Viennese Café: Carambole (Wiener Café: Carabol)
Moriz Jung (Austrian (born Czechoslovakia) Moravia 1885–1915 Manilowa (Carpathians))
Alois Senefelder, the inventor of lithography, introduced the subject of colored lithography in 1818. Printers in other countries, such as France and England, were also started producing color prints. The first American chromolithograph—a portrait of Reverend F. W. P. Greenwood—was created by William Sharp in 1840. Chromolithographs became so popular in American culture that the era has been labeled as "chromo civilization". During the Victorian times, chromolithographs populated children's and fine arts publications, as well as advertising art, in trade cards, labels, and posters. They were also used for advertisements, popular prints, and medical or scientific books.
Moriz Jung (1885-1915) was born in Nikolsburg (now Mikulov), Czech Republic. From 1901 to 1908 he attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Vienna, showed talent as an illustrator in woodcuts, linocuts, lithographs, and book illustrations, and became a member of the Wiener Werkstätte. Jung's satirical series on early aviation, printed in 1911, is among his most memorable. Moriz Jung died in battle in World War I in the Carpathian mountains in East Gallicia.