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Transactions (1871) (14760042806)

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Transactions (1871) (14760042806)

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Identifier: transactionsmining63amer (find matches)
Title: Transactions
Year: 1871 (1870s)
Authors: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
Subjects: Mineral industries
Publisher: New York (etc.)
Contributing Library: Gerstein - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Toronto



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within a long,narrow, north-and-south belt extending the length of the district. In a field as large as the Wisconsin, which has only within com-paratively recent time been worked intensively for zinc, the chances aregood for opening new and important orebodies in parts of the districtnot yet, or insufficiently, prospected. However, the prospecting has beenmost successful around, or adjacent to, the old lead diggings of nearly acentury ago, and the camps that were well known then are still centersof activity. In their order of importance they are: New Diggings, Ben-ton, Mifflin-Livingston, Galena, Linden, Hazel Green, Shullsburg, andHighland. The district is one of the best farming districts in Wisconsin, with deepfertile soil. The farms are large and well improved, and the towns aremodern and prosperous. Railroad facihties are good and proximity toChicago is an asset. Mining is usually done on a leasing system of 10 * Engineer, Mineral Point Zinc Co. 214. THE WISCONSIN ZINC DISTRICT
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Itoaci. Railroads .River Area from ■wki^^^^ Zinc-has been Mined Fig. 1.—Wisconsin-Illinois zinc district. W. F. BOERICKE AND T. H. GARNETT 215 per cent, of the gross return from ore sales, except with one companywhich generally buys the land outright. The leasing system has resultedin a close relationship between the land owners, or farming element, andthe mine operators, causing the former to aid the operators, generally,in development and prospecting work and to curb radical labor agitators,from which the district has been comparatively free. History of the District The Wisconsin district may fairly claim to be one of the oldest inAmerica. As early as 1780, French traders, under Julian Dubuque,bought considerable lead ore from the Indians. In 1823, lead miningunder white settlers began at Galena and Shullsburg; and by 1846, over2000 lead leases had been granted to miners by the government. Thefirst zinc ores were mined in 1862, principally around Highland. Thesewere the carbonat

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transactions 1871
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