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Early Rockets - Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration

Early Rockets - Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration

Dr. Goddard's 1926 rocket configuration. Dr. Goddard's liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Massachusetts. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet awa... more

Early Rockets. Dr. Robert H. Goddard and liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket.

Early Rockets. Dr. Robert H. Goddard and liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket...

Dr. Robert H. Goddard and liquid oxygen-gasoline rocket in the frame from which it was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Mass. It flew for only 2.5 seconds, climbed 41 feet, and landed 184 feet away in a cabb... more

Dr. Goddard Transports Rocket

Dr. Goddard Transports Rocket

Dr. Robert H. Goddard tows his rocket to the launching tower behind a Model A Ford truck, 15 miles northwest of Roswell, New Mexico. 1930- 1932. Dr. Goddard has been recognized as the "Father of American Rocket... more

Early Rockets -  Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army after capturing the V-2

Early Rockets - Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army afte...

The Hermes A-1 rocket was designed by the U. S. Army after capturing the V-2 rocket from the German army at the conclusion of the Second World War. The Hermes A-1 is a modified V-2 rocket; it utilized the Germa... more

Early Rockets - V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter

Early Rockets - V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter

In this undated file photo, probably from World War II, a V-2 rocket emerges from its camouflaged shelter. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States after World... more

Early Rockets  A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2)

Early Rockets A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Wea...

This drawing illustrates the vital dimensions of the A-4 (Aggregate-4). Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, G... more

Early Rockets - Aggregate-4 (A-4) illustrates the dimensions and internal workings of the rocket. Later renamed the V-2

Early Rockets - Aggregate-4 (A-4) illustrates the dimensions and inter...

This German cutaway drawing of the Aggregate-4 (A-4) illustrates the dimensions and internal workings of the rocket. Later renamed the V-2, the rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German Rocke... more

Early Rockets - A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2).

Early Rockets - A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Venge...

The cutaway drawing of the A-4 (Aggregate-4) rocket. Later renamed the V-2 (Vengeance Weapon-2), The rocket was developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the German rocket team at Peenemuende, Germany on the Balti... more

Early Rockets: German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteries

Early Rockets: German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteri...

In this photograph from the fall of 1943, German technicians wire vehicles for mobile V-2 batteries in an abandoned railroad turnel in the Rhineland. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed th... more

Early Rockets: German technicians stack the various stages of the V-2 rocket

Early Rockets: German technicians stack the various stages of the V-2 ...

German technicians stack the various stages of the V-2 rocket in this undated photograph. The team of German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II a... more

Early Rockets: V-2 rocket takes flight at White Sands, New Mexico, in 1946.

Early Rockets: V-2 rocket takes flight at White Sands, New Mexico, in ...

A V-2 rocket takes flight at White Sands, New Mexico, in 1946. The German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and continued rocket testing under t... more

Early Rockets V2 static test

Early Rockets V2 static test

A V-2 rocket is hoisted into a static test facility at White Sands, New Mexico. The German engineers and scientists who developed the V-2 came to the United States at the end of World War II and continued rocke... more

Wernher von Braun

Wernher von Braun

Dr. von Braun stands beside a model of the upper stage (Earth-returnable stage) of the three-stage launch vehicle built for the series of the motion picture productions of space flight produced by Walt Disney i... more

E17 Drag Research Model

E17 Drag Research Model

Description: (September 8, 1950) Technician Durwood Dereng prepares to pull the external-power plug from an E17 drag-research model at Wallops, September 8, 1950...Center: GSFC WF .Image # : L-67386

Bumper V-2 Launch

Bumper V-2 Launch

(July 24, 1950) A new chapter in space flight began in July 1950 with the launch of the first rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida: the Bumper 8. Shown above, Bumper 8 was an ambitious two-stage rocket program t... more

Hermes A-1 Test Rockets

Hermes A-1 Test Rockets

Full Description: The first Hermes A-1 test rocket was fired at White Sand Proving Ground (WSPG). Hermes was a modified V-2 German rocket, utilizing the German aerodynamic configuration; however, internally it ... more

Early Rockets

Early Rockets

Test firing of a Redstone Missile at Redstone Test Stand in the early 1950's. The Redstone was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the von Braun Team under the management ... more

Early Rockets

Early Rockets

Bumper Wac liftoff at the Long Range Proving Ground located at Cape Canaveral, Florida. At White Sands, New Mexico, the German rocket team experimented with a two-stage rocket called Bumper Wac, which intended ... more

Early Rockets

Early Rockets

A Bumper Wac, a combination the V-2 rocket with a WAC Corporal upper stage, awaits launch on July 24, 1950. It was the eighth in the Bumper Project and the vehicle reached the altitude of 393 kilometers. The Bu... more

NACA photograpehr Drop 2 SI-2 body in free fall flight  (SI-II missile) ARC-1950-A-15481

NACA photograpehr Drop 2 SI-2 body in free fall flight (SI-II missile...

NACA photograpehr Drop 2 SI-2 body in free fall flight (SI-II missile)

RM-10 Research Model

RM-10 Research Model

(February 6, 1951) Technician Durwood Dereng measures elevation of double Deacon booster prior to launch of RM-10 research model at Wallops, February 6, 1951...Image # : L-69519

The First Redstone Rocket Firing

The First Redstone Rocket Firing

Full Description: (August 20, 1953) The first Redstone was fired at Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 20, 1953. Redstone was the first major rocket development program for United States by the Peenemuende group... more

The first Redstone was fired at Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 20, 1953. Redstone was the first major rocket development program for United States by the Peenemuende group led by Dr. Wernher von Braun. The Redstone launch photographed here, from November 17, 1954, was the fifth launch of a Redstone rocket. n/a

The first Redstone was fired at Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 20, ...

The first Redstone was fired at Cape Canaveral, Florida on August 20, 1953. Redstone was the first major rocket development program for United States by the Peenemuende group led by Dr. Wernher von Braun. The R... more

Early Rockets

Early Rockets

U.S. Army Redstone Rocket: The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal, in Huntsville, Alaba... more

Jupiter Missile on test stand

Jupiter Missile on test stand

Installation of a Jupiter Missile in ABMA (Army Ballistic Missile Agency) West Test Stand, Jan. 16, 1957. Jupiter was a 1500-mile range missile

Jupiter rocket - Early Rockets

Jupiter rocket - Early Rockets

The Jupiter rocket was designed and developed by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA). ABMA launched the Jupiter-A at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on March 1, 1957. The Jupiter vehicle was a direct derivative o... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

In January 1958, a modified Redstone rocket lifted the first American satellite into orbit just 3 months after the the von Braun team received the go-ahead. This modified Redstone rocket was known as a Jupiter-... more

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite, is scheduled to be launched from Cape Canaveral on Jan. 29, 1958 ksc-68p-1

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Explorer I, the first American satellite, is scheduled to be launched from Cape Canaveral on Jan. 29, 1958

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. A... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Launch of Jupiter-C/Explorer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 31, 1958. After the Russian Sputnik 1 was launched in October 1957, the launching of an American satellite assumed much greater importance. A... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Juno I, a slightly modified Jupiter-C launch vehicle, shortly before the January 31, 1958 launch of America's first satellite, Explorer I. The Jupiter-C, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team a... more

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Jupiter-C, the first American Satellite, Explorer 1 launcher

Explorer 1 atop a Jupiter-C in gantry. Jupiter-C carrying the first American satellite, Explorer 1, was successfully launched on January 31, 1958. The Jupiter-C launch vehicle consisted of a modified version of... more

Redstone missile No. 1002 on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida

Redstone missile No. 1002 on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida

Redstone missile No. 1002 on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on May 16, 1958. The Redstone ballistic missile was a high-accuracy, liquid-propelled, surface-to-surface missile developed by the Army Ba... more

Little Joe Launch Vehicle

Little Joe Launch Vehicle

Launching of the Little Joe launch vehicle on November 4, 1959 took place at Wallops Island, Va. This was the first attempt to launch an instrumented capsule with a Little Joe booster. Only the LJ1A and the LJ6... more

NACA Photographer Conical Cambered wing model in 14ft w.t. with Charles Hall ARC-1959-A-24776

NACA Photographer Conical Cambered wing model in 14ft w.t. with Charle...

NACA Photographer Conical Cambered wing model in 14ft w.t. with Charles Hall

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-14) on the launch pad just prior to launch, March 3, 1959. The payload of AM-14 was Pioneer IV, America's first successful lunar mission. The Juno II was a modification of Jupiter ballistic missile

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

The launch of Juno II (AM-14), carrying the lunar and planetary exploration satellite in orbit, Pioneer IV, on March 3, 1959. the Pioneer IV probe was the first U.S. satellite to orbit the Sun.

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Wernher von Braun and his team were responsible for the Jupiter-C hardware. The family of launch vehicles developed by the team also came to include the Juno II, which was used to launch the Pioneer IV satellit... more

Jupiter (AM-18) - Early Rockets

Jupiter (AM-18) - Early Rockets

Jupiter (AM-18), suborbital primate flight with Able and Baker as its payload, being ready for launch, May 28, 1959

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-19B), the booster for Payload (Beacon), August 6 1959.

Thor/Able 3 Launch Vehicle

Thor/Able 3 Launch Vehicle

The launch of Thor/Able 3 launch vehicle on August 6, 1959, from the Atlantic Missile Range. The payload was Explorer VI for meteorology study.

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

The Juno II launch vehicle, shown here, was a modified Jupiter Intermediate-Range Ballistic missionile, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. Between... more

Big Joe capsule leaves its launching pad - Mercury Project

Big Joe capsule leaves its launching pad - Mercury Project

An Atlas launch vehicle carrying the Big Joe capsule leaves its launching pad on a 2,000-mile ballistic flight to the altitude of 100 miles. The Big Joe capsule is a boilerplate model of the marned orbital caps... more

Big Joe launch vehicle after launching at Cape Canaveral

Big Joe launch vehicle after launching at Cape Canaveral

B59-00556 (9 Sept. 1959) --- U.S. Air Force photo of Big Joe launch vehicle after launching at Cape Canaveral, Florida, for a suborbital test of the Mercury capsule. The capsule was recovered successfully after... more

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

Juno II (AM-11) launch vehicle

The ignition of Juno II (AM-19A). Juno II (AM-19) successfully placed a physics and astronomy satellite, Explorer VII, in orbit on October 13, 1959.

Mercury Project - Installation of the Mercury capsule

Mercury Project - Installation of the Mercury capsule

Installation of the Mercury capsule on Redstone booster at the Redstone Test Stand. Assembled at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Mercury-Redstone launch vehicle was designed to place a marned space... more

Mercury Project - The Little Joe launch vehicle for the LJ1 mission

Mercury Project - The Little Joe launch vehicle for the LJ1 mission

The Little Joe launch vehicle for the LJ1 mission on the launch pad at the wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, on January 21, 1960. This mission achieved the suborbital Mercury cupsule test, test... more

Mercury Project - The launch of the Little Joe booster for the LJ1B mission

Mercury Project - The launch of the Little Joe booster for the LJ1B mi...

The launch of the Little Joe booster for the LJ1B mission on the launch pad from the wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, on January 21, 1960. This mission achieved the suborbital Mercury capsule ... more

Launch of Little Joe I-B from Wallops Island

Launch of Little Joe I-B from Wallops Island

B60-00364 (4 Nov. 1959) --- Launch of Little Joe-2 from Wallops Island carrying Mercury spacecraft test article. The suborbital test flight of the Mercury capsule was to test the escape system. Vehicle function... more

Researchers Analyze a Moon Dust Simulation

Researchers Analyze a Moon Dust Simulation

NASA Researchers view a demonstration of the moon dust simulator in the 8- by 6-Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel facility at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Lewis Research Center. The resear... more

Mercury Redstone 3 Launch

Mercury Redstone 3 Launch

(May 5, 1961) Launching of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3), or Freedom 7, spacecraft from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital mission -- the first U.S. manned spaceflight...Image #: jsc2007e046477

Mercury-Redstone 4 Launch

Mercury-Redstone 4 Launch

(July 21, 1961) On Jul 21, 1961, Mercury-Redstone 4 launched from Cape Canaveral, carrying Astronaut Gus Grissom and making him the second American to venture into outer space. Grissom nicknamed his spacecraft ... more

Dyna-Soar (Dynamic Soaring) vehicle - Early Program Development

Dyna-Soar (Dynamic Soaring) vehicle - Early Program Development

A Dyna-Soar (Dynamic Soaring) vehicle clears the launch tower atop an Air Force Titan II launch vehicle in this 1961 artist's concept. Originally conceived by the U.S. Air Force in 1957 as a marned, rocket-prop... more

LITTLE JOE 5A - CAPSULE 14

LITTLE JOE 5A - CAPSULE 14

S61-01372 (21 Feb. 1961) --- Launch of the unmanned Mercury-Atlas 2 (MA-2) vehicle for a suborbital test flight of the Mercury capsule. The upper part of Atlas is stengthened by an eight-inch wide stainless ste... more

Launch of Mercury-Atlas

Launch of Mercury-Atlas

(February 21, 1961) In this Project Mercury test, a spacecraft booster by a modified Atlas was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Mercury capsule reached a peak altitude of 107 statute miles and landed ... more

Astronaut Escape Testing

Astronaut Escape Testing

Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) flight configuration with cherry picker, on one of many tests conducted to evaluate astronaut escape feasibility...Image # : 71P-0257

The Launch of Mercury-Redstone

The Launch of Mercury-Redstone

(May 5, 1961) The launch of the Mercury-Redstone (MR-3), Freedom 7. MR-3 placed the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, in suborbit on May 5, 1961...UID: SPD-MARSH-6100884

Mercury-Atlas Test Launch

Mercury-Atlas Test Launch

(April 25, 1961) A NASA Project Mercury spacecraft was test launched at 11:15 AM EST on April 25, 1961 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in a test designed to qualify the Mercury Spacecraft and all systems, which m... more

Liftoffs - Cape

Liftoffs - Cape

S61-01908 (5 May 1961) --- This is the launch of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) spacecraft from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital mission -- the first U.S. manned spaceflight. The spacecraft is already headed towar... more

MA-6 - LIFTOFF

MA-6 - LIFTOFF

S62-00337 (20 Feb. 1962) --- Liftoff of Mercury-Atlas 6, Feb. 20, 1962, carrying astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. Photo credit: NASA

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-2 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-2 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

S61-01226 (21 Feb. 1961) --- Launch of the unmanned Mercury-Atlas 2 (MA-2) vehicle for a suborbital test flight of the Mercury capsule. The upper part of Atlas is stengthened by an eight-inch wide stainless ste... more

EXPLORER 10 PRELAUNCH JUNO II 19F TEST 5109

EXPLORER 10 PRELAUNCH JUNO II 19F TEST 5109

2/14/1961 JUNO II 19F STANDING ALONE ON LAUNCH TABLE AFTER GANTRY PULLED BACK. PAD 26B

Mercury Project - The launch of the Mercury Atlas (MA-2)

Mercury Project - The launch of the Mercury Atlas (MA-2)

The launch of the Mercury Atlas (MA-2), an unmarned suborbital Mercury capsule test on February 24, 1961.

Pad 6.  Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-entry observation, at 9: 30 P.M. EST.  (Lift-off) Photo by: Bundy. LOD-KSC-61C-413

Pad 6. Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-...

Pad 6. Launch of US Army Redstone (2040) for accuracy and vehicle re-entry observation, at 9: 30 P.M. EST. (Lift-off) Photo by: Bundy.

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5  Photo by: Special & Hopkins 61C-532

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5 Photo by: Special & ...

Liftoff of MR-BD carrying a dummy capsule. Pad 5 Photo by: Special & Hopkins

Mercury-Redstone Booster Development vehicle (MR-BD) - Mercury Project

Mercury-Redstone Booster Development vehicle (MR-BD) - Mercury Project

The Mercury-Redstone Booster Development vehicle (MR-BD) lifts off from Cape Canaveral March 24, 1961. This test flight evaluated changes incorporated in the booster designed to reduce vehicle oscillations and ... more

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MR)-3- FLIGHT ATTEMPT - MECHANICAL ASTRONAUT - CAPE

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MR)-3- FLIGHT ATTEMPT - MECHANICAL ASTRONAUT ...

S61-01925 (25 April 1961) --- View of the Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) liftoff from Cape Canaveral, Florida on April 25, 1961. The orbital test flight of the Mercury capsule did not achieve orbit and was destroyed af... more

LITTLE JOE 2 - LAUNCH VEHICLES - VA

LITTLE JOE 2 - LAUNCH VEHICLES - VA

G61-00030 (4 Nov. 1959) --- Launch of Little Joe-2 from Wallops Island carrying Mercury spacecraft test article. The suborbital test flight of the Mercury capsule was to test the escape system. Vehicle function... more

LITTLE JOE 5B - SPACECRAFT #14 - CAPE

LITTLE JOE 5B - SPACECRAFT #14 - CAPE

S61-01690 (28 April 1961) --- View of the launch of the Little Joe-5B spacecraft from Wallops Island on April 28, 1961. Photo credit: NASA

Module Nova concept - Solid C-3 Basis - Early Program Development

Module Nova concept - Solid C-3 Basis - Early Program Development

This artist's concept illustrates the Module Nova concept - Solid C-3 Basis. From 1960 to 1962, the Marshall Space Flight Center considered the Nova launch vehicle as a means to achieve a marned lunar landing w... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert.    Photo credit: NASA/Santomassino KSC-61-4457

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert. Photo credit: NASA/San...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – MR-3 prelaunch alert. Photo credit: NASA/Santomassino

Mercury Project Mercury-Redstone (MR-3), Freedom 7

Mercury Project Mercury-Redstone (MR-3), Freedom 7

The launch of the Mercury-Redstone (MR-3), Freedom 7. MR-3 placed the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, in suborbit on May 5, 1961.

FREEDOM "7" - CAPE

FREEDOM "7" - CAPE

S61-02408 (5 May 1961) --- Launching of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) rocket from Cape Canaveral on astronaut Alan B. Shepard?s suborbital mission. Photo credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Mercury Redstone 3 imagery

Mercury Redstone 3 imagery

JSC2007-E-046477 (5 May 1961) --- Launching of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) spacecraft from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital mission -- the first U.S. manned spaceflight. Original image number was 61-MR3-74. Pho... more

ASTRONAUT ALAN SHEPARD - FREEDOM "7" - LIFTOFF - CAPE

ASTRONAUT ALAN SHEPARD - FREEDOM "7" - LIFTOFF - CAPE

S61-02409 (5 May 1961) --- Launching of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) rocket from Cape Canaveral on astronaut Alan B. Shepard?s suborbital mission. Photo credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

ASTRONAUT SHEPARD, ALAN - CAPE

ASTRONAUT SHEPARD, ALAN - CAPE

S61-01927 (5 May 1961) --- Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3), the United States' first manned spaceflight, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital mission. Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. was the pilot of the Mer... more

Mercury Project Freedom 7 Mercury spacecraft

Mercury Project Freedom 7 Mercury spacecraft

Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr. lifts off in the Freedom 7 Mercury spacecraft on May 5, 1961. This third flight of the Mercury-Redstone (MR-3) vehicle, developed by Dr. Wernher von Braun and the rocket team in H... more

FREEDOM "7" - CAPE

FREEDOM "7" - CAPE

S61-02407 (5 May 1961) --- Launching of the Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) rocket from Cape Canaveral on astronaut Alan B. Shepard?s suborbital mission. Photo credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-REDSTONE - (MR)-3 - "FREEDOM 7" - CAPE

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-REDSTONE - (MR)-3 - "FREEDOM 7" - CAPE

S61-01928 (5 May 1961) --- Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3), the United States' first manned spaceflight, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital mission. Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. was the pilot of the Mer... more

Thor-Delta-5-Launch Vehicles

Thor-Delta-5-Launch Vehicles

The Thor-Delta-5 launched an Earth observation satellite, TIROS III (Television Infrared Observation Satellite), on July 12, 1961.

Mercury Project - Liftoff of MR-4 (Mercury-Redstone)

Mercury Project - Liftoff of MR-4 (Mercury-Redstone)

Liftoff of MR-4 (Mercury-Redstone), Liberty Bell 7, on July 21, 1961. MR-4 mission was the second marned suborbital flight and carried Astronaut Virgil Grissom aboard the Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft in space for ... more

Mercury-Redstone 4 spacecraft launching

Mercury-Redstone 4 spacecraft launching

S61-03248 (21 July 1961) --- Mercury-Redstone 4 (MR-4) launch of Virgil I. Grissom on July 21, 1961, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photo credit: NASA

Launch of Mercury-Redstone vehicle 2 on Jan. 21, 1961

Launch of Mercury-Redstone vehicle 2 on Jan. 21, 1961

S61-01942 (31 Jan. 1961) --- Launch of the Mercury-Redstone 2 (MR-2) vehicle on Jan. 31, 1961. The 16-minute suborbital flight carried biomedical test subject chimpanzee (Ham) aboard. Photo credit: NASA

Mercury-Redstone (MR)-4 - Spacecraft Launch - Cape

Mercury-Redstone (MR)-4 - Spacecraft Launch - Cape

S61-03121 (21 July 1961) --- Mercury-Redstone 4 (MR-4) launch of Virgil I. Grissom on July 21, 1961, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photo credit: NASA

Mercury-Redstone (MR)-3 Missile -  Standing - Pad

Mercury-Redstone (MR)-3 Missile - Standing - Pad

S61-03158 (1961) --- Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) missile standing alone on launch pad. Photo credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

AUGUST 23, 1961 LAUNCH OF NASA AGENA RANGER 1 FROM PAD 12.

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-4 - CAPSULE 8A - CAPE

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-4 - CAPSULE 8A - CAPE

S61-03567 (13 Sept. 1961) --- View of the launch of Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) spacecraft from Cape Canaveral, Florida on Sept. 13, 1961. Photo credit: NASA

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-4 - CAPE

LIFTOFF - MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-4 - CAPE

S61-03249 (13 Sept. 1961) --- View of the launch of the Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) spacecraft from Cape Canaveral, Florida on Sept. 13, 1961. Photo credit: NASA

Close-up view of Mercury-Atlas 4 at Cape Canaveral

Close-up view of Mercury-Atlas 4 at Cape Canaveral

S90-27205 (13 Sept. 1961) --- The unmanned Mercury-Atlas (MA-4) capsule sits atop its Atlas launch vehicle. The successful orbital flight followed the MA-3 mission, which was aborted earlier this year. Photo credit: NASA

A-28399. GE Fan in Wing in Ames 40x80 foot wind tunnel.

A-28399. GE Fan in Wing in Ames 40x80 foot wind tunnel.

Top view if GE fan model, 3/4 top view. Straight wing. 1 fan per wing, conventional struts. Woody Kook, Branch Chief. Don Richey

Early Program Development Module Nova concept

Early Program Development Module Nova concept

This artist's concept illustrates the Module Nova concept - Solid C-3 Basis. From 1960 to 1962, the Marshall Space Flight Center considered the Nova launch vehicle as a means to achieve a marned lunar landing w... more

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-5 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

MERCURY-ATLAS (MA)-5 - LIFTOFF - CAPE

S62-08310 (29 Nov. 1961) --- View of the liftoff of Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) carrying space chimpanzee "Enos" on Nov. 29, 1961 from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Photo credit: NASA

Carpenter Launch

Carpenter Launch

Scott Carpenter's Aurora 7 Mercury Atlas rocket lifts off from Pad 14, Cape Canaveral, Florida, on May 24, 1962...Image # : S62-05531

Mariner 1 Launch

Mariner 1 Launch

(July 22, 1962) An Atlas-Agena 5 carrying the Mariner 1 spacecraft lifting off from Cape Kennedy Launch Complex 12. The Mariner spacecraft was scheduled to orbit Venus. ..Image # : 62PC-0065

Launch of Friendship 7

Launch of Friendship 7

Full Description: (February 20, 1962) Launch of Friendship 7, the first American manned orbital space flight. Astronaut John Glenn aboard, the Mercury-Atlas rocket is launched from Pad 14...Image # : 62PC-0011

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility extended to capsule. PAD 14, CCMTA.      Photo credit: NASA KSC-LOD-62C-128

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility ext...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Capsule #13 atop MA-6 with egress facility extended to capsule. PAD 14, CCMTA. Photo credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14  Mercury Atlas-6 with Capsule #13.      Photo credit: NASA/USAF KSC-LOD-62-475

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14 Mercury Atlas-6 w...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- CCMTA, NASA:MERCURY, Pad 14 Mercury Atlas-6 with Capsule #13. Photo credit: NASA/USAF

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2

LIFTOFF RANGER 3 FROM PAD 12. ATLAS AGENA-2 1/26/1962 TEST 125 ITEM 1.3.18U

John H Glenn Jr.

John H Glenn Jr.

Mercury Atlas-6 lifts off on Feb. 20, 1962 carrying astronaut John Glenn on America's first orbital spaceflight.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbital space flight. Astronaut John Glenn aboard, the Mercury-Atlas rocket is launched from Pad 14. Photo credit: NASA KSC-62PC-0009

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbit...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Launch of Friendship 7, the first manned orbital space flight. Astronaut John Glenn aboard, the Mercury-Atlas rocket is launched from Pad 14. Photo credit: NASA