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Abraham (originally Abram) is the common patriarch of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Judaism, he is the founding father of the covenant of the pieces, the special relationship between the Hebrews and God; in Christianity, he is the spiritual progenitor of all believers, Jewish or Gentile; and in Islam he is seen as a link in the chain of prophets that begins with Adam and culminates in Muhammad.

The narrative in the Book of Genesis revolves around the themes of posterity and land. Abraham is called by God to leave the house of his father Terah and settle in the land originally given to Canaan but which God now promises to Abraham and his progeny. Various candidates are put forward who might inherit the land after Abraham; and, while promises are made to Ishmael about founding a great nation, Isaac, Abraham's son by his half-sister Sarah, inherits God's promises to Abraham. Abraham purchases a tomb (the Cave of the Patriarchs) at Hebron to be Sarah's grave, thus establishing his right to the land; and, in the second generation, his heir Isaac is married to a woman from his own kin, thus ruling the Canaanites out of any inheritance. Abraham later marries Keturah and has six more sons; but, on his death, when he is buried beside Sarah, it is Isaac who receives "all Abraham's goods", while the other sons receive only "gifts" (Genesis 25:5–8).

The Abraham story cannot be definitively related to any specific time, and it is widely agreed that the patriarchal age, along with The Exodus and the period of the judges, is a late literary construct that does not relate to any period in actual history. A common hypothesis among scholars is that it was composed in the early Persian period (late 6th century BCE) as a result of tensions between Jewish landowners who had stayed in Judah during the Babylonian captivity and traced their right to the land through their "father Abraham", and the returning exiles who based their counterclaim on Moses and The Exodus tradition.

Abraham Media

50,373 media by topicpage 1 of 504
Abraham from BL Royal 20 B IV, f. 151

Abraham from BL Royal 20 B IV, f. 151

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and family kneeling in praise of Christ. Image taken from f. 151 of Meditationes vitae Christi (Le Livre doré des meditations de la vie de nostre seigneur Jesu Christ). Written in French.

God blessing Abraham from BL Royal 19 C I, f. 96

God blessing Abraham from BL Royal 19 C I, f. 96

Miniature of God blessing Abraham's posterity. Image taken from f. 96 of Breviari d'Amor. Written in French (Occitan) (Provencal).

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Sarah praying to God, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Miniature of the marriage of Abraham and Sarah, in the upper register; and of God giving Abraham three cities in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Lati... more

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Miniature of Abraham and three angels in the upper register; and of Abraham with his flock speaking to an angel, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in L... more

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Miniature of Abraham and Isaac carrying wood, in the upper register; and of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, ... more

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Miniature of Thare giving idols to Abraham. Image taken from f. 7v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register, and renaming him from Abram. Image taken from f. 10v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Miniature of Abraham and Sarah praying to God, in the upper register; and of Abraham sacrificing a ram to God, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Lati... more

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register, and renaming him from Abram; miniature of Abraham and Sarah, after she has been told that she is with child, in the lower register. Image taken from ... more

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of Abraham with his flock, speaking to an angel, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Detail of a miniature of Abraham breaking idols, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 8 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and three angels, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 11 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Hagar from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham and Hagar from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Hagar, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Thare and Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 7v

Detail of a miniature of Thare giving idols to Abraham. Image taken from f. 7v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register; and of Abraham and Hagar, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9v

Detail of a miniature of God speaking to Abraham, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 9v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of God giving Abraham three cities, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 9

Detail of a miniature of Abraham sacrificing a ram to God, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 9 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8v

Detail of a miniature of the marriage of Abraham and Sarah, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 8v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 11v

Detail of a miniature of Isaac carrying wood and following Abraham, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 11v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Abraham and Sarah from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 10v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham and Sarah, after she has been told that she is with child, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 10v of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French im... more

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Detail of a miniature of the dying Abraham sending his steward to find a wife for Isaac, in the upper register. Image taken from f. 12 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Abraham from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 12

Miniature of the dying Abraham sending his steward to find a wife for Isaac, in the upper register; and of Abraham's steward finding Rebecca for Isaac, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 12 of Psalter (... more

Abraham and Thare from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Abraham and Thare from BL Royal 2 B VII, f. 8

Miniature of Abraham breaking idols, in the upper register; and of Thare making idols, in the lower register. Image taken from f. 8 of Psalter ('The Queen Mary Psalter'). Written in Latin, with French image captions.

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 17

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D II, f. 17

Detail of a miniature of God calling Abraham. Image taken from f. 17 of Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good'). Written in French.

Abraham defeating the kings from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17

Abraham defeating the kings from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17

Detail of a miniature of Abraham defeating the kings. Image taken from f. 17 of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Detail of a miniature of Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Image taken from f. 17v of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Abraham and Isaac from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 17v

Miniature of Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Image taken from f. 17v of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

God calling Abraham from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 16

God calling Abraham from BL Royal 17 E VII, f. 16

Detail of a miniature of God calling Abraham. Image taken from f. 16 of La Bible historiale complétée (Genesis - Psalms). Written in French.

Circumcision of Abraham from BL Royal 6 E VI, f. 3

Circumcision of Abraham from BL Royal 6 E VI, f. 3

Detail of a miniature of the Circumcision of Abraham. Image taken from f. 3 of Omne Bonum (Absolucio-Circumcisio). Written in Latin.

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Detail of a miniature in the upper register, right side, of the three heavenly visitors dining with Abraham. Image taken from f. 11 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Written in French.

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 11

Detail of miniature of Abraham receiving the three heavenly visitors, in the upper register, left side. Image taken from f. 11 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Written in French.

God appearing to Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 6v

God appearing to Abraham from BL Eg 1894, f. 6v

Miniature of the marriage of Nahor and Milcah and of Abraham and Sarah; Terah, Abraham, Sarah, and Lot journey to Harran; God appears to Abraham at Shechem; and Abraham and Sarah journey towards Egypt. Image ta... more

Abraham and Lot from BL Eg 1894, f. 8

Abraham and Lot from BL Eg 1894, f. 8

Miniature of the parting of Abraham and Lot; God promising the land to Abraham and his descendants; and Abraham and Sarah build the altar at Hebron. Image taken from f. 8 of Egerton Genesis Picture Book. Writte... more

Abraham
Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 23

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 23

Miniature of the Sacrifice of Abraham, with a partial border, and a foliate initial 'Q'(uant), in Genesis. Image taken from f. 23 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early ver... more

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Abraham receiving the three angels. Image taken from f. 20 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early version) (Grand Bible historiale complétée à prol... more

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Abraham from BL Royal 19 D III, f. 20

Detail of a miniature of Abraham receiving the three angels. Image taken from f. 20 of Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early version) (Grand Bible historiale complétée à prol... more

Abraham's servants from BL Add 14759, f. 1v

Abraham's servants from BL Add 14759, f. 1v

Detail of a drawing of the Sacrifice of Isaac with Abraham's two servants, the donkey and a dog resting in a field. Image taken from f. 1v of Commentary on the Pentateuch. Written in Hebrew.

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 18 D IX, f. 56

Sacrifice of Abraham from BL Royal 18 D IX, f. 56

Miniature of the Sacrifice of Abraham, with a partial border, at the beginning of chapter 38 of book 1 (Genesis). Image taken from f. 56 of La Bible Historiale, Part 1 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV). Written in French.

[The angel of the Lord preventing Abraham from sacrificing Isaac on the Rock Moriah]

[The angel of the Lord preventing Abraham from sacrificing Isaac on th...

Illus. in: Spiegel der Menschlicher Behaltnus, 1495. Reference copy may be in LOT 4444. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Sacrifice of Abraham

Sacrifice of Abraham

After a composition by Annibale Fontana (Italian, 1540–1587)

Abraham Sending Away Hagar

Abraham Sending Away Hagar

Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden)

Abraham Sending Away Hagar

Abraham Sending Away Hagar

Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden)

Abraham Going to Sacrifice Isaac

Abraham Going to Sacrifice Isaac

Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish, Leiden ca. 1494–1533 Leiden)

The sacrifice of Abraham

The sacrifice of Abraham

Print shows Abraham raising a sword against his son, Isaac. Anonymous artist fter Francesco Mazzuoli who was called Il Parmigianino. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photograp... more

Ruit met het verbond tussen God en Abraham, de Verschijning van God aan Abraham en de Besnijdenis van Izaak

Ruit met het verbond tussen God en Abraham, de Verschijning van God aa...

Ruit met het verbond tussen God en Abraham, de Verschijning van God aan Abraham en de Besnijdenis van Izaak

Abraham Sacrificing Isaac

Abraham Sacrificing Isaac

Jean Mignon (French, active 1535–ca. 1555)

Sarah presenting Hagar to Abraham, who sits at the foot of a bed, from the series 'The Story of Abraham'

Sarah presenting Hagar to Abraham, who sits at the foot of a bed, from...

Georg Pencz (German, Wroclaw ca. 1500–1550 Leipzig)

The Angel Staying the Arm of Abraham

The Angel Staying the Arm of Abraham

Battista Franco (Italian, Venice ca. 1510–1561 Venice)

The Angel Staying the Arm of Abraham

The Angel Staying the Arm of Abraham

Battista Franco (Italian, Venice ca. 1510–1561 Venice)

Ortelius, Abraham

Ortelius, Abraham

Stecher: Galle, Philips Datierung: 1572 / vermutlich 1595