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Connecticut ( (listen)) is the southernmost state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and the Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. Geographically the state is part of New England, and although its cultural history stems from the region, in the modern age large sections of it are increasingly connected to and associated with the tri-state area with New York and New Jersey. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett (Conanicut),” a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".

Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution.

Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the fourth most densely populated of the fifty states. It is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States (see Connecticut Compromise). The Connecticut River, Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County.

Connecticut Media

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Gus Worke, a farmer who came from Germany 40 years ago, Southington, Conn.
School children, half of Polish and half of Italian descent, at a festival in May 1942, Southington, Conn.
[High school route boys. Adolescents. Some in back row have been newsboys for seven, eight and nine years.]  Location: New Haven, Connecticut.
Living Room Window Roundel

Living Room Window Roundel

Living Room Window Roundel in the Weir House, ca 1500-1520. Photograph. 2011. Xiomaro.com.

Halberd, 17th century
Plate, North and Central America

Plate, North and Central America

Made in Connecticut, United States

Gorget for an Officer of the South Carolina Infantry Regiment
Halberd, 17th century
The figure of the Indians' fort or palizado in New England and the manner of the destroying it by Captayne Underhill and Captayne Mason / RH.

The figure of the Indians' fort or palizado in New England and the man...

The village of the Pequot Indians which was attacked and destroyed by Captain Underhill and Captain Mason in 1637. Illus. in: Nevves from America / John Underhill. London : Printed by J.D. for Peter Cole, [...]... More

Chest, 17th century, Connecticut
Box, 17th century, Connecticut
Chest, 17th century

Chest, 17th century

Probably made in New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Chest, 17th century, Connecticut
Chest, 17th century
Chest, North and Central America, Connecticut
Chest, North and Central America, Connecticut
Box, North and Central America, Connecticut
Cupboard, North and Central America, Connecticut
Cupboard, North and Central America, Connecticut
Side Chair, Connecticut
The book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of Conecticut : collected out of the records of the General Court : lately revised, and with some emendations and additions established and published by the authority of the General Court of Conecticut, holden at Hartford in October, 1672

The book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of...

Book of the general laws for the people within the jurisdiction of Connecticut Courtesy of Boston Public Library

Chest, North and Central America, Connecticut
Chest with Drawers, Connecticut
Chest with drawers, Connecticut
Chest, North and Central America, Connecticut
Box, North and Central America, Connecticut
Armchair, unknown artist. American decorative arts.
Scoop, unknown artist. American decorative arts.
Desk-on-frame

Desk-on-frame

Made in Connecticut, United States

Chest, North and Central America

Chest, North and Central America

Probably made in Guilford, Connecticut, United States

Dressing Table

Dressing Table

Made in Connecticut, United States

Octagonal tea table

Octagonal tea table

Probably made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Advertisement for Norwich Stone Ware Factory

Advertisement for Norwich Stone Ware Factory

Made in Norwich, Connecticut, United States

Batten Door from the Williams House, near Preston, Connecticut

Batten Door from the Williams House, near Preston, Connecticut

Made in Preston, Connecticut, United States

Chippendale Carved Cherrywood Block Front Chest of Drawers

Chippendale Carved Cherrywood Block Front Chest of Drawers

Made in Norwich, Connecticut, United States

Chippendale Block and Shell Carved Cherrywood Slant Front Deck
Chest, North and Central America

Chest, North and Central America

Probably made in Guilford, Connecticut, United States

Doll's hat and hatbox
Bottle, North and Central America

Bottle, North and Central America

Made in Norwich, Connecticut, United States

Bedstead, North and Central America
Box, North and Central America
Dressing Table, Connecticut
DCM 0901: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

DCM 0901: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Cocus, ivory cork-setting mechanism, silver keys and ferrules.; 66.3 cm. Key Holes System: 9 keys, saltspoon, pin in block. Mark Maximum: A HOPKINS / LITCHFIELD / CONN Mark ... More

Looking Glass

Looking Glass

Made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Dining Table

Dining Table

Made in Enfield, Connecticut, United States

DCM 0760: C. G. Conn Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch)

DCM 0760: C. G. Conn Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch)

DCM ledger: "This is the first flute ever made (sent out) of molded Bakelite," according to a letter from previous owner, Allen Loomis, 22 Dec. 1927, to DCM. Instrument type: Flute in A-flat (Low Pitch) Medium:... More

Box, North and Central America

Box, North and Central America

Made in Connecticut River Valley, Connecticut, United States

Toy, North and Central America

Toy, North and Central America

Made in Norwich, Connecticut, United States

Fireman's Helmet

Fireman's Helmet

Made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Pitcher, North and Central America

Pitcher, North and Central America

Made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Chest, North and Central America

Chest, North and Central America

Made in Connecticut, United States

DCM 0495: C. G. Conn Piccolo in C

DCM 0495: C. G. Conn Piccolo in C

Instrument type: Piccolo in C Medium: Silver, ebonite head, silver plate with gold-plate key work.; 32.9 cm. Key Holes System: Boehm system, open G#. Mark Maximum: MADE BY / C.G. CONN / ELKHART / -IND.- // 989... More

DCM 1353: C. G. Conn Flute in C

DCM 1353: C. G. Conn Flute in C

Head joint ebonite or similar hard rubber composition over metal tube, with engraved silver lip plate adhered to surface. Tubing silver-plated with gold-plated keys, head joint cap, and decorative ferrules. Ins... More

Chest of Drawers

Chest of Drawers

Made in Connecticut, United States

Chest-with-drawer

Chest-with-drawer

Made in Guilford, Connecticut, United States

Chest, North and Central America

Chest, North and Central America

Made in Connecticut River Valley, Connecticut, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Possibly made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Side Chair

Side Chair

Possibly made in Saybrook, Connecticut, United States; Possibly made in Branford, Connecticut, United States

DCM 1225: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

DCM 1225: Asa Hopkins Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Boxwood, ivory cap and cork-setting mechanism (now missing), silver keys, ivory ferrules.; 59.9 cm. Key Holes System: 4 keys, flat round flaps, pin in block. Mark Maximum: A... More

Cupboard, North and Central America
Batten Door from the Williams House, near Preston, Connecticut

Batten Door from the Williams House, near Preston, Connecticut

Made in Preston, Connecticut, United States

Covered Jar

Covered Jar

Probably made in Connecticut, United States

Chest-with-drawer, Connecticut
DCM 0050: Anonymous, after William G. Schulze Piccolo in C

DCM 0050: Anonymous, after William G. Schulze Piccolo in C

DCM ledger: "Design [after William G.] Schulze, New Haven, Conn." This flute was used by Louis P. Fritze, Sousa's Band. Instrument type: Piccolo in C Medium: Cocus, nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 31.4 cm. K... More

Cup, North and Central America

Cup, North and Central America

Possibly made in Hartford, Connecticut; Made in Connecticut, United States

Chippendale Block and Shell Carved Cherrywood Chest of Drawers
Box, North and Central America

Box, North and Central America

Made in Connecticut River Valley, Connecticut, United States

Spoon, North and Central America, Connecticut
Looking Glass

Looking Glass

Made in Hartford, Connecticut, United States

Cupboard, North and Central America
Candlestand, North and Central America
Chest, unknown artist. American decorative arts.
Chest with drawer
Chest with drawer, Connecticut
Chest with drawer
Chest-on-frame
Chest-on-frame, Connecticut
Chest with drawer, Connecticut
Dressing table, 18th century
Dressing table, 18th century, Connecticut
By the governour, a proclamation Whereas at the General Court holden at New Haven, the thirteenth day of this present month, ... it was agreed and resolved by the following act, that the several laws formerly made for the suppressing and punishi

By the governour, a proclamation Whereas at the General Court holden a...

Positive Photostat.; Proclamation.; Imprint 3.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection... More

Quillwork Sconce, 18th century, Connecticut
Chest with drawer, Connecticut
Chest with drawer
Quillwork Sconce, 18th century, Connecticut
Some funeral verses occasioned by the death of the pious and much lamented Mr. Jonathan French of  Wollentown, in Connecticut-Colony; who departed this life February the 17th, 1720, 21 in the thirty-second year of his age. [s. l.]

Some funeral verses occasioned by the death of the pious and much lame...

Verse.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 4.

By the honourable Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq; Governour of His Majesty's Colony of Connecticut in New-England, a proclamation for a publick thanksgiving .... New-London: Printed by Timothy Green, printer to his honour the governour and company. 172

By the honourable Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq; Governour of His Majesty's ...

Positive Photostat.; Thanksgiving proclamation.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collectio... More

Some meditations concerning our honourable gentlemen and fellow-souldiers, in pursuit of those barbarous natives in the Narragansit-Country; and their service there. By an unfeigned friend. Re-printed at N. London, April 4, 1721.

Some meditations concerning our honourable gentlemen and fellow-souldi...

Positive Photostat.; Not in Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 3, Folder 6.

Upon the drying up that ancient river, the river Merrymak. [36 lines of verse] s.s. January 15, 1719, 20. [And] Connecticut's Flood, on Merrymak's Ebb. [38 lines of verse] Anthrops, Extempore, March 10, 1720, 21. [n.p. 1721].

Upon the drying up that ancient river, the river Merrymak. [36 lines o...

Facsim.; [Positive Photostat].; Both poems printed on the one sheet.; Not on Evans. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Print... More

Catalogus eorum qui in Collegio Yalensi, quod est Novi-Porti in Connecticut, ab Anno 1702, ad Annum 1724. Alicujus gradus Laurea donati sunt. Novi-Londini. Excudebat Timotheus Green MDCCXXIV.
Wall Cupboard, 18th century

Wall Cupboard, 18th century

Made in Connecticut, United States

Teapot, North and Central America, Connecticut
Purse, 18th century, Connecticut
Purse, 18th century

Purse, 18th century

Made in Connecticut, United States

High chest of drawers, Connecticut
High chest of drawers
Side Chair, 18th century, Connecticut
Side Chair, 18th century, Connecticut
Side Chair, 18th century, Connecticut
Side Chair, 18th century

Side Chair, 18th century

Probably made in Wellingford, Connecticut, United States

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