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Florida ( (listen), Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾiða]) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21 million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. The state's capital is Tallahassee and its most populous municipality is Jacksonville. The Miami metropolitan area, with a population of almost 6.2 million, is the most populous urban area in Florida and the seventh-most populous in the United States. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state, and if it were a country, Florida would be the 16th-largest economy in the world.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there. At various points in its colonial history, Florida was administered by Spain and Great Britain. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816 – 1858), the longest and most extensive of Indian Wars in United States history. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. After the Civil War, Florida was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. It is the flattest state in the United States, and Lake Okeechobee is its largest freshwater lake.

The state's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of Florida culture and daily life. Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, Latino, and Asian heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters.

About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands that are ten acres (4 ha) or larger in area. This is the second-highest number of islands of any state; only Alaska has more. It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level, and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U.S. state. The American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, and manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that have a tropical climate, and is the only continental state that has both a tropical climate and a coral reef. The Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, and the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef and Belize Barrier Reef).

Florida Media

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Portrait of Koreshan Victor Bubbett - Estero

Portrait of Koreshan Victor Bubbett - Estero

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/256451 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/256451 ) ..Local call number: KOR0712..Title: Portrait of Koreshan Victor Bubbett - Estero..Date: January 16, 1902..Phy... More

Unidentified man on a Harley Davidson motorcycle in Estero, Florida

Unidentified man on a Harley Davidson motorcycle in Estero, Florida

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/257680 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/257680 ) ..Local call number: KOR1745..Title: Unidentified man on a Harley Davidson motorcycle in Estero, Florida..Date:... More

Passengers on a Pan Am Boeing 307

Passengers on a Pan Am Boeing 307

Local call number: Rc15258..Title: [Passengers on a Pan Am Boeing 307] ..Publication info: Between 1940 and 1947..Physical descrip: 1 photoprint: b&w; 10 x 8 in...Series Title: (Reference collection)..General N... More

Unidentified young woman modeling by the beach

Unidentified young woman modeling by the beach

Local call number: N049215..Title: Unidentified young woman modeling by the beach..Personal author: Barron, Charles..Date: ca. 1940s..General note: Charles "Chuck" Barron was a Tallahassee-based photographer. H... More

Young women at the municipal casino: Lido Beach, Florida

Young women at the municipal casino: Lido Beach, Florida

Local call number: JJS0370..Title: Young women at the municipal casino: Lido Beach, Florida..Date: ca. 1945..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 5 x 4 in...Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Collection... More

Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida

Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida

Local call number: JJS0093 ..Title: Model with a basket of flowers: Sarasota, Florida..Date: ca. 1945..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 5 x 4 in. ..Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Collection ( ht... More

Young women with members of the Three-Quarter Century Softball Club in St. Petersburg, Florida

Young women with members of the Three-Quarter Century Softball Club in...

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/245082 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/245082 ) ..Local call number: JJS0185..Title: Young women with members of the Three-Quarter Century Softball Club in St.... More

Sarasota Sun-Debs at Lido Beach, Florida

Sarasota Sun-Debs at Lido Beach, Florida

Local call number: JJS0010..Title: Sarasota Sun-Debs at Lido Beach, Florida..Date: January 15, 1949..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 5 x 4 in...Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Collection ( http:... More

Modeling a bathing suit at Villa Vizcaya - Miami

Modeling a bathing suit at Villa Vizcaya - Miami

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/46856 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/46856 ) ..Local call number: RP06108..Title: Modeling a bathing suit at Villa Vizcaya - Miami..Date: ca 1960..Physical de... More

Modeling a dress at Villa Vizcaya - Miami

Modeling a dress at Villa Vizcaya - Miami

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/46855 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/46855 ) ..Local call number: RP06107..Title: Modeling a dress at Villa Vizcaya - Miami..Date: ca 1960..Physical descrip: ... More

Student pilot Jean McRae of Homosassa: Tallahassee, Florida

Student pilot Jean McRae of Homosassa: Tallahassee, Florida

Local call number: n042081..Title: [Student pilot Jean McRae of Homosassa: Tallahassee, Florida] ..Physical descrip: 1 photonegative: b&w; 4 x 5 in. ..Date captured: Spring 1940. ..Repository: State Library and... More

Unidentified woman in Sarasota reading about winter storms up North

Unidentified woman in Sarasota reading about winter storms up North

Persistent URL: floridamemory.com/items/show/246341 ( http://floridamemory.com/items/show/246341 ) ..Local call number: JJS1118..Title: Unidentified woman in Sarasota reading about winter storms up North..Date:... More

Mitzi Strother, Miss Florida 1941, posing with a seaside backdrop

Mitzi Strother, Miss Florida 1941, posing with a seaside backdrop

Local call number: JJS0283..Title: Mitzi Strother, Miss Florida 1941, posing with a seaside backdrop..Date: 1941..Physical descrip: 1 photonegative - b&w - 4 x 5 in...Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Colle... More

Young woman modeling a two-piece swim suit in Tampa, Florida

Young woman modeling a two-piece swim suit in Tampa, Florida

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/66749 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/66749 ) ..Local call number: C006224..Title: Young woman modeling a two-piece swim suit in Tampa, Florida..Date: ... More

Young women reading aboard the shantyboat Lazy Bones

Young women reading aboard the shantyboat Lazy Bones

Local call number: JJS0426..Title: Young women reading aboard the shantyboat Lazy Bones..Date: December 1947..General Note: Helen Schoonover (top bunk) and Lois Duncan Steinmetz reading on a trip up the Caloosa... More

Pasadena Community drive-in church: St. Petersburg, Florida

Pasadena Community drive-in church: St. Petersburg, Florida

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245088 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245088 ) ..Local call number: JJS0180..Title: Pasadena Community drive-in church: St. Petersburg, Florida..Date:... More

Jean Duket, Miss Tampa, modeling a two-piece bathing suit

Jean Duket, Miss Tampa, modeling a two-piece bathing suit

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/66823 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/66823 ) ..Local call number: C006356..Title: Jean Duket, Miss Tampa, modeling a two-piece bathing suit..Date: May... More

Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, Florida

Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, Flori...

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245323 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245323 ) ..Local call number: JJS0361A..Title: Unidentified woman holding gladiolus at Terra Ceia Island Farms, ... More

Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida

Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida

Local call number: JJS0372B..Title: Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida..Date: November 17, 1948..General Note: Taken for Collier's at Sarasota Jungle Gardens. ..Physical descrip: 1 transpa... More

Adeline Finke modeling on Miami Beach, Florida

Adeline Finke modeling on Miami Beach, Florida

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/69565 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/69565 ) ...Local call number: C012609...Title: Adeline Finke modeling on Miami Beach, Florida..Date: December 21,... More

Lois Duncan Steinmetz gazing at the Suwannee River

Lois Duncan Steinmetz gazing at the Suwannee River

Local call number: JJS0379..Title: Lois Duncan Steinmetz gazing at the Suwannee River..Date: 1949..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 5 x 4 in...Series Title: Joseph Janney Steinmetz Collection ( http://... More

Sarasota Sun-Debs training at Lido Beach, Florida

Sarasota Sun-Debs training at Lido Beach, Florida

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245626 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/245626 ) ..Local call number: JJS0645..Title: Sarasota Sun-Debs training at Lido Beach, Florida..Date: ca. 1949.... More

Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida

Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida

Local call number: JJS0202..Title: Nora Carrol and Lois Duncan Steinmetz: Sarasota, Florida..Date: November 1949..Accompanying Note: "Fill-in shots done on Cover-girl sequence for Collier's."..Physical descrip:... More

Lois Duncan Steinmetz (left) and Polly Gaines in a motorboat: Sarasota, Florida

Lois Duncan Steinmetz (left) and Polly Gaines in a motorboat: Sarasota...

Local call number: JJS0214..Title: Lois Duncan Steinmetz (left) and Polly Gaines in a motorboat: Sarasota, Florida..Date: 1950..Physical descrip: 1 transparency - col. - 4 x 5 in...Series Title: Joseph Janney S... More

Barbara Laney modeling a two-piece swin suit: Winter Haven, Florida

Barbara Laney modeling a two-piece swin suit: Winter Haven, Florida

Persistent URL: www.floridamemory.com/items/show/94795 ( http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/94795 ) ..Local call number: CWH1154..Title: Barbara Laney modeling a two-piece swim suit: Winter Haven, Florida.... More

MIHAIL KOGALNICEANU AIR BASE, Romania (Feb. 21, 2019)

MIHAIL KOGALNICEANU AIR BASE, Romania (Feb. 21, 2019)

MIHAIL KOGALNICEANU AIR BASE, Romania (Feb. 21, 2019) - Soldiers with Company C, 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division based out of Fort Riley, Kansas mov... More

Timucuan - Button

Timucuan - Button

A 16th century left-handed dagger and scabbard.

Maj. Gen. Darryl A. Williams, U.S. Army Africa commander,

Maj. Gen. Darryl A. Williams, U.S. Army Africa commander,

Maj. Gen. Darryl A. Williams, U.S. Army Africa commander, shakes hands with Brig. Gen. Daniel Dee Ziankahn, Armed Forces of Liberia chief of staff, during a welcoming ceremony at USARAF’s headquarters building,... More

Timucuan - Powder Flask

Timucuan - Powder Flask

Wood, leather and iron gunpowder flask, European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

San Marcos Pottery

San Marcos Pottery

San Marcos pottery was made by Native Americans from the 1500s-1700s, at the time of European contact. It is generally thick, tempered with grit (large pieces of sand), and often decorated with stamping or punc... More

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played the Army Song, the MP Regimental March as well as the National Anthem at the Change of Command and Change of Responsibility for 93D Military Police Batta... More

Spc. Carl Denis, a native of Port-au-Prince, Haiti,

Spc. Carl Denis, a native of Port-au-Prince, Haiti,

Spc. Carl Denis, a native of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, UH-60 Black Hawk Repairer, with 2nd Assault Helicopter Battalion, 158th Aviation Regiment, enjoys being a Soldier. As a green to gold scholarship recipient, h... More

Timucuan - Vessel Fragment

Timucuan - Vessel Fragment

Altamaha (1500s-1700s A.D.) cane (reed) punctuated vessel fragment found at Cedar Point

Timucuan - Shield

Timucuan - Shield

Etched iron and brass shield, European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

Timucuan - Spanish storage jar fragments

Timucuan - Spanish storage jar fragments

Found at Cedar Point, these vessels were made from the 16th through the 19th centuries, and in both Europe and the Americas.

Timucuan - Morion

Timucuan - Morion

Etched iron morion helmet, European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

Timucuan - Breastplate

Timucuan - Breastplate

Etched and gilded iron and brass breastplate, European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

U.S. Navy Capt. Pamela Ball, right, of Jacksonville,

U.S. Navy Capt. Pamela Ball, right, of Jacksonville,

U.S. Navy Capt. Pamela Ball, right, of Jacksonville, Fla., and Afghan National Army 201st Corps legal adviser, ANA Brig. Gen. Isluwladin, ANA 201st Corps Chief, and Francisco Sun, of New York City, and ANA Crim... More

Timucuan - Dagger and Scabbard

Timucuan - Dagger and Scabbard

16th century, left handed dagger with fluted blade. Grip is covered with thin wire woven into "fabric" and criss-crossed with very fine chain. Gilt inlay on hilt. Scabbard originally covered in velvet. (This w... More

Timucuan - Vessel Fragment

Timucuan - Vessel Fragment

Altamaha (1500s-1700s A.D.) fingernail punctated and cross-simple stamped vessel fragment. Found at Cedar Point

Members of the United States Parachute Team, Golden

Members of the United States Parachute Team, Golden

Members of the United States Parachute Team, Golden Knights, descend from the sky during the 31st annual Amigo Airsho “Thunder in the Desert Sky” on Biggs Army Airfield Oct. 20 to 21. The Golden Knights date ba... More

Timucuan - Stamped Vessel Fragment

Timucuan - Stamped Vessel Fragment

Altamaha (1500s-1700s A.D.) cross-simple stamped vessel fragment. Found at Cedar Point.

Timucuan - Arquebus

Timucuan - Arquebus

Wood and iron smoothbore matchlock arquebus, approximately .75 caliber. Inlaid bone decoration. German, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

[Envelope addressed to Gen. Howell Cobb, Commdr., etc., Quincy, Florida.; postmarked Savannah, Ga.]

[Envelope addressed to Gen. Howell Cobb, Commdr., etc., Quincy, Florid...

Handwritten envelope addressed to General Howell Cobb of 16th Georgia Infantry Regiment and General Staff; bears 10-cent stamp. Title devised by Library staff. Gift; Tom Liljenquist; 2010; (DLC/PP-2010:105). Fo... More

Timucuan - Spanish cannon

Timucuan - Spanish cannon

Bronze, breech loading swivel cannon, fired one-pound cannonballs. Known as "pas o muros" (through the wall). Spanish, 16th century. (Purchased from dealer in Spain.)

Timucuan - Chart Dividers

Timucuan - Chart Dividers

Steel chart dividers used for early navigation. European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

Timucuan - Backplate

Timucuan - Backplate

Etched and gilded iron and brass breastplate, European, 16th century. (This was purchased from an antique dealer in the 1950s and is NOT original to the site.)

U.S. Army Sgt. Edward Sharp, left, Sgt. Enrique Melero,

U.S. Army Sgt. Edward Sharp, left, Sgt. Enrique Melero,

U.S. Army Sgt. Edward Sharp, left, Sgt. Enrique Melero, right, and Spc. Pedro Scott, bottom right, make their way to their designated position during a live-fire exercise here at the General Silvestras Zilkalis... More

Multiple Central Florida area U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps divisions participate in beach physical training on the same beach that is recognized as the birth place of the U.S. Navy SEALs.

Multiple Central Florida area U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps divisions par...

FORT PIERCE, Fla. (Nov. 05, 2016) Multiple Central Florida area U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps divisions participate in beach physical training on the same beach that is recognized as the birth place of the U.S. Na... More

Silver One Real

Silver One Real

A silver coin worth 1 real, from the Mexican mint (1536-1556). One side bears the crowned Pillars of Hercules and the words HISPANIARUM ET INDIARUM (of Spain and the Indies). The other side bears Spain's castle... More

Fort Caroline National Memorial, Florida

Fort Caroline National Memorial, Florida

Fort Caroline National Memorial was created to memorialize the Sixteenth Century French effort to establish a permanent colony in Florida. After initial exploration in 1562, the French established "la Caroline"... More

Timucuan - Alabaster Carving

Timucuan - Alabaster Carving

Alabaster carving of Charles IX and Nostradamus with its original gilt frame. Charles IX is on horseback presenting a bag of money to Nostradamus and represents an event that occurred at Salon in 1564.

Timucuan - French Coin

Timucuan - French Coin

This silver coin was minted in 1564. Obverse is a profile of Charles IX. Wording around edge of coin reads "CAROLUS VIIII D C FRAN REX". Reverse has a French coat-of-arms: three fleur-de-lis enclosed in a shield

La Florida - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

La Florida - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

Pervviæ avriferæ regionis typis | Gvastecan Reg Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Timucuan - A navigation tool

Timucuan - A navigation tool

Compendium or pocket-dial or sun-dial, circa 1577. Used for early navigation. Silver, three part dial, middle has engraving of single-masted sailing ship and names of European ports are listed around edges. (T... More

S. Augustini : pars est terra Florida, sub latitudine 30 grad, ora vero maritima humilior est, lancinata et insulosa.

S. Augustini : pars est terra Florida, sub latitudine 30 grad, ora ver...

Scale not given. Oriented with north to the right. Relief shown pictorially. Pictorial map. Includes text in rectanglar cartouche. Kraus, H.P. Sir Francis Drake, 49 Available also through the Library of Congres... More

[The queen-elect is brought to the king]

[The queen-elect is brought to the king]

Native men carrying the queen seated on a throne supported by a litter; trumpeters lead the procession which is followed by young women carrying baskets of fruit and by a contingent of bodyguards. Illus. in: Br... More

Theodor de Bry - Gallorum ad Maij flumen navigatio

Theodor de Bry - Gallorum ad Maij flumen navigatio

French expedition under Jean Ribaut enter the River of May (St. John's) in Florida. Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇cia Gallis acciderunt, : secunda in illam nauigatione, duce Rena... More

[How the Natives collect gold in the streams]

[How the Natives collect gold in the streams]

Native men using hollow rods which they drive into the sandy bottom of streams to collect gold and other metals. Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇cia Gallis acciderunt, : secunda in... More

[Exercises of youth]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

[Exercises of youth]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇cia Gallis acciderunt, : secunda in illam nauigatione, duce Renato de Laudōniere ... anno MDLXIIII. Qvae est secvnda pars Americae ... / Auctore Iac... More

[Killing alligators]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

[Killing alligators]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Natives attack and kill alligators by ramming a pole down it's throat, turning it over, beating it with clubs, and shooting it with arrows. Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇cia Gall... More

[Exercises of the youths]

[Exercises of the youths]

Native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races.

Theodor de Bry - Entwerffung der Festung Carlsburg genannt

Theodor de Bry - Entwerffung der Festung Carlsburg genannt

Bird's-eye view of French fort, Fort Caroline, at the mouth of the River of May (St. John's) in Florida. Illus. in: Der ander Theyl, der newlich erfundenen Landtschafft Americae, von dreyen Schiffahrten, so die... More

[A fortified village]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

[A fortified village]. Book illustration from Library of Congress

A Native village with the chief's house in the center, surrounded by huts of other principal men, and fortified by a circular arrangement of tall palings that spiral to a narrow opening at the entrance. Illus. ... More

Theodor de Bry - [Trophies and ceremonies after a victory]

Theodor de Bry - [Trophies and ceremonies after a victory]

Natives gathered at designated place to celebrate victory over their enemies, with Chief Holata Outina standing in foreground with French soldiers. Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇... More

[The widows approach the chief]

[The widows approach the chief]

Native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races.

Theodor de Bry - Galli locum condendae arci aptum deligunt

Theodor de Bry - Galli locum condendae arci aptum deligunt

French begin to construct fort at the mouth of the River of May (St. John's) in Florida. Illus. in: Brevis narratio eorvm qvæ in Florida Americæ provi̇cia Gallis acciderunt, : secunda in illam nauigatione, duce... More

Theodor de Bry - [The French arrive in Florida]

Theodor de Bry - [The French arrive in Florida]

The arrival of the French expedition under Laudonnière at the River of May (St. John's) in Florida. Illus. in: Der ander Theyl, der newlich erfundenen Landtschafft Americae, von dreyen Schiffahrten, so die Fran... More

The Natives of Florida worship the column erected by the commander on his first voyage

The Natives of Florida worship the column erected by the commander on ...

Chief Athore with René Laudonnière, commander of the second French expedition to Florida, standing by column erected by Jean Ribaut during first expedition, showing Natives worshiping the column and many offeri... More

Olive Jar Fragment

Olive Jar Fragment

This olive jar fragment dates between 1600 and 1800. These large ceramic vessels were primarily manufactured in Spain and were used to transport a variety of goods including olives and olive oil, hence the name... More

Spanish Belduque

Spanish Belduque

The belduque, sometimes called a 'peasant knife' after the people who generally carried them, is a large Spanish knife that some believe to be the ancestor of the Bowie knife. This belduque was made sometime in... More

Item 72; Florida West Coast and Cuba, 17th century.

Item 72; Florida West Coast and Cuba, 17th century.

Item 72; Florida West Coast and Cuba, 17th century.

Castillo Polychrome Majolica

Castillo Polychrome Majolica

Castillo Polychrome was made in the late 17th century and has white paste and white background enamel, with naturalistic designs painted in light blue, and thin black lines emphasizing the design. Some vessels ... More

8 lb Cannonball

8 lb Cannonball

This eight-pound cannonball could either be a 16th century English or 17th century Spanish projectile, going by the measurements. It is solid iron and was used for knocking holes in walls or the hulls of ships.

Wie die Franzosen ein gelegen Ort eine Festung zu bauwen erwehlet

Wie die Franzosen ein gelegen Ort eine Festung zu bauwen erwehlet

French begin to construct fort at the mouth of the River of May (St. John's) in Florida.

[Florida Indians, disguised under deerskins, hunting deer]

[Florida Indians, disguised under deerskins, hunting deer]

Native men wearing deerskins while hunting deer.

Entwerffung der Festung Carlsburg genannt

Entwerffung der Festung Carlsburg genannt

Outline of French fort, Fort Caroline, at the mouth of the River of May (St. John's) in Florida. Illus. in: [America. pt. 2. German] Der ander Theil, der newlich erfundenen Landschafft Americae, von dreyen Schi... More

Timucuan - Spanish cannon

Timucuan - Spanish cannon

Bronze cannon, fired 12 pound cannonballs, believed to have come from the 1618 wreck of the San Martin, off the coast of Florida. Dolphin shaped cascabel and handles. Cast in 1594 by Sebastianos Ballasteros in ... More

[Map of the Peninsula of Florida].

[Map of the Peninsula of Florida].

Depths shown by soundings. Shows the Peninsula of Florida and adjacent islands from Rio de las Flores and includes coastline, coastal features, and pictorial representation of palm trees along the Atlantic Coas... More

[Map of Atlantic Coast of North America from the Chesapeake Bay to Florida].

[Map of Atlantic Coast of North America from the Chesapeake Bay to Flo...

Shows coastal features, Native American nations and settlements, and other geographical entities. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Attributed to Joan Vinckeboons by comparison with his other Dutch maps in Henry Harr... More

Map of the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico

Map of the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico

Depths shown by soundings. Covers the Gulf Coast extending from St. Luis de Tampico to Arecifo showing coastal features, rivers, and streams. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Attributed to Joan Vinckeboons by compar... More

A mapp of Virginia discovered to ye hills, and in it's latt. from 35 deg. & 1/2 neer Florida to 41 deg. bounds of New England /

A mapp of Virginia discovered to ye hills, and in it's latt. from 35 d...

Relief shown pictorially. Based on a manuscript map drawn by John Farrer. Oriented with north to the right. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes text, portrait of ... More

Item 281; From Mexico to Atlantic Coast, Great Lakes to Gulf of Mexico and Florida, 18th century.

Item 281; From Mexico to Atlantic Coast, Great Lakes to Gulf of Mexico...

Item 281; From Mexico to Atlantic Coast, Great Lakes to Gulf of Mexico and Florida, 18th century.

Abo Polychrome Majolica

Abo Polychrome Majolica

Abo Polychrome is brightly painted with orange, yellow, green-blue and brown floral or animal designs. The vessel always has an orange band around the rim, bordered by one brown line above and two below. Majoli... More

Plano de las Tortugas situado su sentro en la latitud N. 24⁰ grs. 37 ms.

Plano de las Tortugas situado su sentro en la latitud N. 24⁰ grs. 37 m...

Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north toward the lower left. Watermark: Van der Ley. Pen-and-ink. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 888 Available also through the Library of Congress We... More

Item 31; Cape Canaveral and Barrier Islands, 18th century.

Item 31; Cape Canaveral and Barrier Islands, 18th century.

Item 31; Cape Canaveral and Barrier Islands, 18th century.

[Map showing portion of the Caribbean Sea from Florida Keys to Nicaragua].

[Map showing portion of the Caribbean Sea from Florida Keys to Nicarag...

Depths shown by soundings. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Mounted on cloth backing. Maggs number annotated in pencil in lower right corner: 237. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 49 Available also through the Library of Con... More

Puebla Polychrome Majolica

Puebla Polychrome Majolica

Puebla Polychrome has cobalt blue and black decoration with scroll-like and lobe designs painted in blue, overlaid with thin black lines in lacy patterns. Majolica is a wheel-thrown pottery, made with a soft ea... More

Item 243; East Coast of Florida, Bahamas, Everglades, 18th century.

Item 243; East Coast of Florida, Bahamas, Everglades, 18th century.

Item 243; East Coast of Florida, Bahamas, Everglades, 18th century.

Puebla Blue Majolica

Puebla Blue Majolica

Puebla Blue and White is the most common type of the 18th century Puebla majolicas. It generally has a cream-colored background, with painted design motifs of florals, dots and lines in one or two shades of bl... More

Plano de las Tortugas situado su sentro en la latd. N. 24 gros. 37 ms.

Plano de las Tortugas situado su sentro en la latd. N. 24 gros. 37 ms.

Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north toward the lower left. Watermark: Strasburg fleur-de-lis. Pen-and-ink and yellow watercolor. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 887 Available also t... More

Hunting Knife

Hunting Knife

This is an 18th century cuchillo de monte, or hunting knife, donated to the park by the government of Spain in 1960. The tapered wooden handle could be inserted into the barrel of a gun to be used as a bayonet.... More

Shoe Buckle

Shoe Buckle

18th century shoes did not tie; they buckled! Shoe buckles could range from simple to extremely ornate. This one is somewhere in the middle. It is heavy cast brass with mutiple decorative bumps on it.

<em>HMS Fowey</em> Cannonballs

<em>HMS Fowey</em> Cannonballs

<em>HMS Fowey</em> is a 18th Century British Warship that sank in 1748. Extensive documentation and research was performed on the wreck, and in 2014 the wreck was covered to prevent deterioration, looting and t... More

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