Tokarev outside the ISS during the second EVA on Expedition 12
ISS012-E-16898 (3 Feb. 2006) --- Attired in a Russian Orlan spacesuit, cosmonaut Valery I. Tokarev, Expedition 12 flight engineer representing Russia's Federal Space Agency, participates in the second session of extravehicular activity (EVA) performed by the Expedition 12 crew during their six-month mission. During the five-hour, 43-minute spacewalk, Tokarev and astronaut William S. (Bill) McArthur (out of frame), commander and NASA space station science officer, released SuitSat, conducted preventative maintenance to a cable-cutting device, retrieved experiments and photographed the station's exterior.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a habitable space station in low Earth orbit with an altitude of between 330 and 435 km (205 and 270 mi). It completes 15.54 orbits per day. Its first component launched into orbit in 1998, and the ISS is now the largest man-made body in low Earth orbit. The ISS consists of many pressurized modules, external trusses, solar arrays, and other components. ISS components have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, and American Space Shuttles. The ISS is a space research laboratory, the testing ground for technologies and systems required for missions to the Moon and Mars. The station has been continuously occupied for 16 years and 201 days since the arrival of Expedition 1 on 2 November 2000. This is the longest continuous human presence in low Earth orbit, having surpassed the previous record of 9 years and 357 days held by Mir. The station is serviced by a variety of visiting spacecraft: the Russian Soyuz and Progress, the American Dragon and Cygnus, the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, and formerly the Space Shuttle and the European Automated Transfer Vehicle. It has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 17 different nations.