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Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen), is a country in Central and Western Europe. Covering an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), it lies between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the semi-presidential Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two new German states were founded: the Federal Republic of Germany, generally known as West Germany, and the German Democratic Republic, East Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community and the European Union, while the German Democratic Republic was a communist Eastern Bloc state and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the fall of communism, German reunification saw the former East German states join the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

Today, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. With over 83 million inhabitants of its 16 constituent states, it is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the largest economy in Europe, the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial, scientific and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods. As a developed country, which ranks very high on the Human Development Index, it offers social security and a universal health care system, environmental protections, and a tuition-free university education. Germany is also a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, and the OECD. Known for its long and rich cultural history, Germany has many World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world.

Germany Media

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Innere Ansicht der katholischen Hof-Kirche zu Dresden

Innere Ansicht der katholischen Hof-Kirche zu Dresden

Sr. Königlichen Hoheit dem Prinzen Johann, Herzog zu Sachsen &c: &c in tiefster Ehrfurcht gewidmet von Philipp Weidner

[Holstengate, Lubeck, Germany], Vintage Postcard by Detroit Publishing Co.

[Holstengate, Lubeck, Germany], Vintage Postcard by Detroit Publishing...

Title from the Detroit Publishing Co., catalogue J foreign section. Detroit, Mich. : Detroit Photographic Company, 1905. Print no. "1879". Forms part of: Views of Germany in the Photochrom print collection.

Members of the German military carry lit torches in honor of General (GEN) Charles L. Donnelly Jr., departing commander in chief, US Air Force Europe, and Allied Air Forces Central Europe. The Soldiers are participating in the"Grand Tatoo,"one of the West Germany military's highest honors

Members of the German military carry lit torches in honor of General (...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Subject Operation/Series: NOMAD THRUST Base: Ramstein Air Base Country: West Germany (FRG) Scene Camera Operator: MSGT Patrick Nugent Release Status: ... More

BRITISH NAVY IN WARTIME

BRITISH NAVY IN WARTIME

Beschrijving: .Airship starting off on patrol - they are always on the look-out for 'U' boats & enemy aircraft..De Britse marine in oorlogstijd. Het opstijgen van een verkennings luchtschip - zij kijken altijd ... More

Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Poster shows soldiers and their weapons behind a barricade of Austrian coins. Text: Subscribe to the 7th War Loan, Vienna Commercial Bank. Title from item.

Neolithic Scraper

Neolithic Scraper

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Statuette, bronze, Europe

Statuette, bronze, Europe

Probably made in Germany

Bell, bronze, Europe

Bell, bronze, Europe

Rome or Cologne

Hairpin, bronze, Europe, Frankish

Hairpin, bronze, Europe, Frankish

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Roman Footed Beaker, 5th century

Roman Footed Beaker, 5th century

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Necklace, 7th century

Frankish Necklace, 7th century

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Bow Brooch
Frankish Flat Needle

Frankish Flat Needle

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Beaded Necklace

Frankish Beaded Necklace

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Comb, 6th century

Frankish Comb, 6th century

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Shell, 7th century

Frankish Shell, 7th century

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Belt Ornament (?), copper alloy, Europe

Belt Ornament (?), copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Square Pyramidal Bell, copper alloy

Square Pyramidal Bell, copper alloy

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Frankish Ferret, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Rectangular Plaque, copper alloy, Europe

Made in Niederbreisig, Germany

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