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STS-51 G Launch

Shuttle Enterprise Free Flight

Lifting Bodies on Lakebed

Spanish-American woman passing shuttle through warp in weaving rag rug. WPA (Works Progress Administration/Work Projects Administration) project. Costilla, New Mexico

X-15 Mated to B-52 Captive Flight

Lockheed JF-104A (AF56-745A Tail No. 60745) Starfighter airplane piloted by Fred Drinkwater conducted flight testing that demonstrated steep approaches that were ultimately used by the space shuttle. Steep descent testing, including power-off landing approaches and demonstration of minimum lift-to-drag ratio (L/D) landings came out of the interest in the use of low L/D lifting bodies for recovery to landing from space. Note: Used in publication in Flight Research at Ames; 57 Years of Development and Validation of Aeronautical Technology NASA SP-1998-3300 fig 93 ARC-1959-A-24953

Proposed USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory

Joe Walker beside an X-15 Airplane

X-15 on Lakebed with B-52 Mothership Flyover

Photograph of an Artist's Concept of a Sleek Space Shuttle Craft

Early Space Shuttle Program Development

Early Program Development

Early Program Development

Early Program Development

Titan III-C Launch

Titan III-C Launch

MSC Space Shuttle Model stability and control characteristics test in 9x7ft w.t. (test number not available) ARC-1970-AC70-4712

PILOT KENNETH C. WHITE IN CHAIR. Space Shuttle Vehicle Simulation. SSV COCKPIT IN THE MOVING-CAB TRANSPORT SIMULATOR (S.16) ARC-1970-AC70-5441

Early Program Development

Early Program Development

Early Program Development

North American Space Shuttle Orbiter Model NA129 surface heating and boundary layer transition test in 3.5ft w.t. ARC-1971-AC71-5323

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 ARC-1971-AC71-4075

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of a Hollow Tube in 6ft. W.T. Test-66-503 Approximate Mach 1.2 ARC-1971-AC71-4074

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. Test-66-503 ARC-1971-AC71-4076

MSC Space Shuttle Stability and Control Characteristics. Schlieren of North American Rockwell Straight Wing orbiter approximate Mach .95 6ft w.t. test-66-503 ARC-1971-AC71-4077

Space Station

President Nixon and James Fletcher Discuss the Space Shuttle

Maxime A. Faget

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Test of Acoustic Environment (Configuration #5) ARC-1972-A72-1341

MSC 040A Space Shuttle: 11ft. W.T. Tests pf Acoustic Environment (Configuration 5 with James M. Peterson ARC-1972-AC72-1344

Space Shuttle Project

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA ARC-1972-AC72-2696

Guidance and Navaigation: CV-990 Shuttle simulation - descent at Edwards Airforce Base, Dryden Flight Research Center, CA (Shuttle un-powered descent and landing diagram) ARC-1972-AC72-2695

BLDG. 14 - SHUTTLE TEST - MSC

Too Close for Comfort

Space Shuttle Illustration

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1973-AC73-5027

Space Shuttle Orbitor model 140 A/B-OA87 testing in the 3.5ft Hypersonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1973-A73-5027

Materials Science Experiments Conducted at MSFC

President Richard Nixon Examining a Model of the Space Shuttle at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, NASA Space Museum and Orientation Center in Houston, Texas

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities ARC-1974-AC74-2000

Space Shuttle Tile Thermal Protection System testing in Ames Arc Jet facilities ARC-1974-AC74-2002

MEETING - SHUTTLE - JSC

Space Shuttle Two Percent Plumes Model in the 11ft W.T. (Test-01) ARC-1974-AC74-3944

Shuttle Test Using Electron Beam

Space Shuttle Projects

Solid Rocket Booster - Space Shuttle Projects

Space Shuttle - Thermal Insulation

Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-0207

Schlieren: Space Shuttle Plume Test-97-044-1 in 9x7ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-0205

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) testing in the NASA Ames Research Center 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel ARC-1975-AC75-1161-4

Space Shuttle Orbitor Model (A-100) in the 40x80ft W.T. ARC-1975-AC75-1161-3

Space Shuttle SSV Orbiter Model In 40x80 Foot Wind Tunnel.

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-1191

Space Shuttle SSV orbiter model OA100 (0.36 scale): 40x80ft w.t. ARC-1975-AC75-1190

Space Shuttle Model in the 10- by 10-Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel

Shuttle Service (view of spacecraft). Space shuttle delivers part for Space Colony ARC-1975-AC75-1917

Space Shuttle re-entry art ARC-1975-AC75-1919

This diagram illustrates the Space Shuttle mission sequence. The Space Shuttle was approved as a national program in 1972 and developed through the 1970s. Part spacecraft and part aircraft, the Space Shuttle orbiter, the brain and the heart of the Space Transportation System (STS), required several technological advances, including thousands of insulating tiles able to stand the heat of reentry over the course of many missions, as well as sophisticated engines that could be used again and again without being thrown away. The airplane-like orbiter has three main engines, that burn liquid hydrogen and oxygen stored in the large external tank, the single largest structure in the Shuttle. Attached to the tank are two solid rocket boosters that provide the vehecile with most of the thrust needed for liftoff. Two minutes into the flight, the spent solids drop into the ocean to be recovered and refurbished for reuse, while the orbiter engines continue burning until approximately 8 minutes into the flight. After the mission is completed, the orbiter lands on a runway like an airplane. n/a

Space Shuttle A-100 installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Supsonic Wind Tunnel. ARC-1975-AC75-2583

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the 40x80ft W.T. Test 462 ARC-1975-AC75-2582

Space Shuttle Orbiter 101 model installation in the NASA Ames 40x80ft Subsonic Wind Tunnel. Test-462 ARC-1975-AC75-2584

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

TEST - SHUTTLE - MINI-APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - JSC

SPACE SHUTTLE

SPACE SHUTTLE

Boosters - Space Shuttle Projects

Haise Commands First Enterprise Test Flights

External tank - Space Shuttle Projects

SPACE SHUTTLE

SPACE SHUTTLE

SPACE SHUTTLE

Mockup - Shuttle Mid-Body - JSC

SPACE SHUTTLE VEHICLE (SSV) 0.36 SCALE MODEL, 40X80FT W.T. TESTING - TAIL FLAPS ARC-1976-AC76-0430-3

Space Shuttle Vehicle (SSV) 0.36 scale model, 40x80ft w.t. testing ARC-1976-AC76-0430-4

Portrait - Approach and Landing Test (ALT) Crew

APPROACH AND LANDING TEST (ALT) - ASTRONAUT HAISE, FRED W., JR. - SHUTTLE - ROLLOUT - CA

APPROACH AND LANDING TESTS (ALT) - SHUTTLE - ROLLOUT - CA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- At the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the shuttle service and access tower SSAT, left, is assembled at Launch Complex 39A from sections of launch umbilical tower 3. The lower 180 feet of the old ML-3 will be topped by the former uppermost section on which a hammerhead crane will be installed and the next lower section which houses the intact ML-3 elevator room and equipment. The SSAT will anchor and support a hinge column to the Payload Changeout Room PCR which will travel on a rail in a specified area to enclose the space shuttle's cargo bay on the pad for installation or removal of payloads. Mobile Launcher 2, center right, is on the pad to support the PCR during construction. Photo Credit: NASA KSC-76PC-0541

APPROACH & LANDING TEST (ALT) - SHUTTLE PATCH

Artist: Rick Guidice NASA artwork of Space Shuttle Orbiter during re-entry showing Reusable Surface Insulation Tiles. (Text overlay) ARC-1976-AC76-1713

Space Shuttle tile test in 60MW Interaction Heating Facility N-238 (used in NASA/AMES publication 'Searching the Horizon' - A History of Ames Research Center SP-4304) ARC-1976-A76-1732-85

LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

SPACE SHUTTLE AND 747 AIRPLANE

Space Shuttle Project

SPACE SHUTTLE AND 747 AIRPLANE

SPACE SHUTTLE AND 747 AIRPLANE

Space Station

SPACE SHUTTLE AND 747 AIRPLANE

LOGO OF SPACE SHUTTLE

Solid Rocket Booster - Space Shuttle Projects

The President viewing Space Shuttle in Flight

Space Shuttle Projects

Technician Works on a Shuttle Model in the 10- by 10-Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel

First Shuttle/747 Captive Flight EC77-6887

Space Shuttle Projects

Training - Shuttle - Emergency Egress - JSC

Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster Drop Test Vehicle (SRB-DTV) captive flight on NB-52B EC77-7428