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Abraham (originally Abram) is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Judaism, he is the founding father of the covenant of the pieces, the special relationship between the Hebrews and God; in Christianity, he is the spiritual progenitor of all believers, Jewish or Gentile; and in Islam he is seen as a link in the chain of prophets that begins with Adam and culminates in Muhammad.

The narrative in the Book of Genesis revolves around the themes of posterity and land. Abraham is called by God to leave the house of his father Terah and settle in the land originally given to Canaan but which God now promises to Abraham and his progeny. Various candidates are put forward who might inherit the land after Abraham; and, while promises are made to Ishmael about founding a great nation, Isaac, Abraham's son by his half-sister Sarah, inherits God's promises to Abraham. Abraham purchases a tomb (the Cave of the Patriarchs) at Hebron to be Sarah's grave, thus establishing his right to the land; and, in the second generation, his heir Isaac is married to a woman from his own kin, thus ruling the Canaanites out of any inheritance. Abraham later marries Keturah and has six more sons; but, on his death, when he is buried beside Sarah, it is Isaac who receives "all Abraham's goods", while the other sons receive only "gifts" (Genesis 25:5–8).

The Abraham story cannot be definitively related to any specific time, and it is widely agreed that the patriarchal age, along with The Exodus and the period of the judges, is a late literary construct that does not relate to any period in actual history. A common hypothesis among scholars is that it was composed in the early Persian period (late 6th century BCE) as a result of tensions between Jewish landowners who had stayed in Judah during the Babylonian captivity and traced their right to the land through their "father Abraham", and the returning exiles who based their counterclaim on Moses and The Exodus tradition.

Abraham Media

48,735 media by topicpage 1 of 488
Abraham and Melchisedek from BL Eg 856, f. 16v

Abraham and Melchisedek from BL Eg 856, f. 16v

Miniature of Abraham and Melchisedek. Image taken from f. 16v of Bible History. Written in German.

Abraham's servants from BL Or 2737, f. 92v

Abraham's servants from BL Or 2737, f. 92v

Full-page miniature of Abraham’s two servants and the ass waiting (Gen. 22:5). Image taken from f. 92v of Haggadah for Passover (the 'Hispano-Moresque Haggadah'). Written in Hebrew.

Abraham in the fiery furnace from BL Add 27210, f. 3

Abraham in the fiery furnace from BL Add 27210, f. 3

Nimrod ordering his servants to cast Abraham into the fiery furnace, while Abraham is saved by two angels, detail of a miniature depicting scenes from Genesis. Image taken from f. 3 of Haggadah for Passover (th... More

Abraham and Isaac from BL Or 2737, f. 93

Abraham and Isaac from BL Or 2737, f. 93

Full-page miniature of Abraham and Isaac at Mount Moriah (Gen. 22:4). Image taken from f. 93 of Haggadah for Passover (the 'Hispano-Moresque Haggadah'). Written in Hebrew.

Marriage of Abraham from BL Royal 16 G VII, f. 20v

Marriage of Abraham from BL Royal 16 G VII, f. 20v

Detail of a miniature of the marriage of Abraham. Image taken from f. 20v of Les anciennes hystoires rommaines (A compilation of ancient history in two parts, each preceded by a table of contents: Part 1, l'His... More

Abraham and Isaac from BL Or 2737, f. 93

Abraham and Isaac from BL Or 2737, f. 93

Detail of a full-page miniature of Abraham and Isaac at Mount Moriah (Gen. 22:4). Image taken from f. 93 of Haggadah for Passover (the 'Hispano-Moresque Haggadah'). Written in Hebrew.

Hospitality of Abraham from BL Add 27210, f. 3

Hospitality of Abraham from BL Add 27210, f. 3

The hospitality of Abraham: Abraham hosting the three angels, with Sarah peeping out of the house, detail of a miniature depicting scenes from Genesis. Image taken from f. 3 of Haggadah for Passover (the 'Golde... More

Abraham and Lot from BL Harley 2838, f. 34

Abraham and Lot from BL Harley 2838, f. 34

Miniatures of Abraham being rescued by an angel, and Lot and his daughters fleeing Sodom. Image taken from f. 34 of Speculum humanae salvationis. Written in Latin.

Abraham and the three angels from BL Add 74233B

Abraham and the three angels from BL Add 74233B

Historiated and foliate initial 'B' with, in the lower section, Abraham kneeling in prayer, and in the upper section, three angels. Image taken from Cutting from an Antiphoner (index antiphonal, antiphonary). W... More

Abraham and Nimrod from BL Add 14761, f. 36v

Abraham and Nimrod from BL Add 14761, f. 36v

Detail of a page: historiated initial-word panel with gold letters: ~Mi-thilah~ at the beginning of the passage, 'In the beginning our fathers were idolators'. Around the initial-word panel, two midrashic scene... More

Abraham from BL Harley 2838, f. 34

Abraham from BL Harley 2838, f. 34

Detail of a miniature of Miniatures of Abraham being rescued by an angel. Image taken from f. 34 of Speculum humanae salvationis. Written in Latin.

Abraham and Isaac from BL YT 13, f. 25v

Abraham and Isaac from BL YT 13, f. 25v

Bas-de-page scene of Abraham with a raised sword, about to sacrifice Isaac, who is kneeling on an altar. With illuminated initials in gold and colours and a full bar border. Image taken from f. 25v of Book of H... More

Abraham from BL Royal 20 B IV, f. 151

Abraham from BL Royal 20 B IV, f. 151

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and family kneeling in praise of Christ. Image taken from f. 151 of Meditationes vitae Christi (Le Livre doré des meditations de la vie de nostre seigneur Jesu Christ). Written in French.

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 14 B IX, fourth picture

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 14 B IX, fourth picture

Detail of roundel drawing of the Sacrifice of Abraham. Image taken from fourth picture of Compendium Historiae in Genealogia Christi. Written in Latin.

Scenes from the life of Abraham from BL Add 14761, ff. 36v-37

Scenes from the life of Abraham from BL Add 14761, ff. 36v-37

Folio 36v: historiated initial-word panel with gold letters: ~Mi-thilah~ at the beginning of the passage, 'In the beginning our fathers were idolators'. Around the initial-word panel, two midrashic scenes: on t... More

God blessing Abraham from BL Royal 19 C I, f. 96

God blessing Abraham from BL Royal 19 C I, f. 96

Miniature of God blessing Abraham's posterity. Image taken from f. 96 of Breviari d'Amor. Written in French (Occitan) (Provencal).

Scenes from the life of Abraham from BL Add 11639, f. 118v

Scenes from the life of Abraham from BL Add 11639, f. 118v

Full-page miniature of scenes from Genesis 18. Upper register: the angel of God and Abraham talking about the whereabouts of Sarah who is standing in the house. Caption: 'This is Sarah who is in the tent and th... More

Abraham from BL Arundel 318, f. 123v

Abraham from BL Arundel 318, f. 123v

Miniature of Abraham holding a soul, with a praying soul and angel and devil below. Image taken from f. 123v of Book of Hours, Use of Sarum. Written in Latin.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Miniature of the marriage of Abraham and Sarah, in the upper register; and of God giving Abraham three cities in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Lati... More

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Sarah praying to God, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Miniature of Abraham and Isaac carrying wood, in the upper register; and of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, ... More

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of Abraham with his flock, speaking to an angel, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Miniature of Abraham and Sarah praying to God, in the upper register; and of Abraham sacrificing a ram to God, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Lati... More

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Miniature of Abraham and three angels in the upper register; and of Abraham with his flock speaking to an angel, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in L... More

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register, and renaming him from Abram; miniature of Abraham and Sarah, after she has been told that she is with child, in the lower register. Image taken from ... More

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register, and renaming him from Abram. Image taken from f. 10v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Miniature of Thare giving idols to Abraham. Image taken from f. 7v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of Abraham breaking idols, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 8 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and three angels, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Detail of a miniature of Thare giving idols to Abraham. Image taken from f. 7v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Hagar from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham and Hagar from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Hagar, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register; and of Abraham and Hagar, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of Abraham sacrificing a ram to God, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of God giving Abraham three cities, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of the marriage of Abraham and Sarah, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Sarah, after she has been told that she is with child, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 10v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French im... More

Abraham and Thare from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Abraham and Thare from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Miniature of Abraham breaking idols, in the upper register; and of Thare making idols, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Detail of a miniature of the dying Abraham sending his steward to find a wife for Isaac, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 12 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Miniature of the dying Abraham sending his steward to find a wife for Isaac, in the upper register; and of Abraham's steward finding Rebecca for Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 12 of Psalter (... More

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Detail of a miniature of Isaac carrying wood and following Abraham, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 17

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 17

Detail of a miniature of God calling Abraham. Image taken from f. 17 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Abraham defeating the kings from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17

Abraham defeating the kings from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17

Detail of a miniature of Abraham defeating the kings. Image taken from f. 17 of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Image taken from f. 17v of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Miniature of Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Image taken from f. 17v of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

God calling Abraham from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 16

God calling Abraham from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 16

Detail of a miniature of God calling Abraham. Image taken from f. 16 of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Circumcision of Abraham from BL Royal 6 E VI, f. 3

Circumcision of Abraham from BL Royal 6 E VI, f. 3

Detail of a miniature of the Circumcision of Abraham. Image taken from f. 3 of Omne Bonum (Absolucio-Circumcisio). Written in Latin.

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Detail of miniature of Abraham receiving the three heavenly visitors, in the upper register, left side. Image taken from f. 11 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Written in French.

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Detail of a miniature in the upper register, right side, of the three heavenly visitors dining with Abraham. Image taken from f. 11 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Written in French.

God appearing to Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 6v

God appearing to Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 6v

Miniature of the marriage of Nahor and Milcah and of Abraham and Sarah; Terah, Abraham, Sarah, and Lot journey to Harran; God appears to Abraham at Shechem; and Abraham and Sarah journey towards Egypt. Image ta... More

Abraham and Lot from BL Eg 1894, f. 8

Abraham and Lot from BL Eg 1894, f. 8

Miniature of the parting of Abraham and Lot; God promising the land to Abraham and his descendants; and Abraham and Sarah build the altar at Hebron. Image taken from f. 8 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Writte... More

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 23

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 23

Miniature of the Sacrifice of Abraham, with a partial border, and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant), in Genesis. Image taken from f. 23 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early ver... More

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Abraham receiving the three angels. Image taken from f. 20 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early version) (Grand Bible historiale complétée à prol... More

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Abraham receiving the three angels. Image taken from f. 20 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early version) (Grand Bible historiale complétée à prol... More

Abraham's servants from BL Add 14759, f. 1v

Abraham's servants from BL Add 14759, f. 1v

Detail of a drawing of the Sacrifice of Isaac with Abraham's two servants, the donkey and a dog resting in a field. Image taken from f. 1v of Commentary on the Pentateuch. Written in Hebrew.

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 18 D IX, f. 56

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 18 D IX, f. 56

Miniature of the Sacrifice of Abraham, with a partial border, at the beginning of chapter 38 of book 1 (Genesis). Image taken from f. 56 of La Bible Historiale, Part 1 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

[The angel of the Lord preventing Abraham from sacrificing Isaac on the Rock Moriah]

[The angel of the Lord preventing Abraham from sacrificing Isaac on th...

Illus. in: Spiegel der Menschlicher Behaltnus, 1495. Reference copy may be in LOT 4444. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Sacrifice of Abraham, bronze

Sacrifice of Abraham, bronze

After a composition by Annibale Fontana (Italian, 1540–1587)

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