The World's Largest Public Domain Media Search Engine

The 17th century was the century that lasted from January 1, 1601, to December 31, 1700. The term is often used to refer to the 1600s, the century between January 1, 1600, and December 31, 1699. It falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and in that continent (whose impact on the world was increasing) was characterized by the Baroque cultural movement, the latter part of the Spanish Golden Age, the Dutch Golden Age, the French Grand Siècle dominated by Louis XIV, the Scientific Revolution, the world's first public company and megacorporation known as the Dutch East India Company, and according to some historians, the General Crisis. The greatest military conflicts were the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, Mughal–Safavid Wars (Mughal–Safavid War (1622–23), Mughal–Safavid War (1649–53)), Mughal–Maratha Wars, and the Dutch–Portuguese War. It was during this period also that European colonization of the Americas began in earnest, including the exploitation of the silver deposits, which resulted in bouts of inflation as wealth was drawn into Europe.

In the Islamic world, the gunpowder empires – the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal – grew in strength. Especially in the Indian subcontinent, Mughal architecture, culture and art reached its zenith, while the empire itself, during the sharia reign of Emperor Aurangzeb, is believed to have had the world's largest economy, bigger than the entirety of Western Europe and worth 25% of global GDP, and its wealthiest province, the Bengal Subah signaled the period of proto-industrialization.

In Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Tokugawa shogunate at the beginning of the century, beginning the Edo period; the isolationist Sakoku policy began in the 1630s and lasted until the 19th century. In China, the collapsing Ming dynasty was challenged by a series of conquests led by the Manchu warlord Nurhaci, which were consolidated by his son Hong Taiji and finally consummated by his grandson, the Shunzi Emperor, founder of the Qing dynasty.

From the middle decades of the 17th century, European politics were increasingly dominated by the Kingdom of France of Louis XIV, where royal power was solidified domestically in the civil war of the Fronde. The semi-feudal territorial French nobility was weakened and subjugated to the power of an absolute monarchy through the reinvention of the Palace of Versailles from a hunting lodge to a gilded prison, in which a greatly expanded royal court could be more easily kept under surveillance. With domestic peace assured, Louis XIV caused the borders of France to be expanded. It was during this century that English monarch became a symbolic figurehead and Parliament was the dominant force in government – a contrast to most of Europe, in particular France.

By the end of the century, Europeans were aware of logarithms, electricity, the telescope and microscope, calculus, universal gravitation, Newton's Laws of Motion, air pressure and calculating machines due to the work of the first scientists of the Scientific Revolution, including Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, René Descartes, Pierre Fermat, Blaise Pascal, Robert Boyle, Christiaan Huygens, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke, Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. It was also a period of development of culture in general (especially theater, music, visual arts and philosophy).

17th century Media

70,616 media by topicpage 1 of 707
Plate, 17th century, India
石灰岩奇石|Scholar's Rock
Ring, 17th century, Iran

Ring, 17th century, Iran

Attributed to Iran

Jacoba jug

Jacoba jug

These sorts of jugs were called ‘Jacoba jugs’ because as early as the 17th century they were found in the moat of the hunting lodge of Teylingen, where the 15th-century Countess of Holland, Jacoba van Beieren, ... More

Pectoral cross

Pectoral cross

This small precious cross probably belonged to a German priest. Later, in the 17th century, it became the property of an Amsterdam mayor, Gerard Schaep. On the basis of the name ‘Bernd Schaph’ inscribed on it, ... More

Medal:  Federigo da Montefeltro, bronze
To Sinai by car. The Mitla pass looking east from the plain

To Sinai by car. The Mitla pass looking east from the plain

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from Darb El Hagg (Mitla Pass) in the vicinity of Wadi El Hagg, looking east and showing the plate... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin woman with all her finery

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin woman with all...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Bedouin. On negative sleeve: 06623, Matson call # 862. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph shows a winter Bedouin encam... More

Design for a sepulchral monument with two figures

Design for a sepulchral monument with two figures

Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Sheperd with his Flock and a Dog
Sinai. Wilderness of Sin. Exodus 16:1

Sinai. Wilderness of Sin. Exodus 16:1

Title from: Matson color slides and filmstrips of Bible Lands ... , the Matson Photo Service. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of the coastal or inland plains(?), possibly ... More

Andrea Schiavone - Judith, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

Andrea Schiavone - Judith, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

Mariette Album, leaf 9, top row center Anonymous, Italian, 16th to early 17th century

Ceremonial Textile (Pua Kumbu), arts of africa oceania and the americas
Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Title from negative sleeve. On guide card: Sinai, see p. 437-462. Photograph taken from an oasis on a key caravan... More

Saint Michael Expelling the Fallen Angels, anonymous Roman-Bolognese
Spalatin, Georg

Spalatin, Georg

Verleger: Croeker, Heinrich Christoph Stecher: Göbel, Johann Georg Verlagsort: Jena

Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Title from negative sleeve. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of the coastal or inland plains(?), possibly El Raha Plain (Ahtha) the north most coastal plain or El Hbeg Plai... More

Two Studies for a Grotesque Head

Two Studies for a Grotesque Head

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Poems by Famous Literati in Nanjing, Ming dynasty

Poems by Famous Literati in Nanjing, Ming dynasty

Liu Xiang (Chinese, active mid-17th century) Ming dynasty (1368–1644)

Design for a reliquary

Design for a reliquary

Attributed to Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Melanchthon, Philipp
Project for a Fountain

Project for a Fountain

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Woman's Ceremonial Skirt (Tapis), arts of africa oceania and the americas
Sinai Egypt, Extinct City, Jordan

Sinai Egypt, Extinct City, Jordan

Title from negative sleeve. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of the coastal or inland plains(?), possibly El Raha Plain (Ahtha) the north most coastal plain or El Hbeg Plai... More

Design for a Leonine Grotesque Head

Design for a Leonine Grotesque Head

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Enclosure where the dates are dried

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Enclosure where the da...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Enclosure where dates are dried (crossed out). On negative: 1523 (crossed out). Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph tak... More

St. Bartholomew, Anonymous, Italian Print

St. Bartholomew, Anonymous, Italian Print

In Mariette Album, folio 87 bottom third Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Sinai, 16th century Egypt

Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Title from negative sleeve. On guide card: Sinai, see p. 437-462. Photograph taken from an oasis on a key caravan... More

Parmigianino - The Lovers, Anonymous, Italian Print

Parmigianino - The Lovers, Anonymous, Italian Print

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Design for a tomb

Design for a tomb

Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Parmigianino - St. James Major, Anonymous, 15th century

Parmigianino - St. James Major, Anonymous, 15th century

In Mariette Album, folio 3, bottom right Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Nekhel. Ancient pilgrim fortress showing main entrance and corner tower

Nekhel. Ancient pilgrim fortress showing main entrance and corner towe...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the southeastern side of Nakhl fortress, looking north and showing southern corner of the mai... More

Chinese Vase, bronze, China, Qing Dynasty

Chinese Vase, bronze, China, Qing Dynasty

Attributed to Shisou (Chinese, active first half the 17th century) Qing dynasty (1644–1911)

Flight to Ma'an el-Hadj, Petra, Wadi Rum and Akaba. Gulf of Akaba. Western shore known as Jarvis Bay. Showing winter house of Jarvis Pasha, governor of Sinai

Flight to Ma'an el-Hadj, Petra, Wadi Rum and Akaba. Gulf of Akaba. Wes...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Aerial photograph taken over the outlet of Wadi Taba (alluvial plain) into the Gulf of Aqaba, looking northwest and showing the west coast of ... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin camp

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin camp

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the perimeter of the High Mountains of Sinai Peninsula(?), looking southwards and showing a w... More

To Sinai by car. Car stuck in the midst of a sand dune. Sand drifts across the road

To Sinai by car. Car stuck in the midst of a sand dune. Sand drifts ac...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the sand dunes to the north of Gebel Murr, on Darb El Hagg between Suez Canal to the west and... More

Ecce Homo, 15th century
Parmigianino - Annunciation, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

Parmigianino - Annunciation, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

In Mariette Album, folio 3, middle fourth Anonymous, Italian, 16th to early 17th century

Sinai. Wilderness of Shur. Exodus 15:22

Sinai. Wilderness of Shur. Exodus 15:22

Title from: Matson color slides and filmstrips of Bible Lands ... , the Matson Photo Service. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of the coastal or inland plains(?), possibly ... More

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite: Wâdi Ṭâba. 1914.

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite: Wâdi Ṭâba. 1914.

Plate 86 in portfolio: Bilder aus Palästina. Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. Berlin : Dietrich Riemer, 1916. Letterpress caption in German. Title from item. Translated title by Library staff. Photograph taken from... More

Bramante's Plan for St. Peter's

Bramante's Plan for St. Peter's

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Allegory of Justice with Two Putti (after Lorenzo Sabatini's Fresco in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence)
Boy & camel, Mt. Sinai box

Boy & camel, Mt. Sinai box

Title from negative sleeve. Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Guide card: Sinai. Photograph taken from a low elevated valley at the perimeter of no... More

Pieta, 16th century

Pieta, 16th century

Anonymous, German, 17th century (?)

The Servants of Absalom killing Amnon (2 Samuel 13, 28-29); verso: Sketch of a seated woman

The Servants of Absalom killing Amnon (2 Samuel 13, 28-29); verso: Ske...

Karel van Mander I (Netherlandish, Meulebeke 1548–1606 Amsterdam)

Hendrik Frans Verbruggen - Design for an altar

Hendrik Frans Verbruggen - Design for an altar

Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen (Flemish, Antwerp 1654–1724 Antwerp)

Design for a Corner of a Ceiling

Design for a Corner of a Ceiling

Anonymous, French, 17th century

Flight to Ma'an el-Hadj, Petra, Wadi Rum and Akaba. El Nekhl. In center of Sinai Peninsula. Formerly an important station for Mecca pilgrim

Flight to Ma'an el-Hadj, Petra, Wadi Rum and Akaba. El Nekhl. In cente...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Aerial photograph taken over Nakhl on Darb El Hagg, looking northwest and showing the desert town of Nakhl in Central Sinai in the centre (the ... More

Nekhel. Village in center of Sinai peninsula on ancient Haj route

Nekhel. Village in center of Sinai peninsula on ancient Haj route

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the southern side of Nakhl fortress, looking north and showing the minaret of the mosque and ... More

A new and finer crown for California / CH [monogram].

A new and finer crown for California / CH [monogram].

Illustration shows a female figure holding out a crown labeled "The New Frisco", fashioned after a city skyline; a bear sits on the ground next to her and, in the background, are 16th or 17th century sailing sh... More

Grotesque Head with Curly Beard

Grotesque Head with Curly Beard

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Sinai, Bedouin woman & child

Sinai, Bedouin woman & child

Title from negative sleeve. Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Guide card: Sinai. Photograph shows a Bedouin woman sitting with her child as part of... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Caring for sick camel

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Caring for sick camel

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Caring for a sick camel (crossed out). On negative: 1526 (crossed out). Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken in Wa... More

Design for a (Temporary?) Structure consisting of Two Angels carring the Medici Coat of Arms crowned by the Figure of Christ
Plan of a Hotel and Garden
Reliek-ostensorium

Reliek-ostensorium

De voet heeft geen platte rand, zoals de hier besproken monstransen hebben. Het bovendeel bestaat uit een kast met glas aan voor- en achterkant. De voorkant is aan een scharnier bevestigd en kan geopend worden.... More

Sketches of Friezes and Groups of Figures in Three Tiers, Some Antique, Some 16th and 17th Century Genre (from Sketchbook)
Design for a monument; verso: Architectural sketches

Design for a monument; verso: Architectural sketches

Pieter Verbruggen the Younger (Flemish, Antwerp 1648–1691 Antwerp)

Chain of the Amsterdam Company of Arquebusiers

Chain of the Amsterdam Company of Arquebusiers

Some of the links in this chain are decorated with claws, a symbol of the Amsterdam Company of Arquebusiers. The winner of their shooting contest – the ‘king’ of the guild – was allowed to wear the chain for a ... More

In the Sinai, 16th century

In the Sinai, 16th century

Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Title from negative sleeve. The landscape and the sequence of the photographs suggest somewhere on Darb El Hagg t... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. El-Kaa, the Wilderness of Sin

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. El-Kaa, the Wilderness...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of the coastal or inland plains(?), possibly El Raha Plain (Ahtha) the n... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. In the footsteps of father; Bedouin boy with camel

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. In the footsteps of fa...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: In the Fo[otsteps] of his father, Bedouin boy with camel. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from a low elevated... More

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite, Insel Grêje oder Ǧezīret Farʻûn mit mittelalterlichem Kastell. 1914.

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite, Insel Grêje oder Ǧezīret Farʻûn mit mittelalt...

Plate 87 in portfolio: Bilder aus Palästina. Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. Berlin : Dietrich Riemer, 1916. Letterpress caption in German. Title from item. Translated title by Library staff. Photograph taken fro... More

Titelpaginavoor Chronica Carionis van P. Melanchthon
Spalatin, Georg

Spalatin, Georg

Verleger: Hoffmann, Johann Stecher: Franck, Johann Verlagsort: Nürnberg

Sinai, Bedouin woman grinding flour

Sinai, Bedouin woman grinding flour

Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service. Title from negative sleeve. On guide card: Sinai, see p. 437-462. Photograph taken in the oasis of Wadi Feiran, w... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Typical scene around the campfire at night

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Typical scene around t...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken in the oasis of Wadi Feiran or Wadi EL Sheikh(?), where there is an abundant palm and Tarfaa grove... More

Nekhel. Large water reservoir. And corner tower of fortress

Nekhel. Large water reservoir. And corner tower of fortress

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the northeastern side of Nakhl fortress, looking south and showing the main water reservoir t... More

El-Kuntilla. Police station. A frontier post on Sinai boundary

El-Kuntilla. Police station. A frontier post on Sinai boundary

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken in the vicinity of the Egyptian desert frontier outpost of Taba(?), looking east and showing the c... More

Portrait of Cornelis de Vos

Portrait of Cornelis de Vos

Anonymous, Flemish, 17th century ?

Melanchthon, Philipp

Melanchthon, Philipp

Stecher: Meyer, Conrad (1618)

Saint Michael Expelling the Fallen Angels, anonymous Roman-Bolognese

Saint Michael Expelling the Fallen Angels, anonymous Roman-Bolognese

Anonymous, Italian, Roman-Bolognese, 17th century

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Dates spread out to dry

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Dates spread out to dr...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Dates spread out to dry (crossed out). On negative: 1524 (crossed out). Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken in Wa... More

Foliate Grotesque Head

Foliate Grotesque Head

Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

To Sinai via the desert. Wilderness of Shur

To Sinai via the desert. Wilderness of Shur

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Wilderness of Shur. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from Sinai's western coast on the Gulf of Suez at one of ... More

To Sinai by car. Car rushing a sand dune near Bir Hassana

To Sinai by car. Car rushing a sand dune near Bir Hassana

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the vicinity of Bir El Hassana. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018) Paleolithi... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin home in Wady Er-Raha

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin home in Wady E...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph taken from the perimeter of the High Mountains of Sinai Peninsula(?), looking northwards and showing a w... More

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Native hut made of palm branches

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Native hut made of pal...

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Caption on negative: Native hut made of palm branches. On negative: 1521 Native Hut in Wady Hebran (crossed out). Date from Matson LOT cards. P... More

The Birth of Venus, 15th century

The Birth of Venus, 15th century

In Mariette Album, folio 43, top center Etched by Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin couple

To Sinai via the Red Sea, Tor, and Wady Hebran. Bedouin couple

Title from: Catalogue of photographs & lantern slides ... [1936?]. Date from Matson LOT cards. Photograph shows a winter Bedouin encampment/tent (Arabic: Beit Sha'ar), possibly from the Gebaliya tribe who inhab... More

Design for an Altarpiece

Design for an Altarpiece

Anonymous, French, 18th century

Melanchthon, Philipp. Engraver Robert Boissard

Melanchthon, Philipp. Engraver Robert Boissard

Stecher: Bry, Theodor de Stecher: Boissard, Robert Herausgeber: Boissard, Jean-Jacques Druckort: Frankfurt (Main)

Parmigianino - Madonna of the Rose, 15th century

Parmigianino - Madonna of the Rose, 15th century

In Mariette Album, folio 58 Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite, Ehemaliger ägyptischer Posten Nuwêbiʻ. 1914.

Sinaihalbinsel Ostseite, Ehemaliger ägyptischer Posten Nuwêbiʻ. 1914.

Plate 88 in portfolio: Bilder aus Palästina. Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. Berlin : Dietrich Riemer, 1916. Letterpress caption in German. Title from item. Translated title by Library staff. Photograph taken from... More

Young Woman Holding a Plate

Young Woman Holding a Plate

In Mariette Album, folio 44, top left Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

Parmigianino - Entombment, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

Parmigianino - Entombment, Anonymous, Italian Print, 15th century

In Mariette Album, folio 5, bottom Anonymous, Italian, 16th to 17th century

European man in metal helmet firing on Indians while other Indians watch

European man in metal helmet firing on Indians while other Indians wat...

Title devised by cataloger. Photograph of a painting, possibly by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris; possibly of Spanish colonization in 16th or 17th century. No Detroit Publishing Co. no. Gift; State Historical Society ... More

Claymore, 17th century
Boleyn, Anne

Boleyn, Anne

Verleger: Chiswell, Richard Maler: Holbein, Hans (der Jüngere) Stecher: White, Robert (1645) Verlagsort: London

Boleyn, Anne

Boleyn, Anne

Radierer: Hollar, Wenzel

Vijf fragmenten van prenten, Lucas van Leyden

Vijf fragmenten van prenten, Lucas van Leyden

Vijf fragmenten van vijf verschillende prenten op één blad geplakt. Figuren zijn langs de contouren uitgeknipt. Samenstelling dateert uit de 17de eeuw.

Martha leading Mary Magdalene up a flight of stairs to Christ who is seated at right at the entrance to a temple
Onthoofding van Anna Boleyn, 1536
Toren van de Nieuwe Kerk te Delft voor de brand van 1536
Leon Davent - Calliope, Anonymous, Italian Print, 16th century
Degen, 17th century

Degen, 17th century

Degen. De smalle kling met zes vlakken, waarvan vermoedelijk slechts één derde over is, draagt, in koper geïncrusteerd, het opschrift: 'Espaedro del rei' en is gemerkt met een cirkel waarop een kruis. Gevest me... More

Leon Davent - Clio, Anonymous, Italian Print, 16th century

Leon Davent - Clio, Anonymous, Italian Print, 16th century

Anonymous, French-Italian, 17th century

Léon Davent - Melpomene, Anonymous, Italian Print, 16th century
Huwelijk tussen kroonprins Filips en Maria van Portugal, 1543
Huwelijk tussen kroonprins Filips en Maria van Portugal, 1543
Previous

of 707

Next