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Austria ( (listen), ; German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐʁaɪ̯ç] (listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, listen ), is a landlocked East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine federated states (Bundesländer), one of which is Vienna, Austria's capital and its largest city. It is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Austria occupies an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi) and has a population of nearly 9 million people. While German is the country's official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.

Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation but pursued its own course independently of the other German states. Following the Austro-Prussian War and the compromise with Hungary, the Dual Monarchy was established.

Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of the union with Germany, which eventually failed because of the Allied Powers and the state remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.

Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.

The Second Republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. It plays host to the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

Austria Media

134,991 media by topicpage 1 of 1350
Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Poster shows soldiers and their weapons behind a barricade of Austrian coins. Text: Subscribe to the 7th War Loan, Vienna Commercial Bank. Title from item.

Mitre

Mitre

Made in Tyrol, Austria (possibly)

Mitre
Crucifix
Prick Spur
Textile
Molded Tile

Molded Tile

Made in Niederosterreich, Austria

Mitre

Mitre

Made in Salzburg, Austrian

Box with Enamel Plaques

Box with Enamel Plaques

Made in probably Vienna, Austria

Trefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Trefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint George

Saint George

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Ornamental Lancet Heads

Ornamental Lancet Heads

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Philip

Saint Philip

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Augustine

Saint Augustine

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Agnes

Saint Agnes

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Martin

Saint Martin

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Panel with the Harrowing of Hell

Panel with the Harrowing of Hell

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Trefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Trefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Lawrence

Saint Lawrence

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Doubting Thomas

Doubting Thomas

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Quatrefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Quatrefoil-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Dormition of the Virgin

Dormition of the Virgin

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Ornamental Lancet Heads

Ornamental Lancet Heads

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Ambrose

Saint Ambrose

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Madonna of Mercy

Madonna of Mercy

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Triangular-shaped Tracery Light

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Saint Thomas

Saint Thomas

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Noli Me Tangere

Noli Me Tangere

Made in Carinthia, Austria

Cusped Lancet head

Cusped Lancet head

Made in Ebreichsdorf, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Christ Before Pilate

Christ Before Pilate

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

The Presentation in the Temple

The Presentation in the Temple

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

The Harrowing of Hell

The Harrowing of Hell

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Architectural canopy

Architectural canopy

Made in Lower Austria, Austria

Roundel
Knife Case
Saint Sebastian

Saint Sebastian

Made in possibly Tyrol, Austria

Horseman's Shield (Targe)

Horseman's Shield (Targe)

The notch at the upper left served to support the lance of a charging knight. The coat of arms is thought to belong to either the von Meissau or the Eglauer family, both of Austria. On the banderoles is the def... more