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Topic: egyptian civilisation

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1999
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1999
14,642 media by topicpage 1 of 147
Marble statue of a youth

Marble statue of a youth

Roman copy of Greek original. Adaptation of a Greek statue type of the late5th century B.C.The pose of this statue probably derives from a Classical Greek bronze erected to commemorate the victory of a young at... more

Marble torso of a boy

Marble torso of a boy

Variant of a Greek bronze statue of the late 5th century B.C.The so-called Narcissus was one of the most popular Greek statues copied in the Roman period; over forty examples are known today. Here, the pose has... more

Marble statue of a woman

Marble statue of a woman

Copy or adaptation of a Hellenistic statue of the 2nd century B.C.This figure wears three layers of clothing: a sleeved chiton visible below the neck, which is tied with a looped knot at the waist; a second chi... more

Marble statue of Aphrodite crouching and arranging her hair

Marble statue of Aphrodite crouching and arranging her hair

Copy of a Greek statue of the late 2nd century B.C.In this small-scale statue, a complex crouching pose has been compressed into a two-dimensional composition. It is a decorative work based on a famous large, f... more

Bronze portrait bust of a man

Bronze portrait bust of a man

The man is shown with the beard and short-cropped hair typical of the third century A.D. Likewise, his toga has the broad fold across the chest that is found on many life-sized marble portrait busts of the peri... more

Marble statue of Hermes

Marble statue of Hermes

The left hand, tip of nose, and tips of some fingers of the right hand are restored.Roman after Classical Greek original. Copy or adaptation of a Greek statue of the late 5th or early 4th century B.C.The statue... more

Snake Ring

Snake Ring

From Egypt Roman Period

Funerary Mask of a woman

Funerary Mask of a woman

From Egypt Roman Period

Funerary Mask

Funerary Mask

From Egypt Roman Period

Seals (3) from net

Seals (3) from net

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Priests' houses, near, Roman burial XXI, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Bowl with floral and geometric designs

Bowl with floral and geometric designs

After a stable border had been established between Roman Egypt and areas controlled by Meroë, settlement in the Meroitic regions of lower Nubia intensified and economic prosperity grew. Several cemeteries of th... more

Plaque with a Winged Horse

Plaque with a Winged Horse

These plaques were created by (or for) the Xianbei, a nomadic people living in the steppes region of what is now Mongolia and northern China, who would later control a large part of northern China as the Northe... more

Amulet of fist with thumb thrust between first two fingers

Amulet of fist with thumb thrust between first two fingers

In this amulet the thumb is placed between the first two fingers of the fist. This is a Roman amulet connected with sexuality. From Egypt Roman Period

Funerary Sandals

Funerary Sandals

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Priests' Houses, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Hanging Showing Euthenia in a Garden

Hanging Showing Euthenia in a Garden

This rare painting of tempera on linen shows the Greek personification of abundance, Euthenia. The goddess, consort of the Nile god, rests on a sphinx and holds a bowl in her hand; above and to the sides are bi... more

Glass bowl in the form of a shell

Glass bowl in the form of a shell

Colorless with pale green tinge.Flaring, knocked-off rim with shallow S-shaped collar below; body with circular circumference and rounded bottom.Body formed into the shape of a marine bivalve mollusc (scallop) ... more

String of 6 beads

String of 6 beads

From Egypt Roman Period or later

Funerary Mask

Funerary Mask

From Egypt Roman Period

Plaque with a Winged Horse

Plaque with a Winged Horse

These plaques were created by (or for) the Xianbei, a nomadic people living in the steppes region of what is now Mongolia and northern China, who would later control a large part of northern China as the Northe... more

Snake ring

Snake ring

From Egypt Roman Period

String of 23 beads

String of 23 beads

From Egypt Roman Period

Sistrum

Sistrum

Although the sound elements have disappeared, the wires are preserved on this functional arc sistrum. The wires terminate in duck heads; in pharaonic examples they mainly take the form of reared cobras. Sound d... more

Ring with snake's head terminals

Ring with snake's head terminals

From Egypt Roman Period

Snake bracelet

Snake bracelet

From Egypt, Lower Egypt Roman Period

Snake bracelet

Snake bracelet

From Egypt Roman Period

String of 3 Beads

String of 3 Beads

From Egypt Roman Period or later

Statuette of Herakles holding apples

Statuette of Herakles holding apples

The hero holds the golden apples of the Hesperides in his left hand. From Egypt Roman Period

Amulet of Harpokrates

Amulet of Harpokrates

From Egypt Roman Period

String of 10 Mosaic Beads

String of 10 Mosaic Beads

From Egypt Roman Period

Funerary Mask

Funerary Mask

From Egypt Roman Period

Group of 5 composite eye beads

Group of 5 composite eye beads

From Egypt Roman Period or later

Cup with geometric decoration

Cup with geometric decoration

After a stable border had been established between Roman Egypt and areas controlled by Meroë, settlement in the Meroitic regions of lower Nubia intensified and economic prosperity grew. Several cemeteries of th... more

Pair of Child's Slippers

Pair of Child's Slippers

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, near Priests' houses, Roman Burial XXIII, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Seals (3) from net

Seals (3) from net

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Priests' houses, near, Roman burial XXI, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Burnishing tool, goldsmith's

Burnishing tool, goldsmith's

From Egypt; Probably from Upper Egypt, Thebes Roman Period

String of 4 beads

String of 4 beads

From Egypt Roman Period or later

Marble statue of an old fisherman

Marble statue of an old fisherman

Copy of a Greek statue of the late 3rd century B.C.The effects of hard work and age are powerfully rendered in this representation. A more complete replica in Rome preserves the head and a basket of fish on the... more

Marble head of a woman

Marble head of a woman

Copy of a Hellenistic statue of the 3rd or 2nd century B.C.Coiffures with corkscrew curls were fashionable in Egypt and Cyrene during the Ptolemaic period. This head must have represented an important person, a... more

Stela depicting Anubis and a mummy on a bed for for Pachom-alal, son of Peteharsomtous

Stela depicting Anubis and a mummy on a bed for for Pachom-alal, son o...

From Egypt, Northern Upper Egypt, Dendera Roman Period

String of 27 Eyed Beads

String of 27 Eyed Beads

From Egypt Roman Period or later

Glass Bottle

Glass Bottle

From Egypt Roman Period

Seals (3) from net

Seals (3) from net

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Priests' houses, near, Roman burial XXI, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Plaque representing a Greco-Roman type temple with Corinthian columns

Plaque representing a Greco-Roman type temple with Corinthian columns

From left to right, on bases of increasing height, Isis, Serapis, and another goddess stand among the columns. On the pediment is an eagle with spread wings, an emblem of the god Serapis. From Egypt Roman Period

Harpokrates in an Egyptianizing Crown and holding the club of Herakles

Harpokrates in an Egyptianizing Crown and holding the club of Herakles

Harpokrates, or "Horus the child," the son of Isis and Osiris/Serapis, is here represented as a chubby toddler with a plump, crooked forefinger reaching toward his small mouth. He holds the knobby club of the G... more

Palm of a Ceremonial Fan

Palm of a Ceremonial Fan

This palm (joining piece) of a ceremonial fan depicts a royal baldachin atop an umbel, the flower section of the papyrus plant. On the back of the palm are sockets for three ostrich plumes, and the lower end is... more

Robe made to imitate leopard skin with rosettes with the name of Harnedj-?

Robe made to imitate leopard skin with rosettes with the name of Harne...

From Egypt; Said to be from Northern Upper Egypt, Pernebwadjyt (south of Qaw el-Kebir) Roman Period

Dōtaku (Bronze Bell)

Dōtaku (Bronze Bell)

Produced during the late Yayoi period, the distinctive Japanese bronze bells known as dōtaku are thought to derive from earlier, smaller Korean examples that adorned horses and other domesticated animals. Dōtak... more

Cup with three rows of impressed decoration

Cup with three rows of impressed decoration

From Egypt, Nubia, Faras, Cemetery 1, Grave 1160, University of Oxford Excavations in Nubia 1911–1912 Roman Period

Snake bracelet

Snake bracelet

From Egypt, Lower Egypt Roman Period

Plaster relief fragment with a male figure on a throne

Plaster relief fragment with a male figure on a throne

Cast from a Greek metal relief of the 4th century B.C.The plaster reliefs displayed in this case were cast from Late Classical and Hellenistic metal reliefs. They probably date to the Early Imperial period, whe... more

Plaster relief fragment with a male figure on a throne

Plaster relief fragment with a male figure on a throne

Cast from a Greek metal relief of the 4th century B.C.The plaster reliefs displayed in this case were cast from Late Classical and Hellenistic metal reliefs. They probably date to the Early Imperial period, whe... more

Black jasper intaglio portrait of a Roman lady

Black jasper intaglio portrait of a Roman lady

The art of gem cutting was highly prized in Rome. Julius Caesar is said to have been a passionate collector of gems, and Augustus’s signet ring was made by Dioskourides, the finest engraver of his time. Gems we... more

Fragment of a marble relief with dancing maenads

Fragment of a marble relief with dancing maenads

Adaptation of a Greek relief of about 425–400 B.C. attributed to KallimachosIn myth and art the wine god, Dionysos, is accompanied by dancing women known as maenads. The most famous description of them comes fr... more

Marble head of a Hellenistic ruler

Marble head of a Hellenistic ruler

Copy or adaptation of a Greek portrait of the early 3rd century B.C.The flat fillet worn by this young man is an insignium of kingship. He has been identified as one of the Macedonian Greek kings who ruled the ... more

Bronze statuette of Harpokrates

Bronze statuette of Harpokrates

Small votive figurines of Harpokrates (the infant Horus) are common, especially in Egypt where he was an important deity in local popular religion. He wears the pschent (the double crown of the Two Lands of Egy... more

Greywacke plate

Greywacke plate

Greywacke, a type of dark sandstone, was used in Egypt from Predynastic times onward. Only one ancient quarry is known, located in the Wadi Hammamat, that bears evidence of its exploitation in Roman times. Weal... more

Fish Net

Fish Net

From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Priests' houses, near, Roman burial XXI, MMA excavations, 1923–24 Roman Period

Burnishing tool, goldsmith's

Burnishing tool, goldsmith's

From Egypt; Probably from Upper Egypt, Thebes Roman Period

Lamp

Lamp

From Egypt, Thebes

Double-Headed herm Bust

Double-Headed herm Bust

From Egypt Roman Period

Bottle (unguentaria)

Bottle (unguentaria)

From Egypt, Fayum Entrance Area, Meidum Roman Period

Bottle (unguentaria)

Bottle (unguentaria)

From Egypt, Fayum Entrance Area, Meidum Roman Period

String of 15 bugle beads

String of 15 bugle beads

From Egypt Roman Period?

Funerary Mask

Funerary Mask

From Egypt Roman Period

Plaque representing an Egyptian open shrine (kiosk)

Plaque representing an Egyptian open shrine (kiosk)

Columns with bell-shaped capitals support the barrel roof of the kiosk. Isis(?) towers over an open-lintel doorway surmounted by lions or perhaps cats. From Egypt Roman Period

Bottle (unguentaria)

Bottle (unguentaria)

From Egypt, Fayum Entrance Area, Meidum Roman Period

Headdress from the Head of a Mummy of a Child

Headdress from the Head of a Mummy of a Child

From Egypt; Said to be from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Roman Period

Lamp

Lamp

Found Egypt, Medinet Habu

Mummy Tag of Psentsenpshay, son of Thoteu

Mummy Tag of Psentsenpshay, son of Thoteu

From Egypt; Probably from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Ptolemaic or Roman Period

Mummy label of Senpnouthe, daughter of Sulis; her mother Taphiomis

Mummy label of Senpnouthe, daughter of Sulis; her mother Taphiomis

From Egypt; Possibly from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Roman Period

Leather Shoe with Gilded Medallions

Leather Shoe with Gilded Medallions

Many types of footwear existed in the Byzantine world. Boots were worn by soldiers and laborers, slippers by monks and clergy, and sandals by government officials; the poor would have gone barefoot. From Egypt,... more

Spirally twisted tubular armlet, former goose-head terminals missing

Spirally twisted tubular armlet, former goose-head terminals missing

From Egypt; Possibly from Memphite Region, Memphis (Mit Rahina) Roman Period

Lamp

Lamp

Small earthenware lamps, made from double molds, provided light for Egyptians during the Roman period. A wick produced from plant fiber or linen fabric was placed in a reservoir filled with oil, generally casto... more

Bone needle

Bone needle

The exact purpose for which needles with triple perforations were used has not been determined, but they have been found most commonly at Roman sites of the mid-to-late Imperial period.

Lamp

Lamp

Found/excavated Egypt, Thebes

Lamp

Lamp

Found/excavated Egypt, Thebes

Mummy label of Petempto the younger, age 79, son of Petemin; his mother Kolluthe

Mummy label of Petempto the younger, age 79, son of Petemin; his mothe...

From Egypt; Possibly from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Roman Period

Anubis as Defender of Osiris / Dionysus
Theatrical Masks and Ram Vessel for Offering

Theatrical Masks and Ram Vessel for Offering

These three pieces are said to have been part of a find of numerous faience objects at Arsinoe, capital of the Fayum region.The masks are too small and brittle to have served as actual theater masks. They refer... more

Bracelet with spirally twisted strands and a Herakles knot at the bezel

Bracelet with spirally twisted strands and a Herakles knot at the beze...

Possibly from Lower Egypt; From Egypt Roman Period

Theatrical mask for offering

Theatrical mask for offering

This mask and the mask 26.7.1020 are too small and brittle to have served as actual theater masks. They refer to the god Dionysus, patron of the theater and god of rebirth; in Egypt he was equated with Osiris. ... more

Theatrical mask for offering

Theatrical mask for offering

This mask and the mask 26.7.1021 are too small and brittle to have served as actual theater masks. They refer to the god Dionysus, patron of the theater and god of rebirth; in Egypt he was equated with Osiris. ... more

Lamp

Lamp

Small earthenware lamps, made from double molds, were the most commonly used source of light for Egyptians during the Roman period. A wick produced from plant fiber or linen fabric was placed in a reservoir fil... more

Dolphin pendant

Dolphin pendant

The dolphin motif is frequent in Hellenistic and Roman iconography. This hollow element has two loops on the underside at right angles to the direction of its body. It may have been part of a necklace of linked... more

Figure of Isis-Aphrodite

Figure of Isis-Aphrodite

Isis-Aphrodite is a form of the great goddess Isis that emphasizes the fertility aspects associated with Aphrodite. She was concerned with marriage and childbirth and, following very ancient pharaonic prototype... more

Mummy label of  Petemin, the son of Petempto, whose father was Petemin the Younger; his mother Thatre

Mummy label of Petemin, the son of Petempto, whose father was Petemin...

From Egypt; Possibly from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Roman Period

Funerary Mask

Funerary Mask

From Egypt Roman Period

Jar

Jar

Said to have been found under water at Sado Island in the Sea of Japan, this jar retains traces of mollusk encrustation on the surface, both inside and outside. It was made by coiling and shaped by the paddle-a... more

Three Poems from the “Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern” (Kokin wakashū), known as the “Araki Fragment”  (Araki-gire)

Three Poems from the “Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern” (Kokin w...

Calligraphy traditionally attributed to Fujiwara no Yukinari (Kōzei) (Japanese, 972–1027) late Heian period (ca. 900–1185)

Fragment

Fragment

Attributed to Egypt, Akhmim (former Panopolis)

Spirally twisted tubular armlet with one goose-head terminal preserved

Spirally twisted tubular armlet with one goose-head terminal preserved

From Egypt; Possibly from Memphite Region, Memphis (Mit Rahina) Roman Period

Lamp

Lamp

Found/excavated Egypt, Thebes

Mummy label of Psenpnouthes, (son of) Kollouthes; his mother Senpsenthmesios

Mummy label of Psenpnouthes, (son of) Kollouthes; his mother Senpsenth...

From Egypt; Probably from Northern Upper Egypt, Akhmim (Khemmis, Panopolis) Roman Period