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Juan de Flandes - The Marriage Feast at Cana

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Juan de Flandes - The Marriage Feast at Cana

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The term "Northern Renaissance" refers to the art development of c.1430-1580 in the Netherlands Low Countries and Germany. The Low Countries, particularly Flanders with cities Antwerp, Ghent, and Bruges, were, along with Florence, the most economically advanced region in Europe. As in Florence, urban culture peaked here. The common understanding of the Renaissance places the birth of the Renaissance in Florence, Italy. Rennaisance's ideas migrated to Germany from Italy because of the travels of Albrecht Dϋrer. Northern artists such as Jan van Eyck remained attached to Medieval traditions. In their paintings, Low Countries painters attempted to reproduce space, color, volume, and light as naturalistically as possible. They achieved the perfection of oil paint in the almost impossible representation of things and objects. Rather than draw upon Classical Greek and Roman aesthetics like their Italian counterparts, Northern European Renaissance artists retained a Gothic sensibility of woodblock printing and illuminated manuscripts which clearly distinguished Northern Rennaisance art from Italian. Unlike Italian artists, northern painters were not interested in rediscovering the spirit of ancient Greece. Instead, they sought to exploit the full potential of oil paint, and capture nature exactly as they found it. Unlike their Italian counterparts, who embraced a mathematically calculated linear perspective and constructed a picture from within, Dutch artists used an empirical perspective with precise observation and knowledge of the consistency of light and things. They painted as they saw and came very close to the effect of central perspective. Long before Leonardo, they invented aerial and color perspectives. More, as with real-world human vision, their far-away shapes lose contours, and the intensity of the colors fades to a bluish hue. Robert Campin (c.1378-1444), was noted for works like the Seilern Triptych (1410) and the Merode Altarpiece (1425); Jan van Eyck (1390-1441) was noted for the Ghent Altarpiece (1432) and The Arnolfini Marriage (1434); Jan Eyck's pupil Petrus Christus (c.1410-75), best known for his Portrait of a Young Girl (1470, Gemaldegalerie, Berlin); Roger Van der Weyden (1400-64) noted for his extraordinary realism as in his masterpiece Descent From the Cross (Deposition) (1435), for the Church of Notre Dame du Dehors (now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid); Dieric Bouts (1420-75) for his devotional pictures; Hugo Van Der Goes (1440-82) famous for The Portinari Altarpiece (1475) which influenced the Early Renaissance in Florence; Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516) noted for The Garden of Earthly Delights (1510-15) and other moralizing works; Joachim Patenier (1485-1524) the pioneer landscape painter; and Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c.1525-1569) known for landscape narratives such as The Tower of Babel (1563).

Juan de Flandes (c. 1460-1519) was a Flemish painter who worked in Spain in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. The exact details of his birth and early life are not well documented, but it is believed that he was born in Flanders (now Belgium) around 1460. The 'de Flandes' in his name indicates his Flemish origins. Juan de Flandes is well known for his contributions to Spanish Renaissance art. He spent much of his career in Spain, where he became a court painter. His work is often associated with the Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, who ruled Spain in the late 15th century. His notable works include altarpieces and religious paintings. He was influenced by both Flemish and Italian Renaissance painting styles, combining northern European precision with southern European colour and light effects. One of Juan de Flandes' most famous works is the "Altarpiece of the Adoration of the Magi", which he created for the Monastery of Santo Tomás in Ávila. This altarpiece shows his skill in portraying intricate details and expressive faces. Juan de Flandes died in Spain around 1519. Despite the relatively small number of works attributed to him, his contributions to Spanish Renaissance art are recognised, and he is considered an important figure in the cultural exchange between northern and southern Europe during this period.

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1500 - 1504
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Source

Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication ("CCO 1.0 Dedication")

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