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fugitive slaves

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Maroon. Buckra reading their pass

Maroon. Buckra reading their pass

Drawing shows a white man (Buckra) reading the pass of Maroons (runaway slaves) on a road. Title from item. Unpublished finding aid, Drawings of Jamaica by William Berryman, available in LC Prints & Photographs... More

Letter from Harriet Martineau to John Bishop Estlin

Letter from Harriet Martineau to John Bishop Estlin

Harriet Martineau writes to John Bishop Estlin in regards to Ellen Craft, a fugitive slave. She thanks him for the paper he sent and writes her pleasure in meeting him and "Miss E." Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Letter from Harriet Martineau, Sydenham, [England], to Mary Anne Estlin, August 21

Letter from Harriet Martineau, Sydenham, [England], to Mary Anne Estli...

Harriet Martineau writes to Mary Anne Estlin in regards to hearing Mr. Pillsbury's talk on "Mary and her father." She writes about the Anthony Burns kidnapping case and remarks that "Mr. P did not sleep a wink-... More

Letter from Olivia Shepard to Maria Weston Chapman

Letter from Olivia Shepard to Maria Weston Chapman

Olivia Bowditch writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to introducing George Latimer, who would be "glad to attend the fair if you need anyone." In a second letter from Fanny Longfellow to Maria Weston Chapm... More

Letter from Francis Bishop to Mary Anne Estlin

Letter from Francis Bishop to Mary Anne Estlin

Francis Bishop writes to Mary Anne Estlin regarding the health of Mary Anne's aunt and herself. He writes that the Boston Anti-Slavery Society "is the only one doing good in the states." He writes of abolitioni... More

Letter from John Bell, Alexa[ndria, Virginia], to William Lloyd Garrison, 1834 July 13

Letter from John Bell, Alexa[ndria, Virginia], to William Lloyd Garris...

John Bell writes to William Lloyd Garrison telling him to "ask the Rev. Mr. Phelps of Boston Agent of the antislavery Society .. [and] you will not doubt the sincerity of my feelings nor the truth of my stateme... More

Letter from William Sargent, [Falmouth, Kentucky], to William Lloyd Garrison, [1838 October 16]

Letter from William Sargent, [Falmouth, Kentucky], to William Lloyd Ga...

In this letter addressed to the "Editors of the Liberator" [William Lloyd Garrison], William Sargent has copied "an official advertisement put up at the Court house door of the County," a warrant for an escaped... More

Letter from Hiram Wilson, Toronto, [Ontario], to Amos Augustus Phelps, 1839 Aug[ust] 19

Letter from Hiram Wilson, Toronto, [Ontario], to Amos Augustus Phelps,...

Hiram Wilson writes to Amos A. Phelps regarding the safe arrival of Sister Eliza Ann Seecomb and Brother Raymond. He writes about their plans to do Missionary work in the Lake Sincar area. He writes, "The color... More

Letter from Hiram Wilson, Toronto, [Ontario], to Amos Augustus Phelps, 1839 Aug[ust] 19

Letter from Hiram Wilson, Toronto, [Ontario], to Amos Augustus Phelps,...

Hiram Wilson writes to Amos A. Phelps regarding the safe arrival of Sister Eliza Ann Seecomb and Brother Raymond. He writes about their plans to do Missionary work in the Lake Sincar area. He writes, "The color... More

Letter from Sumner Lincoln, Gardner, [Massachusetts], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, 1840 Sept[ember] 23

Letter from Sumner Lincoln, Gardner, [Massachusetts], to Deborah Westo...

Sumner Lincoln writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to sending her a list of names of ladies who may cooperate in preparing the anti-slavery fair. Lincoln suggests urging people to send their particular co... More

Letter from William Coffin, New Bedford, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1840 Sept[ember] 5

Letter from William Coffin, New Bedford, [Massachusetts], to Maria Wes...

William Coffin writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to receiving her letter asking him to inform "Abraham" of the arrival in Boston of Mr. Hogan. Abraham feels perfectly safe surrounded by his friends "who... More

Letter from Rachel W. Stearns, [Springfield, Massachusetts], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1841 Dec[ember] 12

Letter from Rachel W. Stearns, [Springfield, Massachusetts], to Maria ...

Rachel W. Stearns writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to sending one more roll of one hundred names to the great Massachusetts petition (to the Legislature). She dwells on the difficulty of securing names... More

Letter from Joshua Coffin, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1842 Sept[ember] 26

Letter from Joshua Coffin, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria West...

Joshua Coffin writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to a letter about the escape of fugitive slaves. He writes, "there are now 31 persons here, men, women and children who are on their way to Canada & will ... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston, 1842 Nov[ember] 29

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston...

C. Austin Joy writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to sending a check for $30.07. Of these the larger part is a contribution from friends of [George] Latimer, to be disbursed in his behalf by Edmund Quincy... More

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. 1842

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. ...

Amos A. Phelps writes to Francis Jackson that he could not accept Jackson’s invitation to speak at a Faneuil Hall meeting on behalf of George Latimer because Jackson’s note did not arrive until after the meetin... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from Charles Sumner, [Boston, Massachusetts], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1842 Nov[ember] 30

Letter from Charles Sumner, [Boston, Massachusetts], to Maria Weston C...

Charles Sumner writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to fugitive slaves. He writes, "It may not be deemed expedient for the bar to adopt a rule according to which each member shall refuse his professional a... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. 1842

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. ...

Amos A. Phelps writes to Francis Jackson that he could not accept Jackson’s invitation to speak at a Faneuil Hall meeting on behalf of George Latimer because Jackson’s note did not arrive until after the meetin... More

Letter from Charles Turner Torrey, [Cohasset, Massachusetts], to Caroline Weston, [1842 November 18]

Letter from Charles Turner Torrey, [Cohasset, Massachusetts], to Carol...

Charles Turner Torrey writes to Caroline Weston in regards to George Latimer, a fugitive slave, has been ransomed for $400 and "that there will be of course no trial." Perhaps it will console you a little to he... More

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. 1842

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. ...

Amos A. Phelps writes to Francis Jackson that he could not accept Jackson’s invitation to speak at a Faneuil Hall meeting on behalf of George Latimer because Jackson’s note did not arrive until after the meetin... More

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. 1842

Letter from Amos Augustus Phelps, Boston, to Francis Jackson, Nov. 5. ...

Amos A. Phelps writes to Francis Jackson that he could not accept Jackson’s invitation to speak at a Faneuil Hall meeting on behalf of George Latimer because Jackson’s note did not arrive until after the meetin... More

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston, 1842 April 1

Letter from Susanna Fisher, Limerick, Ireland, to Maria Chapman Weston...

Susanna Fisher writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to expressing devotion to the anti-slavery cause and happiness in working for the bazaar. She would like some hints about the most salable kinds of artic... More

Letter from James Sloan Gibbons, New York, to Caroline Weston, 1842 Aug[ust] 14

Letter from James Sloan Gibbons, New York, to Caroline Weston, 1842 Au...

James S. Gibbons writes to Caroline Weston in regards to Henry Grafton Chapman's health. Mrs. Lydia Marie Child "placed the account of the Mammoth Cave in a conspicuous part of the paper to attract your attenti... More

Letter from Samuel May, Jr., Leicester, [Mass.], to Henry Ingersoll Bowditch,William Francis Channing, and Frederick S. Cabot, Dec. 20, 1842

Letter from Samuel May, Jr., Leicester, [Mass.], to Henry Ingersoll Bo...

On the letter dated Dec. 20, 1842, May writes of his inability to do much work for the committee due to his busy schedule. He sends names of those who might be interested in assisting with the "Call of County C... More

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1843 [March] 29

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston...

C. Austin Joy writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to enclosing two dollars, one for the sale of six copies of "Ten Years of Experience" and one for a copy of the last "Liberty Bell" which the author wishe... More

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1844 [December] 7

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Westo...

Esther Moore writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to drawing comfort from Maria's remarks in the Liberator on Thomas Parnell Beach's letter. She has sympathized with the "persecuted brothers" in New Englan... More

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1844 [December] 7

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Westo...

Esther Moore writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to drawing comfort from Maria's remarks in the Liberator on Thomas Parnell Beach's letter. She has sympathized with the "persecuted brothers" in New Englan... More

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1844 [December] 7

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Westo...

Esther Moore writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to drawing comfort from Maria's remarks in the Liberator on Thomas Parnell Beach's letter. She has sympathized with the "persecuted brothers" in New Englan... More

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1844 [January] 9

Letter from C. Austin Joy, Nantucket, [Massachusetts], to Maria Weston...

C. Austin Joy writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to enclosing letters to Henry W. Williams and Nathaniel P. Rogers, the first containing forty dollars for the Liberator, and the second ten dollars for Ro... More

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Weston Chapman, 1844 [December] 7

Letter from Esther Moore, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], to Maria Westo...

Esther Moore writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to drawing comfort from Maria's remarks in the Liberator on Thomas Parnell Beach's letter. She has sympathized with the "persecuted brothers" in New Englan... More

Letter from Chauncey Morse, Canterbury, [Conn.], to William Lloyd Garrison, [April] 12 - 1846

Letter from Chauncey Morse, Canterbury, [Conn.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Chauncey Morse proposes to William Lloyd Garrison that, at the next annual meeting, the American Anti-Slavery Society ought to create an agency tasked with the responsibility of traveling the nation to raise fu... More

Letter from Hiram Wilsom, Salem, to William Lloyd Garrison, 1846 April 6th

Letter from Hiram Wilsom, Salem, to William Lloyd Garrison, 1846 April...

In this letter probably written to William Lloyd Garrison, Hiram Wilson suggests that abolitionists would best help the cause "by attending properly to the welfare & usefulness of the forlorn fugutive [slave]."... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], to Deborah Weston and Caroline Weston, [1848] June 3

Letter from Mrs. John Lalor, Holly Hill, Hampstead, London [England], ...

Mrs. J[ohn]. Lalor writes to Maria Weston Chapman in regards to looking forward to seeing her "with much delight" on Tuesday evening and has hopes of "the party at Heidelburgh[sic] meeting at Hampstead." She ho... More

Letter from Placide, Philadelphia, [Pa.], to William Lloyd Garrison, July 21st 1849

Letter from Placide, Philadelphia, [Pa.], to William Lloyd Garrison, J...

Writing under the nom de plume of "Placide", the author addresses William Lloyd Garrison to present a "candid statement" on the "late insurrection" in the Charleston Work House, as well as to highlight the "doi... More

Letter from J.S. Stafford, Cummington, [Massachusetts], to Samuel May, 1849 April 12

Letter from J.S. Stafford, Cummington, [Massachusetts], to Samuel May,...

In this letter to Samuel May, J.S. Stafford relates a discussion he had about capital punishment with a clergyman in Cummington. Stafford says that he was assisting a "a fugitive slave from Baltimore .. to soli... More

Letter from William Francis Channing, Boston, [Massachusetts], to Theodore Parker, 1850 Nov[ember] 5

Letter from William Francis Channing, Boston, [Massachusetts], to Theo...

William Francis Channing writes to Theodore Parker in regards to the South's decision to "exclude Massachusetts manufacturers & to cease to trade with Boston, unless the fugitive law is enforced." He warns that... More

The Fugitive slave law. [Hartford, Ct.? : s.n., 185-?]

The Fugitive slave law. [Hartford, Ct.? : s.n., 185-?]

Text of the law.; Includes "Synopsis of the law," critical of the legislation, signed by S.M. Africanus, Hartford, Ct., and poem in three parts.; Fugitive slaves--United States.; Slavery--United States.; Afric... More

Copy of a letter from Samuel May, [Boston], [Dec. 10, 1851?]

Copy of a letter from Samuel May, [Boston], [Dec. 10, 1851?]

At the request of Reverend John Parkman, May sends the editors of "The Christian Register" four letters that he received from Parkman, which he requests be returned to him. The letters relate "to the course of ... More

Letter from Robert Folger Wallcut, Boston, to Samuel May, 10 June 1851

Letter from Robert Folger Wallcut, Boston, to Samuel May, 10 June 1851

Wallcut says that Messieurs [Richard] Hildreth, [Samuel E.] Sewall, and [Edmund] Quincy think that May ought to appear as a witness in the Shadrach Minkins case, to rebut the testimony of Charles Swain. Courtes... More

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garrison, Dec[ember] 6, 1851

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Samuel Joseph May writes William Lloyd Garrison declaring that a letter received from Abby Kelley Foster leads him to conclude that his own previous letter to Garrison was "misunderstood". May asserts that neit... More

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garrison, Dec[ember] 6, 1851

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Samuel Joseph May writes William Lloyd Garrison declaring that a letter received from Abby Kelley Foster leads him to conclude that his own previous letter to Garrison was "misunderstood". May asserts that neit... More

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garrison, Dec[ember] 6, 1851

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Samuel Joseph May writes William Lloyd Garrison declaring that a letter received from Abby Kelley Foster leads him to conclude that his own previous letter to Garrison was "misunderstood". May asserts that neit... More

Letter from William Farmer, 29 Charlotte Terrace, Barnsbury Road, Islington, [London, England], to Maria Weston Chapman, August 27th, 1851

Letter from William Farmer, 29 Charlotte Terrace, Barnsbury Road, Isli...

William Farmer has written to Mr. Estlin about the Bristol anti-slavery meeting; Mr. Thompson is anxious to have it held before Maria Weston Chapman leaves Bristol. He tells of the success of George Thompson's ... More

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garrison, Nov[ember] 23. 1851

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Samuel Joseph May reports to William Lloyd Garrison that in the entire course of their struggle against the "Monster Slavery", he has "never been so active, bold, tranquil and happy" in his work as the past sev... More

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garrison, Dec[ember] 6, 1851

Letter from Samuel Joseph May, Syracuse, [N.Y.], to William Lloyd Garr...

Samuel Joseph May writes William Lloyd Garrison declaring that a letter received from Abby Kelley Foster leads him to conclude that his own previous letter to Garrison was "misunderstood". May asserts that neit... More

Letter from Theodore Parker to Francis Jackson, [1851] April 19

Letter from Theodore Parker to Francis Jackson, [1851] April 19

Theodore Parker writes to Francis Jackson in regards to a handbill that needs to be printed warning African Americans to beware of police officers due to the recent laws imposed in Boston concerning the Fugitiv... More

Copy of a letter from Samuel May, [Leicester, Mass], [July 8, 1851]

Copy of a letter from Samuel May, [Leicester, Mass], [July 8, 1851]

May wishes to publish a column in "The Christian Register" in response to a personal attack made upon him in a previous issue. May then reports that there were two versions of "The Christian Register" issued on... More

Letter from George Thompson, Syracuse, [New York], to Anne Warren Weston, 1851 March 7

Letter from George Thompson, Syracuse, [New York], to Anne Warren West...

George Thompson writes to Anne Warren Weston in regards to speaking at a convention in Petersboro, New York. Frederick Douglass also spoke at this convention on the second day. He spoke of Henry Clay's scheme o... More

First anniversary of the kidnapping of Thomas Sims by the City of Boston

First anniversary of the kidnapping of Thomas Sims by the City of Bost...

Call to a meeting at the Melodeon to be addressed by Rev. Theodore Parker to memorialize the arrest of the fugitive slave Thomas Sims and to express outrage at the action. Thomas Sims (b. 1834) escaped slavery ... More

Scenes from Uncle Tom's Cabin. First meeting of Uncle Tom and Eva T.W. Strong litho. 98 Nassau St. N.Y

Scenes from Uncle Tom's Cabin. First meeting of Uncle Tom and Eva T.W....

Print shows Uncle Tom sitting on a box, talking with Eva who is sitting on a large bale of cotton, on a dock with the smokestack of a steamboat in the background. Title from item. Printed at top: Scenes from Un... More