PICRYL
PICRYLThe World's Largest Public Domain Source
  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • photo_albumStories
  • collectionsCollections
  • infoAbout
  • star_rateUpgrade
  • account_boxLogin

View of launch pad at the Baykonur Cosmodrome showing Soyuz spacecraft

In the Space Station Processing Facility, STS-100 crew members cosmonauts Sergei Krikalev (left) and Yuri Gidzenko (third from left) plus astronaut Bill Shepherd look over the Z-1 truss along with Dave Moore, Vehicle Integration Test Team (second from left). The Z-1 truss will be used in conjunction with the International Space Station. Krikalev, Gidzenko and Shepherd are scheduled to be launched on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazahkstan in July 1999. Mission STS-100 will be bringing them down KSC-98pc1203

A Russian 3-stage Proton rocket blasts into the sky at 12:56 a.m. EDT with the Russian-built Zvezda module in a successful launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Zvezda is the primary Russian contribution to the International Space Station, serving as the early Station living quarters. It will also provide early propulsive attitude control and reboost capabilities and be the main docking port for Russian Progress cargo resupply vehicles. The third Station component, Zvezda will dock by remote control with the already orbiting Zarya and Unity modules at an altitude of about 245 by 230 statute miles. <i>(Image taken with Nikon D1 digital camera.)</i KSC-00padig028

ISS01-S-005 (31 October 2000) --- The Expedition One crew members pose for final photos prior to their launch aboard a Soyuz vehicle from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Expedition One commander William M. (Bill) Shepherd (center crewmember on steps) is flanked by Soyuz commander Yuri P. Gidzenko (bottom) and Sergei K. Krikalev, flight engineer. iss01-s-005

ISS01-S-006 (31 October 2000) --- A Soyuz spacecraft lifts off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 10:53 a.m. Kazakhstan time. Onboard were Expedition One commander William M. (Bill) Shepherd, Soyuz commander Yuri P. Gidzenko and Sergei K. Krikalev, flight engineer. iss01-s-006

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven commander dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1256

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven commander, dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1257

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko (right), Expedition Seven commander, and astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, pause for a photograph on the Soyuz stand after the Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu were named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1263

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, has a leak check performed on the Russian Sokol suit. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1261

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1253

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko (right), Expedition Seven commander, and astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, pause for a photograph after the Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Malenchenko and Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1266

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1255

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, has a leak check performed on the Russian Sokol suit. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1262

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko (foreground), Expedition Seven commander, and astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer, walk out for Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. The Soyuz is in the workstand in the background. Malenchenko and Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1267

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko (foreground), Expedition Seven commander, and astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, walk down the Soyuz stand after the Soyuz inspection, seat liner checkMalenchenko and Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1269

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Veteran Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko has a leak check performed on the Russian Sokol suit. Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1264

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1254

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven commander dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1259

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven commander, dons his Russian Sokol suit for the leak check and Soyuz inspection, seat liner check. Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1265

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Building 254, Soyuz Integration Facility. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, has a leak check performed on the Russian Sokol suit. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1260

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- The Russian Soyuz TMA-2 rocket is erected at the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz April 26, 2003. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu were named as the primary crew for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1273

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko (left), Expedition Seven commander, and astronaut Ed Lu have their Russian Sokol suits checked for leaks, as well as Soyuz inspection and seat liner check. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and veteran NASA astronaut Ed Lu have been named as the primary crew for the planned April 26, 2003, launch of a Russian Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft to the International Space Station. Malenchenko and Lu will be called the Expedition 7 crew. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1258

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Astronaut Michael Foale (left standing), backup crew for Expedition Seven, talks with astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven. Seated on the right is Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven commander. The crew is reviewing documents prior to entering the Soyuz TMA-2 capsule for inspection and seat liner check. Malenchenko and Lu were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1268

JSC2003-E-31962 (24 April 2003) --- The Soyuz rocket is erected at the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz on Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls. jsc2003e31962

JSC2003-E-31957 (22 April 2003) --- Astronauts C. Michael Foale (left), Expedition Seven backup crewmember; Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer; cosmonauts Alexander Y. Kaleri, backup crewmember; and Yuri I. Malenchenko, mission commander; are pictured as they visit the quarters of Yuri Gagarin after having visited the Soyuz launch pad and performing a final check of the Soyuz capsule at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Malenchenko and Kaleri represent Rosaviakosmos. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews. jsc2003e31957

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz April 26, 2003. Cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, commander, and astronaut Ed Lu, NASA science officer and flight engineer, were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1270

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz April 26, 2003. Cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, commander, and astronaut Ed Lu, NASA science officer and flight engineer, were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1271

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz rocket is erected at the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz April 26, 2003. Cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, commander, and astronaut Ed Lu, NASA science officer and flight engineer, were named as the primary crew, Expedition 7, for the launch to the International Space Station. Russian cosmonaut Alexander Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale are the backup crewmembers to Malenchenko and Lu. Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA Space Station Science Officer Don Pettit will return to Earth aboard the Soyuz TMA-1 craft in May 2003. The three Expedition 6 crewmembers were launched on Nov. 23, 2002. They have been aboard the Station since November 25. They were originally scheduled to return in March aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis during the STS-114 mission. Malenchenko and Lu will continue to operate the science payloads already on board, as well as maintaining the Station. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1272

April 24, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. The Soyuz rocket is erected at the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz this Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd1272

JSC2003-E-31961 (24 April 2003) --- The Soyuz rocket is erected at the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz on Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls. jsc2003e31961

April 24, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. The Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz this Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo Credit: "NASA/Scott Andrews" 03pd1271

JSC2003-E-31958 (24 April 2003) --- A Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz on Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls. jsc2003e31958

April 24, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. The Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz this Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo Credit: "NASA/Scott Andrews" 03pd1270

JSC2003-E-31959 (24 April 2003) --- A Soyuz rocket is rolled out of the assembly building and travels via rail to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition Seven is scheduled to launch onboard the Soyuz on Saturday April 26, 2003. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews. jsc2003e31959

April 26, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven and Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Commander were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53aam from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Scott Andrews" 03pd1291

April 26, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven smiles for a photo after donning his flight suit. Lu has an STS-107 patch on his suit in honor of the crew members lost on the Space Shuttle Columbia February 2003. Lu and fellow crew member Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Commander were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53aam from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd1289

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, smiles for a photo during the bus ride to the launch pad. Lu and fellow crew member Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, commander, were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53 a.m. from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1290

JSC2003-E-31966 (26 April 2003) --- A Soyuz spacecraft lifts off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, at 10:54 p.m. (CDT) on April 26, 2003. Onboard were cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition Seven mission commander, and astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer. Malenchenko represents Rosaviakosmos. Photo credit: NASA/Scott Andrews. jsc2003e31966

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, and Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, commander, were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53 a.m. from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: NASA/Scott Andrews KSC-03pd1292

April 26, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven and Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Commander were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53aam from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Scott Andrews" 03pd1292

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan -- Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, and Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, commander, were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53 a.m. from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: NASA/Scott Andrews KSC-03pd1291

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven, smiles for a photo after donning his flight suit. Lu has an STS-107 patch on his suit in honor of the crew members lost on the Space Shuttle Columbia February 2003. Lu and fellow crew member Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Commander, were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53 a.m. from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-03pd1289

April 26, 2003, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Astronaut Edward T. Lu, NASA ISS science officer and flight engineer for Expedition Seven smiles for a photo during the bus ride to the launch pad. Lu and fellow crew member Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Commander were launched onboard a Soyuz rocket at 9:53am from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd1290

October 12, 2003, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. (left to right) European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain, Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri gather on the bus after the flight down from Moscow to Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 is scheduled to launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on October 18th onboard a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2795

October 12, 2003, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Victor Grin, A member of the Russian State Commission (left) greets (left to right) Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain. Expedition 8 is scheduled to launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on October 18th onboard a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2794

Baikonur, Kazakhstan - (Left to right) Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale, European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain and Valery Korzun, chief of Cosmonauts, arrive in Baikonur. Expedition 8 is scheduled to launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct. 18 on board a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" KSC-03pd2793

Baikonur, Kazakhstan - Victor Grin (left), a member of the Russian State Commission, greets (left to right) Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain. Expedition 8 is scheduled to launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct.18 on board a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" KSC-03pd2794

October 12, 2003, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. (left to right) Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale, European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain and Valery Korzun, Chief of Cosmonauts arrive in Baikonur. Expedition 8 is scheduled to launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on October 18th onboard a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2793

October 12, 2003, Star City, Russia. Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale (right) and Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri (center) are joined by European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center outside Moscow to pose for pictures prior to their departure for the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan for the October 18th launch on a Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2792

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain (left), Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (center) and Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (right) receive a briefing on the operation of a satellite phone during prelaunch training Oct. 13, 2003 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The trio will be launched to the International Space Station on a Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2797

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain climbs into the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle in a processing facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct. 13, 2003 during prelaunch training with his crew mates, Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale and Expedition 8 soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri. The trio will be launched on Oct. 18 to the International Space Station. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2798

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (left) and Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale visit the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 13, 2003. Foale, Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain will be launched from the Central Asian launch pad to the International Space Station on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2805

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (center) visits the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 13, 2003 during final prelaunch preparations. Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain will be launched from this pad to the International Space Station on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2806

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. The prime and backup crews for Saturday's launch of the Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station receive a briefing from a Cosmodrome official prior to a final inspection of the capsule in the complex' integration facility. The prime crew consists of Expedition 8 ISS Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (far left), Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander and ISS Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri (second from the left) and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain (third from the left), who is flying to the ISS for just over a week under a commercial contract between ESA and the Russian Aviation and Space Agency. Foale and Kaleri will spend almost 200 days on the ISS. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2796

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (left) is briefed by a technician (right) inside the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle in a processing facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct. 13, 2003 during an inspection of the spacecraft. Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (center) and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain will be launched in the Soyuz Oct. 18 to the International Space Station. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2802

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Inside the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle, Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (left) briefs European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain and Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (right, partially hidden) during a prelaunch inspection of the spacecraft at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 13, 2003. The trio will be launched to the International Space Station on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2800

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri climbs into the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle in a processing facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct. 13, 2003 during prelaunch training with his crew mates, Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain. The trio will be launched on Oct. 18 to the International Space Station. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2799

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (left), Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (center) and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain (right) pose inside the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle in a processing facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 13, 2003 during a prelaunch inspection. The trio will be launched to the International Space Station on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2801

October 13, 2003. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale (left), Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri (center) and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain (right) receive a briefing in a processing facility at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 13, 2003 during a prelaunch inspection of their Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft. The trio will be launched to the International Space Station on Oct. 18. Photo Credit"NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2803

October 14, 2003. Cosmonaut Hotel, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque of Spain participate in the traditional raising of the flags at the Cosmonaut Hotel Oct. 14, 2003 as preparations continue for their launch to the International Space Station on the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle on Oct. 18 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Foale and Duque will be joined by Expedition 8 Soyuz Commander Alexander Kaleri, who will be at the controls of the Soyuz during launch. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2807

October 14, 2003. Cosmonaut Hotel, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Backup Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Bill McArthur (left) and prime Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale raise the American flag outside the Cosmonaut Hotel Oct. 14, 2003 in a traditional ceremony as preparations continue for the launch Saturday of the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle from the Baikonur Cosmodrome to carry Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz commander Alexander Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque to the International Space Station.. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2809

October 14, 2003. Cosmonaut Hotel, Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Backup Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Bill McArthur (left) and prime Expedition 8 Commander and NASA Science Officer Mike Foale raise the American flag outside the Cosmonaut Hotel Oct. 14, 2003 in a traditional ceremony as preparations continue for the launch Saturday of the Soyuz TMA-3 vehicle from the Baikonur Cosmodrome to carry Foale, Expedition 8 Soyuz commander Alexander Kaleri and European Space Agency Astronaut Pedro Duque to the International Space Station. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 03pd2811

Soyuz TMA-3 and booster rocket transport and raise on launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome

Soyuz TMA-3 and booster rocket transport and raise on launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome

Soyuz TMA-3 and booster rocket transport and raise on launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome

Expedition 8 Soyuz TMA-3 launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome

ISS016-S-002A (June 2007) ---This crew portrait shows astronaut Peggy Whitson, Expedition 16 commander, with Russia's Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, flight engineer and Soyuz commander. The two veterans of previous International Space Station flights are scheduled to launch to the complex in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. iss016-s-002a

ISS016-S-002F (June 2007) --- This crew portrait shows the variety of crewmembers who will occupy the International Space Station during Expedition 16. Astronaut Peggy Whitson (front row, right), station commander; and Russia's Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (front row, left), flight engineer and Soyuz commander, will join NASA astronaut Clay Anderson (back row, left), flight engineer, in October after launching from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. Anderson will be replaced in October by astronaut Dan Tani (back row, second from left), flight engineer, who will yield his place in December to Leopold Eyharts of the European Space Agency (back row, third from left). Eyharts will be replaced in February 2008 by astronaut Garrett Reisman (back row, far right), flight engineer. iss016-s-002f

ISS016-S-002C (June 2007) --- This crew portrait shows astronaut Peggy Whitson, expedition 16 commander, with Russia's Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (right), flight engineer and Soyuz commander; and astronaut Dan Tani, flight engineer, who will arrive on the station in October to replace Clay Anderson. Anderson will have been aboard since June. Whitson and Malenchenko, two veterans of previous International Space Station flights, are scheduled to launch to the complex in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. iss016-s-002c

ISS016-S-002E (June 2007) --- This crew portrait shows astronaut Peggy Whitson, Expedition 16 commander, with Russia's Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (left), flight engineer and Soyuz commander; and astronaut Garrett Reisman, flight engineer. Reisman will arrive on the station in February 2008 to replace Leopold Eyharts of the European Space Agency, who arrives in December. Whitson and Malenchenko, two veterans of previous International Space Station flights, are scheduled to launch to the complex in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. iss016-s-002e

ISS016-S-002B (June 2007) --- This crew portrait shows astronaut Peggy Whitson, Expedition 16 commander, with Russia Federal Space Agency's cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (right), flight engineer and Soyuz commander; and astronaut Clay Anderson, flight engineer, who arrived on the station in June. Whitson and Malenchenko, two veterans of previous International Space Station flights, are scheduled to launch to the complex in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. Anderson will be replaced in October by astronaut Dan Tani of NASA. iss016-s-002b

ISS016-S-002D (June 2007) --- This crew portrait shows astronaut Peggy Whitson, Expedition 16 commander; with Russia's Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko (right), flight engineer and Soyuz commander, and the European Space Agency's Leopold Eyharts, flight engineer. Eyharts will arrive on the station in December to replace Dan Tani of NASA, who arrives in October. Whitson and Malenchenko, two veterans of previous International Space Station flights, are scheduled to launch to the complex in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. iss016-s-002d

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007, for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2852

The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007 for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2852

The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007 for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2851

The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007 for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2850

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007, for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2851

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- The Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft was transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Oct. 8, 2007, for launch Oct. 10 to carry Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor to the International Space Station. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station. Shukor, who is flying under an agreement between Malaysia and the Russian Federal Space Agency, will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2850

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor are protected behind glass during the State Commission meeting and press conference Oct. 9, 2007, at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The crew is in preparation for their launch to the International Space Station Oct. 10 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2854

(left to right) Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszhaphar Shukor are protected behind glass during the State Commission meeting and Press Conference Oct. 09, 2007 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The crew is in preparation for their launch to the International Space Station Oct. 10 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2853

Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszhaphar Shukor and their backup crew are protected behind glass during the State Commission meeting and Press Conference Oct. 09, 2007 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The crew is in preparation for their launch to the International Space Station Oct. 10 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2854

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor are protected behind glass during the State Commission meeting and press conference Oct. 9, 2007, at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The crew is in preparation for their launch to the International Space Station Oct. 10 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2853

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at sunset Oct. 10, 2007, in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft bound for a docking to the International Space Station on Oct. 12. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2857

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson (middle), Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko (bottom) and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor wave farewell at the steps of the Soyuz rocket. The crew launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at sunset Oct. 10, 2007, in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft bound for a docking to the International Space Station on Oct. 12. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2855

Baikonur, Kazakhstan -- Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at sunset Oct. 10, 2007, in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft bound for a docking to the International Space Station on Oct. 12. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2856

Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at sunset Oct. 10, 2007 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft bound for a docking to the International Space Station on Oct. 12. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station, while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2856

Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at sunset Oct. 10, 2007 in their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft bound for a docking to the International Space Station on Oct. 12. Whitson and Malenchenko will spend six months on the station, while Shukor will return to Earth Oct. 21 with two of the Expedition 15 crewmembers currently on the complex. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2857

Korolev, Russia -- Live video from the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft of the International Space Station is shown on the screen in the Russian Mission Control Center, Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2859

Korolev, Russia -- The flags of Malaysia, Russia and the United States sit between the phones used by officials to talk to the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) in the Russian Mission Control Center, Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2858

Korolev, Russia -- William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Space Operations, speaks on the phone to the crews of the International Space Station Oct. 12, 2007, from the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside of Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched on Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2862

Korolev, Russia -- Live video from the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft of the International Space Station is shown on the screen, upper right, in the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-07pd2860

Live video from the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft of the International Space Station is shown on the screen, upper right, in the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT. Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched on Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2860

William Gerstenmaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Space Operations speaks on the phone to the crews of the International Space Station, October 12, 2007 from the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside of Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT. Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched on Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2862

Live video from the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft of the International Space Station is shown on the screen in the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT. Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched on Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2859

The flags of Malaysia, Russia and the United States sit between the phones used by officials to talk to the crew of the International Space Station (ISS) in the Russian Mission Control Center in Korolev, outside Moscow. Expedition 16 Commander Peggy Whitson, Soyuz Commander and Flight Engineer Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian Spaceflight Participant Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor docked their Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the station at 10:50 a.m. EDT. Oct. 12, 2007. The crew launched on Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photo Credit: "NASA/Bill Ingalls" 07pd2858

JSC2008-E-117664 (28 Aug. 2008) --- Expedition 18 crewmembers take a break from training in Star City, Russia to pose for a portrait. From the left (front row) are Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Koichi Wakata and NASA astronaut Sandra Magnus. From the left (back row) are Russian Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Yury Lonchakov and NASA astronaut Michael Fincke, flight engineer and commander, respectively. Fincke and Lonchakov are scheduled to launch to the station in the Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in October for a six-month mission. Magnus is scheduled to join Expedition 18, replacing Chamitoff (currently on the station), as flight engineer after launching to the ISS on mission STS-126. Wakata is scheduled to join Expedition 18, replacing Magnus, as flight engineer after launching to the orbital complex on mission STS-119. Photo credit: Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center jsc2008e117664

Foton-M2 and Foton-M3 Mission description and summary of science results presented by Mike Skidmore The Foton-M3 spacecraft launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan) on Sept 14, 2007 and landed 12 days later approximately 130km south of Kustanay, Northern Kazakhstan. The Foton-me flight, following the 16-day Foto-M2 spaceflight (june 2005), represented a uique opportunity to re-fly and improve the Foton-M2 experiments. For Foton-Me, important improvements were made in hardware, experimental design and operational logistics. ARC-2008-ACD08-0199-003

Foton-M2 and Foton-M3 Mission description and summary of science results presented by Dr Richard Boyle The Foton-M3 spacecraft launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan) on Sept 14, 2007 and landed 12 days later approximately 130km south of Kustanay, Northern Kazakhstan. The Foton-me flight, following the 16-day Foto-M2 spaceflight (june 2005), represented a uique opportunity to re-fly and improve the Foton-M2 experiments. For Foton-Me, important improvements were made in hardware, experimental design and operational logistics. ARC-2008-ACD08-0199-004

Foton-M2 and Foton-M3 Mission description and summary of science results presented by Dr. Eduardo Almeida The Foton-M3 spacecraft launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan) on Sept 14, 2007 and landed 12 days later approximately 130km south of Kustanay, Northern Kazakhstan. The Foton-me flight, following the 16-day Foto-M2 spaceflight (june 2005), represented a uique opportunity to re-fly and improve the Foton-M2 experiments. For Foton-Me, important improvements were made in hardware, experimental design and operational logistics. ARC-2008-ACD08-0199-006

KAZAKHSTAN – The Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft is transported by railcar to its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Oct. 10 for launch Oct. 12 to carry Expedition 18 Commander Michael Fincke, Flight Engineer Yury V. Lonchakov and American Spaceflight Participant Richard Garriott to the International Space Station. The three crew members will dock their Soyuz to the space station on Oct. 14. Fincke and Lonchakov will spend six months on the station, while Garriott will return to Earth Oct. 24 with two of the Expedition 17 crew members currently on the space station. Photo credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls KSC-08pd3174