The World's Largest Public Domain Media Search Engine
The United States gun-boat "Wyandotte" firing a salute on Washington's Birthday in Pensacola Harbor / drawn by an officer of Lieut. Slemmer's command.

Similar

The United States gun-boat "Wyandotte" firing a salute on Washington's Birthday in Pensacola Harbor / drawn by an officer of Lieut. Slemmer's command.

description

Summary

Shown are the gun-boat "Wyandotte," and in the background left to right Fort Barrancas, Barrancas barracks, and United States Marine Hospital.
Illus. in: Harper's weekly, 1861 April 6, p. 212.

After first battles involving of American ironclads (both with wooden ships and with one another) in 1862 during the American Civil War, it became clear that the ironclad had championed the unarmored ship as the most powerful warship. This type of ship would come to be very successful in the American Civil War. This change was pushed forward by the development of heavier naval guns (the ironclads of the 1880s carried some of the heaviest guns ever mounted at sea at the time), more sophisticated steam engines, and advances in metallurgy which made steel shipbuilding possible. An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells. The first ironclad battleship, Gloire, was launched by the French Navy in November 1859. In early 1859 the Royal Navy started building two iron-hulled armored frigates, and by 1861 had made the decision to move to an all-armored battle fleet. The rapid development of warship design in the late 19th century transformed the ironclad from a wooden-hulled vessel that carried sails to supplement its steam engines into the steel-built, turreted battleships and cruisers of the 20th century.

In the early years of the war many civilian ships were confiscated for military use, while both sides built new ships. The most popular ships were tinclads—mobile, small ships that actually contained no tin. These ships were former merchant ships, generally about 150 feet in length, with about two to six feet of draft, and about 200 tons. Shipbuilders would remove the deck and add an armored pilothouse as well as sheets of iron around the forward part of the casemate and the engines. Most of the tinclads had six guns: two or three twelve-pounder or twenty-four-pounder howitzers on each broadside, with two heavier guns, often thirty-two-pounder smoothbores or thirty-pounder rifles, in the bow. These ships proved faster than ironclads and, with such a shallow draft, worked well on the tributaries of the Mississippi.

date_range

Date

01/01/1861
place

Location

Pensacola Beach (Fla.)30.33361, -87.13750
Google Map of 30.33361111111111, -87.1375
create

Source

Library of Congress
copyright

Copyright info

No known restrictions on publication.

Explore more

washington george
washington george
commemoration
commemoration
gunboats
gunboats
florida
florida
pensacola
pensacola
wood engravings
wood engravings
pensacola beach fla
pensacola beach fla
gun boat
gun boat
states gun boat
states gun boat
wyandotte
wyandotte
salute
salute
washington
washington
birthday
birthday
harbor
harbor
officer
officer
slemmer
slemmer
command
command
ironclad
ironclad
civil war
civil war
american history
american history
american civil war
american civil war
1861
1861
lieutenant
lieutenant
19th century
19th century
us navy
us navy
washington birthday
washington birthday
pensacola harbor
pensacola harbor
slemmer command
slemmer command
ultra high resolution
ultra high resolution
high resolution
high resolution
engraving
engraving
united states history
united states history