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View looking north on Broadway, between 4th Street and 5th Street, ca.1906 (CHS-5431)

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View looking north on Broadway, between 4th Street and 5th Street, ca.1906 (CHS-5431)

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View looking north on Broadway, between 4th Street and 5th Street, ca.1906
Photograph of a view looking north on Broadway, between 4th Street and 5th Street, ca.1906. Most of the buildings are commercial and about 4 stories high. The street is busy with pedestrians walking down the sidewalks or crossing the street. Many horse-drawn carriages and early-model cars are parked along the curb or traveling down the street. Several streetcars are traveling down the street. Notable buildings are the Belasco Theatre (right) and the Broadway Central Building (center).; Legible signs include: "Belasco Th[eater], Belasco Mayer & Co., this week, 'On the Qui[...]", "we, Post Card Shop, [...]", "Optic Theatre, 5AC/, moving pictures", "Parmelee, Dohrmann Company, dire[...], reta[iler ...], C[...], Glas[s ...], house[...], hotel[...]", "Varney & Green", "Trustee Property No. 2", "Broadway Central Building, L.A. Realty Site Co.", "The Bon March", "The Hub, world beaters for overcoats", "B. & O. Van, the storage", "Cummings", on a streetcar "Westlake Park, Melrose Ave.", "[...]ns, [... s]hoes, [...] in the world, [c]hildren, [...]5 S. B'dw'y", "Los Angeles Pacific Co.".
Call number: CHS-5431; CHS-5431A
Filename: CHS-5431; CHS-5431a
Coverage date: circa 1906
Part of collection: California Historical Society Collection, 1860-1960
Format: glass plate negatives
Type: images
Geographic subject (city or populated place): Los Angeles
Repository name: USC Libraries Special Collections
Accession number: 5431; 5431A
Microfiche number: 1-2-57
Part of subcollection: Title Insurance and Trust, and C.C. Pierce Photography Collection, 1860-1960
Repository address: Doheny Memorial Library, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0189
Geographic subject (country): USA
Format (aacr2): 2 photographs : glass photonegative, photonegative, b&w ; 21 x 26 cm., 26 x 21 cm.; 2 Photoprints : b&w ; 8 x 10 in.
Rights: Digitally reproduced by the USC Digital Library; From the California Historical Society Collection at the University of Southern California
Subject (adlf): roadways
Project: USC
Repository email: [email protected]
Contributing entity: California Historical Society
Date created: circa 1906
Publisher (of the digital version): University of Southern California. Libraries
Format (aat): negatives (photographic); photographs
Geographic subject (state): California
Subject (file heading): Los Angeles -- Streets -- Broadway -- 4th to 5th; Los Angeles -- Architecture -- Commercial -- Theaters -- General
Legacy record ID: chs-m99; USC-1-1-1-102; USC-1-1-1-1475
Access conditions: Send requests to address or e-mail given. Phone (213) 821-2366; fax (213) 740-2343.
Geographic subject (county): Los Angeles
Geographic subject (roadway): Broadway; Fourth Street; Fifth Street
Subject (lcsh): Streets

The automobile was first invented and perfected in Germany and France in the late 1890s. Americans quickly came to dominate the automotive industry after WWI. Throughout this initial era, the development of automotive technology was rapid. Hundreds of small manufacturers competing to gain the world's attention. Key developments included the electric ignition system, independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes. Transmissions and throttle controls were widely adopted and safety glass also made its debut. Henry Ford perfected mass-production techniques, and Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler emerged as the “Big Three” auto companies by the 1920s. Car manufacturers received enormous orders from the military during World War II, and afterward automobile production in the United States, Europe, and Japan soared.

The history of trams, streetcars or trolleys began in the early nineteenth century. The world's first horse-drawn passenger tramway started operating in 1807, it was the Swansea and Mumbles Railway, in Wales, UK. It was switching to steam in 1877, and then, in 1929, by very large (106-seats) electric tramcars, until closure in 1961. Horse Cars The first streetcar in America, developed by John Stephenson, began service in the year 1832 in New York. Harlem Railroad's Fourth Avenue Line ran along the Bowery and Fourth Avenue in New York City. These trams were a horse- or mule-powered, usually two as a team. It was followed in 1835 by New Orleans, Louisiana, which is the oldest continuously operating street railway system in the world, according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Horsecars were largely replaced by electric-powered trams following the improvement of an overhead trolley system on trams for collecting electricity from overhead wires by Frank J. Sprague. Sprague spring-loaded trolley pole used a wheel to travel along the wire. In late 1887 and early 1888, using his trolley system, Sprague installed the first successful large electric street railway system in Richmond, Virginia. By 1889, 110 electric railways incorporating Sprague's equipment had been begun or planned on several continents. Steam Cars Trams were also powered by steam. The most common type had a small steam locomotive (called a tram engine in the UK) at the head of a line of one or more carriages, similar to a small train. Systems with such steam trams included Christchurch, New Zealand; Adelaide, South Australia; Sydney, Australia and other city systems in New South Wales; Munich, Germany (from August 1883 on), British India (Pakistan) (from 1885) and the Dublin & Blessington Steam Tramway (from 1888) in Ireland. Steam tramways also were used on the suburban tramway lines around Milan and Padua; the last Gamba de Legn ("Peg-Leg") tramway ran on the Milan-Magenta-Castano Primo route in late 1958. The other style of steam tram had the steam engine in the body of the tram, referred to as a tram engine (UK) or steam dummy (US). The most notable system to adopt such trams was in Paris. French-designed steam trams also operated in Rockhampton, in the Australian state of Queensland between 1909 and 1939. Stockholm, Sweden, had a steam tram line at the island of Södermalm between 1887 and 1901. Steam tram engines faded out around 1890s to 1900s, being replaced by electric trams. Cable Cars Another system for trams was the cable car, which was pulled along a fixed track by a moving steel cable. The power to move the cable was normally provided at a "powerhouse" site a distance away from the actual vehicle. The London and Blackwall Railway, which opened for passengers in east London, England, in 1840 used such a system. The first practical cable car line was tested in San Francisco, in 1873. Part of its success is attributed to the development of an effective and reliable cable grip mechanism, to grab and release the moving cable without damage. The second city to operate cable trams was Dunedin in New Zealand, from 1881 to 1957. The San Francisco cable cars, though significantly reduced in number, continue to perform a regular transportation function, in addition to being a well-known tourist attraction. A single cable line also survives in Wellington, New Zealand (rebuilt in 1979 as a funicular but still called the "Wellington Cable Car"). Another system, actually two separate cable lines with a shared power station in the middle, operates from the Welsh town of Llandudno up to the top of the Great Orme hill in North Wales, UK. As with all large collections on Picryl, this collection is made in two steps - first, we make a manual dataset, and then, ran 25+ Million public domain images through our neural network image recognition process.

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1906
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California Historical Society
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