to the Honorable John Penn, Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor of the same, this map. Of the Province of Pennsylvania.

To the Honorable Thomas Penn and Richard Penn, Esquires, true and abso...

Scale ca. 1:633,600. Relief shown pictorially. Hand colored. Shows county boundaries. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1295 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault A... More

A view of New York, Governors Island, the river &c. from Long Island

A view of New York, Governors Island, the river &c. from Long Island

Print shows a panoramic view of the battle of Long Island. Title from item. Illus. in: The town and country magazine, or, Universal repository of knowledge, instruction, and entertainment. London : Printed for ... More

[Above, an eagle preys on the body of a woman cast up on the seashore. Below, under the waves is a drowned man on whom fishes feed. Between text: "What time the 13 governors..."]

[Above, an eagle preys on the body of a woman cast up on the seashore....

These figures are Oothoon and Theotormon, according to Ellis and Yeats. Damon says it is "Man drowned in the Sea of Time and Space," while above is Oothoon torn by remorse. Engraving by Wm. Blake. Illus. in: Am... More

Governor Martin Chittenden House, West side of State Route 117 at intersection with road to Jericho Center, Jericho Center, Chittenden County, VT

Governor Martin Chittenden House, West side of State Route 117 at inte...

Survey number: HABS VT-69 Building/structure dates: ca. 1800- ca. 1825 Initial Construction

New York, taken from the north west angle of Fort Columbus, Governors Island

New York, taken from the north west angle of Fort Columbus, Governors ...

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Papprill, Henry.

John Cotton Smith, head-and-shoulders portrait, right profile

John Cotton Smith, head-and-shoulders portrait, right profile

Title devised by Library staff, other information from Miles. Trimmed to image. Dexter, 492 Published in: Saint-Mémin and the Neoclassical profile portrait in America / Ellen G. Miles. Washington, D.C. : Nation... More

Letter, Thomas Jefferson to William Plumer regarding the Dartmouth College case, 21 July 1816

Letter, Thomas Jefferson to William Plumer regarding the Dartmouth Col...

Reproduction number: A53 (color slide) Shortly after being elected governor of New Hampshire in 1816, William Plumer (1759-1850), a former United States senator, sought to transform the administration of the st... More

Le Charenton Ministériel

Le Charenton Ministériel

The Ministerial Madhouse Courtesy of Boston Public Library

La cour du roi petaud

La cour du roi petaud

The court of the beggar's king Courtesy of Boston Public Library

James K. Polk. Governor of the state of Tennessee / from life & on stone by Chas. Fenderich ; printed by P.S. Duval, Lith., Philadelphia.

James K. Polk. Governor of the state of Tennessee / from life & on sto...

Print shows James K. Polk, half-length portrait, facing left; includes facsimile signature.

Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia from life & on stone by Chas. Fenderich

Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia from life & on stone by Chas. Fend...

Print shows Wilson Lumpkin, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left; includes a facsimile signature. 34 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Publication date based on copyright statement on item. I... More

Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia from life & on stone by Chas. Fenderich

Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia from life & on stone by Chas. Fend...

Print shows Wilson Lumpkin, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left; includes a facsimile signature. Title from item. Publication date based on copyright statement on item. Stamped on verso: 43309. St... More

map from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, and Conservators of the Bedford Level Corporation: with the lot book. Corrected to the present time by S. Wells, etc"

map from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, and Conse...

This image has been taken from scan 000008 from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, and Conservators of the Bedford Level Corporation: with the lot book. Corrected to the present time by S. Well... More

coat of arms from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, and Conservators of the Bedford Level Corporation: with the lot book. Corrected to the present time by S. Wells, etc"

coat of arms from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, ...

This image has been taken from scan 000006 from "Regulations and Orders of the Governors, Bailiffs, and Conservators of the Bedford Level Corporation: with the lot book. Corrected to the present time by S. Well... More

Caubul costumes. Preparing to go out in the streets. His Majesty Shah Shoojah-ool-Moolk. The governor's place of refuge during the capture of the fortress

Caubul costumes. Preparing to go out in the streets. His Majesty Shah ...

Illustration shows vignettes of Afghan women in traditional dress Kabul, Afghanistan; portrait of Shāh Shujāʻ; and Governor Ghulam Haider Khan hiding in Ghaznī, Afghanistan. Lithograph by Louis and Charles Hagh... More

Governors race in New Jersey. Young Hyson riding over the backs of the people. Stratton going ahead in the popular Jersey style

Governors race in New Jersey. Young Hyson riding over the backs of the...

A satire on the New Jersey gubernatorial campaign of 1844, centering on a major issue of the race--extension of the Camden and Amboy Railroad. The Whig candidate, New Jersey native Charles C. Stratton, campaign... More

U. S. Patent office. November 12, 1849. Sir: A copy of the accompanying circular has been addressed to each of the governors of the states and territories of the Union, and I respectfully solicit your co-operation in furthering the objects sough

U. S. Patent office. November 12, 1849. Sir: A copy of the accompanyin...

Page Order: Leaflet Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 199, Folder 25a.

View of the Villa of Scoonenbergh near Brussels belonging to their Royal Highnesses the Governors General of the Low Countries. Vue de la Maison de Campagne de Scoonenbergh près de Bruxelles; appartenante a LL. AA RR. les Gouverneurs Generaux des Pays Bas

View of the Villa of Scoonenbergh near Brussels belonging to their Roy...

Widmung and their Royal Highnesses by their most humble & most obedient Servants

View of the Orangery, and Pagoda, in the Garden of Scoonenbergh belonging to their Royal Highnesses the Governors General of the Netherlands. Vue de l'Orangerie, et de la Pagode, dans le Jardin de Scoonenbergh, appartentante a LL. AA. RR. les Gouverneurs generaux des Pays Bas

View of the Orangery, and Pagoda, in the Garden of Scoonenbergh belong...

dedicated to their Royal Highnesses, by their most humble & obedient servant

View of the Temple of Friendship, with a part of the Park of Scoonenberg, belonging to their Royal Highnesses the governors General of the Netherlands, &c. Vue du Temple de l'Amitié, avec une partie du Parc de Scoonenbergh appartentante à LL AA. RR. les Gouverneurs Generaux des Pays Bas &c.

View of the Temple of Friendship, with a part of the Park of Scoonenbe...

dedictaed to their royal Highnesses by their most humble & obedient servant

View of the House, and part of the Park of Scoonenbergh belonging to their Royal Highnesses the Governors General of the Low Countries taken from the Banks of the River. Vue de la Maison et d'une partie du Parc de Scoonenbergh, prise du coté de la Riviere, appartentante a LL. AA. RR. les Gouverneurs generaux des Pays Bas

View of the House, and part of the Park of Scoonenbergh belonging to t...

dedicated by their most humble & most obedient servants

John Albion Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts

John Albion Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts

Black and white portrait photograph of John Albion Andrew, 1818-1867, Governor of Massachusetts, 1861-1866. Courtesy of New Bedford Free Public Library

View of the Villa of Scoonenbergh near Brussels belonging to their Royal Highnesses the Governors General of the Low Countries. Vue de la Maison de Campagne de Scoonenbergh près de Bruxelles; appartenante a LL. AA RR. les Gouverneurs Generaux des Pays Bas

View of the Villa of Scoonenbergh near Brussels belonging to their Roy...

Widmung: dedicated to their Royal Highnesses, by their most humble & and most obedient Servants

View of the House, and part of the Park of Scoonenbergh belongin to their Royal Highnesses the Governors General of the Low Countries taken from the Banks of the River. Vue de la Maison et d'une partie du Parc de Scoonenbergh, prise du coté de la Riviere, appartentante a LL. AA. RR. les Gouverneurs generaux des Pays Bas

View of the House, and part of the Park of Scoonenbergh belongin to th...

dedictaed by their most humble & most obedient servants

The triumph of reason - a mere rude sketch!

The triumph of reason - a mere rude sketch!

Print shows a pillar of figures with Charlemagne holding a sword and shield, at the base, Pope Pius IX is seated upon his shoulders holding "fettered" books on his knees, standing behind the Pope is "Luther the... More

The governor's mansion, Lecompton, Kansas Territory

The governor's mansion, Lecompton, Kansas Territory

Men on horseback outside a log building. Title from item. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 1, no. 23 (1857 June 6), p. 356.

Andrew B. Moore, war governor of Ala.

Andrew B. Moore, war governor of Ala.

Title from item. Notation on recto: B8161-10033.

Terrible effect of my first bombshells in Boston

Terrible effect of my first bombshells in Boston

Eccentric George Francis Train addresses an anti-slavery audience of Henry Wilson, Charles Sumner and Gov. John A. Andrew of Massachusetts on the virtues and responsibilities of the "Superior race." Courtesy of... More

To the Governors and executive councils of the states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee, and the President of the C. S. A. Gentlemen:- I have the pleasure

To the Governors and executive councils of the states of Virginia, Nor...

On verso : 1132 Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 187, Folder 13a.

Proclamation. State of Minnesota. Executive office, Saint Paul, July 10th, 1862. To the people of Minnesota. The President of the United States has, at the solicitation of the Governors of the loyal states called upon the nation for a large incr

Proclamation. State of Minnesota. Executive office, Saint Paul, July 1...

C403c18 13 N. 43.; Rec. R. B. 12-1-43.; On verso: 0403C18 13 N 43. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Coll... More

To the governors of the loyal states ... L. M. Smith. New York, January 26, 1876.

To the governors of the loyal states ... L. M. Smith. New York, Januar...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 127, Folder 12.

Governors of Michigan

Governors of Michigan

E948 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Detroit Lithographic Office.

Ex-Governor Rutherford B. Hayes, Republican candidate for Governor of Ohio. Election Tuesday, October 12th, A.D. 1875 crayon-drawing by Dr. Jasper

Ex-Governor Rutherford B. Hayes, Republican candidate for Governor of ...

Print shows Rutherford B. Hayes, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front. Includes facsimile signature. F7350 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Copyright 1875 by Jacob H. Studer, Publisher, Columbus, O.

Governor William Allen, Democratic candidate for governor of Ohio crayon drawing by Dr. Jasper

Governor William Allen, Democratic candidate for governor of Ohio cray...

Print shows William Allen, half-length portrait, facing left. Includes facsimile signature. F7350 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Caption continues: Election Tuesday, October 12th, A.D. 1875. Entered 18... More

Thomas A. Hendricks, Ind

Thomas A. Hendricks, Ind

10082 U.S. Copyright Office. General information about the Popular and Applied Graphic Art print materials is available at: https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.pga Title information compiled by Junior Fellows, 2005-... More

Now Campbell will run

Now Campbell will run

No accession number. This catalog record contains preliminary or unverified data from a project done in BRS software, ca. 1985. mm / 860221.

Iowa's choice (?) : Boise and beer forever

Iowa's choice (?) : Boise and beer forever

No accession number. This catalog record contains preliminary or unverified data from a project done in BRS software, ca. 1985. mm / 860221.

Hawaii album, p. 9, portraits of Hawaiian women, men and a child

Hawaii album, p. 9, portraits of Hawaiian women, men and a child

Photographs show portraits of Hawaiian women and men including Kanoa, governor of the Island of Kauai; Kapaakea, father of King David Kalakaua; Keohokalole, wife of Kapaakea and mother of Kalakaua; a woman in "... More

Hawaii album, p. 26, portraits of men and women

Hawaii album, p. 26, portraits of men and women

Photographs show a portraits of Hawaiians including John Kapea, governor of the island of Maui, Princess Likelike, sister of King Kalakaua, a woman identified as "half cast" and others. Photographs show portrai... More

Oregon--Hon. Sylvester Pennoyer, the Governor-elect / photo by Brown.  Nova Scotia--The seized American schooner "J.D. Adams" [i.e., David J. Adams] as she appears lying at the wharf at Digby / from a photo by George F. Parker.  The north German Lloyd steamship "Aller" - view of the grand saloon.

Oregon--Hon. Sylvester Pennoyer, the Governor-elect / photo by Brown. ...

Illustrations showing (top left) Sylvester Pennoyer, bust portrait, facing left; (top right) American fishing schooner "David J. Adams", starboard view at wharf in Digby, Nova Scotia; (bottom) interior view of ... More

Arms of Gov. Stoughton

Arms of Gov. Stoughton

Stoughton arms Courtesy of Canton Public Library