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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.

England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the north (for example, the Lake District and Pennines) and in the west (for example, Dartmoor and the Shropshire Hills). The capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and, prior to Brexit, the European Union. England's population of 56.3 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, largely concentrated around London, the South East, and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.

The Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland (through another Act of Union) to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

England Media

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Alfred Thompson

Alfred Thompson

Name: Alfred Thompson .Arrested for: Larceny.Arrested at: North Shields Police Station.Arrested on; 31st August 1902.Tyne and Wear Archives ref: DX1388-1-5-Alfred Thompson..These images are a selection from an ... more

'Torquay, Victoria Parade From the Pier'

'Torquay, Victoria Parade From the Pier'

Creator: Francis Bedford (1816 - 1894).Date: c. 1880.Format: Albumen print.Collection: National Media Museum Collection ( http://www.nationalmediamuseum.org.uk/Collection/Photography ) .Inventory no: 1990-5037... more

Britons! Your country needs you / Printed by Saunders & Cullingham, 2 & 3 Burgon Street, Carter Lane, London, E.C.

Britons! Your country needs you / Printed by Saunders & Cullingham, 2 ...

Poster showing map of British Isles behind text. Poster no. 23. Wt. 8936. 50M. 1632/12/14. Title from item.

Tanks on parade in London at the end of World War I, 1918

Tanks on parade in London at the end of World War I, 1918

Photographer: Thomas Frederick Scales .Tanks on parade in London at the end of World War I, 1918.Dry plate glass negative .Reference No. 1/2-014078-G.Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association Collect... more

Pope Eleutherius from BL Eg 3028, f. 4

Pope Eleutherius from BL Eg 3028, f. 4

Drawing of Lucius's messenger received by Pope Eleutherius. Image taken from f. 4 of Roman de Brut, a verse epitome (begins imperfectly) with continuation to Edward III; Destruction de Rome; Fierabras. Written in French.

Solidus
Square-Headed Brooch

Square-Headed Brooch

Made in Kent, England

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

Made in Kent, England

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

The affinity of these brooches, found in France, with objects from Kent is evidence of the spread of artistic traditions through export or copying. Made in Kent, England

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

The affinity of these brooches, found in France, with objects from Kent is evidence of the spread of artistic traditions through export or copying. Made in Kent, England

Square-Headed Brooch

Square-Headed Brooch

Made in Kent, England

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

Miniature Square-Headed Brooch

The affinity of these brooches, found in France, with objects from Kent is evidence of the spread of artistic traditions through export or copying. Made in Kent, England

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 27

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 27

Text page. Image taken from f. 27 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 124

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 124

Text page. Image taken from f. 124 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 43v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 43v

Text page. Image taken from f. 43v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 82v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 82v

Text page. Image taken from f. 82v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 79v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 79v

Text page. Image taken from f. 79v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 68v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 68v

Text page. Image taken from f. 68v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 70

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 70

Text page. Image taken from f. 70 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 153

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 153

Text page. Image taken from f. 153 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 96

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 96

Text page. Image taken from f. 96 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 6

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 6

Text page. Image taken from f. 6 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 28v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 28v

Text page. Image taken from f. 28v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 31v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 31v

Text page. Image taken from f. 31v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 147

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 147

Text page. Image taken from f. 147 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 145

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 145

Text page. Image taken from f. 145 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 56v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 56v

Text page. Image taken from f. 56v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 39

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 39

Text page. Image taken from f. 39 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 63

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 63

Text page. Image taken from f. 63 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 52

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 52

Decorated initial 'M'(archus), at the beginning of the prologue to Mark. Image taken from f. 52 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 20v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 20v

Text page. Image taken from f. 20v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 39v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 39v

Text page. Image taken from f. 39v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 140v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 140v

Text page. Image taken from f. 140v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 115

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 115

Text page. Image taken from f. 115 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 21

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 21

Text page. Image taken from f. 21 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 116

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 116

Text page. Image taken from f. 116 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 74v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 74v

Text page. Image taken from f. 74v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 26v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 26v

Text page. Image taken from f. 26v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 61

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 61

Text page. Image taken from f. 61 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 93

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 93

Text page. Image taken from f. 93 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 57

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 57

Text page. Image taken from f. 57 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 58

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 58

Text page. Image taken from f. 58 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 22

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 22

Text page. Image taken from f. 22 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 1

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 1

Text page with an initial 'N'(ovum), at the beginning of the Epistle of Jerome to Damasus. Image taken from f. 1 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 19v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 19v

Text page. Image taken from f. 19v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 141v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 141v

Text page. Image taken from f. 141v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 142

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 142

Text page. Image taken from f. 142 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 29

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 29

Text page. Image taken from f. 29 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 123

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 123

Text page. Image taken from f. 123 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 46v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 46v

Text page. Image taken from f. 46v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 137v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 137v

Text page. Image taken from f. 137v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 130v

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 130v

Decorated initial 'In'(principio), at the beginning of John. Image taken from f. 130v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 51

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 51

Text page. Image taken from f. 51 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Canon Tables from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 11

Canon Tables from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 11

Canon Tables. Image taken from f. 11 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 63v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 63v

Text page. Image taken from f. 63v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 72v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 72v

Text page. Image taken from f. 72v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 86

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 86

Text page. Image taken from f. 86 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 31

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 31

Text page. Image taken from f. 31 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 81v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 81v

Text page. Image taken from f. 81v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 18v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 18v

Text page. Image taken from f. 18v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 108

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 108

Text page. Image taken from f. 108 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 145v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 145v

Text page. Image taken from f. 145v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 135

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 135

Text page. Image taken from f. 135 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 113v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 113v

Text page. Image taken from f. 113v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 123v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 123v

Text page. Image taken from f. 123v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 36

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 36

Text page. Image taken from f. 36 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 25

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 25

Text page. Image taken from f. 25 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 73

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 73

Text page. Image taken from f. 73 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 116v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 116v

Text page. Image taken from f. 116v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 93v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 93v

Text page. Image taken from f. 93v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 87v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 87v

Text page. Image taken from f. 87v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 49v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 49v

Text page. Image taken from f. 49v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 59v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 59v

Text page. Image taken from f. 59v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 59

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 59

Text page. Image taken from f. 59 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 131

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 131

Text page. Image taken from f. 131 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 97v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 97v

Text page. Image taken from f. 97v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 5v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 5v

Text page. Image taken from f. 5v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 67

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 67

Text page. Image taken from f. 67 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 104

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 104

Text page. Image taken from f. 104 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 128

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 128

Decorated initial 'J'(ohannes), at the beginning of the prologue to John. Image taken from f. 128 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 120

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 120

Text page. Image taken from f. 120 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 96v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 96v

Text page. Image taken from f. 96v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 40v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 40v

Text page. Image taken from f. 40v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 8

Decorated initial from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 8

Decorated initial 'P'(ridu), at the beginning of a table of festivals. Image taken from f. 8 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 61v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 61v

Text page. Image taken from f. 61v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 48

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 48

Text page. Image taken from f. 48 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 43

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 43

Text page. Image taken from f. 43 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 85

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 85

Text page. Image taken from f. 85 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 111

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 111

Text page. Image taken from f. 111 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 24v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 24v

Text page. Image taken from f. 24v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 65

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 65

Text page. Image taken from f. 65 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 118

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 118

Text page. Image taken from f. 118 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 140

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 140

Text page. Image taken from f. 140 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 155v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 155v

Text page. Image taken from f. 155v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 146

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 146

Text page. Image taken from f. 146 of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 37v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 37v

Text page. Image taken from f. 37v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 7v

Text page from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 7v

Text page. Image taken from f. 7v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Text page. from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 8v

Text page. from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 8v

Text page of a table of festivals. Image taken from f. 8v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.

Canon Tables from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 9v

Canon Tables from BL Royal 1 B VII, f. 9v

Canon Tables. Image taken from f. 9v of Gospel Book. Written in Latin.