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Topic: french art

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2016
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2016
17,707 media by topicpage 1 of 178
Sard ring stone

Sard ring stone

Portrait bust of a young woman in profileThe hairstyle, with a "French roll" on top of the head and a small chignon at the back, was in fashion during the Augustan period and occurs on coins of Octavia and Fulv... more

Saint-Guilhem Cloister

Saint-Guilhem Cloister

Nestled in a dramatic landscape of gorges and waterfalls, the monastery of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, from which this cloister comes, was founded in 804 by Saint William (Guilhem), legendary duke of Aquitaine and... more

Capital with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple (from Saint-Guilhem Cloister)

Capital with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple (from Saint-Guil...

The series of capitals, abaci, shafts, and engaged piers incorporated into this cloister come from the upper story of the cloister of the Benedictine abbey of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, near Montpellier. An impor... more

Impost Block with Acanthus Decoration

Impost Block with Acanthus Decoration

This capital resembles sculpture in the crypt of the royal abbey of Saint-Denis, north of Paris. As the burial place of French kings, Saint-Denis enjoyed unrivaled prestige; artistic innovations adopted there r... more

Double Capital with Birds

Double Capital with Birds

Birds, pinecones, and leaves enliven this large capital, set over paired shafts. The cloister from which it comes was built as the wealth of the community increased through the visit of pilgrims en route to San... more

Panel

Panel

Wood, either carved or inlaid with ivory or with other types of wood, was commonly used as architectural furnishing during the medieval period in Ayyubid Cairo. The design of this piece consists of the scrollin... more

Spandrel

Spandrel

This carving is one of the numerous surviving fragments from a great carved stone screen that once enclosed the choir in the third church built at Cluny, a sanctuary rivaled in size only by Saint Peter’s in Rom... more

Cuxa Cloister

Cuxa Cloister

The Benedictine monastery of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa, located at the foot of Mount Canigou in the northeast Pyrenees, was founded in 878. In 1791, Cuxa's monks departed in the wake of the French Revolution, and m... more

Head of King David

Head of King David

Because it was thought they represented the ancient rulers of France, all of the monumental kings decorating the portals of the famed Cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris were decapitated and presumably destroyed d... more

Column Statue of a King

Column Statue of a King

The royal abbey at Saint-Denis housed the shrine of this national saint. It possessed many of the regalia of the kings of France, and the abbey served as their burial site. Under the energetic Abbot Suger (1122... more

Head of a King

Head of a King

A recently discovered photograph taken about 1906–10 seems to confirm earlier speculation that this head comes from Notre-Dame-dela-Couldre in Parthenay. Following the French Revolution, the church was seculari... more

Portion of a Pilaster with an Acrobat

Portion of a Pilaster with an Acrobat

Acrobats appear often in medieval art, offering amusing reminders of the world beyond church or monastery walls. Appearing to defy the rules of nature, this contorted figure distracts attention from the capital... more

Head of a Bearded Man

Head of a Bearded Man

This finely carved head comes from the lintel of the north transept portal (Porte des Valois) of the abbey church, which depicted the martyrdom of Saint Denis, France's patron saint. Although the portal was car... more

The Priest Aaron

The Priest Aaron

This sculpture of Aaron and the opposite figure of Moses form part of a rare ensemble of key figures from the Hebrew Bible. They symbolically prefigure the redemption offered through the sacrificial death of Ch... more

Sculpture of Moses with Tablets of the Law

Sculpture of Moses with Tablets of the Law

This sculpture of Moses, holding the tablets with the Ten Commandments, and the opposite figure, his brother Aaron, form part of a rare ensemble of key figures from the Hebrew Bible. Often shown together on Got... more

Angels Swinging Censers

Angels Swinging Censers

The stained glass produced for the Collegiate Church of Saint-Étienne in Troyes during the late twelfth century represents a major transition from the Romanesque to the Gothic style. None of the panels from wh... more

Manuscript Illumination with Initial V, from a Bible

Manuscript Illumination with Initial V, from a Bible

This initial comes from a five-volume Bible, imposing in size and vigorously decorated, that belonged to the Cistercian abbey of Pontigny. In the twelfth century this monastery in the diocese of Sens was a scho... more

Caldron

Caldron

Cauldrons and cooking pots of all sizes were standard kitchen equipment of wealthy houses in which the lord was responsible for feeding the entire household and its staff. In more modest domestic circumstances,... more

Cameo with Head of Female Saint Wearing Wimple

Cameo with Head of Female Saint Wearing Wimple

The cutting of semiprecious stones in the tradition of antique cameos was relatively rare in the Middle Ages. Because there is little comparative material, it is difficult to determine when the surviving examp... more

Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms

This coat of arms of a thirteenth-century abbot is said to have adorned the upper story of the cloister at Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert. The shield bears the arms of the Porcelet family, a noble lineage of considera... more

Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling

Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling

During the 1100s and 1200s, fortified settlements were built in the Holy Land by knights from western Europe trying to establish a Christian kingdom with Jerusalem as its capital. Founded by French Crusaders in... more

Limestone Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling

Limestone Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling

During the 1100s and 1200s, fortified settlements were built in the Holy Land by knights from western Europe trying to establish a Christian kingdom with Jerusalem as its capital. Founded by French Crusaders in... more

Evangelists Mark and Luke

Evangelists Mark and Luke

Intent on their work, Saints Mark and Luke pen extraordinary messages based in medieval theology rather than the text of their gospels. Mark links belief in the Resurrection of Jesus to the medieval legend that... more

Angel Carrying a Crown

Angel Carrying a Crown

During the French Revolution, large church furnishings of copper were often sold as scrap metal. Charming fragments like this were sometimes preserved, but their original context cannot be completely establishe... more

Sculpture of an Enthroned King

Sculpture of an Enthroned King

Portraying a historical king, such as Solomon, or an allegorical image of the monarch as “the living law” (lex animata), this imposing sculpture must have originated from an important northern Italian civic mon... more

Saint James the Great

Saint James the Great

This gilded relief sculpture of Saint James the Great decorated the high altar of the abbey church at Grandmont until the French Revolution. Made in Limoges, France

Catapult Projectile from Montfort (Starkenberg) Castle

Catapult Projectile from Montfort (Starkenberg) Castle

The area of Montfort, in upper Galilee near Acre, Isreal, was occupied by French Crusaders in the eleventh century. In the early thirteenth century it was acquired by the Teutonic Knights, a German crusading or... more

King Clothar I

King Clothar I

According to tradition, the monastery of Moutiers-Saint-Jean was founded by the first Christian kings of France, Clovis and his son Clothar. They are almost certainly the donors standing at either side, present... more

King Clovis I

King Clovis I

According to tradition, the monastery of Moutiers-Saint-Jean was founded by the first Christian kings of France, Clovis and his son Clothar. They are almost certainly the donors standing at either side, present... more

Doorway from Moutiers-Saint-Jean

Doorway from Moutiers-Saint-Jean

According to tradition, the monastery of Moutiers-Saint-Jean was founded by the first Christian kings of France, Clovis and his son Clothar. They are almost certainly the donors standing at either side, present... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight once in three different chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. The co... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

These grisaille panels are part of a set of eight from a window in one of three chapels at the Norman residence of the French monarchs. They represent a mid-century transitional stage in royal French ateliers. ... more

Crowned Head of a Woman

Crowned Head of a Woman

This engaging head was probably carved in the French court of Robert of Anjou (r. 1266–85) centered in Naples. Its classical overtones are related to works by Nicola di Bartolomeo da Foggia,who signed the maste... more

Crucified Christ

Crucified Christ

This is one of the finest surviving medieval images in ivory of the crucified Christ. It is extraordinary in its monumental character and the sensitive rendering of the human body. Stylistically, it accords wel... more

Enthroned Virgin and Child

Enthroned Virgin and Child

Long hidden in private collections, this ivory sculpture is one of the great masterpieces on view at The Cloisters. It belongs to a larger series of European thirteenth- and fourteenth-century, generally small... more

Standing Saint or Apostle

Standing Saint or Apostle

This figure may have been intended for a bracket set into a pier or a niche in the nave of a church. The individualization of the facial features, the flowing beard, and the cascading drapery are characteristic... more

Leaf of a Writing Tablet

Leaf of a Writing Tablet

It is probable that this leaf from a writing tablet, as with many extant writing tablets, was intended for letter writing. The decoration of the exterior of many of these ivory tablets, carved with scenes of co... more

Enthroned Virgin

Enthroned Virgin

This work is a rare surviving example of medieval sculpture in terracotta—no other Italian examples from the period exist today. The sketchiness of the modeling and the omission of figure of the Christ Child, a... more

Seal

Seal

There were in the Middle Ages a large variety of seals ranging in importance from the great seal of the king, which might be as large as five inches in diameter, down to the vast numbers of smaller seals which ... more

Diptych with the Adoration of the Magi and the Crucifixion

Diptych with the Adoration of the Magi and the Crucifixion

The influence of French ivories on other centers of ivory production can be detected in this diptych, which was possibly carved in Cologne by a craftsman trained in Paris. Made in Paris or Cologne, France or Germany

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

The five panels assembled here come from at least four different lancets of the choir windows at Saint-Ouen at Rouen. They incorporate three different patterns of stylized leaves and tendrils, one with silver-s... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

The five panels assembled here come from at least four different lancets of the choir windows at Saint-Ouen at Rouen. They incorporate three different patterns of stylized leaves and tendrils, one with silver-s... more

Window with Grisaille Decoration

Window with Grisaille Decoration

The five panels assembled here come from at least four different lancets of the choir windows at Saint-Ouen at Rouen. They incorporate three different patterns of stylized leaves and tendrils, one with silver-s... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

The five panels assembled here come from at least four different lancets of the choir windows at Saint-Ouen at Rouen. They incorporate three different patterns of stylized leaves and tendrils, one with silver-s... more

Grisaille Panel

Grisaille Panel

The five panels assembled here come from at least four different lancets of the choir windows at Saint-Ouen at Rouen. They incorporate three different patterns of stylized leaves and tendrils, one with silver-s... more

The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, Queen of France

The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, Queen of France

At first glance, this tiny prayer book, with not a trace of gold, might seem an unlikely possession for a queen of France. But it is a work of exceptional artistry: the figures are rendered in delicate grisaill... more

Prophet Isaiah

Prophet Isaiah

Represented at the left is the prophet Isaiah (YSAIAS) holding a scroll inscribed: ECCE VIRGO—the first words of his prophecy, “Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son” (Isaiah 7:14). At the right is Sa... more

Reliquary Shrine

Reliquary Shrine

This sumptuous reliquary sets the Virgin and Child, accompanied by angels, within an elaborate architectural shrine. The arches, vaults, and sculptural decorations are of gilded silver; translucent enamel panel... more

Saint Mary Magdalene

Saint Mary Magdalene

Represented at the left is the prophet Isaiah (YSAIAS) holding a scroll inscribed: ECCE VIRGO—the first words of his prophecy, “Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son” (Isaiah 7:14). At the right is Sa... more

The Lamentation

The Lamentation

The grieving faces and bold gestures on this exquisitey painted panel, highlighted against a stark gold ground, dramatically convey the emotion of the Passion of the Christ. This panel, along with its companion... more

The Prayer Book of Bonne of Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy

The Prayer Book of Bonne of Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy

The coat of arms that often appears in this book indicates that it was made for Bonne of Luxembourg, a Bohemian princess who married John, duke of Normandy in 1332. She died of plague in 1349; her husband later... more

Drinking Bowl (Hanap)

Drinking Bowl (Hanap)

This hanap, known as the Sanko Bowl, has been associated with Kaznac Sanko Miltenovi, an important fourteenth-century figure in the Bosnian court. The inscription around the lip can be translated, "In the name ... more

Franc à Cheval of John the Good

Franc à Cheval of John the Good

The franc à cheval represents the restoration of sound coinage after the treaty of Brétigny between France and England. The mounted rider is derived from the seal types used by the French kings and nobility fro... more

Saint Elzéar

Saint Elzéar

Knight, count, and member of the Franciscan order, Saint Elzéar (1285–1323) lived a life of chastity, prayer, and charity. This work was among the eight sculptural reliefs illustrating his saintly life that dec... more

Leaf from a Manuscript of Valerius Maximus

Leaf from a Manuscript of Valerius Maximus

Charles V of France (r. 1364–80) actively encouraged the translation into French of classical texts, including the writings of Valerius Maximus, a first-century Roman historian. The illustrations here show how ... more

Tomb Effigy Bust of Marie de France (1327-41), daughter of Charles IV of France and Jeanne d'Evreux

Tomb Effigy Bust of Marie de France (1327-41), daughter of Charles IV ...

The Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis was the burial church for the rulers of France and their families. This elegant image once formed a part of the tomb effigy of the princess Marie de France (1326–1341) and her sis... more

Hand and a Half Sword

Hand and a Half Sword

The name of this type of sword refers to the length of its hilt, which allows it to be wielded with one hand or two. Before being acquired by William H. Riggs, this sword was in the collection of Sir Samuel Rus... more

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

This pouch, decorated with the Nasrid shield and motto, "There is no Victor but God," may have held a section of a small Qur'an. A French inscription on a piece of paper found inside the pouch at the time of pu... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

The unusual depiction of the Christ child both nursing and blessing conveys a domestic tenderness that became increasingly evident in the cult of the Virgin. Originally painted, such statuettes would have been... more

Manuscript Illumination with Crucifixion in an Initial T, from a Missal

Manuscript Illumination with Crucifixion in an Initial T, from a Missa...

The use of shades of grey lends both a sculptural and a mournful quality to the figures of Jesus on the cross, the Virgin Mary, and Saint John. While the painting reflects Parisian taste around 1400, the letter... more

Cardinal Guillaume d'Estouteville (1403–1483), Bishop of Ostia and Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen

Cardinal Guillaume d'Estouteville (1403–1483), Bishop of Ostia and Car...

Cardinal d'Estetouteville (1403–1483), a rich French prelate, commissioned Mino da Fiesole to produce the marble ciborium in Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, finished in 1461 and since dismantled, one of whose relie... more

Double Capital

Double Capital

Made in Pyrenees, French

Plaque with the Crucifixion

Plaque with the Crucifixion

Workshop of Nardon Pénicaud (French, 1470–1542/43) Made in Limoges, France

Female Figure with Raised Arm

Female Figure with Raised Arm

This female figure stands erect facing forward with her right hand close to her thigh and her left arm powerfully extending towards the sky. The carver of this intimately scaled figure privileged the body’s vol... more

Casket (cassetta)

Casket (cassetta)

Molded pastiglia, a composition consisting of either gesso or pulverized white lead with an egg binder to which musk was added, was applied to the surface of small caskets and deliberately left ungilt and unpai... more

Covered Cup

Covered Cup

Rock crystal was valued most highly throughout history for its hardness and brilliant clarity. In the Middle Ages is was viewed by the Church as a symbol of unblemished purity, and thus a most appropriate mater... more

Doorway

Doorway

Historically, the buildings of Cistercian monks are relatively spare in decoration, but this doorway comes from the chateau added by one of the commendatory abbots, appointed as fiscal and administrative overse... more

Double Capital

Double Capital

The capitals from the cloister of the Carmelite convent at Trie-en-Bigorre, near Toulouse, are decorated with scenes from the Old and New Testaments and the lives of the saints. The use of white marble for the ... more

Plate with Pelican in her Piety

Plate with Pelican in her Piety

The motif of the pelican piercing its breast to feed its young with its blood became a popular symbol of the sacrifice of Christ during the late medieval and early Renaissance period. Represented in the middle ... more

Pair of Rowel Spurs

Pair of Rowel Spurs

Each of the spurs is engraved four times with a belt displaying the French word Esperance (Hope) in gothic script, the symbol of the Order of the Belt of Hope.The Order of the Belt of Hope (La Ceinture d'Espera... more

Manuscript Leaf with the Last Judgment, from a Book of Hours

Manuscript Leaf with the Last Judgment, from a Book of Hours

This miniature from a Book of Hours illustrated a section of special prayers in French known as the "sept requêtes à nostre Seigneur" (seven requests of our Lord). With its tessellated ground of red, blue, and ... more

Honor Making a Chaplet of Roses

Honor Making a Chaplet of Roses

The French inscription below Honor may be translated: "I am Honor who makes chaplets for my children who are beautiful." Repairs make it impossible to decipher the other inscriptions with certainty. The young g... more

Madonna and Child with Saints Philip and Agnes

Madonna and Child with Saints Philip and Agnes

Exquisite in facture and delicate in expression, this is the earliest known work by Donato de' Bardi. It is possible that it was painted in Pavia (south of Milan), where Donato would have known the great miniat... more

Three Standing Figures (recto); Seated Woman and a Male Hermit in Half-length (verso)

Three Standing Figures (recto); Seated Woman and a Male Hermit in Half...

The three standing figures on the recto of this sheet probably served as studies for an 'Annunciation,' according to a style of iconography that was characteristic in the stone sculptures of portals in French G... more

Courtiers in a Rose Garden: A Lady and Two Gentlemen

Courtiers in a Rose Garden: A Lady and Two Gentlemen

This work belongs to a series of tapestries designed to cover the walls of an entire room. Such sets were often referred to in medieval inventories as "rooms" ("chambres"). It is possible that this set was ma... more

Nativity

Nativity

The relief includes the unusual subject of Joseph warming the infant Jesus’ clothes at a fire. During the fifteenth century Joseph became increasingly significant and the subject of devotion. Circle of Antoine ... more

Mourner

Mourner

The tomb at Bourges of Jean, duc de Berry (1340-1416), was begun by Jean de Cambrai and completed by Étienne Bobillet and Paul de Mosselman. For the duke's tomb, his life-size portrait-effigy was placed on top... more

Mourner

Mourner

The tomb at Bourges of Jean, duc de Berry (1340-1416), was begun by Jean de Cambrai and completed by Étienne Bobillet and Paul de Mosselman. For the duke's tomb, his life-size portrait-effigy was placed on top... more

Portrait of an Ecclesiastic

Portrait of an Ecclesiastic

Although the inscription describes the sitter as "A Roman legate of our Holy Father in France," there has been no satisfactory identification of this man. The drawing, an outstanding and rare survival of a fift... more

Ring with the Name of Pope Paul II (r. 1464–71)

Ring with the Name of Pope Paul II (r. 1464–71)

At the corners of the bezel are emblems of the four Evangelists, and on the sides are the shield of Paul II and that of the French crown. Papal rings may have been used at investitures or in establishing diplom... more

The Annunciation from the Hours of Charles of France

The Annunciation from the Hours of Charles of France

This double-paged Annunciation forms a diptych of remarkable refinement, set on an elaborate stage of simulated architecture and sculpture, and incorporating a procession of angels descending from heaven. It co... more

The Lamentation of Christ

The Lamentation of Christ

This painting depicts Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus placing the body of Christ across the lap of the Virgin, while Saint John the Evangelist, Mary Magdalene, and a female companion express grief with restra... more

The Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise

The Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise

This miniature, depicting the Holy Virgins being greeted by Christ at the gates of paradise, was originally part of a breviary, which is a book containing the Divine Office for recitation on each day of the Rom... more

The Battle with the Sagittary and the Conference at Achilles' Tent (from Scenes from the Story of the Trojan War)

The Battle with the Sagittary and the Conference at Achilles' Tent (fr...

This fragment is one of three in the Museum's collection that comes from two or more tapestries depicting scenes from the Trojan War. In the lower left portion of the tapestry, mounted Greek warriors are driven... more

Saint Michael

Saint Michael

Saint Michael, the warrior archangel of Heaven, is portrayed battling the devil in the guise of a dragon. Swiveling to spear the serpentine foe, the saint is clad in a suit of mail covered by a cuirass of plat... more

Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

Netherlandish or French

Visored Sallet

Visored Sallet

The distinctive shape of this sallet identifies it as French or Flemish, examples of which are much rarer than the well-known types of sallets from Germany.

Saint  Anthony

Saint Anthony

The anonymous artist who painted this miniature was greatly influenced by the French painter and illuminator Jean Fouquet. This leaf belonged to a lavishly illustrated book of hours from which thirty-one other ... more

Plate

Plate

According to some scholars, Dinant was the only French-speaking town of the Lowlands to join the German Hansa as a selling agent and a guarantor of the delivery of copper ( the major component of both bronze an... more

Medal:  Charles VIII

Medal: Charles VIII

Depicted on the obverse is Charles VIII (1470 – 1498),king of France (1483 – 98); on the reverse is Herculeswrestling the Nemean Lion. The medal is possibly anineteenth-century aftercast, given the even and dul... more

Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

The Master of Guillaume Lambert is one of three illuminators thought to have collaborated in a busy workshop headed by a scribe in late fifteenth-century Lyon. This page layout is typical of miniatures produced... more

Manuscript Leaf with the Annunciation from a Book of Hours

Manuscript Leaf with the Annunciation from a Book of Hours

As part of a daily cycle of prayers in honor of the Virgin, Matins is habitually illustrated by an Annunciation, with the angel Gabriel announcing to Mary that she will bear the infant Jesus. Inhabitual, howeve... more

Chair (Sgabello)

Chair (Sgabello)

The Strozzi chair is one of the best-known and most often published pieces of seating furniture in the world.[1] Shortly after 1900, in a period when Italian Renaissance furniture was as highly prized as old-ma... more

Saint Andrew

Saint Andrew

This high-relief sculpture of Saint Andrew standing in a shell-topped niche was originally on an altar in Old Saint Peter’s, Rome. Tiberio Alfarano’s 1571 plan of the basilica indicates where it was located ins... more