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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to facilitate reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) resulting from cross pollination or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower) when self pollination occurs.

Pollination have two types which is self-pollination and cross-pollination. Self-pollination happens when the pollen from the anther is deposited on the stigma of the same flower, or another flower on the same plant. Cross-pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower on a different individual of the same species. Self-pollination happened in flowers where the stamen and carpel mature at the same time, and are positioned so that the pollen can land on the flower’s stigma. This pollination does not require an investment from the plant to provide nectar and pollen as food for pollinators.

Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds.

In addition to facilitating the reproduction of flowering plants, flowers have long been admired and used by humans to bring beauty to their environment, and also as objects of romance, ritual, religion, medicine and as a source of food.

Flower Media

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Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida

Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida

Local call number: JJS0093 ..Title: Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida..Date: ca. 1945..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 5 x 4 in. ..Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Collection ( ht... More

Flowers where the freedomfighter, police officer Kaj Hedal was shot. Nytorv at Strøget (the pedestrian street) in Copenhagen. Photo: Jørgen Nielsen for Jay

Flowers where the freedomfighter, police officer Kaj Hedal was shot. N...

More images from The Museum of Danish Resistance: <a href="http://erez.natmus.dk/FHMbilleder/Site/index.jsp" rel="nofollow">erez.natmus.dk/FHMbilleder/Site/index.jsp</a>

Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, Florida

Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, Flori...

: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245323 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245323 ) ..Local call number: JJS0361A..Title: Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, Florida..Date:... More

Roman Pinhead, Greek and Roman art
Cowroid: Floral Motif, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Archaic Gold pendant disk
Terracotta scyphus (drinking cup), drinking vessel, terracota
Floral plaque, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Inlay fragment with row of rosettes
Bronze handles and part of the rim of a cauldron
Fragment of an Inlay Depicting a Rosette
Pendant in the Shape of a Poppy
Jar with registers of plant ornament and animals
Bead in the Form of a Cornflower
Rosette from the Temple of Ramesses III
Archaic Gold pendant disk
Floral Ornament, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Archaic Silver bowl, Greek and Roman art
Bronze phiale (libation bowl) with rosette on the bottom
Roman Pinhead, Greek and Roman art
Terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup)
Porcelain Cup and Cover
Gold and cloisonné bracelet, Greece
Rosette from the Temple of Ramesses III
Tile with water flowers in a canal

Tile with water flowers in a canal

From Egypt, Eastern Delta, Qantir (Piramesse), Palace of Ramesses II, Private apartments New Kingdom, Ramesside

Bowl, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Bowl rim with rosettes
Tiles and ornaments from the palace of Ramesses II
Fragment of a Floral Inlay
Inlays in the Shape of a Lotus Bud
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Bowl with bosses and lotus pattern and demotic weight on rim
Double "Tell el-Yahudiya" Vase with Incised Lotus Flowers, probably manufactured in Egypt
Terracotta bowl on a high stand
Large storage jar with floral decoration
Greek Terracotta Megarian bowl, Greece
Orthostat relief: seated figure holding a lotus flower
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Wall Fragment from a Tomb Depicting Three Offering Bearers
Tile with water flowers in a canal
Floral plaque, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Scarab: Cross Pattern, Egypt, Second Intermediate Period (1782 - 1570 BCE)
Tiles and ornaments from the palace of Ramesses II
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Scarab Inscribed Lord of the Two Lands, Maatkare (Hatshepsut) Flanked by Lotus Flowers
Gilt terracotta wreath with flowers and berries
Floral plaque, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Etruscan Gold wreath, Italy
Tiles and ornaments from the palace of Ramesses II
Rosette from the Temple of Ramesses III
Textile Piece, Japan
Fragment of floral plaque, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Cup on a Stand with Flower Décor
Double "Tell el-Yahudiya" Vase with Incised Lotus Flowers, probably manufactured in Egypt

Double "Tell el-Yahudiya" Vase with Incised Lotus Flowers, probably ma...

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb of Iuy (MMA 61), On surface near tomb, MMA excavations, 1922–23 Second Intermediate Period–Early New Kingdom

Thirty-two Rosettes, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Gold and cloisonné bracelet, Greece
Marble acroterion with acanthus scrolls
Miniature broad collar, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Rosette, New Kingdom, Egypt, 1550  -1070 BC
Headband with Heads of Gazelles and a Stag Between Stars or Flowers
Roman Glass mosaic fragment
Scaraboid: Face Motif on Top; Two Figures Holding Flower on Base
Fragment of an Inlay (Perhaps Part of a Collar)
Rosette from the Temple of Ramesses III
Seal, Greece, Greek and Roman art
Greek Terracotta feeding bottle, Greece
Mosaic block inlay, Greek and Roman art
Furniture plaque carved in relief with papyrus buds and flowers
Furniture plaque carved in relief with papyrus buds and flowers
Mirror with Decoration of Phoenix and Flowers
Jar, arts of africa oceania and the americas
Carnelian oval set in a gold ring
Fragment of a Floral Inlay
Greek Seven gold rosettes, Greece
Scarab Inscribed Lord of the Two Lands, Maatkare (Hatshepsut) Flanked by Lotus Flowers

Scarab Inscribed Lord of the Two Lands, Maatkare (Hatshepsut) Flanked ...

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Hatshepsut, Foundation Deposit 9 (I), MMA excavations, 1926–27 New Kingdom

Bowl with bosses and petals
Floral Decoration, Mastaba of Perneb
Headband with Heads of Gazelles and a Stag Between Stars or Flowers
Terracotta cup, drinking vessel, terracota
Decorated boss, Iran, iron age iii
Greek Glass ring stone, Greece
Wall Fragment from a Tomb Depicting Offering Bearers
Limestone head of a bearded male with a wreath of flowers
Gold diadem composed of twelve plaques
Pendant in the Shape of a Lotus Blossom
Seal, Greece, Greek and Roman art
Terracotta volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)
Pendant in the Shape of a Lotus Blossom
Lotus Flower, Egypt, Third Intermediate Period (1070–664 BC)
Terracotta jug, Cyprus, cypro archaic i
Inlay, square, palmette, Egypt, Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BCE)
Reliquary, 3rd century, Pakistan
Weefselfragment met clavus (?) sculpture, Asia

Weefselfragment met clavus (?) sculpture, Asia

Naturelkleurig linnen weefselfragment met een decoratieve strook binnen lijnen van zes dikkere inslagen. De decoratieve strook vertoont centraal een opeenvolging van bloemen in donkerblauw, rood en geel aan wee... More

Earring, 3rd century
Textile Fragment, Egypt, 4th Century CE (AD)
Mosaic with a Peacock and Flowers
Cup with Painted Decoration
Weefselfragment met tabula sculpture, Asia

Weefselfragment met tabula sculpture, Asia

Naturelkleurig linnen weefselfragment met ingeweven tabula met vijf cirkels in bordeauxrood. In de centrale cirkel een centaur, in de cirkels linksboven en rechtsonder een geknielde figuur met schild en krans, ... More

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