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Atlantis space shuttle rollout launch, transportation traffic.

Atlantis space shuttle rollout launch, transportation traffic.

Space shuttle atlantis liftoff launch.

Space shuttle atlantis liftoff launch.

Space shuttle rollout moon, transportation traffic.

Space shuttle rollout moon, transportation traffic.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, President Jimmy Carter, hand on waist, is briefed on preparations for the first space shuttle launch by center director Lee Scherer. To the left of Carter is NASA Administrator Robert Frosch. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-78PC-0475

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, President Jimmy Carter, hand on waist, is briefed on preparations for the first space shuttle launch by center director Lee Scherer. To the left of Carter is NASA Administrator Robert Frosch. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-78PC-0475

Enterprise - Rollout - Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) - KSC

Enterprise - Rollout - Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) - KSC

A dummy space shuttle orbiter was assembled and rolled out to the launch site as part of an exercise to verify that shuttle elements are compatible with the spaceport's assembly and launch facilities, and ground support equipment

A dummy space shuttle orbiter was assembled and rolled out to the launch site as part of an exercise to verify that shuttle elements are compatible with the spaceport's assembly and launch facilities, and ground support equipment

The space shuttle Columbia and its rockets move toward the launch pad aboard the portable launch platform

The space shuttle Columbia and its rockets move toward the launch pad aboard the portable launch platform

The space shuttle Columbia and its rockets move toward the launch pad aboard the portable launch platform

The space shuttle Columbia and its rockets move toward the launch pad aboard the portable launch platform

Space Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise mated to an external fuel tank and two solid rocket boosters on top of a Mobil Launcher Platform, undergoes fit and function checks at the launch site for the first Space Shuttle at Launch Complex 39's Pad A. The dummy Space Shuttle was assembled in the Vehicle Assembly Building and rolled out to the launch site on May 1 as part of an exercise to make certain shuttle elements are compatible with the Spaceport's assembly and launch facilities and ground support equipment, and help clear the way for the launch of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia. ARC-1980-AC80-0107-19

Space Shuttle Orbiter Enterprise mated to an external fuel tank and two solid rocket boosters on top of a Mobil Launcher Platform, undergoes fit and function checks at the launch site for the first Space Shuttle at Launch Complex 39's Pad A.  The dummy Space Shuttle was assembled in the Vehicle Assembly Building and rolled out to the launch site on May 1 as part of an exercise to make certain shuttle elements are compatible with the Spaceport's assembly and launch facilities and ground support equipment, and help clear the way for the launch of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia. ARC-1980-AC80-0107-19

A night view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is being prepared for its first flight

A night view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is being prepared for its first flight

A night view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

A night view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform as it arrives at Launch Pad 39 at dusk. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform as it arrives at Launch Pad 39 at dusk. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia on Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia is being moved on the mobile launcher platform from the vehicle assembly building (VAB) to Launch Pad 39 before its first flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia is being moved on the mobile launcher platform from the vehicle assembly building (VAB) to Launch Pad 39 before its first flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform as it arrives at Launch Pad 39 after leaving the vehicle assembly building (VAB). The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform as it arrives at Launch Pad 39 after leaving the vehicle assembly building (VAB). The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia, with access arms in place, at Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

The Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia, with access arms in place, at Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

AN aerial view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform (MLP) as it leaves the vehicle assembly building (VAB) and heads toward Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

AN aerial view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform (MLP) as it leaves the vehicle assembly building (VAB) and heads toward Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

AN aerial view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform (MLP) as it leaves the vehicle assembly building (VAB) and heads toward Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

AN aerial view of the Space Transportation System (STS) shuttle Columbia aboard the mobile launcher platform (MLP) as it leaves the vehicle assembly building (VAB) and heads toward Launch Pad 39. The shuttle is undergoing preparations prior to its maiden flight

Space Shuttle Columbia at Launch Site. (ref: 81-HC-5) ARC-1981-AC81-0083-2

Space Shuttle Columbia at Launch Site. (ref: 81-HC-5) ARC-1981-AC81-0083-2

Space Shuttle Columbia at Launch Site. (ref: 81-HC-1) ARC-1981-AC81-0083-1

Space Shuttle Columbia at Launch Site. (ref: 81-HC-1) ARC-1981-AC81-0083-1

KENNEDY SPACE CENER, FLA. -- A timed exposure of the Space Shuttle at Launch Pad A, Complex 39, turns the space vehicle and support facilities into a night-time fantasy of light. To the left of the Shuttle are the fixed and the rotating service structures ksc-81pc-137

KENNEDY SPACE CENER, FLA. -- A timed exposure of the Space Shuttle at Launch Pad A, Complex 39, turns the space vehicle and support facilities into a night-time fantasy of light. To the left of the Shuttle are the fixed and the rotating service structures ksc-81pc-137

The space shuttle Enterprise is moved by a mobile launcher platform toward the launch pad

The space shuttle Enterprise is moved by a mobile launcher platform toward the launch pad

The space shuttle Enterprise in the launch position. This is the first time that the complete space shuttle configuration has been assembled

The space shuttle Enterprise in the launch position. This is the first time that the complete space shuttle configuration has been assembled

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-454 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-3

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-454 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-3

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-455 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-5

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-455 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-5

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-98 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-2

Space Shuttle Columbia Launch Preparation at NASA KSC (Kennedy Space Center) Ref: 108-KSC-81PC-98 ARC-1981-AC81-0365-2

Aerial view of the rocket booster-mounted Columbia space shuttle orbiter on a launch pad

Aerial view of the rocket booster-mounted Columbia space shuttle orbiter on a launch pad

Ground level views of the Columbia rollout for the STS-5 mission

Ground level views of the Columbia rollout for the STS-5 mission

PREFLIGHT (ROLLOUT) STS-6 - KSC

PREFLIGHT (ROLLOUT) STS-6 - KSC

PREFLIGHT (ROLLOUT) STS-6 - KSC

PREFLIGHT (ROLLOUT) STS-6 - KSC

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the rotating service structure has pulled back to the prelaunch position, the shuttle Challenger sits at Launch Pad 39-A bathed in billion candlepower searchlights ready to embark on it fourth space mission STS-41B, the 10th flight of the space shuttle. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-84PC-0080

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the rotating service structure has pulled back to the prelaunch position, the shuttle Challenger sits at Launch Pad 39-A bathed in billion candlepower searchlights ready to embark on it fourth space mission STS-41B, the 10th flight of the space shuttle. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-84PC-0080

Orbiter Discovery - STS-41D rollout. KSC-84P-0174

Orbiter Discovery - STS-41D rollout. KSC-84P-0174

The space shuttle Columbia (OV-102) on the launch pad

The space shuttle Columbia (OV-102) on the launch pad

High angle view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

High angle view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Night view of shelter, gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", photographed through the shelter building. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Night view of shelter, gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", photographed through the shelter building. Exact Date Shot Unknown

High angle view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

High angle view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

The Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

The Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Close-up view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Close-up view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

A view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external fuel tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is in the background

A view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external fuel tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is in the background

A high angle, pre-sunrise overall view of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

A high angle, pre-sunrise overall view of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Night view of shelter, gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", photographed through the shelter building. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Night view of shelter, gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", photographed through the shelter building. Exact Date Shot Unknown

A high angle, pre-sunrise overall view of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

A high angle, pre-sunrise overall view of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Low angle view of gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Low angle view of gantry and Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

High angle close-up view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

High angle close-up view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

A nighttime view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is on the right

A nighttime view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is on the right

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The shuttle assembly building is on the left and the mobile service tower is on the right

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The shuttle assembly building is on the left and the mobile service tower is on the right

A nighttime view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is in the background

A nighttime view of the space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, resting on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. The mobile service tower is in the background

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

A view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

A view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. In the background is the mobile service tower

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. In the background is the mobile service tower

A nighttime view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

A nighttime view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

A view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

A view of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbiter OV-101 Enterprise on the launch tower as it would appear prior to launch. The Enterprise is not equipped to be launched but is being used as a model at the newly constructed space shuttle launch facilities

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six

Pre-dawn view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Pre-dawn view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

View of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

View of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Overall view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Overall view of Space Shuttle Enterprise in launch position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", during the ready-to-launch checks to verify launch procedures. Exact Date Shot Unknown

View of Space Shuttle Enterprise in position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", with the work enclosure in place around the shuttle. Exact Date Shot Unknown

View of Space Shuttle Enterprise in position on the Space Launch Complex (SLC) #6, commonly known as "SLICK 6", with the work enclosure in place around the shuttle. Exact Date Shot Unknown

View of the shuttle Discovery on the launch pad just prior to STS 51-D launch

View of the shuttle Discovery on the launch pad just prior to STS 51-D launch

Shuttle Discovery on pad for STS 51-D mission

Shuttle Discovery on pad for STS 51-D mission

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. On the right is the mobile service tower

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six.  On the right is the mobile service tower

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six. In the background is the mobile service tower and in the left foreground is a portion of the shuttle assembly building

The space shuttle Enterprise, mated to an external tank and solid rocket boosters, rests on the launch mount next to the access tower at Space Launch Complex Six.  In the background is the mobile service tower and in the left foreground is a portion of the shuttle assembly building

Rollout - Shuttle Discovery - STS 41D Launch - KSC

Rollout - Shuttle Discovery - STS 41D Launch - KSC

Rollout - Shuttle Discovery - STS 41D Launch - KSC

Rollout - Shuttle Discovery - STS 41D Launch - KSC

Rollout - Shuttle Columbia - KSC

Rollout - Shuttle Columbia - KSC

STS-26 Rollout

STS-26 Rollout

STS-27 Rollout

STS-27 Rollout

STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC pad 39B

STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC pad 39B

STS-28 Rollout

STS-28 Rollout

STS-29 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-29 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-29 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-29 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, roll out to KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-28 Columbia, OV-102, night time processing at KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-28 Columbia, OV-102, night time processing at KSC LC Pad 39B

STS-36 Rollout

STS-36 Rollout

The orbiter Discovery is unveiled as rollback of the Rotating Service Structure begins during final prelaunch preparations at Launch Pad 39B on April 9. Space shuttle mission STS-31, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope, is set to lift off at 6:47 a.m. EDT, April 10. Photo credit: NASA KSC-90PC-0667

The orbiter Discovery is unveiled as rollback of the Rotating Service Structure begins during final prelaunch preparations at Launch Pad 39B on April 9.  Space shuttle mission STS-31, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope, is set to lift off at 6:47 a.m. EDT, April 10.  Photo credit: NASA KSC-90PC-0667

STS-35 Columbia, OV-102, passes STS-38 Atlantis, OV-104, heading to Pad 39A

STS-35 Columbia, OV-102, passes STS-38 Atlantis, OV-104, heading to Pad 39A

STS-55 Rollout

STS-55 Rollout

STS-67 Rollout

STS-67 Rollout

STS-70 Rollout

STS-70 Rollout

STS-63 Rollout

STS-63 Rollout

A massive 19 million pounds-plus (8.6 million kilograms) of Space Shuttle, support and transport hardware inch toward Launch Pad 39A from the Vehicle Assembly Building. The fully asssembled Space Shuttle Endeavour, minus its payloads, weighs about 4.5 million pounds (2 million kg.); the mobile launcher platform, on which it was assembled and from which it will lift off, weighs 9.25 million pounds (4.19 million kg.); and the crawler-transporter carrying the platform and Shuttle checks in at around 6 million pounds (2.7 million kg.). Once at the pad, the Shuttle and launch platform will be deposited atop support columns to complete preparations for the second Shuttle launch of 1995. The primary payload of mission STS-67 is the Astro-2 Astrophysics Observatory, carrying three ultraviolet telescopes that flew on the Astro-1 mission in 1990. STS-67 also is scheduled to become the longest shuttle flight to date, lasting 16 days KSC-95PC-0289

A massive 19 million pounds-plus (8.6 million kilograms) of Space Shuttle, support and transport hardware inch toward Launch Pad 39A from the Vehicle Assembly Building. The fully asssembled Space Shuttle Endeavour, minus its payloads, weighs about 4.5 million pounds (2 million kg.); the mobile launcher platform, on which it was assembled and from which it will lift off, weighs 9.25 million pounds (4.19 million kg.); and the crawler-transporter carrying the platform and Shuttle checks in at around 6 million pounds (2.7 million kg.). Once at the pad, the Shuttle and launch platform will be deposited atop support columns to complete preparations for the second Shuttle launch of 1995. The primary payload of mission STS-67 is the Astro-2 Astrophysics Observatory, carrying three ultraviolet telescopes that flew on the Astro-1 mission in 1990. STS-67 also is scheduled to become the longest shuttle flight to date, lasting 16 days KSC-95PC-0289

The Space Shuttle Discovery slowly and carefully makes the 4.2- mile (6.8 kilometer) trek from the Vehicle Assembly Building, background at right, to Launch Pad 39B on its Mobile Launcher Platform carried by the Crawler Transporter. Pad 39A, with the Shapce Shuttle Atlantic poised for liftoff, is in background at left. Discovery is scheduled to fly first, on STS-70 targeted for June 8. Atlantis' mission, STS-71, is scheduled no earlier than June 22. KSC-95PC-0669

The Space Shuttle Discovery slowly and carefully makes the 4.2- mile (6.8 kilometer) trek from the Vehicle Assembly Building, background at right, to Launch Pad 39B on its Mobile Launcher Platform carried by the Crawler Transporter. Pad 39A, with the Shapce Shuttle Atlantic poised for liftoff, is in background at left. Discovery is scheduled to fly first, on STS-70 targeted for June 8. Atlantis' mission, STS-71, is scheduled no earlier than June 22. KSC-95PC-0669

ksc-95pc1752

ksc-95pc1752

STS-79 Rollout

STS-79 Rollout

STS-75 Rollout

STS-75 Rollout

STS-79 Rollout

STS-79 Rollout

Overhead View of Atlantis Stack Rollover

Overhead View of Atlantis Stack Rollover

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The Space Shuttle Atlantis completes the trip to Launch Pad 39A from the Vehicle Assembly Building for the third time in the STS-79 mission flow. The Shuttle was rolled back from the pad in July due to the threat from Hurricane Bertha, then rolled back again earlier this week because of Hurricane Fran. The targeted launch date for Atlantis on Mission STS-79 -- the fourth docking between the U.S. Shuttle and Russian Space Station Mir -- is now Sept. 16 at 4:54 a.m. EDT. The three rollout dates for Atlantis to Pad 39A are: July 1, Aug. 20 and Sept. 5 KSC-96PC1044

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The Space Shuttle Atlantis completes the trip to Launch Pad 39A from the Vehicle Assembly Building for the third time in the STS-79 mission flow. The Shuttle was rolled back from the pad in July due to the threat from Hurricane Bertha, then rolled back again earlier this week because of Hurricane Fran. The targeted launch date for Atlantis on Mission STS-79 -- the fourth docking between the U.S. Shuttle and Russian Space Station Mir -- is now Sept. 16 at 4:54 a.m. EDT. The three rollout dates for Atlantis to Pad 39A are: July 1, Aug. 20 and Sept. 5 KSC-96PC1044

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A diversified mission of astronomy, commercial space research and International Space Station preparation gets under way as the Space Shuttle Columbia climbs into orbit from Launch Pad 39B at 2:55:47 p.m. EST, Nov. 19, 1996. During Mission STS- 80, Columbia’s five-person crew will deploy and retrieve two free-flying spacecraft, conduct two spacewalks and perform a variety of microgravity research experiments in the Shuttle’s middeck area. The veteran crew is led by Commander Kenneth D. Cockrell; Kent V. Rominger is the pilot and the three mission specialists are Tamara E. Jernigan, Story Musgrave and Thomas D. Jones. At age 61, Musgrave becomes the oldest person ever to fly in space; he also ties astronaut John Young’s record for most number of spaceflights by a human being, and in embarking on his sixth Shuttle flight Musgrave has logged the most flights ever aboard NASA’s reusable space vehicle. The two primary payloads for STS-80 are the Wake Shield Facility-3 (WSF-3) and the Orbiting and Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer-Shuttle Pallet Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II). KSC-96pc1290

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A diversified mission of astronomy, commercial space research and International Space Station preparation gets under way as the Space Shuttle Columbia climbs into orbit from Launch Pad 39B at 2:55:47 p.m. EST, Nov. 19, 1996. During Mission STS- 80, Columbia’s five-person crew will deploy and retrieve two free-flying spacecraft, conduct two spacewalks and perform a variety of microgravity research experiments in the Shuttle’s middeck area. The veteran crew is led by Commander Kenneth D. Cockrell; Kent V. Rominger is the pilot and the three mission specialists are Tamara E. Jernigan, Story Musgrave and Thomas D. Jones. At age 61, Musgrave becomes the oldest person ever to fly in space; he also ties astronaut John Young’s record for most number of spaceflights by a human being, and in embarking on his sixth Shuttle flight Musgrave has logged the most flights ever aboard NASA’s reusable space vehicle. The two primary payloads for STS-80 are the Wake Shield Facility-3 (WSF-3) and the Orbiting and Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer-Shuttle Pallet Satellite II (ORFEUS-SPAS II). KSC-96pc1290

STS-86 Rollout

STS-86 Rollout

STS-82 Rollout

STS-82 Rollout

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - After leaving the Vehicle Assembly Building, the Space Shuttle Discovery makes its slow - up to 1 mile per hour - trek along the crawlerway to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-82 mission. The Shuttle is assembled on a Mobile Launcher Platform, seen in this view taken from above, and the entire assemblage is carried out to the launch pad on the crawler transporter, which is underneath the MLP. A seven-member crew will perform the second servicing of the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the 10-day STS-82 mission, which is targeted for a Feb. 11 liftoff.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -  After leaving the Vehicle Assembly Building, the Space Shuttle Discovery makes its slow - up to 1 mile per hour - trek along the crawlerway to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-82 mission.  The Shuttle is assembled on a Mobile Launcher Platform, seen in this view taken from above, and the entire assemblage is carried out to the launch pad on the crawler transporter, which is underneath the MLP.  A seven-member crew will perform the second servicing of the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the 10-day STS-82 mission, which is targeted for a Feb. 11 liftoff.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - The Space Shuttle Discovery on its Mobile Launcher Platform makes its slow 3.4-mile trek from the Vehicle Assembly Building to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-82 mission. In the foreground is the U.S. flag at the Press Site area. A seven-member crew will perform the second servicing of the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the 10-day STS-82 mission, which is targeted for a Feb. 11 liftoff.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -  The Space Shuttle Discovery on its Mobile Launcher Platform makes its slow 3.4-mile trek from the Vehicle Assembly Building to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-82 mission.  In the foreground is the U.S. flag at the Press Site area.  A seven-member crew will perform the second servicing of the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the 10-day STS-82 mission, which is targeted for a Feb. 11 liftoff.

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. -- The Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia begins its rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-83 mission. The Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) Spacelab module is the primary payload on this 16-day spaceflight. The MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station, while the seven-member flight crew conducts combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc410

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. -- The Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia begins its rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the STS-83 mission. The Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) Spacelab module is the primary payload on this 16-day spaceflight. The MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station, while the seven-member flight crew conducts combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing  experiments KSC-97pc410

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc570

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc570

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc568

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc568

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc569

The Space Shuttle Columbia stands poised in the night for the STS-83 Microgravity Science Laboratory-1 (MSL-1) mission after the Rotating Service Structure of Launch Pad 39A has been moved back prior to the start of fueling operations that take place about 12 hours before liftoff. During the scheduled 16-day STS-83 mission, the MSL-1 will be used to test some of the hardware, facilities and procedures that are planned for use on the International Space Station as well as research in combustion, protein crystal growth and materials processing experiments KSC-97pc569

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. -- Cast in silhouette by the rising sun, the Space Shuttle Atlantis slowly and carefully makes the journey along the Crawlerway between the Vehicle Assembly Building and Launch Pad 39A. Atlantis and its crew of seven are targeted for a May 15 launch. STS-84 will be the sixth Shuttle docking with the Russian Space Station Mir as part of Phase 1 of the International Space Station program KSC-97pc710

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. --  Cast in silhouette by the rising sun, the Space Shuttle Atlantis slowly and carefully makes the journey along the Crawlerway between the Vehicle Assembly Building and Launch Pad 39A. Atlantis and its crew of seven are targeted for a May 15 launch. STS-84 will be the sixth Shuttle docking with the Russian Space Station Mir as part of Phase 1 of the International Space Station program KSC-97pc710