Verteidiger der Foramestellung - Österreichische Nationalbibliothek public domain dedication
The Dolomites is a mountain range in the northern Italian Alps that were the site of heavy fighting during World War I. The Dolomites were strategically important because they provided a natural barrier between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Italy. The fighting in the Dolomites began in May 1915 and continued until November 1918. The conditions in the Dolomites were extremely harsh, with cold temperatures, snow, and high altitudes making the fighting difficult for both sides. The Dolomites were the site of several major battles during World War I, and they were also used as a base for the Italian Army's mountain warfare units. The fighting in the Dolomites resulted in a high number of casualties, with estimates ranging from 100,000 to 300,000 total killed, wounded, and missing.
The Dolomites are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy. During the First World War, the front line between the Italian and Austro-Hungarian forces ran through the Dolomites and there was fierce mine warfare. There are now open-air war museums at Cinque Torri (Five Towers) and Mount Lagazuoi. Many people visit the Dolomites to climb the vie ferrate, protected paths created during the First World War. ”The Dolomite mountains have become a legend and will be remembered not only for the blood that was shed there, but for the kind of warfare that was engaged: it did not set anonymous armies against each other as it did on the Russian Front – it was a war of man-against-man that valued heroic individual actions. In addition, the idle moments that soldiers were forced to undergo because of the extreme conditions and severe winters in the high mountains provided time to study the adversary who – during the pauses between one battle and another – sometimes assumed a human face: conversations between “enemies” – the exchange of cigarettes, letters, Christmas wishes – are now the stuff of legends.” (L. Palla)