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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With over 39.3 million residents across a total area of approximately 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area, as well as the world's thirty-fourth-most-populous subnational entity. California is also the most populated subnational entity in North America, and has its state capital in Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most-populous urban regions, with more than 18.7 million and 9.6 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most-populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most-densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

California's economy, with a gross state product of $3.2 trillion as of 2019, is the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the fifth-largest economy in the world, and the 37th-most populous as of 2020. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies ($1.3 trillion and $1.0 trillion respectively as of 2020), after the New York metropolitan area ($2.0 trillion). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation's highest gross domestic product per capita in 2018 ($106,757) among large primary statistical areas, and is home to four of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people.

California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, communication, information, innovation, environmentalism, economics, politics, and entertainment. As a result of the state's diversity and migration, California integrates foods, languages, and traditions from other areas across the country and around the globe. It is considered the origin of the hippie counterculture, beach and car culture, the Internet, and the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as centers of the global technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California's economy is very diverse: 58% of it is based on finance, government, real estate services, technology, and professional, scientific, and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.S. state.

California shares a border with Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. The state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, and from the redwood and Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate and monsoon seasonal weather, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. All these factors lead to an enormous demand for water; in total numbers, California is the largest consumer of water in North America. Over time, drought and wildfires have become more frequent; further straining California's water security.

What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of Europeans during the 16th and 17th centuries. The Spanish Empire then claimed and colonized it. In 1804 it was included in Alta California province, within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. The western portion of Alta California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom.

California Media

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Stained glass in Neiman Marcus store, San Francisco, California

Stained glass in Neiman Marcus store, San Francisco, California

Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer. This stain glass in Neiman Marcus on Union Square, was once in The City of Paris store. The architectural centerpiece of the building is the original rotu... more

Detail of a historic car with license plates from the 1940s. San Francisco, California

Detail of a historic car with license plates from the 1940s. San Franc...

Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer. Credit line: The Jon B. Lovelace Collection of California Photographs in Carol M. Highsmith's America Project, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs... more

The Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, San Francisco, California

The Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, San Francisco, California

Title, date, and keywords provided by the photographer. Street names commemorate two early San Francisco leaders: Pioneer and exchange banker Henry Haight and Munroe Ashbury. The district is noted for its role ... more

Memorial Church on the Stanford University campus in Palo Alto, California

Memorial Church on the Stanford University campus in Palo Alto, Califo...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. Credit line: The Jon B. Lovelace Collection of California Photographs in Carol M. Highsmith's America Project, Library of Congress, Pr... more

The L.A. Thompson Scenic Railway, Venice, California

The L.A. Thompson Scenic Railway, Venice, California

Repository: California Historical Society..Date: Undated..General note: Jack Parsons, Los Angeles, Cal...Format: Postcard..Digital object ID: CHS2015.1894..Preferred citation: The L.A. Thompson scenic railway, ... more

Whale

Whale

United States, California

Whistle

Whistle

United States, California

Spider Vessel

Spider Vessel

United States, Arroyo Sequit Canyon, Malibu region, California

Stone Bear
Canoe
Stone Bird Hook

Stone Bird Hook

United States, California

Whale
Canoe

Canoe

United States, California

Stone Bear

Stone Bear

United States, California

Pelican

Pelican

United States, California

Pelican

Pelican

United States, California

Whale

Whale

United States, California

Whale
Pelican
Pelican
[Map of California shown as an island].

[Map of California shown as an island].

Relief shown pictorially. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline : teatro de los trabajos, Apostolicos de la Compa. e Jesus en la America Septe. /

La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline : teatro de los trabajos, Apostolic...

Relief shown pictorially. McLaughlin, G. Mapping of California as an island, 196 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault 2 copies; copy 2 is b&w

La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline : teatro de los trabajos, Apostolicos de la Compa. e Jesus en la America Septe. /

La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline : teatro de los trabajos, Apostolic...

Relief shown pictorially. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

An exact-plan of George-Town so named by Patrick Graham, Esqr., President of the Province of Georgia, in honr. to His Royal Highness George, Prince of Wales, &ca.

An exact-plan of George-Town so named by Patrick Graham, Esqr., Presid...

Scale ca. 1:4,700. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Imperfect: Margins torn. Oriented with north to the bottom. Cadastral map. Shows town laid out in lots in a bend of "Great Ogeche River" planned to bec... more

[Map of Pacific Ocean between the coast of California and Mexico and Japan, Philippines, and the coast of China].

[Map of Pacific Ocean between the coast of California and Mexico and J...

Watermark: PVL [Pieter van Ley] in 1 character. Pen-and-ink. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 15 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes text. Printe... more

Carta que contiene parte de la costa de la California.

Carta que contiene parte de la costa de la California.

Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Wagner, H. R. Cartography of the northwest coast, 708 LC Luso-Hispanic World, 81 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. Magg's description on verso.

Presidential tally, Presented by the Firemans fund insurance company of California. [s. l.]

Presidential tally, Presented by the Firemans fund insurance company o...

Campaign. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 2, Folder 14.

Map of the western & middle portions of North America : to illustrate the history of California, Oregon, and the other countries on the north-west coast of America /

Map of the western & middle portions of North America : to illustrate ...

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Greenwich and Washington, DC. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Dance of the Indians of the Mission of St. Joseph in New California / engraved by Letitia & Elizh. Byrne.

Dance of the Indians of the Mission of St. Joseph in New California / ...

Six Native Americans with elaborate body markings and hairstyles, dancing.

Jeu des habitans de Californie

Jeu des habitans de Californie

Native women watching men play game, possibly related to gambling, at a mission near San Francisco, California.

Vista de puebla de Los Angeles C. Nebel del. ; lith. Mialhe Fesr. St. Honoré 357 ; Deroy lith

Vista de puebla de Los Angeles C. Nebel del. ; lith. Mialhe Fesr. St. ...

Print shows a distant view, looking east toward the Santa Anna Mountains, of the cityscape of Los Angeles with low stone or adobe buildings in the foreground and two snowcapped mountains in the background Title... more

Panorama, #2 - view of Sausalito, Alcatraz, and Mt. Tamalpais from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA, circa 1884 Jan 20

Panorama, #2 - view of Sausalito, Alcatraz, and Mt. Tamalpais from Tel...

One in a series of six views. Source: "L&C - Wells Fargo History Room 6-1-1962". See info. file for more information. Panorama was dated based on the presence of these 3 buildings: Sea Wall Hotel, Crystal Swim... more

Panorama, #1- view of the Golden Gate from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA, circa 1884 Jan 20

Panorama, #1- view of the Golden Gate from Telegraph Hill, San Francis...

One in a series of six. Source: "L&C - Wells Fargo History Room 6-1-1962." See info. file for more information. The panorama was dated based on the presence of these 3 buildings: Sea Wall Hotel, Crystal Swimm... more

Panorama, #3- view of Angel Island and Red Rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA, circa 1884 Jan 20

Panorama, #3- view of Angel Island and Red Rock from Telegraph Hill, S...

One in a series of six views. Freidlander's warehouse. Source: "L&C - Wells Fargo History Room 6-1-1962". See info. file for more information. No. 3. San Francisco Bay. -Angel Island and Red Rock from Telegraph Hill.

Panorama, #4 - view of San Francisco Bay, CA, circa 1884 Jan 20

Panorama, #4 - view of San Francisco Bay, CA, circa 1884 Jan 20

One in a series of six views that includes a broadside view of the 3-masted bark RIVER LAGAN in the foreground and an unid. 4-masted schooner in the distance. Source: "L&C - Wells Fargo History Room 6-1-1962".... more

View looking down from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA, circa 1885

View looking down from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, CA, circa 1885

View of San Francisco waterfront includes Meiggs Wharf, Barge Office, Angel Island and Alcatraz. Source: "P - Pioneer Society 4/11/57."[CR][CR]Image reproduced in John Kemble's book, "San Francisco Bay: A Pict... more

Thomas Corwin (built 1876; cutter; U.S. Revenue Service), leaving for Alaska, undated

Thomas Corwin (built 1876; cutter; U.S. Revenue Service), leaving for ...

Per note on the enclosure, "same as J07.16188n" B 886 U.S. Revenue Cutter, "Corwin," Departure for Alaska. Taber Photo, San Francisco.

Deck view on a Chinese fishing junk in San Francisco Bay, CA, undated

Deck view on a Chinese fishing junk in San Francisco Bay, CA, undated

5020 Chinese Fishing Junk. San Francisco Bay. Taber Photo., San Francisco, Cal.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shuttle Endeavour.  The OMS pod underwent complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the transition and retirement processing of each shuttle.  Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1830

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Ken...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, United Space Alliance technicians prepare to install the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod on space shut... more

Carta esférica de la costa de la Alta California : comprendida entre los paralelos de 32° y 38° norte.

Carta esférica de la costa de la Alta California : comprendida entre l...

Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings. Shows drainage, missions, pueblos, presidios, etc. Prime meridian: Cadiz. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Case 1840

Case 1840

Equipment Replacement photos

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city of Sacramento

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city ...

Sutter's Fort was constructed about 1840 at the behest of John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant who had received a land grant in the Sacramento Valley from the Mexican government. Sutter is best known for the discover... more

Independence Courthouse Square

Independence Courthouse Square

Courthouse at Independence, MIssouri. Part of the old square where emigrant wagon trains in the 1840's began their journey west.

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city of Sacramento

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city ...

Sutter's Fort was constructed about 1840 at the behest of John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant who had received a land grant in the Sacramento Valley from the Mexican government. Sutter is best known for the discover... more

The U.S. Navy flight demonstration squadron, the Blue Angels, diamond pilots perform the Left Echelon Parade maneuver over the Imperial Valley during a training flight.

The U.S. Navy flight demonstration squadron, the Blue Angels, diamond ...

EL CENTRO, Calif. (Feb. 06, 2019) The U.S. Navy flight demonstration squadron, the Blue Angels, diamond pilots perform the Left Echelon Parade maneuver over the Imperial Valley during a training flight. The Blu... more

map from "Narrative of a Whaling Voyage round the Globe, from the year 1833 to 1836. Comprising sketches of Polynesia, California, the Indian Archipelago, etc. With an account of Southern whales, the sperm whale fishery, and the natural history of the climates visited. [With illustrations.]"

map from "Narrative of a Whaling Voyage round the Globe, from the year...

This image has been taken from scan 000022 from "Narrative of a Whaling Voyage round the Globe, from the year 1833 to 1836. Comprising sketches of Polynesia, California, the Indian Archipelago, etc. With an acc... more

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city of Sacramento

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city ...

Sutter's Fort was constructed about 1840 at the behest of John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant who had received a land grant in the Sacramento Valley from the Mexican government. Sutter is best known for the discover... more

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod is being reinstalled on Endeavour following a complete deservicing and cleaning at White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico, part of the shuttle’s transition and retirement processing.    Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. Over the course of its 19-year career, Endeavour spent 299 days in space during 25 missions.  For more information, visit http://www.nasa.gov/shuttle.  Photo credit: NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis KSC-2012-1840

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering syst...

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A crane moves the left orbital maneuvering system OMS pod toward the aft of space shuttle Endeavour in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The OMS pod... more

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city of Sacramento

Sutter's Fort is a State Historical Park in California's capital city ...

Sutter's Fort was constructed about 1840 at the behest of John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant who had received a land grant in the Sacramento Valley from the Mexican government. Sutter is best known for the discover... more

Veduta di Ross stabilimento Russo vicino alla Bodega

Veduta di Ross stabilimento Russo vicino alla Bodega

Fort Ross, Calif., a Russian fur-trading post est. 1812.

map from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet in California, Sonora, and Western Texas"

map from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet i...

This image has been taken from scan 000012 from "Narrative of the Travels and Adventures of Monsieur Violet in California, Sonora, and Western Texas". The title and subject terms of this image have been generat... more

Wyoming from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44"

Wyoming from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountain...

This image has been taken from scan 000049 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44". The title and subject... more

map from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44"

map from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in...

This image has been taken from scan 000159 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44". The title and subject... more

California from "Die Völker des Erdballs nach ihrer Abstammung und Verwandtschaft, und ihren Eigenthümlichkeiten in Regierungsform, Religion, Sitte und Tracht ... Mit ... colorirten Abbildungen"

California from "Die Völker des Erdballs nach ihrer Abstammung und Ve...

This image has been taken from scan 000360 from "Die Völker des Erdballs nach ihrer Abstammung und Verwandtschaft, und ihren Eigenthümlichkeiten in Regierungsform, Religion, Sitte und Tracht ... Mit ... color... more

map from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44"

map from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in...

This image has been taken from scan 000180 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44". The title and subject... more

engraving from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44"

engraving from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mounta...

This image has been taken from scan 000215 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44". The title and subject... more

Gold mines of California!! W. R. Andrews, having just returned from California, after having spent several months in the mines and mountains of that interesting country will deliver a lecture at on day of 1849, upon the gold mines of California

Gold mines of California!! W. R. Andrews, having just returned from Ca...

2366 E 1 Jy 46.; Rec. 7-11-46.; $40.00; On verso: 2366 E 1 Jy 46. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Colle... more

1842 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44"

1842 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains i...

This image has been taken from scan 000081 from "Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842; and to the Oregon and North California, in the years 1843, 44". The title and subject... more

California guard / Kellogs & Thayer ; E.B. & E.C. Kellog ; D. Needham.

California guard / Kellogs & Thayer ; E.B. & E.C. Kellog ; D. Needham.

Print showing men in dress uniform. Identified as associated with the Mexican War, 1846-48, in Picturing Victorian America: Prints by the Kellogg Brothers of Hartford, by Nancy Finlay (2010), p. 83. No. 270.

map from "Travels over the table lands and cordilleras of Mexico, during the years 1843 and 44; including a description of California ... and the biographies of Iturbide and Santa Anna ... With maps and plates"

map from "Travels over the table lands and cordilleras of Mexico, duri...

This image has been taken from scan 000094 from "Travels over the table lands and cordilleras of Mexico, during the years 1843 and 44; including a description of California ... and the biographies of Iturbide a... more

Cyane (built 1837; sloop-of-war; U.S. Navy) at San Diego, CA, 1846

Cyane (built 1837; sloop-of-war; U.S. Navy) at San Diego, CA, 1846

Photo of a painting. Artist signed and dated "1913" in the lower left corner. CYANE, under the command of Commander Samuel du Pont, captured San Diego during the Mexican-American War. Note artist's license was ... more

Ultimatum on the Oregon question

Ultimatum on the Oregon question

In his typically jingoist view of Polk's handling of the Oregon question, the artist Edward Williams Clay belittles the self-interested attitudes of Europe toward the dispute. The issue of whether to settle the... more

California quick step

California quick step

From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright Deposits 1820-1860

Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, California &c. : segun lo organizado y definido por las varias actas del congreso de dicha Républica y construido por las mejores autoridades.

Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, California &c. : segun lo organi...

Shows Mexico and the southern United States. Relief shown by hachures and spot heights. Prime meridian: Washington. Gift; Thomas W. Streeler; Dec. 28, 1937. Includes distance chart, distance list, and 2 profile... more

Map of Upper & Lower California showing the military stations and distribution of troops.

Map of Upper & Lower California showing the military stations and dist...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Charge of Captain Reid, at Sacramento

Charge of Captain Reid, at Sacramento

Capt. John Wm. Reid. Battle of Sacramento, 28 Feb. 1847, Illus. in: John Taylor Hughes, Doniphan's Expedition. Cincinnati : U.P. James, 1847. Reference copy may bein LOT 4414N and/or 4414P. This record contains... more

portrait from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

portrait from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenwort...

This image has been taken from scan 000074 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

map from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct description of the geography, history, topography, and general features of California ... Edited by G. G. Foster"

map from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct description...

This image has been taken from scan 000010 from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct description of the geography, history, topography, and general features of California ... Edited by G. G. Foster... more

cover from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct description of the geography, history, topography, and general features of California ... Edited by G. G. Foster"

cover from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct descripti...

This image has been taken from scan 000007 from "The Gold Regions of California. Being a succinct description of the geography, history, topography, and general features of California ... Edited by G. G. Foster... more

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000287 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000271 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000283 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000125 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

Map of Oregon and upper California from the surveys of John Charles Frémont and other authorities /

Map of Oregon and upper California from the surveys of John Charles Fr...

Hand colored. LC copy sectioned and mounted on cloth backing. Annotated on verso in black ink: California & Oregon 1848. Millard Fillmore. Relief shown by hachures and spot heights. Shows area of U.S. west of t... more

[El Dorado, California. View of scattered log cabins]

[El Dorado, California. View of scattered log cabins]

Photograph shows four log cabins scattered along the hillside; prospectors stand near or atop piles of large rocks; a flume can be seen on the far left. Title devised by Library staff.

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000279 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

flora from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth i...

This image has been taken from scan 000285 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more

portrait from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers"

portrait from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenwort...

This image has been taken from scan 000151 from "Notes of a military reconnaissance from Port Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California, including parts of the Arkansas, del Norte and Gila Rivers". Th... more