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Aerial view of Gasdynamics facility in 1964 and the 20 inch helium tunnel Part of the Thermal Protection Laboratory used to research materials for heat shield applications and for aerodynamic heating and materials studies of vehicles in planetary atmospheres.  This laboratory is comprised of five separate facilities: an Aerodynamic Heating Tunnel, a Heat Transfer Tunnel, two Supersonic Turbulent Ducts, and a High-Power CO2 Gasdynamic Laser. All these facilities are driven by arc-heaters, with the exception of the large, combustion-type laser. The arc-heated facilities are powered by a 20 Megawatt DC power supply. Their effluent gas stream (test gases; Air, N2, He, CO2 and mixtures; flow rates from 0.05 to 5.0 lbs/sec) discharges into a five-stage stream-ejector-driven vacuum system. The vacuum system and power supply are common to the test faciities in building N-238. All of the facilities have high pressure water available at flow rates up to 4, 000 gals/min. The data obtained from these facilities are recorded on magnetic tape or oscillographs. All forms of data can be handled whether from thermo-couples, pressure cells, pyrometers, or radiometers, etc. in addition, closed circuit T. V. monitors and various film cameras are available. (operational since 1962) ARC-1964-A-33038-22

CHAMBER - IONIZATION - EXPERIMENT - GEMINI-TITAN (GT)-6 EQUIPMENT - CAPE

SPACECRAFT (S/C)-012 - COMMAND MODULE (CM) - HEAT SHIELD INSTALLATION

Skylab

Apollo 16 insignia

Skylab Station Viewed by Skylab 2 Command Module

Skylab

Skylab and Earth Limb

Skylab

Skylab Solar Shield

Skylab

SKYLAB (SL)-I - MANUFACTURING (SUN SHADE) - GE, HOUSTON, TX

SKYLAB (SL)-I - MANUFACTURING (SUN SHADE) - GE, HOUSTON, TX

Deployment of "Parasol" solar shield

Deployment of "Parasol" solar shield

One of the Two Scientific Airlocks on the Orbital Workshop Section

Skylab 2 Farewell View from the Departing Skylab Command/Service Module

Rendezvous and Fly Around Inspection of Skylab I Orbital Space Station

Skylab 2 Farewell View from the Departing Skylab Command/Service Module

Skylab

Astronaut Jack Lousma participates in EVA to deploy twin pole solar shield

Astronaut Jack Lousma participates in EVA to deploy twin pole solar shield

Skylab Astronaut participates in EVA to deploy twin pole solar shield

Astronaut Owen Garriott participates in EVA to deploy twin pole solar shield

Astronaut Owen Garriott participates in EVA to deploy twin pole solar shield

DAMAGED WELDING SHIELD IN THE 8X6 FOOT WIND TUNNEL

FACE SHIELD GRINDING WHEEL AND DRIVE MOTOR

View of Skylab space station cluster in Earth orbit from CSM

SINGLE LINE BURNER SHIELD

SINGLE LINE BURNER SHIELD

SINGLE LINE BURNER SHIELD

SINGLE LINER BURNER SHIELD

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD AND MICROPHONE SETUP

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD AND MICROPHONE SETUP

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD AND MICROPHONE SETUP

WATER COOLED ALITE SHIELD PARTS

COAXIAL JET HOT SHIELD

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

THRUSTER BEAM SHIELD GIMBAL ASSEMBLY

8 CM CENTIMETER ION THRUSTER BEAM SHIELD

THRUSTER BEAM SHIELD GIMBAL ASSEMBLY

THRUSTER BEAM SHIELD GIMBAL ASSEMBLY

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

BEAM SHIELD

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

8 CM CENTIMETER THRUSTER GIMBAL BEAM SHIELD

8 CM CENTIMETER BEAM SHIELD

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

BEAM SHIELD

THRUSTER BEAM SHIELD GIMBAL ASSEMBLY

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

IN-PROCESS FABRICATION OF A BEAM SHIELD

Art By Don Davis As the probes and the bus enter the Venusian atmosphere they glowed briefly like meteorites. The bus as shown in this artisit's rendering, was most spectacular because it did not carry a heat shield; as a result, it burned up completely. ARC-1977-AC77-0475-12

WOOD MODEL OF CRACK SHIELD

COATED BEAM SHIELD FOR 8 CM CENTIMETER ION THRUSTER

FIBERGLASS BEAM SHIELD

FIBERGLASS BEAM SHIELD

COATED BEAM SHIELD FOR 8 CM CENTIMETER ION THRUSTER

FIBERGLASS BEAM SHIELD

SCATTER CHAMBER - PATIENT TREATMENT CHAIR - RADIO ISOTOPE TARGET - BUILDUP - NEUTRON BEAM RADIATION SHIELD

COMPRESSOR NO. 1 WITH FRAGMENTATION SHIELD

COMPRESSOR NO. 1 WITH FRAGMENTATION SHIELD

SCATTER CHAMBER - PATIENT TREATMENT CHAIR - RADIO ISOTOPE TARGET - BUILDUP - NEUTRON BEAM RADIATION SHIELD

SCATTER CHAMBER - PATIENT TREATMENT CHAIR - RADIO ISOTOPE TARGET - BUILDUP - NEUTRON BEAM RADIATION SHIELD

SCATTER CHAMBER - PATIENT TREATMENT CHAIR - RADIO ISOTOPE TARGET - BUILDUP - NEUTRON BEAM RADIATION SHIELD

TURBINE RIG WITH SCATTER SHIELD

TURBINE RIG WITH SCATTER SHIELD

8 CM CENTIMETER ION THRUSTER WITH BEAM SHIELD

TURBINE RIG WITH SCATTER SHIELD

TURBINE RIG WITH SCATTER SHIELD

Artist: Ken Hodges Composite image explaining Objective and Motivation for Galileo Probe Heat Loads: Galileo Probe descending into Jupiters Atmosphere shows heat shield separation with parachute deployed. (Ref. JPL P-19180) ARC-1981-AC81-0174

Artist: Ken Hodges Pioneer Galileo Probe descending into Jupiter's Atmosphere with parachute deployed, heat shield separation, while orbiter collects data from above (from JPL files - no reference nunber available) ARC-1981-AC81-0174-1

41D-37-092 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-083 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-073 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-075 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-080 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-110 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-32-011 - STS-41D - Protective shield housing the SBS-D satellite in Discovery bay

41D-40-076 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-090 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-094 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-31-004 - STS-41D - Protective shield housing the SBS-D satellite in Discovery bay

41D-40-069 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-072 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-093 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-105 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-070 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-31-003 - STS-41D - Protective shield housing the SBS-D satellite in Discovery bay

41D-40-111 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-40-079 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-104 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

41D-37-091 - STS-41D - OAST-1 payload in the Discovery's payload bay

CPT Josh Scott, right, and Alan Adams, a project engineer, examine a model of a spacecraft protective shield nosetip after an 11,000 mph, split-second flight down a 1,000 foot long hyperballistics range during tests at the Arnold Engineering and Development Center

A nighttime view of several Strategic Air Command (SAC) aircraft on the flight line during Exercise GLOBAL SHIELD. To the left is a C-135 Stratotanker aircraft, in the center, an E-4 advanced airborne command post aircraft, and to the far right, an EC-135 APOLLO/range instrumentation aircraft (A/RIA)

A nighttime view of Strategic Air Command (SAC) aircraft on the flight line during exercise Global Shield. To the far left is an E-4 advanced airborne command post aircraft and to the far right, an EC-135 APOLLO/range instrumentation aircraft (A/RIA)

Galileo Probe Descent module and deceleration module aeroshell (heat shield) ARC-1984-AC84-0228-3