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Liberty triumphant; or the downfall of oppression

Liberty triumphant; or the downfall of oppression

Political cartoon shows New England colonists' response to the British Tea Tax, enacted by Lord North's ministry in 1773, superimposed over a map of the Northern and Middle British Colonies. Probably published... More

Die Einwohner von Boston wersen den englisch-ostindischen Thee ins Meer am 18 December 1773 / D. Chodowiecki del. et sculp.

Die Einwohner von Boston wersen den englisch-ostindischen Thee ins Mee...

Print shows citizens of Boston, disguised as Indians, boarding ships in Boston Harbor and throwing chests of tea overboard, one of twelve scenes depicting the history of the American Revolution. S. 74. [Plate]... More

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Missouri, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Missouri, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Arizona, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Arizona, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Oregon, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Oregon, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Wood Decay Causes - All States, National Forest Service photograph.

Wood Decay Causes - All States, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Carriers of the new black plague - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Collection

Carriers of the new black plague - Vintage map, Norman B. Leventhal Co...

Public domain image of the vintage map from Norman B. Leventhal Map Center. The Norman B. Leventhal Map & Education Center at the Boston Public Library is a special collections center in Boston, Massachusetts w... More

A black and white photo of people on a beach, Great Depression. FSA/OWI Photograph

A black and white photo of people on a beach, Great Depression. FSA/OW...

Public domain photograph related to Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A student at the Deep Water Environment Survival Training school is towed from a barge by a speedboat which causes his parachute to lift him into the air

A student at the Deep Water Environment Survival Training school is to...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Naval Air Station, Pensacola State: Florida (FL) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: JOCS Kirby Harrison Release Stat... More

A student at the Deep Water Environment Survival Training school is towed from a barge by a speedboat which causes his parachute to lift him into the air

A student at the Deep Water Environment Survival Training school is to...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: Naval Air Station, Pensacola State: Florida (FL) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: JOCS Kirby Harrison Release Stat... More

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of the Delta II fairing for the Aqua-EOS satellite arrives at the gantry. The Delta II will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one of a series of spacebased platforms that are central to NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), a long-term study of the scope, dynamics and implications of global change. The Aqua program is composed of Aqua and other spacecraft (including Terra and Aura) and a data distribution system (ESDIS, and Mission Operations Center Implementation Team).  Flying  in an orbit that covers the globe every 16 days, Aqua will provide a six-year chronology of the planet and its processes. Comprehensive measurements  taken by its onboard instruments will allow multidisciplinary teams of scientists and researchers from North and South  America, Asia, Australia and Europe to assess long-term  change, identify its human and natural causes and advance the development of models for long-term forecasting.  Launch is scheduled for April 26 from Vandenberg KSC-02pd0406

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of th...

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of the Delta II fairing for the Aqua-EOS satellite arrives at the gantry. The Delta II will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one of a serie... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd0739

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Can... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Orbital Sciences' L-1011 aircraft waits for takeoff time between 7:50 and 9:50 a.m. EDT.  Attached underneath is the Pegasus XL rocket with its payload, the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), due to be released about 8 a.m.  The GALEX will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd1282

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Orbi...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Orbital Sciences' L-1011 aircraft waits for takeoff time between 7:50 and 9:50 a.m. EDT. Attached underneath is the Pegasus XL rocket with its ... More

[Hurricane Katrina] New Orleans, LA, 02-3-06 -- Brigadier General Downer explains how the Katrina caused the levee to fail and what happened in the 9th Ward area next to the levee to King Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein of Jordan. The King of Jordan wanted to know the causes, how to prevent losses and see first hand how we respond and handle disasters and what lessons can be learned and applied to disasters in his country.  MARVIN NAUMAN/FEMA photo

[Hurricane Katrina] New Orleans, LA, 02-3-06 -- Brigadier General Down...

Photographs Relating to Disasters and Emergency Management Programs, Activities, and Officials

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Solid rocket boosters are clustered around the base of the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket.  A total of nine will assist in the launch of the THEMIS integrated spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-07pd0083

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Solid rocket boosters are clustered aro...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Solid rocket boosters are clustered around the base of the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket. A total of nine will assist in the launch of the THEMIS integrated spacecraft. ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  On Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II second stage is being lifted alongside the mobile service tower.  Once inside, it will be mated with the first stage already in place.  The Delta II is the launch vehicle for the THEMIS spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0126

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- On Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- On Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II second stage is being lifted alongside the mobile service tower. Once inside, it will be mated with the first stage ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Workers inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station help maneuver the upper canister away from the opening. The canister was removed from around the THEMIS spacecraft.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. The THEMIS mission is to investigate what causes auroras in the Earth's atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of color. Discovering what causes auroras to change will provide scientists with important details on how the planet's magnetosphere works and the important Sun-Earth connection.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard a Delta II rocket on Feb. 15 during a window extending from 6:08 to 6:27 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Amanda Diller KSC-07pd0255

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Workers inside the mobile service tower...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Workers inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station help maneuver the upper canister away from the opening. The canister was removed fro... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers remove the protective cover surrounding the THEMIS spacecraft.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. The THEMIS mission is to investigate what causes auroras in the Earth's atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of color. Discovering what causes auroras to change will provide scientists with important details on how the planet's magnetosphere works and the important Sun-Earth connection.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard a Delta II rocket on Feb. 15 during a window extending from 6:08 to 6:27 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Amanda Diller KSC-07pd0249

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Inside the mobile service tower on Laun...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers remove the protective cover surrounding the THEMIS spacecraft. THEMIS consists of ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers prepare to join the two fairing segments around the THEMIS spacecraft. The fairing is a molded structure that fits flush with the outside surface of the Delta II upper stage booster and forms an aerodynamically smooth nose cone, protecting the spacecraft during launch and ascent. THEMIS is an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the tantalizing mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch of THEMIS is scheduled for Feb. 15 aboard a Delta II rocket, with the launch service being conducted by the United Launch Alliance.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0344

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers prepare to join the two fairing segments around the THEMIS spacecraft. The fairing is a molde... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, as the mobile service tower moves away from the pad.  THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch is scheduled for 6:05 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0419

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this aerial view, the Delta II rocket...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, as the mobile service tower moves away fr... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clouds of smoke envelop the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Photo credit: NASA/Jerry Cannon KSC-07pd0442

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clo...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clouds of smoke envelop the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Fla., spacecraft fueling technicians from Kennedy Space Center prepare to sample the monomethylhydrazine propellant that will be loaded aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO.  From left are Boeing technician Steve Lay and ASTROTECH mission/facility manager Gerard Gleeson.    The hydrazine fuel is being sampled for purity before it is loaded aboard the spacecraft.  The technicians are dressed in self-contained atmospheric protective ensemble suits, or SCAPE suits, as a safety precaution in the unlikely event that any of the highly toxic chemical should escape from the storage tank. The nitrogen tetroxide oxidizer was loaded earlier in the week which is customarily followed by loading of the fuel.  Propellant loading is one of the final processing milestones before the spacecraft is encapsulated in its fairing for launch.  SDO is the first mission in NASA's Living With a Star Program and is designed to study the causes of solar variability and its impacts on Earth. The spacecraft's long-term measurements will give solar scientists in-depth information to help characterize the interior of the Sun, the Sun's magnetic field, the hot plasma of the solar corona, and the density of radiation that creates the ionosphere of the planets. The information will be used to create better forecasts of space weather needed to protect the aircraft, satellites and astronauts living and working in space. Liftoff aboard an Atlas V rocket is targeted for Feb. 9 from Launch Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. For information on SDO, visit http://www.nasa.gov/sdo.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-2010-1050

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in T...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Fla., spacecraft fueling technicians from Kennedy Space Center prepare to sample the monomethylhydrazine propellant that will be ... More

The repeal, or the funeral procession of Miss Americ-Stamp, British Cartoon Print

The repeal, or the funeral procession of Miss Americ-Stamp, British Ca...

Illustration shows a group of men in a funeral procession on the banks of the Thames River with a row of warehouses in the background, one of which is labeled "The Sheffield and Birmingham Warehouse Goods now s... More

Autobiography, including also reminiscences of slave life, recollections of the war, education of freedmen, causes of the exodus, etc.

Autobiography, including also reminiscences of slave life, recollectio...

Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site, on the Internet Archive Web site, and on microfilm (Microfilm 34388). Replace; LC copy replaced by preservation microfilm

The first flag of independence raised in the South, by the citizens of Savannah, Ga. November 8th, 1860 / drawn by Henry Cleenewerck, Savannah, Ga. ; lithographed by R.H. Howell, Savannah, Ga.

The first flag of independence raised in the South, by the citizens of...

A view of the public meeting in Johnson Square, Savannah, prompted by news of Lincoln's election, where a resolution was adopted for a state secession convention. In the nocturnal scene, the square is crowded w... More

The Pennsylvania journal and weekly advertiser - expiring: in hopes of a resurrection to life again / William Bradford.

The Pennsylvania journal and weekly advertiser - expiring: in hopes of...

Print shows the masthead for The Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser with a skull and crossbones representation of the official stamp required by the Stamp Act of 1765, "An emblem of the effects of the S... More

map from "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results.]"

map from "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes a...

This image has been taken from scan 000492 from volume 03 of "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from ta... More

map from "A complete History of the great American Rebellion, embracing its causes, events and consequences. With biographical sketches and portraits of its principal actors, and scenes and incidents of the War. Illustrated with maps, plans, etc"

map from "A complete History of the great American Rebellion, embracin...

This image has been taken from scan 000167 from volume 02 of "A complete History of the great American Rebellion, embracing its causes, events and consequences. With biographical sketches and portraits of its p... More

A view of part of the town of Boston in New-England and Brittish [sic] ships of war landing their troops! 1768

A view of part of the town of Boston in New-England and Brittish [sic]...

An engraved print depicting British soldiers landing in Boston Harbor in 1768. The troops were sent to Boston after riots erupted following the passage of the Townshend Acts in London in 1767. Several British w... More

map from "The Franco-Prussian War; its causes, incidents, and cosequences. Edited by H. M. H. ... With the topography and history of the Rhine Valley, by W. H. D. Adams, etc"

map from "The Franco-Prussian War; its causes, incidents, and cosequen...

This image has been taken from scan 000076 from volume 02 of "The Franco-Prussian War; its causes, incidents, and cosequences. Edited by H. M. H. ... With the topography and history of the Rhine Valley, by W. H... More

map from "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results.]"

map from "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes a...

This image has been taken from scan 000624 from volume 02 of "[The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results.]". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from ta... More

Forest Fires: Causes - District of Columbia

Forest Fires: Causes - District of Columbia

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Virginia, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Virginia, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - New Hampshire, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - New Hampshire, National Forest Service photogra...

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Florida, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Florida, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

The 1929 riots. August 23 to 31. The Shaw Commission of Inquiry. Re. Causes and guilt of the riots.

The 1929 riots. August 23 to 31. The Shaw Commission of Inquiry. Re. C...

Picryl description: Public domain image of a group of people, United States politics, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

A black and white photo of people on a beach. Great Depression FFSA / OWI Negatives

A black and white photo of people on a beach. Great Depression FFSA / ...

Public domain photograph related to Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - Workers on the launch pad ready the second stage of the Delta II rocket for its lift up the gantry on the launch pad. The Delta II rocket will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one of a series of spacebased platforms that are central to NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), a long-term study of the scope, dynamics and implications of global change. The Aqua program is composed of Aqua and other spacecraft (including Terra and Aura) and a data distribution system (ESDIS, and Mission Operations Center Implementation Team).  Flying  in an orbit that covers the globe every 16 days, Aqua will provide a six-year chronology of the planet and its processes. Comprehensive measurements  taken by its onboard instruments will allow multidisciplinary teams of scientists and researchers from North and South  America, Asia, Australia and Europe to assess long-term  change, identify its human and natural causes and advance the development of models for long-term forecasting.  Launch is scheduled for April 26 from Vandenberg KSC-02pd0400

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - Workers on the launch pad ready the second st...

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - Workers on the launch pad ready the second stage of the Delta II rocket for its lift up the gantry on the launch pad. The Delta II rocket will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers attach the mated Pegasus XL and Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite to the Orbital Sciences L-1011 aircraft.  The GALEX, to be launched April 28 from the L-1011, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd1244

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, work...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers attach the mated Pegasus XL and Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite to the Orbital Sciences L-1011 aircraft. The GALEX, to be l... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences’ L-1011 aircraft takes off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying the Pegasus XL rocket/Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) under its belly.  Release of the Pegasus was scheduled for about 8 a.m. over the Atlantic Ocean at an altitude of 39,000 feet at a location approximately 100 nautical miles offshore east-northeast of Cape Canaveral. Spacecraft separation from the Pegasus occurs 11 minutes later. At that time the satellite will be in a circular orbit of 431 statute miles (690 km) at a 29-degree inclination.   The GALEX will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences’ L-1011 aircraft takes o...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences’ L-1011 aircraft takes off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying the Pegasus XL rocket/Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) under its belly. Release of the P... More

ISS012-E-15050 (12 Jan. 2006) --- Sandusky Bay is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 12 crew member on the International Space Station. Sandusky Bay appears with brown muddy water (left) in this view. The bay leads out into southern Lake Erie (top). The small city of Sandusky occupies the northeastern shore of the bay (center of the image). Highway 6 can be seen arcing around the south side of the city. Ferries connect Sandusky to Pelee Island (not visible) in the middle of the lake. In earlier days, Sandusky Bay was known as one of the best protected port sites in the Great Lakes. The most striking aspect of this image is the flow lines of the brown water in and out of the mouth of the bay. Slight movement of lake surface water, driven mainly by wind, causes a small ebb and flow of bay water. Sediment-charged water is derived from agricultural fields along the Sandusky River upstream. Mud plumes in Lake Erie originate from prior pulses of muddy water from the bay. According to scientists studying the station photos, it appears that water was flowing into the bay when this image was taken. Sandusky lies midway between Toledo and Cleveland, both about an hour’s drive away. iss012e15050

ISS012-E-15050 (12 Jan. 2006) --- Sandusky Bay is featured in this ima...

ISS012-E-15050 (12 Jan. 2006) --- Sandusky Bay is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 12 crew member on the International Space Station. Sandusky Bay appears with brown muddy water (left) in th... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   At Astrotech Space Operations, the media are dressed in clean room, or bunny, suits to photograph the integrated THEMIS spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0075

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, the med...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, the media are dressed in clean room, or bunny, suits to photograph the integrated THEMIS spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, workers guide the integrated THEMIS spacecraft onto the spin table in the foreground.  There it will undergo spin-balance testing. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0069

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility a...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, workers guide the integrated THEMIS spacecraft onto the spin table in the foreground. There it will undergo s... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   Solid rocket boosters are clustered around the base of the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket.  A total of nine will assist in the launch of the THEMIS integrated spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-07pd0082

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Solid rocket boosters are clustered ar...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Solid rocket boosters are clustered around the base of the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket. A total of nine will assist in the launch of the THEMIS integrated spacecraft.... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  At Astrotech Space Operations, technicians help lower the THEMIS spacecraft toward the Delta II upper stage booster.  Once mated, the spacecraft will then be installed into its transportation canister and moved to Launch Complex 17 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station for mating with the Delta II.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 Pad 17-B. Photo credit: NASA/Troy Cryder KSC-07pd0188

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, technici...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, technicians help lower the THEMIS spacecraft toward the Delta II upper stage booster. Once mated, the spacecraft will then be installed into its tr... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   At Astrotech Space Operations, technicians help guide the overhead crane carrying the THEMIS spacecraft toward the Delta II upper stage booster at right.  Once mated, the spacecraft will then be installed into its transportation canister and moved to Launch Complex 17 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station for mating with the Delta II. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 Pad 17-B. Photo credit: NASA/Troy Cryder KSC-07pd0187

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, technic...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations, technicians help guide the overhead crane carrying the THEMIS spacecraft toward the Delta II upper stage booster at right. Once mated, the spacecr... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  In the high bay at Astrotech Space Operations, workers guide the upper canister toward the THEMIS spacecraft and upper stage booster below.  The upper canister will be joined to the lower panels already in place.  Then, THEMIS will be transported to Launch Complex 17-B for mating with its launch vehicle. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station aboard a Boeing Delta II rocket managed by the United Launch Alliance.  Photo credit: NASA/Troy Cryder KSC-07pd0211

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the high bay at Astrotech Space Oper...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the high bay at Astrotech Space Operations, workers guide the upper canister toward the THEMIS spacecraft and upper stage booster below. The upper canister will be joined to t... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the THEMIS spacecraft is lifted up alongside the mobile service tower.  Once inside, THEMIS will be encapsulated and mated with the third stage of the Delta II rocket.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. The THEMIS mission is to investigate what causes auroras in the Earth's atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of color. Discovering what causes auroras to change will provide scientists with important details on how the planet's magnetosphere works and the important Sun-Earth connection.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard a Delta II rocket on Feb. 15 during a window extending from 6:08 to 6:27 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Amanda Diller KSC-07pd0243

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral A...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- On Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the THEMIS spacecraft is lifted up alongside the mobile service tower. Once inside, THEMIS will be encapsulated and mated... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the two fairing segments come together around the THEMIS spacecraft.  The fairing is a molded structure that fits flush with the outside surface of the Delta II upper stage booster and forms an aerodynamically smooth nose cone, protecting the spacecraft during launch and ascent.  THEMIS is an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the tantalizing mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch of THEMIS is scheduled for Feb. 15 aboard a Delta II rocket, with the launch service being conducted by the United Launch Alliance.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0345

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-B...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the mobile service tower on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the two fairing segments come together around the THEMIS spacecraft. The fairing is a molded structur... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an unusual view of the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop gives the solid rocket boosters a "larger than life" appearance as the mobile service tower moves away.  THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch is scheduled for 6:05 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-07pd0411

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, an unusual view of the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop gives the solid rocket boosters a "larger than life" ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard begins its ascent from Pad 17-B, in sight of the Atlantic Ocean, at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Photo credit: NASA/Regina MItchell-Ryall, Robert Murray, Tony Gray KSC-07pd0437

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard begins its ascent from Pad 17-B, in sight of the Atlantic Ocean, at 6:01 p.m. EST. THE... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Two weather balloons take flight from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station weather station. Each balloon is equipped with a radiosonde, an instrument that transmits measurements on atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature and winds as it ascends. The data will be used to determine if conditions are acceptable for the launch of NASA's THEMIS mission. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Launch is planned from Pad 17-B in a window that extends from 6:01 to 6:19 p.m. EST.  Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-07pd0429

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Two weather balloons take flight from th...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Two weather balloons take flight from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station weather station. Each balloon is equipped with a radiosonde, an instrument that transmits measurements on... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Clouds of smoke encompass the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Photo credit: NASA/Sandra Joseph, Ralph Hernandez KSC-07pd0434

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Clouds of smoke encompass the Delta II r...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Clouds of smoke encompass the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acrony... More

America in flames, British Cartoon Print

America in flames, British Cartoon Print

Print shows a woman representing "America" seated in flames fanned from above by two men in clouds wielding British measures, "Quebec Bill" and "Masachusets (sic) Bay", against the colonies; four British men, r... More

To Captain P.B.V. Broke commanding his majesty's ship Shannon, his officers, seamen, & marines, this representation of their gallantly boarding the American frigate Chesapeak, ... / painted by R. Dodd from the information of Captn. Falkinir.

To Captain P.B.V. Broke commanding his majesty's ship Shannon, his off...

Print showing the USS Chesapeake alongside HMS Shannon, with British sailors taking down the American flag, during the capture of the Chesapeake. The Chesapeake is also flying a flag that states "Free Trade and... More

Declaration of the causes which impel the state of Texas to secede from the Federal Union : also the ordinance of secession. [Austin, Tex.? : Herald office, 1861]

Declaration of the causes which impel the state of Texas to secede fro...

Caption title.; "Done by the people of the state of Texas, in Convention assembled at Austin, this first day of February, A.D. 1861."; Printed on satin.; Secession--Texas.; Texas--Politics and government--Civil... More

Nauplius causes Greek ships to founder; Aegisthus kills Agamemnon

Nauplius causes Greek ships to founder; Aegisthus kills Agamemnon

Public domain scan of a medieval manuscript, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description.

map from "The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results"

map from "The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes an...

This image has been taken from scan 000484 from volume 03 of "The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results". The title and subject terms of this image have been generated from tags,... More

[Flight of politicians with their causes over female figure of the U.S. Capitol dome]

[Flight of politicians with their causes over female figure of the U.S...

Public domain scan of a female portrait, woman, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Missouri, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Missouri, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Forest Fires: Causes - Illinois, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Wood Decay Causes - All States, National Forest Service photograph.

Wood Decay Causes - All States, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Gonorrhea causes blindness - arthritis, invalidism and misery It can be prevented and cured : For examination and free pamphlets go to your doctor or Dept. of Health clinic.

Gonorrhea causes blindness - arthritis, invalidism and misery It can b...

Poster for prevention and treatment of gonorrhea showing a knight standing on a serpent. Date stamped on verso: Jun 28 1939. Work Projects Administration Poster Collection (Library of Congress). Sponsored by St... More

Young woman packinghouse worker from Tennessee, trying to get the black muck, which causes an itchy rash and sores and scabs on scalp, out of her oldest child's hair. The water is from the dirty canal nearby. She has three other children. Belle Glade, Florida

Young woman packinghouse worker from Tennessee, trying to get the blac...

Public domain image of infant, child, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Beach scene at "New Beach," the most popular beach near Provincetown. Regular bus service makes this beach easily available; lack of bath houses causes a great deal of picturesque dressing and undressing in and behind parked cars. Provincetown, Massachusetts

Beach scene at "New Beach," the most popular beach near Provincetown. ...

Public domain photograph of a bus, transportation, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

A black and white photo of a group of people on the beach, Great Depression. FSA/OWI Photograph

A black and white photo of a group of people on the beach, Great Depre...

Public domain photograph related to Great Depression, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Civilian defense. Fire prevention. The careless smoker causes more fires each year than any other person in the country. He is to blame for 87,000 separate 1941 fires, which resulted in the loss of many lives and the destruction of 14 million dollars of property. Whether he falls asleep with a lighted smoke or is careless in the disposal of burning cigars, cigarettes, or matches, he is always a menace

Civilian defense. Fire prevention. The careless smoker causes more fir...

Picryl description: Public domain image, 19th-century cigarette card, free to use, no copyright restrictions. Cigarette cards are trading cards issued by tobacco manufacturers to stiffen cigarette packaging and... More

Environmental Images: 2004 - Acid Rain [412-EPD-Acid_Rainacidrain.causes.jpg]

Environmental Images: 2004 - Acid Rain [412-EPD-Acid_Rainacidrain.caus...

Digital Photographs Relating to the Environment Public domain photograph of air pollution, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. --  On the launch pad, an overhead crane lifts a solid rocket booster to vertical for mating with the Delta II rocket that will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one of a series of spacebased platforms that are central to NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), a long-term study of the scope, dynamics and implications of global change. The Aqua program is composed of Aqua and other spacecraft (including Terra and Aura) and a data distribution system (ESDIS, and Mission Operations Center Implementation Team).  Flying  in an orbit that covers the globe every 16 days, Aqua will provide a six-year chronology of the planet and its processes. Comprehensive measurements  taken by its onboard instruments will allow multidisciplinary teams of scientists and researchers from North and South  America, Asia, Australia and Europe to assess long-term  change, identify its human and natural causes and advance the development of models for long-term forecasting.  Launch is scheduled for April 26 from Vandenberg KSC-02pd0394

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. -- On the launch pad, an overhead crane lifts ...

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. -- On the launch pad, an overhead crane lifts a solid rocket booster to vertical for mating with the Delta II rocket that will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite. Aqua is one of a series of s... More

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of the Delta II fairing for the Aqua-EOS satellite is lifted up the gantry. The Delta II will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite, one of a series of spacebased platforms that are central to NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), a long-term study of the scope, dynamics and implications of global change. The Aqua program is composed of Aqua and other spacecraft (including Terra and Aura) and a data distribution system (ESDIS, and Mission Operations Center Implementation Team).  Flying  in an orbit that covers the globe every 16 days, Aqua will provide a six-year chronology of the planet and its processes. Comprehensive measurements  taken by its onboard instruments will allow multidisciplinary teams of scientists and researchers from North and South  America, Asia, Australia and Europe to assess long-term  change, identify its human and natural causes and advance the development of models for long-term forecasting.  Launch is scheduled for April 26 from Vandenberg KSC-02pd0407

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of th...

VANDENBERG AFB, CALIF. - On the SLC-2 launch pad, the first half of the Delta II fairing for the Aqua-EOS satellite is lifted up the gantry. The Delta II will launch the Aqua-EOS satellite, one of a series of s... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -A worker in the Multi-Payload Processing Facility watches closely as NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer spacecraft is rotated in preparation for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. From its orbit high above Earth, the spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors.  Looking in the ultraviolet will single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd0623

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -A worker in the Multi-Payload Processing F...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -A worker in the Multi-Payload Processing Facility watches closely as NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer spacecraft is rotated in preparation for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehic... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd0738

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Can... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd0742

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Multi-Payload Processing Facility, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer is prepared for mating with the Pegasus XL launch vehicle. The GALEX, set to launch April 2 from Cape Can... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - The mated Pegasus XL and Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite move under the Orbital Sciences L-1011 aircraft at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  The GALEX, to be launched April 28 from the L-1011, will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd1241

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - The mated Pegasus XL and Galaxy Evolution...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - The mated Pegasus XL and Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellite move under the Orbital Sciences L-1011 aircraft at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The GALEX, to be launched ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences' L-1011 aircraft takes off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying the Pegasus XL rocket/Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) under its belly.  Release of the Pegasus was scheduled for about 8 a.m. over the Atlantic Ocean at an altitude of 39,000 feet at a location approximately 100 nautical miles offshore east-northeast of Cape Canaveral. Spacecraft separation from the Pegasus occurs 11 minutes later. At that time the satellite will be in a circular orbit of 431 statute miles (690 km) at a 29-degree inclination.  The GALEX will carry into space an orbiting telescope that will observe a million galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history to help astronomers determine when the stars and elements we see today had their origins. The spacecraft will sweep the skies for 28 months using state-of-the-art ultraviolet detectors to single out galaxies dominated by young, hot, short-lived stars that give off a great deal of energy at that wavelength.  These galaxies are actively creating stars, and therefore provide a window into the history and causes of star formation in galaxies. KSC-03pd1286

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences' L-1011 aircraft takes o...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Orbital Sciences' L-1011 aircraft takes off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying the Pegasus XL rocket/Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) under its belly. Release of the P... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., one of the five THEMIS probes is ready to be covered for its move to the hazardous processing facility. There it will be placed on a stand in preparation for fueling operations. Once fueling is complete, each probe will be weighed and individually mated to the payload carrier before pyrotechnics are installed. The fully integrated THEMIS payload is then ready for spin-balance testing and weighing. The final milestone is mating THEMIS to its upper stage booster. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. These lights are the visible manifestations of invisible energy releases, called geomagnetic substorms, in near-Earth space. THEMIS will not only seek to answer where and when substorms start, but will also provide clues as to how and why these space storms create havoc on satellites, terrestrial power grids, and communication systems.  THEMIS will be transported to Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on February 1 for mating to the Delta II rocket.  Launch is scheduled for Feb. 15.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-06pd2813

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusvi...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., one of the five THEMIS probes is ready to be covered for its move to the hazardous processing facility. There it will be placed o... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., one of the five THEMIS probes is moved out of the facility and will be transported to the hazardous processing facility.  There the probes will be placed on a stand in preparation for fueling operations.  Once fueling is complete, each probe will be weighed and individually mated to the payload carrier before pyrotechnics are installed. The fully integrated THEMIS payload is then ready for spin-balance testing and weighing. The final milestone is mating THEMIS to its upper stage booster. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. These lights are the visible manifestations of invisible energy releases, called geomagnetic substorms, in near-Earth space. THEMIS will not only seek to answer where and when substorms start, but will also provide clues as to how and why these space storms create havoc on satellites, terrestrial power grids, and communication systems.  THEMIS will be transported to Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on February 1 for mating to the Delta II rocket.  Launch is scheduled for Feb. 15.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-06pd2816

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusvi...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., one of the five THEMIS probes is moved out of the facility and will be transported to the hazardous processing facility. There t... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --    At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., a worker attaches a high pressure line on the THEMIS spacecraft in preparation for fueling, which is scheduled for Jan. 3-5. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-06pd2847

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titu...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Astrotech Space Operations in Titusville, Fla., a worker attaches a high pressure line on the THEMIS spacecraft in preparation for fueling, which is scheduled for Jan. 3-5. T... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, technicians prepare THEMIS probes for solar array illumination telemetry tests. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard the Delta II at 6:07 p.m. EST on Feb. 15.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0032

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, technicians prepare THEMIS probes for solar array illumination telemetry tests. THEMIS consists of five identic... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, a technician observes one of the THEMIS probes as it undergoes solar array illumination telemetry testing. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard the Delta II at 6:07 p.m. EST on Feb. 15.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0035

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at ...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Hazardous Processing Facility at Astrotech Space Operations, a technician observes one of the THEMIS probes as it undergoes solar array illumination telemetry testing. THEMI... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   Another solid rocket booster is raised to a vertical position for lifting into the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  The boosters are being installed around the United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket for launch of the THEMIS integrated spacecraft. THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. This unique constellation of satellites will resolve the tantalizing mystery of what causes the spectacular sudden brightening of the aurora borealis and aurora australis - the fiery skies over the Earth's northern and southern polar regions. THEMIS is scheduled to launch Feb. 15 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-07pd0079

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Another solid rocket booster is raised...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Another solid rocket booster is raised to a vertical position for lifting into the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The boosters are ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --  Inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers remove the protective cover surrounding the THEMIS spacecraft.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. The THEMIS mission is to investigate what causes auroras in the Earth's atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of color. Discovering what causes auroras to change will provide scientists with important details on how the planet's magnetosphere works and the important Sun-Earth connection.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard a Delta II rocket on Feb. 15 during a window extending from 6:08 to 6:27 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Amanda Diller KSC-07pd0250

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Inside the mobile service tower on Laun...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers remove the protective cover surrounding the THEMIS spacecraft. THEMIS consists of ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. --   A worker inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station examines the Delta II upper stage booster mated to the THEMIS spacecraft above.  THEMIS consists of five identical probes, the largest number of scientific satellites ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket. The THEMIS mission is to investigate what causes auroras in the Earth's atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of color. Discovering what causes auroras to change will provide scientists with important details on how the planet's magnetosphere works and the important Sun-Earth connection.  THEMIS is scheduled to launch aboard a Delta II rocket on Feb. 15 during a window extending from 6:08 to 6:27 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/Amanda Diller KSC-07pd0259

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A worker inside the mobile service tow...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A worker inside the mobile service tower on Launch Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station examines the Delta II upper stage booster mated to the THEMIS spacecraft above. T... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.  THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch is scheduled for 6:05 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0418

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta ...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. THEMIS, an acronym for Tim... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station as the mobile service tower begins to move away.  THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color.  Launch is scheduled for 6:05 p.m.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0416

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta ...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In this close-up aerial view, the Delta II rocket with the THEMIS spacecraft atop sits ready for launch on Pad 17-B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station as the mobile service tower ... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard lifts off Pad 17-B on a crisp Florida evening at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett KSC-07pd0431

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard lifts off Pad 17-B on a crisp Florida evening at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clouds of smoke encompass the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B, in sight of the Atlantic Ocean, at 6:01 p.m. EST. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Photo credit: NASA/Regina Mitchell-Ryall, Robert Murray, Tony Gray KSC-07pd0438

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clo...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, clouds of smoke encompass the Delta II rocket with NASA's THEMIS spacecraft aboard as it blasts off Pad 17-B, in sight of the Atlantic Ocean, a... More

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A weather balloon is prepared for release at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station weather station. The balloon is equipped with a radiosonde, an instrument that transmits measurements on atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature and winds as it ascends. The data will be used to determine if conditions are acceptable for the launch of NASA's THEMIS mission. THEMIS, an acronym for Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, consists of five identical probes that will track violent, colorful eruptions near the North Pole.  This will be the largest number of scientific satellites NASA has ever launched into orbit aboard a single rocket.  The THEMIS mission aims to unravel the mystery behind auroral substorms, an avalanche of magnetic energy powered by the solar wind that intensifies the northern and southern lights.  The mission will investigate what causes auroras in the Earth’s atmosphere to dramatically change from slowly shimmering waves of light to wildly shifting streaks of bright color. Launch is planned from Pad 17-B in a window that extends from 6:01 to 6:19 p.m. EST.  Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton KSC-07pd0421

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A weather balloon is prepared for releas...

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A weather balloon is prepared for release at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station weather station. The balloon is equipped with a radiosonde, an instrument that transmits measureme... More

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Fla., Boeing spacecraft fueling technicians from Kennedy Space Center take a sample of the monomethylhydrazine propellant that will be loaded aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, which is protectively covered.    The hydrazine fuel is being sampled for purity before it is loaded aboard the spacecraft.  The technicians are dressed in self-contained atmospheric protective ensemble suits, or SCAPE suits, as a safety precaution in the unlikely event that any of the highly toxic chemical should escape from the storage tank. The nitrogen tetroxide oxidizer was loaded earlier in the week which is customarily followed by loading of the fuel.  Propellant loading is one of the final processing milestones before the spacecraft is encapsulated in its fairing for launch.  SDO is the first mission in NASA's Living With a Star Program and is designed to study the causes of solar variability and its impacts on Earth. The spacecraft's long-term measurements will give solar scientists in-depth information to help characterize the interior of the Sun, the Sun's magnetic field, the hot plasma of the solar corona, and the density of radiation that creates the ionosphere of the planets. The information will be used to create better forecasts of space weather needed to protect the aircraft, satellites and astronauts living and working in space. Liftoff aboard an Atlas V rocket is targeted for Feb. 9 from Launch Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. For information on SDO, visit http://www.nasa.gov/sdo.  Photo credit: NASA/Jack Pfaller KSC-2010-1055

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in T...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – At the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Fla., Boeing spacecraft fueling technicians from Kennedy Space Center take a sample of the monomethylhydrazine propellant that wi... More

Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- An estimated 800 members of Boston's homeless community enjoy a Thanksgiving meal at the annual "Table of Friends" event. For 16 years, "Table of Friends" has been providing a Thanksgiving meal to Boston's less fortunate population. Deputy Administrator, Richard Serino helped to serve hundreds of guests on November 22nd 2011. FEMA employees at all levels volunteer their services to worthy causes. Photo by Robert Rose/FEMA

Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- An estimated 800 members of Boston's ...

The original database describes this as: Title: A Thanksgiving Meal Production Date: 11/22/2011 Caption: Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- An estimated 800 members of Boston's homeless community enjoy a Thank... More

Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- For 16 years, "Table of Friends" has been providing a Thanksgiving meal to Boston's less fortunate population. FEMA Deputy Administrator, Richard Serino helped to serve hundreds of guests on November 22nd 2011. FEMA employees at all levels volunteer their services to worthy causes. Photo by Robert Rose/FEMA

Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- For 16 years, "Table of Friends" has ...

The original database describes this as: Title: FEMA Volunteers at Thanksgiving Event Production Date: 11/22/2011 Caption: Boston, Mass. , Nov. 22, 2011 -- For 16 years, "Table of Friends" has been providing... More

Moore, Okla., June 5, 2013 -- Plaza Towers Elementary School bricks are unloaded for a healing arts project.  The project is part of {HOPE} raisers is a group of individuals, businesses and causes that care about the community from all over the country. Together they use their time, talent and treasures to create community engagement and Raise Some Hope.  Jocelyn Augustino/FEMA

Moore, Okla., June 5, 2013 -- Plaza Towers Elementary School bricks ar...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2013-06-05 00:00:00 UTC Photographer Name: Jocelyn Augustino City/State: Moore, OK Disaster Types: Tornado Categories: Miscellaneous Photographs Rela... More

America in flames, British Cartoon Print

America in flames, British Cartoon Print

Print shows a woman representing "America" seated in flames fanned from above by two men in clouds wielding British measures, "Quebec Bill" and "Masachusets (sic) Bay", against the colonies; four British men, r... More

The first flag of independence raised in the South, by the citizens of Savannah, Ga. November 8th, 1860 / drawn by Henry Cleenewerck, Savannah, Ga. ; lithographed by R.H. Howell, Savannah, Ga.

The first flag of independence raised in the South, by the citizens of...

A view of the public meeting in Johnson Square, Savannah, prompted by news of Lincoln's election, where a resolution was adopted for a state secession convention. In the nocturnal scene, the square is crowded w... More

[Garden monument when heated by the sun brings water to a boil generating steam which causes sound to issue from pipes like an organ; shows statue, possibly of Hero of Alexandria]

[Garden monument when heated by the sun brings water to a boil generat...

Illus. in: Les raisons des forces movvantes auec diuerses machines tant vtilles que plaisantes, ... / par Salomon de Cavs .... Francfort : en la boutique de I. Norton, 1615. Published in: The tradition of tech... More

[Britannia, full-length portrait, left profile, seated, holding olive branch in right hand and staff topped with liberty cap in left hand] / G.B. Cipriani inv. ; F. Bartolozzi sculp.

[Britannia, full-length portrait, left profile, seated, holding olive ...

Illus. in: Continued corruption, standing armies, and popular contents considered ... / William Bollan. London : Printed by J. Almon, 1768, frontispiece. Published in: The American Revolution in drawings and p... More