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An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" [feminine]), ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch, service branch or armed service of a nation or state. It may also include aviation assets by possessing an army aviation component. Within a national military force, the word army may also mean a field army.

In some countries, such as France and China, the term "army", especially in its plural form "armies", has the broader meaning of armed forces as a whole, while retaining the colloquial sense of land forces. To differentiate the colloquial army from the formal concept of military force, the term is qualified, for example in France the land force is called Armée de terre, meaning Land Army, and the air and space force is called Armée de l'Air et de l’Espace, meaning Air and Space Army. The naval force, although not using the term "army", is also included in the broad sense of the term "armies" — thus the French Navy is an integral component of the collective French Armies (French Armed Forces) under the Ministry of the Armies. A similar pattern is seen in China, with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) being the overall military, the land force being the PLA Ground Force, and so forth for the PLA Air Force, the PLA Navy, and other branches.

The current largest army in the world, by number of active troops, is the PLA Ground Force of China with 1,600,000 active troops and 510,000 reserve personnel followed by the Indian Army with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve personnel.

By convention, irregular military is understood in contrast to regular armies which grew slowly from personal bodyguards or elite militia. Regular in this case refers to standardized doctrines, uniforms, organizations, etc. Regular military can also refer to full-time status (standing army), versus reserve or part-time personnel. Other distinctions may separate statutory forces (established under laws such as the National Defence Act), from de facto "non-statutory" forces such as some guerrilla and revolutionary armies. Armies may also be expeditionary (designed for overseas or international deployment) or fencible (designed for – or restricted to – homeland defence)

Army Media

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[Army soldier with luggage, Puerto Rico]

[Army soldier with luggage, Puerto Rico]

Title: [Army soldier with luggage, Puerto Rico] . .Creator: Robert Yarnall Richie ..Date: 1939..Place: Puerto Rico..Physical Description: 1 transparency: film, color; 13 x 10 cm.. .File: ag1982_0234_2... More

Suhrâb before the White Castle, his army behind him.

Suhrâb before the White Castle, his army behind him.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The young Siyâvush, son of Kay Kâ'ûs, on his way from Zâbulistân to his father's court with his army is showered with gold and ambergris by the people.

The young Siyâvush, son of Kay Kâ'ûs, on his way from Zâbulistân to hi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Greek army with Xenophon from BL Royal 19 C VI, f. 83

Greek army with Xenophon from BL Royal 19 C VI, f. 83

Miniature of the Greek army with Xenophon, and piles of the dead, with grotesque hybrids, flowers, and plants in the full foliate border. Image taken from f. 83 of Anabasis. Written in French.

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 183

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 C III, f. 183

Miniature of the enthroned Alexander giving orders to his generals. Image taken from f. 183 of Historia Alexandri Magni. Written in French.

French army from BL Royal 14 D V, f. 216

French army from BL Royal 14 D V, f. 216

Detail of a miniature of the Constable of France and the count of St Pol leading the French army. Image taken from f. 216 of Chroniques. Written in French.

Greek army with Xenophon from BL Royal 19 C VI, f. 83

Greek army with Xenophon from BL Royal 19 C VI, f. 83

Detail of a miniature of the Greek army with Xenophon, and piles of the dead. Image taken from f. 83 of Anabasis. Written in French.

French army disembarks in Africa from BL Royal 14 D VI, f. 84v

French army disembarks in Africa from BL Royal 14 D VI, f. 84v

Detail of a miniature of the French army disembarking in Africa, led by the duke of Bourbon holding a shield bearing the royal arms of France, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 84v of Chroniques. Writt... More

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 140v

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 140v

Detail of a large miniature of an army on the march with a king on horseback. Image taken from f. 140v of Cyropaedia (Cyropédie). Written in French.

Suleiman and his army driven away from BL Add 33733, f. 9

Suleiman and his army driven away from BL Add 33733, f. 9

A miniature of a scene from the Triumphs of Emperor Charles V: Suleiman and his army driven from the Siege of Vienna, 1529. Image taken from f. 9 of The Triumphs of Charles V (index L'Aguila Triumphante de Carl... More

French army disembarks in Africa from BL Royal 14 D VI, f. 84v

French army disembarks in Africa from BL Royal 14 D VI, f. 84v

Detail of a miniature of the French army disembarking in Africa, led by the duke of Bourbon holding a shield bearing the royal arms of France, with a partial border. Image taken from f. 84v of Chroniques. Writt... More

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 140v

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 140v

Large miniature of an army on the march with a king on horseback. Image taken from f. 140v of Cyropaedia (Cyropédie). Written in French.

The Turkish army from BL Harley 326, f. 90

The Turkish army from BL Harley 326, f. 90

Detail of a miniature of the Turkish army with its baggage train leaving a Sicilian city. Image taken from f. 90 of Edward's IV's Descent from Rollo (ff. 1-7); Romance of the Three Kings' Sons (ff. 8-123). Writ... More

Battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 278v

Battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 278...

Detail of a miniature of a battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army. Image taken from f. 278v of Grandes Chroniques de France (Chronique de Charles VII). Written in French.

Greek army from BL Royal 16 F IX, f. 64

Greek army from BL Royal 16 F IX, f. 64

Detail of a miniature of the Greek army. Image taken from f. 64 of Historia destructionis Troiae in a French translation. Written in French.

Entry of the French army into Bordeaux from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 248v

Entry of the French army into Bordeaux from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 248v

Detail of a miniature of the entry of the French army into Bordeaux. Image taken from f. 248v of Grandes Chroniques de France (Chronique de Charles VII). Written in French.

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 42v

Army from BL Royal 16 G IX, f. 42v

Detail of a miniature of Cyrus and his army marching off to war. Image taken from f. 42v of Cyropaedia (Cyropédie). Written in French.

The pope lands his army from BL Eg 3028, f. 77

The pope lands his army from BL Eg 3028, f. 77

The pope lands his army Image taken from f. 77 of Roman de Brut, a verse epitome (begins imperfectly) with continuation to Edward III; Destruction de Rome; Fierabras. Written in French.

Flemish army from BL Royal 14 D IV, f. 237v

Flemish army from BL Royal 14 D IV, f. 237v

Detail of a miniature of the Flemish army under Philippe d'Artevelde encamped before Audenarde. Image taken from f. 237v of Chroniques, volume 2. Written in French.

English army in Saint Denis from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 83v

English army in Saint Denis from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 83v

Miniature of the entry of the English army into Saint Denis and the retreat of the French, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'L'(an). Image taken from f. 83v of Grandes Chroniques de France (Chronique... More

Entry of the French army into Bordeaux from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 248v

Entry of the French army into Bordeaux from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 248v

Miniature of the entry of the French army into Bordeaux, with a partial border and a foliate initial 'T'(antost). Image taken from f. 248v of Grandes Chroniques de France (Chronique de Charles VII). Written in French.

Defeat of the Roman army from BL Harley 4427, f. 181

Defeat of the Roman army from BL Harley 4427, f. 181

Half-page miniature of the Roman army defeated at the Forche Caudine, with a decorated initial 'A'. Image taken from f. 181 of 'Ab urbe condita', the first decade only. Written in French.

Battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 278v

Battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 278...

Miniature of a battle of the Hungarian and Turkish army, with a partial border and an illuminated initial 'M'(emoire). Image taken from f. 278v of Grandes Chroniques de France (Chronique de Charles VII). Writte... More

French army at Château Landon from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 108v

French army at Château Landon from BL Royal 20 C IX, f. 108v

Miniature of the French army at the walls of Château Landon with the banners of Bernard d'Armagniac, count of la Marche (with a device of a boar) and of Arthur, count of Richemont and constable of France (ermin... More

David's army from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 56

David's army from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 56

Detail of a lower register miniature of a battle of David's army with the Philistines. Image taken from f. 56 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Crusading army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 317v

Crusading army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 317v

Detail of a miniature of the division of a crusading army while crossing a mountain. Image taken from f. 317v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis. Written in French.

French army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 377

French army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 377

Detail of a miniature of the French army on the march. Image taken from f. 377 of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis. Written in French.

Flight of Imperial army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 381v

Flight of Imperial army from BL Royal 16 G VI, f. 381v

Miniature of the flight of the imperial army. Image taken from f. 381v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis. Written in French.

Alexander's army from BL Royal 19 D I, ff. 9v-10

Alexander's army from BL Royal 19 D I, ff. 9v-10

Miniature of Alexander's army on the march; miniature of Alexander's army at sea. Image taken from ff. 9v-10 of Historia de proeliis, translated in French as La vraie ystoire dou bon roi Alixandre, and other ro... More

Khan's army from BL Royal 19 D I, f. 108v

Khan's army from BL Royal 19 D I, f. 108v

Miniature of the Khan's amry invading Manzi. Image taken from f. 108v of Historia de proeliis, translated in French as La vraie ystoire dou bon roi Alixandre, and other romances. Written in French.

Diex d'Amours giving commands to his army from BL Royal 20 A XVII, f. 88

Diex d'Amours giving commands to his army from BL Royal 20 A XVII, f. ...

Detail of miniature of Diex d'Amours giving commands to his army. Image taken from f. 88 of Roman de la Rose (ff. 2-175v), la Bataille d'Annezin (a burlesque chanson in 50 alexandrines), beginning 'A l'entrée d... More

English army from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 102

English army from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 102

Detail of an unfinished miniature of the English army attacking a town, at the beginning of chapter 38 of 'Philip of Valois' book. Image taken from f. 102 of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 13... More

French army besieging Aiguilon from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 100v

French army besieging Aiguilon from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 100v

Unfinished miniature of the French army besieging Aiguilon. Image taken from f. 100v of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380). Written in French.

The English army from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 186

The English army from BL Royal 20 C VII, f. 186

Detail of a miniature of the English army. Image taken from f. 186 of Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380). Written in French.

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Detail of a miniature of the Trojan army inspecting the empty Greek ships as Telamon's army enters the undefended city of Troy, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125 of Various works (also known as 'The ... More

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Trojan army from BL Harley 4431, f. 125

Miniature of the Trojan army inspecting the empty Greek ships as Telamon's army enters the undefended city of Troy, in 'L'Épître Othéa'. Image taken from f. 125 of Various works (also known as 'The Book of the ... More

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 19v

Alexander and his army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 19v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander and his army leaving Macedon, with the temple of Apollo on the right. Image taken from f. 19v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du ... More

Alexander's army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 36v

Alexander's army from BL Royal 20 B XX, f. 36v

Detail of a miniature of Alexander's army before Darius' city. Image taken from f. 36v of Historia de proelis in a French translation (Le Livre et le vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre)(index Alexandre). Writt... More

Alexander addressing his army from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 11

Alexander addressing his army from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of Alexander addressing his army. Image taken from f. 11 of Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'). Written in French.

Alexander addressing his army from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 11

Alexander addressing his army from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 11

Miniature of Alexander addressing his army. Image taken from f. 11 of Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'). Written in French.

Army of Alexander from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 9

Army of Alexander from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of the army of Alexander marching. Image taken from f. 9 of Poems and Romances (the 'Talbot Shrewsbury book'). Written in French.

Army of Alexander from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 9

Army of Alexander from BL Royal 15 E VI, f. 9

Miniature of the army of Alexander marching, with a foliate initial 'A'(u nouveau), and a miniature of Alexander and his army at sea, with a foliate initial 'Q'(uant). Image taken from f. 9 of Poems and Romance... More

Cod. 11093, fol. 5r: Fecht - und Ringbuch

Cod. 11093, fol. 5r: Fecht - und Ringbuch

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