PICRYL
PICRYLThe World's Largest Public Domain Source

China (Chinese: 中国; pinyin: Zhōngguó), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; Chinese: 中华人民共和国; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion in 2019. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million mi2), it is the world's third or fourth-largest country by area. As a one-party state led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the country officially divides itself into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

China emerged as one of the world's first civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. China was one of the world's foremost economic powers for most of the two millennia from the 1st until the 19th century. For millennia, China's political system was based on absolute hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin reunited core China and established the first Chinese empire. The succeeding Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements. The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty (618–907) and Northern Song (960–1127) completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and the Horn of Africa. The Qing Empire, China's last dynasty, suffered heavy losses to foreign imperialism. The Chinese monarchy collapsed in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, when the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the Qing dynasty. China was invaded by the Empire of Japan during World War II. The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the CCP led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led ROC government retreated to the island of Taiwan.

Since economic reforms in 1978, and its entry into the World Trade Organization in 2001, China's economy grew to the largest in the world by PPP in 2014, and became the second-largest country by nominal GDP in 2010. China is the world's fastest-growing major economy, the second-wealthiest nation in the world, and the world's largest manufacturer and exporter. China has lifted 850 million people out of poverty, and has the highest number of people in the top 10% of the wealthiest individuals in the world.

China is a unitary one-party socialist republic and is one of the few nominally socialist states. The Chinese government has been denounced by political dissidents and human rights activists for widespread human rights abuses, including political repression, suppression of religious and ethnic minorities, censorship, mass surveillance, and their response to protests, notably the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. The country is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, the People's Liberation Army, and the second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since replacing the ROC in 1971. China has been characterized as an emerging superpower due to its large economy and powerful military.

China Media

126,030 media by topicpage 1 of 1261
Footbridges and Elaborate Commercial Building, S. China

Footbridges and Elaborate Commercial Building, S. China

Attributed to Felice A. Beato (Italy, 1825-1908) Italy, 1860 Photographs Albumen silver print. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Feldman (M.83.302.54)

A woman wearing a headdress

A woman wearing a headdress

Format: Hand painted lantern slides...Rights Info: No known restrictions on publication...Part Of: Powerhouse Museum Collection..General information about the Powerhouse Museum Collection is available at www... more

The wall of Tuan Cheng (Circular City) in Beihai Park

The wall of Tuan Cheng (Circular City) in Beihai Park

Format: Hand painted lantern slides...Rights Info: No known restrictions on publication...Part Of: Powerhouse Museum Collection..General information about the Powerhouse Museum Collection is available at www... more

Dagger-Ax
Fitting
Ritual Three-legged Vessel

Ritual Three-legged Vessel

This three-legged vessel is known as a ding. The sides feature six cast bronze kui dragons with bulging eyes, set as pairs facing one another. Together they form three taotie masks, which are subdivided by thre... more

Ceremoniële bijl in Ordos-stijl

Ceremoniële bijl in Ordos-stijl

Bijl met ellips-vormige blad is gedecoreerd met een vijfpuntige ster met doornvormige punten.

Rituele lepel

Rituele lepel

Bekervormig voorwerp met platte steel en aan de voorkant een staande vogel, een lepel(?), van zwart aardewerk. De 'beker' loopt van onderen smal toe om daarna weer wijder uit te lopen. De vogel steekt de kop bo... more

Bowl with two handles

Bowl with two handles

Two Small Jars. Jars such as these usually have a geometrical shape with the elegant lines of the swirling curvilinear pattern decorating the body as a striking detail. The jars were quite often painted while b... more

Mask

Mask

The human face is only rarely found on ancient Chinese bronzes. This mask features large ears, bulging eyes, a huge nose, and an enormous open mouth clearly revealing teeth. It must have made a terrifying impre... more

Belt Hook
Mirror with scalloped edge and rosettes

Mirror with scalloped edge and rosettes

Vier rozetten in het middenveld; geschulpte rand. Het patina is heldergroen en bruin.

Beaker
Jar (hu)
Ritual Wine Cups

Ritual Wine Cups

In ancient China, such wine cups were called zhi. They come in two types: slightly flattened, and round. The flattened type was in vogue during the Sang and Western Zhou Dynasties (c. 1750-772 BCE). The round t... more

Belt hook
Plaque
Blade
Carp
Axe
Bowl
Mirror
Vase
Belt Hook
Appliqué
Seal
Mirror with scalloped edge, four birds and arabesques

Mirror with scalloped edge, four birds and arabesques

In het middenveld vier vogels, gecombineerd met zwierige arabesken; geschulpte rand. Het patina is lichtgroen en loodkleurig.

Spiegel

Spiegel

Decor met vier vogels en stervormig middengedeelte met piekvormige uitlopers; fond bestaande uit spiralen, puntjes, etc. Het patina is heldergroen en bruin.

Axe
Wellhead with Roosters

Wellhead with Roosters

This finely structured wellhead displays care in rendering naturalistic details. This model resembles tomb finds from Huixian, Henan province. Here two jaunty roosters are perched on the roof, which original... more

Mask

Mask

The function of this mask is not certain. It may have served as a bridle plaque for a horse, an ornament for a chariot, or, sewn onto leather, as chest armor for a soldier.

Wine Jar (Hu)

Wine Jar (Hu)

This vessel displays a rich variety of ornament and filler patterns: Two thick bands of interlaced dragons, their bodies filled with spirals, triangles, and dots, alternate with thinner bands.

Axe