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Connecticut ( (listen)) is the southernmost state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and the Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. Geographically the state is part of New England, and although its cultural history stems from the region, in the modern age large sections of it are increasingly connected to and associated with the tri-state area with New York and New Jersey. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett (Conanicut),” a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".

Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution.

Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the fourth most densely populated of the fifty states. It is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States (see Connecticut Compromise). The Connecticut River, Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County.

Connecticut Media

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Living Room Window Roundel

Living Room Window Roundel

Living Room Window Roundel in the Weir House, ca 1500-1520. Photograph. 2011. Xiomaro.com.

Halberd
Plate

Plate

Made in Connecticut, United States

Halberd

Halberd

Connecticut

The figure of the Indians' fort or palizado in New England and the manner of the destroying it by Captayne Underhill and Captayne Mason / RH.

The figure of the Indians' fort or palizado in New England and the man...

The village of the Pequot Indians which was attacked and destroyed by Captain Underhill and Captain Mason in 1637. Illus. in: Nevves from America / John Underhill. London : Printed by J.D. for Peter Cole, [...]... More

Chest
Box
Chest

Chest

Probably made in New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Chest
Chest
Chest
Chest
Box
Cupboard
Cupboard
Side Chair
The book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of Conecticut : collected out of the records of the General Court : lately revised, and with some emendations and additions established and published by the authority of the General Court of Conecticut, holden at Hartford in October, 1672

The book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of...

Book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of Connecticut Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Chest
Chest
Box
Armchair
Scoop
DCM 1419: George Nicholas Munger Flute in C

DCM 1419: George Nicholas Munger Flute in C

Barrel has turned beads closely spaced, full length, similar to Scottish bagpipe décor. Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Cocus, ivory head joint and cap, cocus barrel, nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 61.1... More

DCM 1501: Raymond Howard Willoughby Flute in C

DCM 1501: Raymond Howard Willoughby Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Unidentified wood.; 63.1 cm. Key Holes System: See Physical Description. D# key [missing]. Mark Maximum: No mark. Condition: Crack at top of flute head. Provenance: Raymond ... More

DCM 0760: C. G. Conn Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch)

DCM 0760: C. G. Conn Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch)

DCM ledger: "This is the first flute ever made (sent out) of molded Bakelite," according to a letter from previous owner, Allen Loomis, 22 Dec. 1927, to DCM. Instrument type: Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch) Medium:... More

DCM 0131: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

DCM 0131: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

The ivory end cap appears to be a replacement, it being slightly undersize and less finely turned than the ferrules. The head joint lower ferrule is also a replacement. Upper 4.5 cm. of the lower body joint tub... More

DCM 0901: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

DCM 0901: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Cocus, ivory cork-setting mechanism, silver keys and ferrules.; 66.3 cm. Key Holes System: 9 keys, saltspoon, pin in block. Mark Maximum: A HOPKINS / LITCHFIELD / CONN Mark ... More

DCM 1415: Raymond Howard Willoughby Flute in C

DCM 1415: Raymond Howard Willoughby Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Unidentified wood.; 63.1 cm. Key Holes System: See Physical Description. D# key [missing], with nickel silver post. Mark Maximum: No mark. Condition: Crack at top of flute h... More

DCM 1353: C. G. Conn Flute in C

DCM 1353: C. G. Conn Flute in C

Head joint ebonite or similar hard rubber composition over metal tube, with engraved silver lip plate adhered to surface. Tubing silver-plated with gold-plated keys, head joint cap, and decorative ferrules. Ins... More

DCM 0495: C. G. Conn Piccolo in C

DCM 0495: C. G. Conn Piccolo in C

Instrument type: Piccolo in C Medium: Silver, ebonite head, silver plate with gold-plate key work.; 32.9 cm. Key Holes System: Boehm system, open G#. Mark Maximum: MADE BY / C.G. CONN / ELKHART / -IND.- // 989... More

DCM 1225: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

DCM 1225: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Boxwood, ivory cap and cork-setting mechanism (now missing), silver keys, ivory ferrules.; 59.9 cm. Key Holes System: 4 keys, flat round flaps, pin in block. Mark Maximum: A... More

DCM 0050: Anonymous, after William G. Schulze Piccolo in C

DCM 0050: Anonymous, after William G. Schulze Piccolo in C

DCM ledger: "Design [after William G.] Schulze, New Haven, Conn." This flute was used by Louis P. Fritze, Sousa's Band. Instrument type: Piccolo in C Medium: Cocus, nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 31.4 cm. K... More

Spoon
Chest
By the governour, a proclamation Whereas at the General Court holden at New Haven, the thirteenth day of this present month, ... it was agreed and resolved by the following act, that the several laws formerly made for the suppressing and punishi

By the governour, a proclamation Whereas at the General Court holden a...

Positive Photostat.; Proclamation.; Imprint 3.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection... More

Some funeral verses occasioned by the death of the pious and much lamented Mr. Jonathan French of  Wollentown, in Connecticut-Colony; who departed this life February the 17th, 1720, 21 in the thirty-second year of his age. [s. l.]

Some funeral verses occasioned by the death of the pious and much lame...

Verse.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 4.

By the honourable Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq; Governour of His Majesty's Colony of Connecticut in New-England, a proclamation for a publick thanksgiving .... New-London: Printed by Timothy Green, printer to his honour the governour and company. 172

By the honourable Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq; Governour of His Majesty's ...

Positive Photostat.; Thanksgiving proclamation.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collectio... More

Some meditations concerning our honourable gentlemen and fellow-souldiers, in pursuit of those barbarous natives in the Narragansit-Country; and their service there. By an unfeigned friend. Re-printed at N. London, April 4, 1721.

Some meditations concerning our honourable gentlemen and fellow-souldi...

Positive Photostat.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 6.

Upon the drying up that ancient river, the river Merrymak. [36 lines of verse] s.s. January 15, 1719, 20. [And] Connecticut's Flood, on Merrymak's Ebb. [38 lines of verse] Anthrops, Extempore, March 10, 1720, 21. [n.p. 1721].

Upon the drying up that ancient river, the river Merrymak. [36 lines o...

Facsim.; [Positive Photostat].; Both poems printed on the one sheet.; Not on Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Print... More

Wall Cupboard

Wall Cupboard

Made in Connecticut, United States

Purse

Purse

Made in Connecticut, United States

Purse
Teapot
Side Chair
Side Chair
Side Chair
Side Chair

Side Chair

Probably made in Wellingford, Connecticut, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Probably made in Wellingford, Connecticut, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Probably made in Wellingford, Connecticut, United States

A plan of the lands in New London sequestred for the sole use and improvement of the Mohegan Indian tribe /

A plan of the lands in New London sequestred for the sole use and impr...

Cadastral map. Covers northeastern portion of town of Montville, Connecticut. Signed at lower right: Humphry Avery, survr. for the county of New London. Pen-and-ink. Map backed with cloth. Available also throug... More

Side Chair
Dressing Table

Dressing Table

Probably made in Connecticut, United States

Side Chair
A sober reply in Christian love to a paragraph in Jonathan Edwards's discourse, delivered at New Haven, Sept. 10th, 1741. [New London, Printed by Timothy Green, 1741?].

A sober reply in Christian love to a paragraph in Jonathan Edwards's d...

GB6/30/69. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 9.

Valance
Valance
Valance
Pepper Box
A general map of the middle British colonies, in America; viz Virginia, Màriland, Dèlaware, Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New-York, Connecticut, and Rhode Island: of Aquanishuonîgy, the country of the confederate Indians; comprehending Aquanishuonîgy proper, their place of residence, Ohio and Tïiuxsoxrúntie their deer-hunting countries; Couxsaxráge and Skaniadarâde, their beaver-hunting countries; of the Lakes Erie, Ontario and Champlain, and of part of New-France: Wherein is also shewn the antient and present seats of the Indian nations.

A general map of the middle British colonies, in America; viz Virginia...

Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. Cover title: Middle British colonies in America: Original wrappers. Hand colored, coloration does not agree with legend. Relief shown pictorially. Shows "Longitude west of London" and "fr... More

Creamer
A general map of the middle British colonies, in America; viz. Virginia, Mariland, Delaware, Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New-York, Connecticut, and Rhode Island: Of Aquanishuonîgy, the country of the Confederate Indians; comprehending Aquanishuonîgy proper, their place of residence, Ohio and Tïiuxsoxrúntie, their deer-hunting countries, Couxsaxráge and Skaniadarâde, their beaver-hunting countries; of the Lakes Erie, Ontário, and Champlain, and part of New-France: Wherein is also shewn the antient and present seats of the Indian nations.

A general map of the middle British colonies, in America; viz. Virgini...

Scale ca. 1:2,270,000. Relief shown pictorially. Prime meridian: Philadelphia and London. "Sold by R. Dodsley in Pall-Mall, London, & by the author in Philadelphia." Includes inscription to "Thomas Pownall, Esq... More

Curtain
Valance
Valance
Curtain
A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New-York, Connecticut and Rhode-Island: Of Aquanishuonigy the country of the confederate Indians comprehending Aquanishuonigy proper, their places of residence, Ohio and Thuchsochruntie their deer hunting countries, Couchsachrage and Skaniadarade their beaver hunting countries, of the Lakes Erie, Ontario and Champlain, and of part of New France: Wherein is also shewn the antient and present seats of the Indian nations;

A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia...

Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Shows "West longitude from London" and "from Philadelphia." Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 712 Available also through the Library of Congress... More

A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New-York, Connecticut, and Rhode-Island: Of Aquanishuonîgy the country of the Confederate Indians comprehending Aquanishuonigy proper, their places of residence, Ohio and Thuchsochruntie their deer hunting countries, Couchsachrage and Skaniadarade their beaver hunting countries, of the Lakes Erie, Ontario, and Champlain, exhibiting the antient and present seats of the Indian nations.

A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia...

Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. Hand colored. Prime meridian: Philadelphia and London. Relief shown pictorially. Includes historical notes, text, 3 distance charts, and inset of "A sketch of the remaining part of Ohio R... More

A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New-York, Connecticut, and Rhode-Island: Of Aquanishuonîgy the country of the Confederate Indians comprehending Aquanishuonigy proper, their places of residence, Ohio and Tuchsochruntie their deer hunting countries, Couchsachrage and Skaniadarade, their beaver hunting countries, of the Lakes Erie, Ontario, and Champlain, ... exhibiting the antient and present seats of the Indian nations.

A general map of the middle British colonies in America: Viz. Virginia...

Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. Hand colored. Prime meridian: London and Philadelphia. Relief shown pictorially. Includes numerous notes, especially concerning inland water communications and natural resources, 3 distan... More

At a General Assembly of the Governor and Company of his Majesty's Colony of Connecticut, holden at New-Haven, on the second Thursday of October, 1758 [Complaint to be made against soldiers who refuse to join troops for present campaign]. [New-H

At a General Assembly of the Governor and Company of his Majesty's Col...

Imprint 3. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 11.