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Chicago ( (listen) shih-KAH-goh, locally also shih-KAW-goh), officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,693,976 in 2019, it is also the most populous city in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the U.S., while a small portion of the city's O'Hare Airport also extends into DuPage County. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, defined as either the U.S. Census Bureau's Metropolitan Statistical Area (9.4 million people) or the Combined Statistical Area (almost 10 million residents), often called Chicagoland. It constitutes the third most populous urban area in the United States after New York City and Los Angeles.

Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew rapidly in the mid-19th century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild. The construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, and by 1900, less than 30 years after the great fire, Chicago was the fifth-largest city in the world. Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles (including the Chicago School of architecture), the development of the City Beautiful Movement, and the steel-framed skyscraper.

Chicago is an international hub for finance, culture, commerce, industry, education, technology, telecommunications, and transportation. It is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts, issued by the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is part of the largest and most diverse derivatives market in the world, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures alone. O'Hare International Airport is routinely ranked among the world's top six busiest airports according to tracked data by the Airports Council International. The region also has the largest number of federal highways and is the nation's railroad hub. The Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products (GDP) in the world, generating $689 billion in 2018. The economy of Chicago is diverse, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce. It is home to several Fortune 500 companies, including Allstate, Boeing, Caterpillar, Exelon, Kraft Heinz, McDonald's, Mondelez International, Sears, United Airlines Holdings, US Foods, and Walgreens.

Chicago's 58 million tourist visitors in 2018 set a new record, and Chicago has been voted the best large city in the U.S. for four years in a row by Condé Nast Traveler. The city was ranked first in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global urban quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis (Sears) Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, literature, film, theatre, comedy (especially improvisational comedy), food, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, hip-hop, gospel, and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams.

Chicago Media

73,858 media by topicpage 1 of 739
[King Kelly, Chicago White Stockings, baseball card portrait]

[King Kelly, Chicago White Stockings, baseball card portrait]

Baseball card title devised by Library staff. Issued by: Goodwin & Company. "$10,000"- -caption on card. Forms part of: Baseball cards from the Benjamin K. Edwards Collection.

DCM 0845: Anonymous, North American Indian (Potawatomi) Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute)

DCM 0845: Anonymous, North American Indian (Potawatomi) Courting Flute...

DCM ledger: "American Indian, Potawatomi." Instrument type: Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute) Medium: Tube apparently made of a segment of gun barrel, quite old, having a hammer weld seam. Stained wood fl... More

DCM 1634: Moritz-Max Mönnig Flute in C

DCM 1634: Moritz-Max Mönnig Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Grenadilla, nickel silver keys, tenons, and lined sockets (with inner tube).; 67.5 cm. Key Holes System: Boehm system, with Schleiff key, and patent B-flat/C trill key. Mark... More

DCM 0077: Stecher Flute in C

DCM 0077: Stecher Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Grenadilla, nickel silver with nickel plated keys, ferrules, and other fittings.; 69.7 cm. Key Holes System: 13 keys, foot to B, post and rod with pins, modern style key cup... More

DCM 0791: Anonymous, North American Indian (Mandan) Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute)

DCM 0791: Anonymous, North American Indian (Mandan) Courting Flute (Ve...

DCM ledger: "Mandan." The brass mouthpipe appears to have been a shell casing. Instrument type: Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute) Medium: Unidentified soft wood, entirely covered with a length of animal i... More

DCM 1368: Ziegner Swanson, inventor; Chicago Musical Instrument Co. Tonette

DCM 1368: Ziegner Swanson, inventor; Chicago Musical Instrument Co. To...

Instrument type: Tonette Medium: Black tenite.; 18.9 cm. Key Holes System: 1/7 holes. Mark Maximum: THE / SWANSON / TONETTE / MADE IN / U.S.A. / PATENT APPLIED FOR Provenance: Lyon & Healy, Cleveland, Ohio, 27... More

DCM 0497: Anonymous Flute in C

DCM 0497: Anonymous Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Boxwood, nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 48.95 cm. (as is) Key Holes System: 6 keys, modern style key cups. Mark Maximum: No mark. Condition: Head cracked, full length. Pa... More

DCM 0076: Frank Aman Flute in C

DCM 0076: Frank Aman Flute in C

DCM ledger: "Special 'Aman' Model...Boehm system made with the idea of a good flute for cheap, quantity production.... This flute made especially for this collection. Was the first one for which he received 're... More

DCM 0479: V. Kohlert's Söhne One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand

DCM 0479: V. Kohlert's Söhne One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand

See DCM 478. This is made in reverse for a performer missing the right hand and/or arm. Instrument type: One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand Medium: Grenadilla(?), nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 67.55 ... More

DCM 0939: Anonymous, North American Indian (Kichai Tribe) Whistle

DCM 0939: Anonymous, North American Indian (Kichai Tribe) Whistle

DCM ledger: "Kichai Tribe." Instrument type: Whistle Medium: Bamboo, slender tube, with quill flue cover.; 45.4 cm. Mark Maximum: No mark. Condition: Cracked. Provenance: Albert G. Heath, Chicago, 7 May 1930.

DCM 0790: Anonymous, North American Indian (Shoshone) Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute)

DCM 0790: Anonymous, North American Indian (Shoshone) Courting Flute (...

DCM ledger: "Shoshone." Instrument type: Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute) Medium: Bamboo tube, lead flue plate, wood flue cover, leather thong.; 53.3 cm. Key Holes System: 0/6 holes. Mark Maximum: No ma... More

DCM 1583: Felix Bour Piccolo in C

DCM 1583: Felix Bour Piccolo in C

Instrument type: Piccolo in C Medium: Grenadilla, silver keys and ferrules.; 31.7 cm. Key Holes System: Boehm system, open G#. Mark Maximum: F. BOUR (cursive) / (design) / PARIS / MADE IN FRANCE Mark Additiona... More

DCM 0496: Rudall & Rose Flute in C

DCM 0496: Rudall & Rose Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Rosewood, nickel silver keys, ferrules, and oval lip plate (incorporates half of embouchure), metal-lined head and mounts.; 66.25 cm. Key Holes System: 8 keys, saltspoon, Ni... More

DCM 0940: Anonymous, North American Indian (Utsehta or Little Osage) Whistle

DCM 0940: Anonymous, North American Indian (Utsehta or Little Osage) W...

DCM ledger: "Utsehta or Little Osage." Instrument type: Whistle Medium: Branch, 3 strips of braided grass tied to tube by four strips of thong.; 63.9 cm. Mark Maximum: No mark. Condition: Red painted decoratio... More

DCM 1396: The Tonette Company Toy Whistle Flute, "Bugle Boy"

DCM 1396: The Tonette Company Toy Whistle Flute, "Bugle Boy"

Small four-note whistle, in bugle/trumpet form, composed of a black plastic body with yellow plastic bell and mouthpiece fused into position. The 4 available notes outline 4 of the standard 5 bugle call notes. ... More

DCM 0175: Anonymous, possibly French Fife in C or D-flat

DCM 0175: Anonymous, possibly French Fife in C or D-flat

Although this instrument has a key which would imply its being a flute, so-called, it is probably best to term it a fife based on the catalog information cited above. See "Fife vs. Band Flute." An 1890 catalog ... More

DCM 1205: V. Kohlert's Söhne Flute in C

DCM 1205: V. Kohlert's Söhne Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Cocus, nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 71.1 cm. Key Holes System: 13 keys, modern style key cups, post and rod. Mark Maximum: TRADE / V.K.S. (in oval) / MARK / WIEN CHICAG... More

DCM 0523: George Cloos Fife in C (B-flat)

DCM 0523: George Cloos Fife in C (B-flat)

Apprentice under Crosby? Crosby model? Instrument type: Fife in C (B-flat) Medium: Unidentified wood, stained brown, silver tips.; 39.7 cm. Key Holes System: 0/6 holes. Mark Maximum: CROSBY / [BROOKLYN?] [desi... More

DCM 0126: Nicholas Alberti Piccolo in C and D-flat

DCM 0126: Nicholas Alberti Piccolo in C and D-flat

Instrument type: Piccolo in C and D-flat Medium: Silver.; 30.5 cm., 29.35 cm. Key Holes System: Boehm system with Alberti patented tonehole system to permit half-step pitch change. See "Preface." Holes shifted... More

DCM 0847: Anonymous, North American Indian (Winnebago) Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute)

DCM 0847: Anonymous, North American Indian (Winnebago) Courting Flute ...

DCM ledger: "American Indian, Winnebago." Instrument type: Courting Flute (Vertical Whistle Flute) Medium: Tube, including integral mouthpiece, of unidentified wood. Lead bands, carved walnut flue cover, lead f... More

DCM 0125: Dollard Flute in C

DCM 0125: Dollard Flute in C

In remarkable shape. Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Ivory, ivory cap and cork-setting mechanism, silver keys.; 63.8 cm. Key Holes System: Originally 4 silver keys to low C#, saltspoon, pin in block, a 5th... More

DCM 0486: Hawkes Band Flute in A-flat

DCM 0486: Hawkes Band Flute in A-flat

Instrument type: Band Flute in A-flat Medium: Cocus body and head joint upper section, ebonite barrel, nickel silver keys and ferrules, metal-lined head.; 37.9 cm. Key Holes System: 6 keys, round flaps, post a... More

DCM 1371: Ziegner Swanson, inventor; Chicago Musical Instrument Co. Tonette

DCM 1371: Ziegner Swanson, inventor; Chicago Musical Instrument Co. To...

Instrument type: Tonette Medium: Clear tenite.; 18.7 cm. Key Holes System: 1/7 holes. Mark Maximum: THE / SWANSON / TONETTE / MADE IN / U.S.A. / PATENT APPLIED FOR Condition: Upper section warped. Provenance: ... More

The land of our birth. The following poem was then read by Prof. Rodney Welch one of the editors of The Times, of Chicago, a native of Monmouth, Kennebec county, Me. [Chicago? Ill.].

The land of our birth. The following poem was then read by Prof. Rodne...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 18, Folder 27.

University of Notre Dame St. Joseph County, Ind.

University of Notre Dame St. Joseph County, Ind.

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Chicago Lith. Co.

Chstematisch zusammengesteilter Wand, Bilder, Atlas zur Naturgeschichte der Bögel / von C. Gilbert Wheeler, professor der Chemie und 'Lehrer der Zoologie au der Universtat zu Chicago.

Chstematisch zusammengesteilter Wand, Bilder, Atlas zur Naturgeschicht...

Print shows illustrations of different species of birds surrounded by text. Title from item.

Republic Life Building, Chicago

Republic Life Building, Chicago

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Chicago Lithographing Co.

Field building, Chicago

Field building, Chicago

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Greengard, B.

Family register

Family register

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Chicago Lith. Co.

Paper doll fashions

Paper doll fashions

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Chicago Herald.

God bless our family, family record, Chicago IL.

God bless our family, family record, Chicago IL.

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Great Western Supply House.

Picture
Mr. Denon unrolling a mummy

Mr. Denon unrolling a mummy

Print shows Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon unwrapping a mummy on a table with several guests observing and a woman seated on the left sketching the scene, in a parlor presumably at Mr. Denon's residence. Two men ... More

Bedcover
architecture from "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and C. Kirkland, 1894.)"

architecture from "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and ...

This image has been taken from scan 000528 from volume 01 of "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and C. Kirkland, 1894.)". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, cr... More

architecture from "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and C. Kirkland, 1894.)"

architecture from "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and ...

This image has been taken from scan 000246 from volume 01 of "The Story of Chicago. (Vol. II. by J. Kirkland and C. Kirkland, 1894.)". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags, cr... More

Map of the projected railway from Harrisburg to Pittsburg [sic], with proposed extension to Cleveland, Wooster, Sandusky, Toledo, Cincinnati; Michigan City, Chicago, Galena, Rock Island, St. Louis, &a; in connection with the public works of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.

Map of the projected railway from Harrisburg to Pittsburg [sic], with ...

Covers area between Massachusetts and Virginia and west to the Mississippi River. Shows "finished" and "proposed" railroads. A mileage chart entitled "Rail Road Routes from Seaboard to the Interior" appears at ... More

Ladle
Map of the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad and connecting lines, Solomon W. Roberts, Chief Engineer.

Map of the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad and connecting lines, Solomo...

Outline map of the northeastern and north-central states showing major drainage, relief by hachures in Ohio, place names, canals, and the railroad network. Chartered in 1848. Consolidated to form the Pittsburgh... More

Skeleton map, showing the position and connections of the Michigan Southern Rail Road (from Toledo to Chicago) with the several great rail road routes to the Atlantic seaboard and New York City via the south shore of Lake Erie.

Skeleton map, showing the position and connections of the Michigan Sou...

Outline map of the northeastern United States showing railroads in operation, under construction, and under proposal. Chartered in 1846 and consolidated April 1855 with the Northern Indiana Railroad under the n... More

Gunpowder for sale here / Oliver J. Stuart, N.Y.

Gunpowder for sale here / Oliver J. Stuart, N.Y.

Broadsheet advertisement for the Laflin Powder Company, Saugerties, New York, manufacturers of gunpowder, with "Offices [at] 29 Water St. cor. of Olive St. St. Louis Mo. and 79 South Water St. Chicago, Ill." sh... More

Map showing the position of Chicago in connection with the North West & the principal lines of rail roads, canals, navigable streams and lakes, together with the most important towns, and their distances from Chicago.

Map showing the position of Chicago in connection with the North West ...

Map of the north-central United States, east of the Mississippi River, showing the railroad network. Scale ca. 1:2,800,000. LC Railroad maps, 115 Description derived from published bibliography. Inset: Illinois... More

Slop Bowl
Map of Chicago & Rock Island, Peoria and Bureau Valley, and Mississippi & Missouri railroads; with their connections to New York.

Map of Chicago & Rock Island, Peoria and Bureau Valley, and Mississipp...

Outline map of the northeastern and north-central United States showing "railroads completed or in progress" and "railroads proposed & authorized unless named as 'projected.'" Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. LC Railroad... More

[Abraham Lincoln while campaigning for the U.S. Senate, taken in Chicago, Illinois

[Abraham Lincoln while campaigning for the U.S. Senate, taken in Chica...

Title devised by Library staff. Original photograph: The original daguerreotype is at the Chicago Historical Society. Ostendorf, no. 6 Meserve, no. 3 Published in: Lincoln's photographs: a complete album / by L... More

A correct map of the Pennsylvania Central Rail Road with its branches & connections, the shortest & quickest route between the east & west.

A correct map of the Pennsylvania Central Rail Road with its branches ...

Sketch map of the eastern United States showing the railroad network and emphasizing the routes between St. Louis and Chicago, and Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York. Scale ca. 1:10,000,000. LC Railroad maps... More

Map of the Chicago, St. Paul & Fond du Lac Railroad.

Map of the Chicago, St. Paul & Fond du Lac Railroad.

Outline map of Wisconsin and parts of adjoining states showing major drainage, important cities, and the present and proposed railroad network. Scale ca. 1:1,700,000. LC Railroad maps, 380 Description derived f... More

D.B. Cooke & Co's railway guide for Illinois shewing all the stations with their respective distances connecting with Chicago.

D.B. Cooke & Co's railway guide for Illinois shewing all the stations ...

Outline map showing "R.R. in operation" and "R.R. in Progress." [From published bibliography] Scale ca. 1:850,000. Hand colored. LC Railroad maps, 203 Shows railroads in operation and progress. Includes index, ... More

Kansas affairs. To the friends of free Kansas. National Kansas Committee Chicago, Dec. 1, 1856.

Kansas affairs. To the friends of free Kansas. National Kansas Committ...

Title. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 20, Folder 5.

Tremont House, Chicago - presentation of flag to Light Guards, by Duquesne Greys of Pittsburgh

Tremont House, Chicago - presentation of flag to Light Guards, by Duqu...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, vol. 2, no. 33 (1856 July 26), p. 100. Reference copy may be in LOT 4424. Caption card tracings: Milit... More

The death chamber

The death chamber

Title from item. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, v. 2, no. 38 (1856 Aug. 30), p. 189 (top).

[Abraham Lincoln: Immediately prior to Senate nomination, Chicago, Illinois]

[Abraham Lincoln: Immediately prior to Senate nomination, Chicago, Ill...

Abraham Lincoln, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. Ostendorf, no. 2 Meserve, no. 6 Published in: Lincoln's photographs: a complete album / by Lloyd Ostendorf. Dayton, OH: Rockywood Press, 1998, p. 6-7.

[Abraham Lincoln, immediately prior to Senate nomination, Chicago, Illinois]

[Abraham Lincoln, immediately prior to Senate nomination, Chicago, Ill...

Abraham Lincoln, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. According to Ostendorf, this portrait by Hessler was copied during Lincoln's campaign and further distributed. Ostendorf, no. 2 (variation) Meserve, n... More

Chicago.

Chicago.

Perspective map not drawn to scale. Bird's-eye-view. LC Panoramic maps (2nd ed.), 146 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Indexed for points of interest. LC copy imperfect... More

170 miles saved to Northern Iowa and St. Paul! Chicago, St. Paul and Fond du Lac railroad and Milwaukee & Mississippi railroad line! from Chicago & Milwaukee to Pr'ie du Chien, Wis. on the upper Mississippi River running through in 10 hours with

170 miles saved to Northern Iowa and St. Paul! Chicago, St. Paul and F...

Transportation.; Chicago, St. Paul and Fond du Lac r. R.; Milwaukee & Mississippi railroad. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGM... More

Map of the Milwaukee & Superior Rail Road and its connections.

Map of the Milwaukee & Superior Rail Road and its connections.

Map of Wisconsin and parts of Illinois and Michigan showing drainage, county boundaries, larger cities, and the railroad network. The main line is in red, and the Milwaukee and Chicago Railroad is in blue. Scal... More

Pittsburgh, Ft. Wayne, and Chicago R. R. in direct connection with the Pennsylvania Central railroad, the only road running west from Pittsburgh. Chicago St. Louis and Cincinnati ... Shortest, quickest and most reliable route ... New York. Booth

Pittsburgh, Ft. Wayne, and Chicago R. R. in direct connection with the...

Transportation. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. 2 duplicate copies Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 122, Folder 22... More

Chicago
Letter to Hon. Henry A. Wise from S. A. Douglas, November 7, 1858.

Letter to Hon. Henry A. Wise from S. A. Douglas, November 7, 1858.

Refers to success of the Democratic Party in recent State elections in Illinois.

Road road route from Boston, Massachusetts to Chicago, Illinois.

Road road route from Boston, Massachusetts to Chicago, Illinois.

Outline map of a strip between Boston and Chicago showing one schematic rail line with many railroad stations named along the line. Mileage table indicating five railroads is at lower right of map. Scale ca. 1:... More

The Illinois and Michigan Canal, connecting Illinois and the West with the head waters of the Mississippi / Copcutt(?).

The Illinois and Michigan Canal, connecting Illinois and the West with...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, v. 7, no. 178 (1859 April 30), p. 339.

The city of Chicago, Illinois

The city of Chicago, Illinois

Bird's-eye panorama, with border vignettes of buildings and landmarks. Wood engraving by Lossing-Barritt. Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, (1859 Sept. 10). Reference copy may be in LOT 4389 C. This record contains u... More

The Republican Standard.

The Republican Standard.

Partly colored broadside in five columns within a colored border of a rail fence. Heading in a large type. No 1745, Vol. 3. T. W. Streeter Collection sale, 1967.

View from Dearborn Park looking N.E

View from Dearborn Park looking N.E

Title from item. No. 94.

Water Works

Water Works

Title from item.

Hon. T.M. Pomeroy of N.Y

Hon. T.M. Pomeroy of N.Y

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve. Annotation from negative, scratched into emulsion: T.M. Pomeroy. Delegate to Republican Nat. Convention at Chicago in 1860. Credit line: Brady-Handy photogr... More

Chicago Chamber of Commerce

Chicago Chamber of Commerce

No. 140. Title from item.

To President Andrew Johnson. Whereas, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States ... have recently left Washington for the City of Chicago, to participate in the ceremonies of laying the corner stone of the monument to America's favorite son

To President Andrew Johnson. Whereas, Andrew Johnson, President of the...

Printed on Satin.; On verso: File.; President Johnson did not visit Memphis on his "Swing Around the Circle" tour, August 28 to September 15, 1866. Papers of Andrew Jackson, vol. 11, Appendix 3. Available also... More

Light House Chicago

Light House Chicago

Title from item.

The Zouave Cadets of Chicago

The Zouave Cadets of Chicago

Composite of 8 different drill scenes. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1860 July 28. Reference copy may be in LOT 4420F. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption car... More