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Clarissa Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a pioneering American nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and a patent clerk. Since nursing education was not then very formalized and she did not attend nursing school, she provided self-taught nursing care. Barton is noteworthy for doing humanitarian work and civil rights advocacy at a time before women had the right to vote. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1973.

Clara Barton Media

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[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, full face]

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait...

Photographer unidentified. Case: variant of Rinhart 123. Accompanying label: Unidentified friend of C.B. Accompanying lock of hair. Was part of LOT 8492. Transfer; Manuscript Division; 1959. Forms part of: Clar... more

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, full face]

[Unidentified man, friend of Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait...

Photographer unidentified. Case: variant of Rinhart 123. Accompanying label: Unidentified friend of C. B. Was part of LOT 8492. Transfer; Manuscript Division; 1959. Forms part of: Clara Barton Papers, 1834-1918... more

Miss Clara Barton

Miss Clara Barton

Original Caption: Miss Clara Barton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1857..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... more

Clara Barton ? & Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child

Clara Barton ? & Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave ...

Carte-de-visite in album Photo by Renowden This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left]

"1850" is written on the photo mount, but other sources date this image to later in her life.

Clara Barton 1870

Clara Barton 1870

Clara Barton probably photographed in France around 1870 or 1871. It was during this time she learned about the International Red Cross and worked during the Franco-Prussian War.

American Red Cross (ARC) arrives in Johnstown, Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1889.

American Red Cross (ARC) arrives in Johnstown, Clara Barton National H...

On May 31, 1889, just upstream from Johnstown, PA, the South Fork Dam failed and unleashed a 30-ft high wall of 20-million tons of water that devastated the town. Over 2,000 people died and thousands were left ... more

Clara Barton's headquarters, Johnstown, Pa. flood - 1889

Clara Barton's headquarters, Johnstown, Pa. flood - 1889

Clara Barton Collection. This record contains unverified data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Red Cross U.S. 1889; Floods Pa. Johnstown 1889; Pa. Johnstown 1889; BI; Geogr.; Disasters; Shelf. Barton, ... more

[J.W. Drew, Clara Barton, and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Schloss(?) on porch of house, 26 New St., Ansonia, Conn.]

[J.W. Drew, Clara Barton, and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Schloss(?) on porch ...

Stamp on verso: "Clara Barton Brow (Drew?), studio and home portraits."

Clara Barton.  A war time photograph by Brady

Clara Barton. A war time photograph by Brady

Clara Barton, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left. Photographic print of halftone reproduction of photograph.

Clara Barton - from portrait taken in Civil War and authorized by her as the one she wished to be remembered by

Clara Barton - from portrait taken in Civil War and authorized by her ...

Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. By courtesy of the Commonwealth Press, Worcester, Mass.

American Red Cross (ARC) through the years, Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1893.

American Red Cross (ARC) through the years, Clara Barton National Hist...

Exact days of photos not known. Left: ARC relief tents followint the Sea Islands hurricane in 1893. Right: ARC relief tents following the Haiti earthquake in 2011.

Starving children with their two caregivers in Cuba, Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1898.

Starving children with their two caregivers in Cuba, Clara Barton Nati...

Exact photo date unknown. Description: On February 6, 1898, Clara Barton and the American Red Cross (ARC) left Washington, D.C. for Cuba to assist in relief efforts during the Spanish-American War. "Thus, with ... more

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Full lgth., standing, facing slightly right.

Clara Barton, bust portrait, in old age

Clara Barton, bust portrait, in old age

Copyright by J.E. Purdy. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

[Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front]

H49398 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright 1904 by J.E. Purdy, Boston. Title devised by Library staff.

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Clara Barton, 1821-1912

Half lgth., facing left. Photo copyrighted by J.E. Purdy, Boston. No. 2. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Photog. I.; BI; Shelf.

Clara Barton (1821-1912), Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1910.

Clara Barton (1821-1912), Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1910.

"I crept round once more, trying to give them at least a drink of water to cool their parched lips and I heard them at last speak of mothers and wives and sweethearts, but never a murmur or complaint. Then I wo... more

Clara Barton 1905

Clara Barton 1905

Clara Barton photographed in 1905 at age 83. She established the National First Aid Association of America and served as the President until 1910.

Clara Barton

Clara Barton

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Glen Echo, Clara Barton Chapel, Maryland

Glen Echo, Clara Barton Chapel, Maryland

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negatives or negative sleeves. Date from negatives in same range. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National P... more

American Red Cross Building

American Red Cross Building

17th Street, NW (between D and E Street)..Exterior view of the American Red Cross building with flags (Red Cross, USA, Great Britian, France) fling on it...Ca. 1920

Clara Barton House, 41222

Clara Barton House, 41222

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available ... more

Clara Barton tree planting

Clara Barton tree planting

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negatives or negative sleeves. Date from related negative LC-F8-18528. General information about the National Photo Company collection is... more

Clara Barton tree planting, 41722

Clara Barton tree planting, 41722

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negatives or negative sleeves. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp... more

Home of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D.C.

Home of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

Interior of the Clara Barton House, home of the founder of the American Red Cross, Washington, D.C.

Interior of the Clara Barton House, home of the founder of the America...

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer.... more

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. The home where Clara Barton spent the last 15 years of ... more

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Clara Barton's Home, Glen Echo, Maryland

Digital image produced by Carol M. Highsmith to represent her original film transparency; some details may differ between the film and the digital images. The home where Clara Barton spent the last 15 years of ... more

Clara Barton National Historic Site, Maryland

Clara Barton National Historic Site, Maryland

Exterior of the front of the Clara Barton NHS. Clara Barton National Historic Site commemorates the life of Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross. The home served as the headquarters and warehouse for... more

Venus - Barton Crater

Venus - Barton Crater

During orbits 404 through 414 on 19-20 September 1990, NASA's Magellan imaged a peak-ring crater that is 50 kilometers in diameter located at latitude 27.4 degrees north and longitude 337.5 degrees east. The na... more

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Maryland

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington M...

Location map showing approach routes to the site in Glen Echo, Montgomery County, Md.; not a map of the site grounds. "*GPO:2005--310-394/00254." Title from panel. Includes text, 3 floorplans, and ill. (some co... more

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Maryland

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington M...

Location map showing approach routes to the historic site in Glen Echo, Montgomery County, Md.; not a map of the site grounds. "*GPO:2008--339-129/80039." Title from panel. Includes text, 3 floorplans, and ill.... more

Clara Barton 1878

Clara Barton 1878

Clara Barton around 1878. She is wearing a Red Cross pin given to her for her service with the German Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War.

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Maryland

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington M...

Location map showing approach routes to the historic site in Glen Echo, Montgomery County, Md.; not a map of the site grounds. "*GPO:2010--357-940/80494." Title from panel. Includes text, 3 floorplans, and ill.... more

Clara Barton 1881

Clara Barton 1881

Clara Barton at the time she established the American Red Cross in 1881. She is 59 years old. This photograph was taken in Dansville, New York where she was living at the time.

Clara Barton 1906

Clara Barton 1906

Clara Barton in 1906. She is wearing the amethyst pansy brooch from the Grand Duchess of Baden at her neck and to the side the Armenian Relief medal given to her by her Red Cross staff for her leadership of the... more

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Maryland

Clara Barton--Clara Barton National Historic Site, George Washington M...

Location map showing approach routes to the historic site in Glen Echo, Montgomery County, Md.; not a map of the site grounds. "*GPO:2011--365-615/80614 Reprint 2011." Title from panel. Includes text, 3 floorpl... more

American Red Cross (ARC) arrives in Johnstown, Clara Barton National Historic Park, 1889.

American Red Cross (ARC) arrives in Johnstown, Clara Barton National H...

Just give days after the devastating flood in Johnstown, PA, the American Red Cross (ARC), led by Clara Barton, arrived. The nation was captivated by the event and aid for the survivors came from all over the c... more

Antietam National Battlefield

Antietam National Battlefield

Clara Barton Monument

Site Plan of the Cultural Landscape

Site Plan of the Cultural Landscape

Glen Echo Park-Clara Barton House. An overhead view shows the Glen Echo Park-Clara Barton House cultural landscape, including the surrounding lands and some of the large features and structures within the lands... more

Clara Barton

Clara Barton

Clara Barton's home adjacent to Glen Echo Park offers a window into the life of the founder of the Red Cross.

View from the Clara Barton House

View from the Clara Barton House

Glen Echo Park-Clara Barton House. A view looking south from the Clara Barton House includes the C & O Canal, Clara Barton Parkway, and Potomac River. This view is a contributing feature of the cultural landsca... more

Clara Barton House

Clara Barton House

Glen Echo Park-Clara Barton House. The Clara Barton House was built in 1891 and is a fine example of late 19th-century American vernacular architecture. Its wood-framed exterior walls are made of lumber salvage... more

Gravel Driveway at the Clara Barton House

Gravel Driveway at the Clara Barton House

Glen Echo Park-Clara Barton House. The circular graveled driveway at the Clara Barton National Historic Site existed during the historic period. The driveway was likely created in the spring or early summer of ... more

Frimärke ur Gösta Bodmans filatelistiska motivsamling, påbörjad 1950.Frimärke från USA, 1931. Motiv av västra halvklotet och Röda Korset. "Amerikas Röda Kors 50-årsminne 1881-1931, grundat av Clara Barton".

Frimärke ur Gösta Bodmans filatelistiska motivsamling, påbörjad 1950.F...

Frimärke ur Gösta Bodmans filatelistiska motivsamling, påbörjad 1950.Frimärke från USA, 1931. Motiv av västra halvklotet och Röda Korset. "Amerikas Röda Kors 50-årsminne 1881-1931, grundat av Clara Barton".

Union nurse Clara Barton with Red Cross brooch

Union nurse Clara Barton with Red Cross brooch

Title devised by Library staff. Notation on verso: "To Mr. Jonathan Foster with the treasured memories that cling to childhood and youth. His friend now, as then, Clara Barton, Washington, D.C., Aug. 1, 1894." ... more