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Topic: codices

199
199
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1999
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1999
1,086 media by topicpage 1 of 11
Coptic Manuscript
Pahlavi Letter

Pahlavi Letter

Attributed to Egypt

Fragment of a Letter

Fragment of a Letter

Attributed to Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This eighth- or ninth-century Qur'an was written in a script that is characterized by a rightward slant and by the shape of the vowel ya' in the terminal position, which turns backward to underline the letters ... more

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Continuing a longstanding tradition, papyrus was used in Egypt as a substitute for expensive vellum before paper became widespread around the 10th–11th century. Papyrus was used for documents, letters, and comm... more

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Magnificent in size, this folio comes from one of the oldest surviving Qur'an manuscripts in existence. It is written in an early version of the kufic script with no diacritical marks to distinguish the letters... more

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Coming from a longstanding tradition, papyrus continued in use in Egypt as a substitute for the expensive vellum before paper became widespread around the 10th–11th century. Papyrus was used for documents, lett... more

Fragment of a Letter

Fragment of a Letter

Attributed to Egypt

Scroll

Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Fragment of a Non-Illustrated Single Work

Continuing a longstanding tradition, papyrus was used in Egypt as a substitute for expensive vellum before paper became widespread around the 10th–11th century. Papyrus was used for documents, letters, and comm... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

While the earliest surviving Qur’ans were copied in a tall, streamlined script known as hijazi on a vertical parchment support , such preferences were abandoned during the Umayyad period as scribes developed th... more

Fragment of a Letter

Fragment of a Letter

Attributed to Egypt

Calligraphic Fragments

Calligraphic Fragments

Attributed to Egypt

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

This double folio was once bound in a multivolume Qur'an manuscript. The calligrapher wrote in bold kufic script with black ink using a broad‑nibbed reed pen. Red and green dots indicate the vowels. Verse marke... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This small-scale Qur'an was used as an intimate personal object, probably worn or carried as an amulet during travel. Despite its diminutive size, it shares many features with other early Qur'ans, which were of... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

The angular kufic script of this page is moderated by the roundness of many letters that resemble large black dots, their inner blank spaces reduced almost to a needle point. The colored marks help the reader t... more

Illustrated Single Work

Illustrated Single Work

Attributed to Egypt

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Like many early Qur’an folios, this example is written in parchment in black ink using a broad-nibbed reed pen. The emphatically elongated letters seen here are characteristic of early kufic Qur’ans on parchmen... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

The tradition of dyed manuscripts developed in Byzantium for making valuable books, such as the Gospels. The technique continued into the early Islamic period, with the Blue Qur’an as its most spectacular manif... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Made in probably Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Like many early Qur’an folios, this folio is written in parchment in black ink using a broad-nibbed reed pen. The horizontal, rounded letters seen here are characteristic of early kufic Qur’ans on parchment, an... more

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

This is the second volume of a thirty-part Qur’an meant to be read over the course of a month. It is typical of early Qur’ans, but includes some embellishments not found in earlier, more austere copies, such as... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Like many early Qur'an folios, this one is written on parchment in black ink with a broad-nibbed reed pen. The horizontally elongated letters seen here are characteristic of early kufic Qur'ans on parchment, an... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

The tradition of dyed manuscripts developed in Byzantium for making valuable books, such as the Gospels. The technique continued into the early Islamic period, with the Blue Qur’an as its most spectacular manif... more

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

These two leaves from an early Qur'an are written in kufic script in dark brown ink, with vowel markings in red. The chapter heading, with two ornate arabesque leaves in the margin, is richly gilded. The text i... more

Paper Cut-Out

Paper Cut-Out

Made in Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript
Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Made in Eastern Islamic Lands

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Attributed to Eastern Islamic lands

Paper Cut-Out

Paper Cut-Out

Made in Egypt

Page of Calligraphy

Page of Calligraphy

Made in Egypt

Paper Cut-Out

Paper Cut-Out

Made in Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This folio features a number of decorative elements that were meant to assist the reader by rendering the text of the Qur’an more legible. The kufic letters are written in brown ink, with the words’ vowels indi... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This folio, copied in floriated "new style" script, exhibits a striking balance of rigorous discipline and exuberant imagination. The fourth line of text is much larger than the rest and its vertical letters en... more

Fragment of a Talismanic Scroll
"Hare", Folio from the Mantiq al-wahsh (Speech of the Wild Animal) of Ka'b al-Ahbar

"Hare", Folio from the Mantiq al-wahsh (Speech of the Wild Animal) of ...

This page from a zoological manuscript contains lines of text and two drawings of wild animals, a lion (recto) and a hare (verso). Although fragmentary pages with drawings are not uncommon from the Fatimid peri... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

The manuscript to which this page once belonged, copied in floriated "new style" script, exhibits a striking balance of rigorous discipline and exuberant imagination. The calligrapher pushes the boundaries of t... more

Section from a Quran Manuscript
End Paper

End Paper

Made in Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript
Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Centuries before block printing was introduced in Europe, the technique was used in the Islamic world to produce miniature texts consisting of prayers, incantations, and Qur'anic verses that were kept in amulet... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This folio from a Qur’an is written on paper in black new style script, with vocalizations in red, diacritical marks in gold, and other orthographical signs in blue and black. The golden medallions are verse ma... more

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic scroll in block-print was rolled and stored in an amulet box Made in Egypt

Fragment from a Talismanic Scroll

Fragment from a Talismanic Scroll

Only the upper left corner of this page has survived. The text, which includes a passage reading "the heart of the one who wears it," together with the evidence of folds on the paper point to its original use a... more

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Centuries before block-printing was introduced in Europe, the technique was used in the Islamic world to produce miniature texts consisting of prayers, incantations, and Qur’anic verses. These were kept in amul... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Made in probably Egypt

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Block-printed Talismanic Circular Leaf
Manuscript

Manuscript

Found Egypt

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Talismanic Scroll

Talismanic Scroll

Attributed to Egypt

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This double-page from a Qur'an comes down to us with the fascinating information that the nursemaid to one of the Zirid rulers of North Africa commissioned it for donation to the Great Mosque of Qairawan. It is... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

These two pages almost certainly come from a dispersed Qur'an dated A.H. 485/A.D. 1092 in "new style" script. This script was used mainly in the eastern Islamic lands after paper replaced parchment as writing m... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This page almost certainly comes from a dispersed Qur'an dated A.H. 485/A.D. 1092 in "new style" script. This script was used mainly in the eastern Islamic lands after paper replaced parchment as writing materi... more

Anthology of Persian Poetry (Safina)

Anthology of Persian Poetry (Safina)

Long, narrow books bound on the short edge are known as 'safina', a word meaning 'boat'. They were a popular form for collections of works by different poets. This 'safina', dated 1681 and 1685, contains poem... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Made in Western Iran or Northern Iraq

Herdsman and his Flock

Herdsman and his Flock

Although the five quadrupeds attended by this bearded herdsman are difficult to identify, they most closely resemble medieval Arab and Persian renderings of boars. This suggests that the scene represents a swin... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Made in Western Iran or Northern Iraq

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

The Museum owns eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an. These include a colophon page with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al-Zanjani, from the town of Zanjan in northwestern Iran, and the date of completio... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Eight folios of this dispersed Qur'an are held in the Museum collection. Among these folios is the colophon page, with the signature of the scribe Muhammad al‑Zanjani from the town of Zanjan, in northwestern Ir... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

These folios from a dispersed Qur'an exemplify the transition during the Seljuq period from Qur'ans written in kufic script on parchment to those copied in the more rounded new-style writing on paper. By the la... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Written in Eastern or new style kufic script , line two of this folio includes two long, vertical letters (alif and lam), forming a distinctive pointed oval-shaped pattern. The elaborate treatment of the backg... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This folio from a dispersed Qur'an exemplifies the transition during the Seljuq period from Qur'ans written in kufic script on parchment to those copied in the more rounded new-style writing on paper. By the la... more

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Often Qur'ans were divided into thirty sections, each called juz'. This manuscript represents portions of the twenty‑ninth juz' of such a set. A colophon survives on another section, providing the date. The tex... more

Bookbinding

Bookbinding

Attributed to North Africa

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Attributed to Egypt or Syria

Geometrical Drawing

Geometrical Drawing

Attributed to Egypt

Section from a Quran Manuscript

Section from a Quran Manuscript

The Qur'an consists of 114 chapters (suras) of uneven length. A system was therefore devised to divide the Qur'an into thirty equal parts, enabling a reading of generally uniform length each day of the month. ... more

Gospel with Silver Cover

Gospel with Silver Cover

These jeweled, enameled, and gilt-silver repoussé covers for a gospel are examples of the work produced in the late seventeenth-century silversmith workshop of Kayseri. Both front and back cover are signed, inf... more

Figure of a Man

Figure of a Man

Attributed to Egypt or Iraq

Battle Scene

Battle Scene

This scene depicts a battle in which the central figure appears to be the only one who has not lost a limb. Severed heads, arms, and legs and a man who has lost his hand are arranged across the composition. The... more

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Attributed to probably Iran

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

Folio from a Quran Manuscript

This large folio comes from a magnificent two-volume Qur'an. In Spain, as in North Africa, Qur'an manuscripts and Qur'anic calligraphy retained archaic features long since abandoned farther east. Such features ... more

Folio from the De Materia Medica of Dioscorides

Folio from the De Materia Medica of Dioscorides

Dioscorides, a physician in the Roman army, wrote a herbal in Greek in the first century A.D., discussing, as was traditional for the genre, the characteristics of each plant, its habitat, and its use. The natu... more

Munajat (Confidential Talks) of 'Ali ibn Abu-Talib

Munajat (Confidential Talks) of 'Ali ibn Abu-Talib

The munajat, or “confidential talks,” of the first Shiite Imam 'Ali b. Abi-Talib take the form of prayers to God. Along with the forty sayings of Imam 'Ali, akin to the hadith, or traditions of the Prophet Muha... more

"Preparing Medicine from Honey", from a Dispersed Manuscript of an Arabic Translation of De Materia Medica of Dioscorides

"Preparing Medicine from Honey", from a Dispersed Manuscript of an Ara...

One of the most influential medical treatises handed down to Muslims was De Materia Medica, by a first-century b.c. Greek physician in Cilicia (southern Anatolia). The left page concerns making medicine from ho... more

"Physician Preparing an Elixir", Folio from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides

"Physician Preparing an Elixir", Folio from a Materia Medica of Diosco...

Figural book painting started in the Islamic world as an art form in the late Abbasid Iraq of the 13th century. The translation of a Greek manuscript shows a Physian preparing an elixir. Attributed to Iraq or N... more

"Men Treading Grapes", Folio from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides

"Men Treading Grapes", Folio from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides

Illustrations in early Islamic manuscripts produced by the Baghdad School were greatly influenced by Greek and Byzantine prototypes; the text often included the translation of Greek scientific manuscripts, such... more

"Pair of Serpents", Folio from a Manafi' al-Hayawan (On the Usefulness of Animals) of Ibn Bakhtishu'

"Pair of Serpents", Folio from a Manafi' al-Hayawan (On the Usefulness...

This folio exemplifies the impact of Chinese art on Iranian painting as a result of the Mongol conquest. The lava-like rock at the right and the tree with its knotty bark and twisted form are adapted from Far E... more

"Oxen amongst Foliage", Folio from a Manafi' al-Hayawan (On the Usefulness of Animals) of Ibn Bakhtishu'

"Oxen amongst Foliage", Folio from a Manafi' al-Hayawan (On the Useful...

The manuscript from which this folio derives explains the habits and medicinal properties of the animals depicted within. The color scheme of this painting, together with the presence of a large lotus blossom ... more