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2,706 media by topicpage 1 of 28

Vanamala (Jewelled Garland) or Neckband

late Central Javanese period

Cameo with Hercules and the Nemean Lion within a Garland

The court of Frederick II actively promoted the collecting and creation of cameos based upon antique subjects, styles and techniques. Here the classical theme of Hercules and the Nemean lion is adapted from im... more

Portrait of a Young Man; (reverse) Girl Making a Garland

Hans Süss von Kulmbach had been apprenticed to the Italian painter and printmaker Jacopo de’ Barbari, who worked at a number of German courts in the first decade of the sixteenth century. The latter’s influence... more

Juno, Ceres, and Psyche in the clouds conversing, Juno seated with a peacock at her feet, Ceres wearing a garland of wheat and Psyche partially naked and holding a cloth

After a drawing in the Albertina thought to be by Giulio Romano which is based on a fresco in the Villa Farnesina by Raphael. Marco Dente (Italian, Ravenna, active by 1515–died 1527 Rome)

Two putti draped with a garland the one at right holding a mask

Cherubino Alberti (Zaccaria Mattia) (Italian, Borgo Sansepolcro 1553–1615 Rome)

Malavakusika Raga: Page from a Dispersed Ragmala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

A prince, fanned by an attendant, is taking pan, a refreshing and slightly narcotic mixture of betel nut, powdered lime, and condiments wrapped in a leaf.

Vasant Ragini, Page from a Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Vasant (spring) is evoked here by the dancing nobleman playing the role of Krishna in celebration of the coming of spring, witnessed by the flowering plants in the foreground, the flowers in the nobleman’s head... more

Plate 9: Vase or Ewer with a Serpent Handle and Two Putti holding up a Garland, from Antique Vases (‘Vasa a Polydoro Caravagino’)

These vases are reverse copies of Alberti's series of 1582. Aegidius Sadeler II (Netherlandish, Antwerp 1568–1629 Prague)

Ramkali Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The texts related to this ragini tell of a vivacious woman anxiously waiting for her lover, who arrives far too late. The written sources build tension by describing her high spirits and excitement at being nea... more

Desvarati Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Ragamala texts describe the woman in this scene as “a lady whose gesture is one of languor and silence, whose eyes are restless from lack of sleep, who is exhausted by the effort of love-making.” Here, the arti... more

Vasant Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Here Krishna dances to the beat of a drum and cymbals played by women standing at either side of him. The new shoots emerging out of the pot Krishna holds in one hand and the flowering trees above the figures a... more

Dipak Raga: Folio from a Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The Dipak Raga is associated with night and is meant to evoke the mood of intimacy between lovers. Legend has it that one of Emperor Akbar’s musicians started a palace fire after being forced to play this raga ... more

Setmalar Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

This ragini evokes the rainy season and is given dramatic expression by the bands of heavy clouds and snakelike bolts of lightning across the upper register. The associated text by Lachiman Das tells of a woman... more

Ladies in a Pavilion: Page from a Dispersed Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

In this unidentified Ragamala page, two women sit in conversation while a third looks on. Marwari taste for saturated red and orange earth tones and a formal presentation are perfectly typified. The flowers abo... more

Malkos Raga: Page from a Dispersed Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

This painting perfectly illustrates the Malkos raga text, which describes a lord attended by a woman with a fly whisk who is entertained by others that play heavenly music like gandharvas; he wears a necklace o... more

Madhumadhavai Ragini: Page from a Dispersed Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The text of this Ragini tells of peacocks that cry at the threat of rain—here shown in the roiling black horizon and blue lines. Thinking that the peacock’s cry comes from hunger, a lady offers food. The audien... more

Panchama Ragini: Page from a Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The patron here has inserted himself as a participant in the popular Panchama Ragini musical composition: he reaches out to pay the two musicians. The text of this ragini speaks of his contented happiness and l... more

Bhairavi Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

A female devotee is worshiping at a Shaiva shrine inside a palace compound, with a lotus pond in the foreground. She has placed an offerings of fresh flowers on the linga and, as we know from the ragamala verse... more

Study of a Garland of Fruits and Vegetables

Martinus Saeghmolen (Dutch, Oldenburg ca. 1620–1669 Amsterdam)

Study of a Garland of Fruits and Vegetables

Martinus Saeghmolen (Dutch, Oldenburg ca. 1620–1669 Amsterdam)

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Khambhavati Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Here a female mendicant makes a Vedic fire offering to the god Brahma who is represented with four overlapping faces and holds a text, rosary (mala), and flower. An earlier ragamala text of 1550 provides the fo... more

Lalit Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

This morning raga shows the sleeping woman and her lover, who is silently departing after a night of passion: “Wearing many ornaments and garments, splendid, the fair mistress lies exhausted upon her bed at daw... more

Kakubha Ragini: Page from a Dispersed Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The conventions of this ragini vary, but the usual theme is a lady waiting for her lover. Here, she stands at the door, possibly looking out for him. This analysis is buttressed by the empty bed and the actions... more

Vilaval Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The Vilaval ragaini is to be performed in the morning, as suggested by the sun rising in a dark sky. In poetry this raga is described as a lady preparing to meet her lover, and here she is shown looking in a mi... more

Kedar Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The artist Ruknuddin has combined creatively a number of ragamala texts to make this evocative masterpiece. Following artistic precedent and the texts, he shows an ascetic “in penance, adorned, gray [with ashes... more

Design for Garland with Shells

Anonymous, French, 18th century

Vairari Ragini, Wife of Bhairav Raga: Page from a Dispersed Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The set to which this page belongs seems to be a slightly later copy of the 1709 Amber ragamala series. The poetic description of Vairari Ragini in that set reads:Know [her] full of skills and extremely handsom... more

Desvarari Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

All Indian paintings are begun with an underdrawing sketched with brush and ink, as seen here, where the bold use of line to demarcate the architectural forms gives the work its structure. The simply presented ... more

Design for Garland with Shells

Anonymous, French, 18th century

Design for a Frieze: Garland and Animal Skull

Anonymous, Italian, first half of the 18th century

Putti Supporting a Garland

François Le Moyne (French, Paris 1688–1737 Paris)

Design for a Ceiling Decoration with Putti and Garland Motifs.

Attributed to Donato Giuseppe Frisoni (Italian, Laino near Como 1683–1735 Ludwigsburg)

Bangali Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

The Amber ragamala text of which this work is a part offers the following description of this ragini: “Her sari, soaked with kesara [saffron], is enchanting. [Her] musk caste mark at the forehead bewitches the ... more

Vasanti Ragini, Page from a Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Vasant means “spring,” and here, two women stand in a burgeoning springtime landscape, filling baskets with flowers. The style of the picture and its vertical format are close to those seen in works from early ... more

Andhrayaki Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Within the palace interior a lady reclines on her bed, restlessly pulling her hair in frustration at the absence of her lover. Her maids are outside, sheltering themselves with their saris from a great thunders... more

Nata Ragina: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Within the ragamala tradition the association of music, text, and image is not always obvious. In this instance, in accord with visualizing music in a heroic mode, a male figure is described in the text as “[g]... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Keman (“Flower Garland” Temple Decoration)

Keman (Sanskrit: kusumamala) literally means “garland of flowers,” and refers to pendant decorative disks, usually made of bronze in the shape of a round fan (uchiwa), that are suspended from beams of inner san... more

Vase with a Male Siren holding up a Garland, from: Vases

Jacques François Joseph Saly (French, Valenciennes 1717–1776 Paris)

Puriya Ragaputra: Page from the Dispersed "Boston" Ragamala Series (Garland of Musical Modes)

Krishna and Radha are shown outside a pavilion. He holds a lute and touches her forehead. She raises her hands to him in anjalimudra, the gesture of reverence.